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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1He shews unto Zion the terribleness of God's judgment.
12He exhorts to repentance;
15prescribes a fast;
18promises a blessing thereon.
21He comforts Zion with present,
28and future blessings.
 
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Chapter 2

Verse 1
Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for it is nigh at hand;


Blow
15; Numbers 10:3,8; Jeremiah 4:5; Hosea 8:1
trumpet
or, cornet.
1 Chronicles 15:28; Hosea 5:8
and sound
Numbers 10:5-7,9; Ezekiel 33:3,6; Amos 3:6; Zephaniah 1:16
in my
3:17; Psalms 87:1; Daniel 9:16,20; Zephaniah 3:11; Zechariah 8:3
let
Ezra 9:3,4; Psalms 119:120; Isaiah 66:2,5; Jeremiah 5:22; 16:7,10; Daniel 6:26; Philippians 2:12
for the
1:15; Isaiah 2:12; Ezekiel 7:5-7,10,12; 12:23; Amos 8:2; Obadiah 1:15; Malachi 4:1; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; James 5:8; 1 Peter 4:7

Verse 2
A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the years of many generations.
A day of darkness
"The quantity of these insects," says a French author,"is incredible to all who have not themselves witnessed their astonishing numbers; the whole earth is covered with them for the space of several leagues. The noise they make in browsing on the trees and herbage may be heard at a great distance, and resembles that of an army in secret. Wherever their myriads spread, the verdure of the country disappears; trees and plants, stripped of their leaves and reduced to their naked boughs and stems, cause the dreary image of winter to succeed in an instant to the rich scenery of spring. When these clouds of locusts take their flight, to surmount any obstacles or to traverse more rapidly a desert soil, the heavens may literally be said to be obscured by them."
10,31; 3:14,15; Exodus 20:21; Psalms 97:2; Isaiah 5:30; 8:22; Jeremiah 13:16; Amos 5:18-20; Zephaniah 1:14,15; Hebrews 12:18; Jude 1:13
as
Amos 4:13
a great
5,11,25; 1:6
there
1:2,3; Exodus 10:6,14; Daniel 12:1; Mark 13:19
many generations
Heb. generation and generation.
Deuteronomy 32:7; Psalms 10:6; *margins

Verse 3
A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
fire
1:19,20; Psalms 50:3; Amos 7:4
the land
Genesis 2:8; 13:10; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 31:8,9
and behind
1:4-7; Exodus 10:5,15; Jeremiah 5:17; Zechariah 7:14

Verse 4
The appearance of them is as the appearance of horses; and as horsemen, so shall they run.
Revelation 9:7

Verse 5
Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array.
the noise
Nahum 2:3,4; 3:2,3; Revelation 9:9
like the noise of a
Isaiah 5:24; 30:30; Matthew 3:12
a strong

Verse 6
Before their face the people shall be much pained: all faces shall gather blackness.
all
Psalms 119:83; Isaiah 13:8; Jeremiah 8:21; 30:6; Lamentations 4:8; Nahum 2:10
blackness
Heb. pot.

Verse 7
They shall run like mighty men; they shall climb the wall like men of war; and they shall march every one on his ways, and they shall not break their ranks:
They shall run
In their progress, says Dr. Shaw, "they kept their ranks like men of war; climbing over every tree or wall that was in their way. Nay, they entered into our very houses and bedchambers, like so many thieves. Every effort of the inhabitants to stop them was unavailing; the trenches they had dug were quickly filled up, and the fires they had kindled extinguished, by infinite swarms succeeding each other."
2 Samuel 1:23; 2:18,19; Psalms 19:5; Isaiah 5:26-29
climb
9; 2 Samuel 5:8; Jeremiah 5:10
they shall march
Proverbs 30:27

Verse 8
Neither shall one thrust another; they shall walk every one in his path: and when they fall upon the sword, they shall not be wounded.
sword
or, dart.
2 Chronicles 23:10; 32:5; *marg:; Nehemiah 4:17,23; Job 33:18; 36:12; Song of Solomon 4:13

Verse 9
They shall run to and fro in the city; they shall run upon the wall, they shall climb up upon the houses; they shall enter in at the windows like a thief.
enter
Exodus 10:6; Jeremiah 9:21; John 10:1

Verse 10
The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:
earth
Psalms 18:7; 114:7; Nahum 1:5; Matthew 27:51; Revelation 6:12; 20:11
the sun
2,31; 3:15; Isaiah 13:10; 34:4; Jeremiah 4:23; Ezekiel 32:7; Amos 5:8; Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:24,25; Luke 21:25,26; Acts 2:20; Revelation 8:12

Verse 11
And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp is very great: for he is strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?
utter
3:16; 2 Samuel 22:14,15; Psalms 46:6; Isaiah 7:18; 13:4; 42:13; Jeremiah 25:30; Amos 1:2
his army
he is
Jeremiah 50:34; Revelation 18:8
the day
Jeremiah 30:7; Amos 5:18,20; Zephaniah 1:15
who
Numbers 24:23; Nahum 1:6; Malachi 3:2; Revelation 6:17

Verse 12
Therefore also now, saith the LORD, turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning:
turn
Deuteronomy 4:29,30; 1 Samuel 7:3; 1 Kings 8:47-49; 2 Chronicles 6:38,39; 7:13,14; Isaiah 55:6,7; Jeremiah 4:1; 29:12,13; Lamentations 3:40,41; Hosea 6:1; 12:6; 14:1; Zechariah 1:3,4; Acts 26:20
with fasting
Judges 20:26; 1 Samuel 7:6; 2 Chronicles 20:3,4; Nehemiah 9:1,2; Isaiah 22:12; Jonah 3:5-8; Zechariah 7:3,5; 12:10-14; James 4:8,9

Verse 13
And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.
rend
Here the word "rend" is used only once, but with two significations; in the former sentence it is used figuratively; in the latter literally--the heart not being rent in the same sense in which garments are rent.
2 Kings 22:19; Psalms 34:18; 51:17; Isaiah 57:15; 66:2; Ezekiel 9:4; Matthew 5:3,4
your garments
Genesis 37:29,34; 2 Samuel 1:11; 1 Kings 21:27; 2 Kings 5:7; 6:30; 22:11; Job 1:20; Isaiah 58:5; Matthew 6:16-18; 1 Timothy 4:8
for
Exodus 34:6,7; Numbers 14:18; Psalms 86:5,15; 145:7-9; Jonah 4:2; Micah 7:18; Romans 2:4; Romans 5:20,21; Ephesians 2:4
slow
Nehemiah 9:17; Psalms 103:8; Nahum 1:3; James 1:19,20
and repenteth
Psalms 106:45; Jeremiah 18:7,8; Amos 7:2-6; Jonah 4:2

Verse 14
Who knoweth if he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; even a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God?
Who
Exodus 32:30; Joshua 14:12; 1 Samuel 6:5; 2 Samuel 12:22; 2 Kings 19:4; Amos 5:15; Jonah 1:6; Jonah 3:9; Zephaniah 2:3; 2 Timothy 2:25
and leave
Isaiah 65:8; Haggai 2:19; 2 Corinthians 9:5-11; *marg:
even
1:9,13,16

Verse 15
Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly:
Blow
1; Numbers 10:3
sanctify
1:14; 1 Kings 21:9,12; 2 Kings 10:20; Jeremiah 36:9

Verse 16
Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet.
sanctify
Exodus 19:10,15,22; Joshua 7:13; 1 Samuel 16:5; 2 Chronicles 29:5,23,24; 30:17,19; 35:6; Job 1:5
assemble
1:14; Deuteronomy 29:10,11; 2 Chronicles 20:13; Jonah 3:7,8
let
Zechariah 12:11-14; Matthew 9:15; 1 Corinthians 7:5

Verse 17
Let the priests, the ministers of the LORD, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare thy people, O LORD, and give not thine heritage to reproach, that the heathen should rule over them: wherefore should they say among the people, Where is their God?
the priests
1:9,13
between
1 Kings 6:3; 2 Chronicles 8:12; Ezekiel 8:16; Matthew 23:35
and let
Hosea 14:2
Spare
Exodus 32:11-13; 34:9; Deuteronomy 9:16-29; Isaiah 37:20; 64:9-12; Daniel 9:18,19; Amos 7:2,5; Malachi 1:9
and give
Psalms 44:10-14; 74:10,18-23; 79:4; 89:41,51; Ezekiel 36:4-7
that
Nehemiah 9:36; Isaiah 63:17-19
rule over them
or, use a byword against them.
Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Kings 9:7; 2 Chronicles 7:20; Psalms 44:14
wherefore
Numbers 14:14-16; Deuteronomy 32:27; Psalms 42:10; 79:10; 115:2; Ezekiel 20:9; Micah 7:10; Matthew 27:43

Verse 18
Then will the LORD be jealous for his land, and pity his people.
be
Isaiah 42:13; Zechariah 1:14; 8:2
and pity
Deuteronomy 32:16,36,43; Judges 10:16; Psalms 103:13,17; Isaiah 60:10; 63:9,15; Jeremiah 31:20; Lamentations 3:22; Hosea 11:8,9; Luke 15:20; James 5:11

Verse 19
Yea, the LORD will answer and say unto his people, Behold, I will send you corn, and wine, and oil, and ye shall be satisfied therewith: and I will no more make you a reproach among the heathen:
I will send
24; 1:10; Isaiah 62:8,9; 65:21-24; Hosea 2:15; Amos 9:13,14; Haggai 2:16-19; Malachi 3:10-12; Matthew 6:33
and ye
and I
Ezekiel 34:29; 36:15; 39:29

Verse 20
But I will remove far off from you the northern army, and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.
remove
2-11; 1:4-6; Exodus 10:19
the northern
Jeremiah 1:14
the east
Ezekiel 47:7,8,18; Zechariah 14:8
utmost
Deuteronomy 11:24
his stink
Ezekiel 39:12-16
because
2 Kings 8:13
done
Heb. magnified to do.

Verse 21
Fear not, O land; be glad and rejoice: for the LORD will do great things.
Fear
Genesis 15:1; Isaiah 41:10; 54:4; Jeremiah 30:9,10; Zephaniah 3:16,17; Zechariah 8:15
be glad
Psalms 65:12,13; 96:11,12; 98:8; Isaiah 35:1; 44:23; 55:12; Hosea 2:21
for
20; Deuteronomy 4:32; 1 Samuel 12:16,24; Psalms 71:19; 126:1-3; Jeremiah 33:3

Verse 22
Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth her fruit, the fig tree and the vine do yield their strength.
afraid
1:18-20; Psalms 36:6; 104:11-14,27-29; 145:15,16; 147:8,9; Isaiah 30:23,24; Jonah 4:11
for the pastures
1:19; Psalms 65:12; Isaiah 51:3
for the tree
Leviticus 26:4,5; Psalms 67:6; 107:35-38; Ezekiel 34:26,27; 36:8,30,35; Hosea 14:5-7; Amos 9:14,15; Haggai 2:16; Zechariah 8:12; Malachi 3:10-12
yield
Genesis 4:12; 1 Corinthians 3:7

Verse 23
Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month.
ye children
Psalms 149:2; Lamentations 4:2; Zechariah 9:13; Galatians 4:26,27
rejoice
Psalms 28:7; 32:11; 33:1; 95:1-3; 104:34; Isaiah 12:2-6; 41:16; 61:10; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Zephaniah 3:14-17; Zechariah 9:9; 10:7; Luke 1:46,47; Philippians 3:1,3; 4:4
the former, etc
or, a teacher of righteousness.
28,29; Deuteronomy 32:2; Job 33:23; Psalms 72:6,7; Isaiah 30:21,23; Ephesians 4:8-11
moderately
Heb. according to righteousness. he will.
Leviticus 26:4; Deuteronomy 11:14; 28:12; Proverbs 16:15; Jeremiah 3:3; Hosea 6:3; Zechariah 10:1; James 5:7,8
in
Amos 4:7

Verse 24
And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the fats shall overflow with wine and oil.
3:13,18; Leviticus 26:10; Proverbs 3:9,10; Amos 9:13; Malachi 3:10

Verse 25
And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpiller, and the palmerworm, my great army which I sent among you.
that
2-11; 1:4-7; Zechariah 10:6

Verse 26
And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed.
ye shall
Leviticus 26:5,26; Deuteronomy 6:11,12; 8:10; Nehemiah 9:25; Psalms 22:26; 103:5; Proverbs 13:25; Song of Solomon 5:1; Isaiah 55:2; 62:8,9; Micah 6:14; Zechariah 9:15,17; 1 Timothy 6:17
and praise
Deuteronomy 12:7,12,18; 26:10,11; 1 Timothy 4:3-5
that
20,21; Genesis 33:11; Psalms 13:6; 72:18; 116:7; 126:2,3; Isaiah 25:1
and my
Psalms 25:2,3; 37:19; Isaiah 29:22; 45:17; 49:23; 54:4; Zephaniah 3:11; Romans 5:5; Romans 9:33; 10:11; 1 John 2:28

Verse 27
And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed.
I am
3:17; Leviticus 26:11,12; Deuteronomy 23:14; Psalms 46:5; 68:18; Isaiah 12:6; Ezekiel 37:26-28; Zephaniah 3:17; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Revelation 21:3
that I
Isaiah 45:5,18,21,22; 53:6; Ezekiel 39:22,28
and my
26; 1 Peter 2:6

Verse 28
And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:
that I
Proverbs 1:23; Isaiah 32:15; 44:3; Ezekiel 39:29; John 7:39; Acts 2:16-18
upon
Isaiah 40:5; 49:6; Zechariah 12:10; Luke 3:6; Acts 2:2-4,33,39; 10:44-47; Acts 11:15-18; 15:7,8
your daughters
Isaiah 54:13; Acts 21:9; Galatians 3:28
dream
Genesis 37:5-10; Numbers 12:6; Jeremiah 23:28

Verse 29
And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.
1 Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 3:28; Colossians 3:11

Verse 30
And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.
I will
Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:24; Luke 21:11,25,26; Acts 2:19,20; Revelation 6:12-17
pillars
Genesis 19:28; Joshua 8:20; Judges 20:38,40; Song of Solomon 3:6; Revelation 18:9,18

Verse 31
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
sun
10; 3:1,15; Isaiah 13:9,10; 34:4,5; Matthew 24:29; 27:45; Mark 13:24,25; Luke 21:25; Revelation 6:12,13
the great
Zephaniah 1:14-16; Malachi 4:1,5

Verse 32
And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.
Psalms 50:15; Jeremiah 33:3; Zechariah 13:9; Acts 2:21; Romans 10:11-14; 1 Corinthians 1:2
for
Isaiah 46:13; 59:20,21; Obadiah 1:17,21; John 4:22; Romans 11:26; Hebrews 12:22
and in
Isaiah 10:22; 11:11,16; Jeremiah 31:7; Micah 4:6,7; 5:3,7,8; John 10:16; Acts 2:39; 15:17; Romans 8:28-30; 9:24,27; 11:5,7; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joel 2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=joe&chapter=002>.  

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