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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ talks with a woman of Samaria, and reveals himself unto her.
27His disciples marvel.
31He declares to them his zeal for God's glory.
39Many Samaritans believe on him.
43He departs into Galilee, and heals the ruler's son that lay sick at Capernaum.
 
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Chapter 4

Verse 1
When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John,


the Lord
Luke 1:76; 2:11; 19:31,34; Acts 10:36; 1 Corinthians 2:8; 15:47; 2 Corinthians 4:5; James 2:1; Revelation 19:16
that Jesus
3:22,26

Verse 2
(Though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples,)
Acts 10:48; 1 Corinthians 1:13-17

Verse 3
He left Judaea, and departed again into Galilee.
left
3:32; 10:40; 11:54; Matthew 10:23; Mark 3:7
again
1:43

Verse 4
And he must needs go through Samaria.
Matthew 10:5,6; Luke 2:49; 9:51,52; 17:11

Verse 5
Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
the parcel
Genesis 33:19; 48:22; Joshua 24:32

Verse 6
Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour.
Jacob's well
Over Jacob's well the empress Helena is said to have built a church, in the form of a cross, of which "nothing but a few foundations" remained in the time of Maundrell. He states that is situated about one-third of an hour, or, about a mile, east of Naplosa, the ancient Sychar; and Mr. Buckingham says it is called Beer Samareea, or the well of Samaria, and "stands at the commencement of the round vale which is thought to be the parcel of ground bought by Jacob, and which, like the narrow valley east of Nablous, is rich and fertile. The mouth of the well itself had an arched or vaulted building over it; and the only passage down to it at this moment is by a small hole in the roof." "It is," says Maundrell, "dug in the firm rock, and contains about three yards in diameter, and thirty-five in depth; five of which we found full of water."
being
Matthew 4:2; 8:24; Hebrews 2:17; 4:15
sat
Luke 2:7; 9:58; 2 Corinthians 8:9
the sixth
11:9; Matthew 27:45

Verse 7
There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink.
Give
10; 19:28; Genesis 24:43; 2 Samuel 23:15-17; 1 Kings 17:10; Matthew 10:42

Verse 8
(For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.)
to buy
6:5-7; Luke 9:13

Verse 9
Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.
askest
27; 8:48; Luke 10:33; 17:16-19
for
2 Kings 17:24-41; Ezra 4:1-24; Nehemiah 4:1,2; Luke 9:52-56; Acts 1:8; 10:28

Verse 10
Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
If
3:16; Isaiah 9:6; 42:6; 49:6-8; Luke 11:13; Romans 8:32; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 9:15; Ephesians 2:8
and who
25,26; 9:35-38; 16:3; 17:3; 1 John 5:20
thou wouldest
2 Chronicles 33:12,13,18,19; Psalms 10:17; Isaiah 55:6-9; Luke 11:8-10; 18:13,14; Luke 23:42,43; Acts 9:11; Revelation 3:17,18
living
14; 6:35,51; 7:37-39; Exodus 17:6; Psalms 36:8,9; 46:4; Isaiah 12:3; 35:6; Isaiah 41:17,18; 43:20; 44:3; 49:10; 55:1-3; Jeremiah 2:13; Ezekiel 47:1-9; Zechariah 13:1; 14:8; 1 Corinthians 10:4; Revelation 7:17; 21:6; 22:1,2,17

Verse 11
The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water? 12 Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?
thou hast
3:4; 1 Corinthians 2:14

Verse 12
The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water? 12 Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?
8:53; Isaiah 53:2,3; Matthew 12:42; Hebrews 3:3

Verse 13
Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again:
Whosoever
6:27,49; Isaiah 65:13,14; Luke 16:24

Verse 14
But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
shall never
6:35,58; 11:26; 17:2,3; Isaiah 49:10; Romans 6:23; Revelation 7:16
shall be
7:38,39; 10:10; 14:16-19; Romans 5:21; 8:16,17; 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13,14; Ephesians 4:30; 1 Peter 1:22; 1 John 5:20

Verse 15
The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw.
give
6:26,34; 17:2,3; Psalms 4:6; Romans 6:23; 8:5; 1 Corinthians 2:14; 1 John 5:20; James 4:3

Verse 16
Jesus saith unto her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither.
Go
18; 1:42,47,48; 2:24,25; 21:17; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23

Verse 18
For thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband: in that saidst thou truly.
is not
Genesis 20:3; 34:2,7,8,31; Numbers 5:29; Ruth 4:10; Jeremiah 3:20; Ezekiel 16:32; Mark 10:12; Romans 7:3; 1 Corinthians 7:10,11; Hebrews 13:4

Verse 19
The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.
I perceive
29; 1:48,49; 2 Kings 5:26; 6:12; Luke 7:39; 1 Corinthians 14:24,25
a prophet
6:14; 7:40; 9:17; Luke 7:16; 24:19

Verse 20
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.
fathers
Genesis 12:6,7; 33:18-20; Deuteronomy 27:12; Joshua 8:33-35; Judges 9:6,7; 2 Kings 17:26-33
and ye
Deuteronomy 12:5-11; 1 Kings 9:3; 1 Chronicles 21:26; 22:1; 2 Chronicles 6:6; 7:12,16; Psalms 78:68; Psalms 87:1,2; 132:13

Verse 21
Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.
saith
Ezekiel 14:3; 20:3
when
Malachi 1:11; Matthew 18:20; Luke 21:5,6,24; Acts 6:14; 1 Timothy 2:8
worship
23; 14:6; Matthew 28:19; Ephesians 2:18; 3:14; 1 Peter 1:17

Verse 22
Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.
ye know
2 Kings 17:27-29,41; Ezra 4:2; Acts 17:23,30
we worship
2 Chronicles 13:10-12; Psalms 147:19; Romans 3:2; 9:5
for
Genesis 49:10; Psalms 68:20; Isaiah 2:3; 12:2,6; 46:13; Zephaniah 3:16,17; Zechariah 9:9; Luke 24:47; Romans 9:4,5; Hebrews 7:14

Verse 23
But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.
the hour
5:25; 12:23
true
Isaiah 1:10-15; 26:8,9; 29:13; 48:1,2; 58:2,8-14; 66:1,2; Jeremiah 7:7-12; Matthew 15:7-9; Luke 18:11-13
in spirit
Romans 1:9; 8:15,26; Galatians 4:6; Ephesians 6:18; Philippians 3:3; Jude 1:20,21
in truth
1:17; Joshua 24:14; 1 Samuel 12:24; 1 Chronicles 29:17; Psalms 17:1; 32:2; 51:6; Isaiah 10:20; Jeremiah 3:10; 4:2
the Father seeketh
Psalms 147:11; Proverbs 15:8; Song of Solomon 2:14; Isaiah 43:21; Ezekiel 22:30; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 24
God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
a Spirit
2 Corinthians 3:17; 1 Timothy 1:17
must
1 Samuel 16:7; Psalms 50:13-15,23; 51:17; 66:18; Isaiah 57:15; Matthew 15:8,9; 2 Corinthians 1:12

Verse 25
The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.
Messias
42; 1:41,42,49; Daniel 9:24-26
when
29,39; Deuteronomy 18:15-18

Verse 26
Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.
I that
9:37; Matthew 16:20; 20:15; 26:63,64; Mark 14:61,62; Luke 13:30; Romans 10:20,21

Verse 27
And upon this came his disciples, and marvelled that he talked with the woman: yet no man said, What seekest thou? or, Why talkest thou with her?
marvelled
9; Luke 7:39

Verse 28
The woman then left her waterpot, and went her way into the city, and saith to the men,
7; Matthew 28:8; Mark 16:8-10; Luke 24:9,33

Verse 29
Come, see a man, which told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ?
17,18,25; 1:41-49; 1 Corinthians 14:24,25; Revelation 22:17

Verse 30
Then they went out of the city, and came unto him.
Isaiah 60:8; Matthew 2:1-3; 8:11,12; 11:20-24; 12:40-42; 20:16; Luke 17:16-18; Acts 8:5-8; 10:33; 13:42; 28:28; Romans 5:20

Verse 31
In the mean while his disciples prayed him, saying, Master, eat.
Master
Genesis 24:33; Acts 16:30-34

Verse 32
But he said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of.
I have
34; Job 23:12; Psalms 63:5; 119:103; Proverbs 18:20; Isaiah 53:11; Jeremiah 15:16; Acts 20:35
that
Psalms 25:14; Proverbs 14:10; Revelation 2:17

Verse 33
Therefore said the disciples one to another, Hath any man brought him ought to eat?
Matthew 16:6-11; Luke 9:45

Verse 34
Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.
My meat
32; 6:33,38; Job 23:12; Psalms 40:8; Isaiah 61:1-3; Luke 15:4-6,10; 19:10; Acts 20:35
and
5:36; 17:4; 19:30; Hebrews 12:2

Verse 35
Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest.
for
30; Matthew 9:37,38; Luke 10:3

Verse 36
And he that reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit unto life eternal: that both he that soweth and he that reapeth may rejoice together.
he that reapeth receiveth
Proverbs 11:30; Daniel 12:3; Romans 1:13; 6:22; 1 Corinthians 9:19-23; Philippians 2:15,16; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; 1 Timothy 4:16; 2 Timothy 4:7,8; James 5:19,20
both he that
1 Corinthians 3:5-9

Verse 37
And herein is that saying true, One soweth, and another reapeth.
One
Judges 6:3; Micah 6:15; Luke 19:21

Verse 38
I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: other men laboured, and ye are entered into their labours.
sent
Acts 2:41; 4:4,32; 5:14; 6:7; 8:4-8,14-17
other
1:7; 2 Chronicles 36:15; Jeremiah 44:4; Matthew 3:1-6; 4:23; 11:8-13; Acts 10:37,38,42,43; 1 Peter 1:11,12

Verse 39
And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying of the woman, which testified, He told me all that ever I did.
many
10:41,42; 11:45
for
29,42

Verse 40
So when the Samaritans were come unto him, they besought him that he would tarry with them: and he abode there two days.
they
Genesis 32:26; Proverbs 4:13; Song of Solomon 3:4; Jeremiah 14:8; Luke 8:38; 10:39; 24:29; Acts 16:15
he abode
Luke 19:5-10; 2 Corinthians 6:1,2; Revelation 3:20

Verse 41
And many more believed because of his own word;
many
Genesis 49:10; Acts 1:8; 8:12,25; 15:3
because
6:63; 7:46; Matthew 7:28,29; Luke 4:32; 1 Corinthians 2:4,5; Hebrews 4:13

Verse 42
And said unto the woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world.
for
1:45-49; 17:8; Acts 17:11,12
and know
29; 1:29; 3:14-18; 6:68,69; 11:17; Isaiah 45:22; 52:10; Luke 2:10,11,32; Acts 4:12; Romans 10:11-13; 2 Corinthians 5:19; 1 John 4:14

Verse 43
Now after two days he departed thence, and went into Galilee.
two
Matthew 15:21-24; Mark 7:27,28; Romans 15:8
and
46; 1:42; Matthew 4:13

Verse 44
For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath no honour in his own country.
that
Matthew 13:57; Mark 6:4; Luke 4:24

Verse 45
Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galilaeans received him, having seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast: for they also went unto the feast.
the Galilaeans
Matthew 4:23,24; Luke 8:40
having
2:13-16,23; 3:2
for
Deuteronomy 16:16; Luke 2:42-44; 9:53

Verse 46
So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum.
Cana
"It is worthy of remark," says Dr. E. D. Clarke, who visited Cana a few years ago, "that, walking among the ruins of a church, we saw large massy pots, answering the description given of the ancient vessels of the country; not preserved, but lying about, disregarded by the present inhabitants, as antiquities with whose original use they were unacquainted. From their appearance, and the number of them, it was quite evident that a practice of keeping water in large pots, each holding from eighteen to twenty-seven gallons, was once common in the country." (Compare the account of the water pots. ch. 2:6.)
2:1-11; 21:2; Joshua 19:28
nobleman
or, courtier, or, ruler. whose.
Psalms 50:15; 78:34; Hosea 5:15; Matthew 9:18; 15:22; 17:14,15; Luke 7:2; 8:42

Verse 47
When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judaea into Galilee, he went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death.
he heard
Mark 2:1-3; 6:55,56; 10:47
that he
11:21,32; Psalms 46:1; Luke 7:6-8; 8:41; Acts 9:38

Verse 48
Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe.
Except
41,42; 2:18; 12:37; 15:24; 20:29; Numbers 14:11; Matthew 16:1; 27:42; Luke 10:18; Luke 16:31; Acts 2:22; 1 Corinthians 1:22

Verse 49
The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, come down ere my child die.
come
Psalms 40:17; 88:10-12; Mark 5:23,35,36

Verse 50
Jesus saith unto him, Go thy way; thy son liveth. And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and he went his way.
Go
11:40; 1 Kings 17:13-15; Matthew 8:13; Mark 7:29,30; 9:23,24; Luke 17:14; Acts 14:9,10; Romans 4:20,21; Hebrews 11:19

Verse 51
And as he was now going down, his servants met him, and told him, saying, Thy son liveth.
Thy
50,53; 1 Kings 17:23

Verse 53
So the father knew that it was at the same hour, in the which Jesus said unto him, Thy son liveth: and himself believed, and his whole house.
at the
Psalms 33:9; 107:20; Matthew 8:8,9,13
and himself
Luke 19:9; Acts 2:39; 16:15,34; 18:8

Verse 54
This is again the second miracle that Jesus did, when he was come out of Judaea into Galilee.
2:1-11


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=004>.  

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