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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Jesus excuses Mary anointing his feet.
9The people flock to see Lazarus.
10The chief priests consult to kill him.
12Christ rides into Jerusalem.
20Greeks desire to see Jesus.
23He foretells his death.
37The Jews are generally blinded;
42yet many chief rulers believe, but do not confess him;
44therefore Jesus calls earnestly for confession of faith.
 
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Chapter 12

Verse 1
Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.


six
11:55
Bethany
11:1,44; Matthew 21:17; Mark 11:11; Luke 24:50

Verse 2
There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.
they made
Song of Solomon 4:16; 5:1; Luke 5:29; 14:12; Revelation 3:20
Martha
Matthew 26:6; Mark 14:3; Luke 10:38-42; 12:37; 22:27
Lazarus
9,10; 11:43,44

Verse 3
Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.
took
11:2,28,32; Matthew 26:6,7-13; Mark 14:3-9; Luke 10:38,39
ointment
Psalms 132:2; Song of Solomon 1:12; 4:10,13,14
spikenard
Spikenard is a highly a romatic plant growing in India, whence was made a very valuable unguent or perfume, used at the ancient baths and feasts. It is identified by Sir W. Jones with the sumbul of the Persians and Arabs, and jatamansi of the Hindoos; and he considers it a species of the valerian, of the triandria monogynia class of plants. The root is from three to twelve inches long, fibrous, sending up above the earth between thirty and forty ears or spikes, from which it has its name; stem, lower part perennial, upper part herbaceous, sub-erect, simple, from six to twelve inches long; leaves entire, smooth, fourfold, the inner radical pair petioled and cordate, the rest sessile and lanceolate; pericarp, a single seed crowned with a pappus.
anointed
Mark 14:3; Luke 7:37,38,46
filled
Song of Solomon 1:3

Verse 4
Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him,
one
1 Samuel 17:28,29; Ecclesiastes 4:4
Judas Iscariot
6:70,71; 13:2,26; 18:2-5; Matthew 10:4; Luke 6:16

Verse 5
Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? 6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.
was
Exodus 5:8,17; Amos 8:5; Malachi 1:10-13; Matthew 26:8; Mark 14:4; Luke 6:41
three hundred
6:7; Matthew 20:2; *marg:; Mark 14:5
and given
Matthew 26:9; Luke 12:33; 18:22

Verse 6
Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? 6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.
not
10:13; Psalms 14:1; Proverbs 29:7; Ezekiel 33:31; Galatians 2:10; James 2:2,6
because
10:8-10; 2 Kings 5:20-27; Psalms 50:16-20; Matthew 21:13; 1 Corinthians 6:10
the bag
13:29; 2 Kings 12:14,15; Ezra 8:24-34; 2 Corinthians 8:19-21; 1 Thessalonians 5:22

Verse 7
Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.
Let
Psalms 109:31; Zechariah 3:2; Matthew 26:10; Mark 14:6
against
19:38-42; Matthew 26:12; 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50

Verse 8
For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.
the poor
Deuteronomy 15:11; Matthew 26:11; Mark 14:7
but
35; 8:21; 13:33; 16:5-7; Song of Solomon 5:6; Acts 1:9-11

Verse 9
Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead.
11:43-45; Acts 3:10,11; 4:14

Verse 10
But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death;
11:47-53,57; Genesis 4:4-10; Exodus 10:3; Job 15:25,26; 40:8,9; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Daniel 5:21-23; Matthew 2:3-8,16; Luke 16:31

Verse 11
Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus.
18; 11:45,48; 15:18-25; Acts 13:45; James 3:14-16

Verse 12
On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,
much
Matthew 21:8
come
11:55,56

Verse 13
Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.
branches
Leviticus 23:40; Revelation 7:9
Hosanna
Psalms 72:17-19; 118:25,26; Matthew 21:9-11; 23:39; Mark 11:8-10; Luke 19:35-38
the King
15; 1:49; 19:15,19-22; Isaiah 44:6; Hosea 3:5; Zephaniah 3:15; Revelation 15:3; 19:16

Verse 14
And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written,
Jesus
Matthew 21:1-7; Mark 11:1-7; Luke 19:29-35
as
Zechariah 9:9

Verse 15
Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt.
Fear
Isaiah 35:4,5; 40:9,10; 41:14; 62:11; Micah 4:8; Zephaniah 3:16,17; Zechariah 2:9-11; Matthew 2:2-6
sitting
Deuteronomy 17:16; Judges 5:10; 12:14; 2 Samuel 15:1; 16:2; 1 Kings 1:33

Verse 16
These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him.
understood
Luke 9:45; 18:34; 24:25,45
when
23; 7:39; 13:31,32; 17:5; Mark 16:19; Acts 2:33,36; 3:13; Hebrews 8:1; 12:2
then
2:22; 14:26; 16:4; Luke 24:6-8

Verse 17
The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record.
people
9; 11:31,45,46; Psalms 145:6,7
bare
1:19,32,34; 5:35-39; 8:13,14; 15:26,27; 19:35; 21:24; Acts 1:22; 5:32; 1 John 5:9-12; Revelation 1:2

Verse 19
The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him.
Perceive
11:47-50; Matthew 21:15; Luke 19:47,48; Acts 4:16,17; 5:27,28
the world
3:26; 17:21; Psalms 22:27; 49:1; Isaiah 27:6; Acts 17:6; 1 John 2:2

Verse 20
And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast:
Greeks
7:35; Mark 7:26; Acts 14:1; 16:1; 17:4; 20:21; 21:28; Romans 1:16; 10:12; Galatians 2:3; 3:28; Colossians 3:11
to worship
1 Kings 8:41-43; Isaiah 11:10; 60:2-14; 66:19-21; Acts 8:27

Verse 21
The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus.
Philip
1:43-47; 6:5-7; 14:8,9
we would
1:36-39; 6:40; Matthew 2:2; 8:9-12; 12:19-21; 15:22-28; Luke 19:2-4; Romans 15:8-12

Verse 22
Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.
Andrew
1:40,41; 6:8
Andrew and
Matthew 10:5; Mark 10:13,14; Luke 9:49,50

Verse 23
And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.
The hour
13:31,32; 17:1-5,9,10; Isaiah 49:5,6; 53:10-12; 55:5; 60:9; Matthew 25:31; 1 Peter 2:9,10

Verse 24
Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.
Except
Psalms 72:16; 1 Corinthians 15:36-38
if
32,33; Psalms 22:15,22-31; Isaiah 53:10-12; Hebrews 2:9,10; Revelation 7:9-17

Verse 25
He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.
that loveth
Matthew 10:39; 16:25; 19:29; Mark 8:35; Luke 9:23,24; 17:33; Acts 20:24; 21:13; Hebrews 11:35; Revelation 12:11
hateth
Genesis 29:30-33; Ecclesiastes 2:17; Luke 14:26

Verse 26
If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.
serve
13:16; 14:15; 15:20; Luke 6:46; Romans 1:1; 14:18; 2 Corinthians 4:5; Galatians 1:10; Colossians 3:24; 4:12; 2 Peter 1:1; 1 John 5:3; Jude 1:1
let
10:27; 21:22; Numbers 14:24; 32:11; Matthew 16:24; Mark 8:34; Luke 9:23; Ephesians 5:1,2; Revelation 14:4
where
14:3; 17:24; Psalms 17:15; Matthew 25:21; 2 Corinthians 5:8; Philippians 1:23; 1 Thessalonians 4:17,18
him
14:21-23; 1 Samuel 2:30; Proverbs 27:18

Verse 27
Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour.
is
11:33-35; 13:21; Psalms 69:1-3; 88:3; Isaiah 53:3; Matthew 26:38,39,42; Mark 14:33-36; Luke 22:44,53; Hebrews 5:7
what
Isaiah 38:15; Luke 12:49,50
Father
11:41; Matthew 26:53,54
but
18:37; Luke 22:53; 1 Timothy 1:15; Hebrews 2:14; 10:5-9

Verse 28
Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.
Father
18:11; Matthew 26:42; Mark 14:36
Then
Matthew 3:17; 17:5; 2 Peter 1:17
I have
9:3; 11:4,40-44
and will
13:31,32; Isaiah 49:3-7; Ephesians 2:7; 3:10,21; Philippians 1:6-11; Revelation 5:9-14

Verse 29
The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him.
thundered
Exodus 19:16; 20:18; Job 37:2-5; 40:9; Ezekiel 10:5; Revelation 6:1; 8:5; 11:19; 14:2
An angel
Acts 23:8,9; Revelation 18:1,2

Verse 30
Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.
but
5:34; 11:15,42; 2 Corinthians 8:9

Verse 31
Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.
is
5:22-27; 16:8-10
now
14:30; 16:11; Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 49:24; Matthew 12:28; Luke 10:17-19; Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Ephesians 2:1,2; 6:12; Colossians 2:15; Hebrews 2:14; 1 John 3:8; Revelation 12:9-11; Revelation 20:2,3

Verse 32
And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.
if
3:14; 8:28; 19:17; Deuteronomy 21:22,23; 2 Samuel 18:9; Psalms 22:16-18; Galatians 3:13; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18
will
6:44; Song of Solomon 1:4; Hosea 11:4
all men
1:7; Isaiah 49:6; Romans 5:17-19; 1 Timothy 2:6; Hebrews 2:9; 1 John 2:2; Revelation 5:9

Verse 33
This he said, signifying what death he should die.
signifying
18:32; 21:19

Verse 34
The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?
the law
10:34; 15:25; Romans 3:19; 5:18
Christ
2 Samuel 7:13; Psalms 72:7,17-19; 89:36,37; 110:4; Isaiah 9:7; 53:8; Ezekiel 37:24,25; Daniel 2:44; 7:14,27; Micah 4:7
who
3:14-16; 5:25-27; 8:53-58; Matthew 16:13; 21:10; 22:42-45

Verse 35
Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
Yet
7:33; 9:4; 16:16; Hebrews 3:7,8
Walk
36,46; 1:5-9; 8:12; 9:5; Isaiah 2:5; 42:6,7; Romans 13:12-14; Ephesians 5:8,14,15; 1 Thessalonians 5:5-8; 1 John 1:6,7
lest
39,40; Psalms 69:22-28; Jeremiah 13:16,17; Romans 11:7-10; 2 Corinthians 3:14
for
11:10; Proverbs 4:19; 1 John 2:8-11

Verse 36
While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.
believe
1:7; 3:21; Isaiah 60:1; Acts 13:47,48
the children
Luke 16:8; Ephesians 5:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:5,8; 1 John 2:9-11
and departed
8:59; 10:39,40; 11:54; Matthew 21:17

Verse 37
But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:
1:11; 11:42; 15:24; Matthew 11:20; Luke 16:31

Verse 38
That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?
That
15:25; 17:12; 19:24,36,37; Matthew 27:35; Acts 13:27-29
Esaias
2 Chronicles 32:20
Isaiah
Matthew 15:7; Acts 8:28-30; Romans 10:20
who
Isaiah 53:1; Romans 10:16
the arm
Psalms 44:3; Isaiah 40:10,11; 51:5,9; 1 Corinthians 1:24
revealed
Matthew 16:17; 2 Corinthians 3:14-18; 4:3-6; Galatians 1:16; Ephesians 1:17-20

Verse 39
Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,
they
5:44; 6:44; 10:38; Isaiah 44:18-20; 2 Peter 2:14
because
Isaiah 6:9,10

Verse 40
He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
hath
9:39; 1 Kings 22:20; Isaiah 29:10; Ezekiel 14:9; Matthew 13:13-15; 15:14; Mark 4:12; Luke 8:10; Acts 28:26; Romans 11:8-11
hardened
Exodus 4:21; 7:3,13; 14:4,8,17; Joshua 11:20; Romans 9:18; 11:7; *marg:
that they
Deuteronomy 29:4; Psalms 135:10-18; Isaiah 26:11; 42:19,20; Jeremiah 5:21; Ezekiel 12:2; Mark 8:17,18
and be
Acts 3:19; 15:3; James 5:19,20
heal
Psalms 6:2; 41:4; 147:3; Isaiah 53:5; 57:18,19; Jeremiah 3:22; Hosea 6:1; 14:4; Luke 4:18

Verse 41
These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.
when
Isaiah 6:1-5,9,10
saw
1:14,18; 14:9; Exodus 33:18-23; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Hebrews 1:3
spake
5:39; Acts 10:43; 1 Peter 1:11; Revelation 19:10

Verse 42
Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue:
among
3:2; 7:48-51; 11:45; 19:38
they did not
Matthew 10:32; Luke 12:8; Romans 10:10; 1 John 4:2,15
lest
7:13; 9:22,34; 16:2; Proverbs 29:25; Isaiah 51:7; 57:11; 66:5; Matthew 26:69-75; Luke 6:22; Acts 5:41; 1 Peter 4:12-16

Verse 43
For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.
they
5:41,44; Matthew 6:2; 23:5-7; Luke 16:15; Psalms 22:29; 1 Thessalonians 2:6
the praise of God
26; 8:54; 1 Samuel 2:30; Luke 19:17; Romans 2:7; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 10:18; 1 Peter 1:7,8; 3:4

Verse 44
Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me.
cried
7:28; 11:43; Proverbs 1:20; 8:1; Isaiah 55:1-3
He
13:20; Matthew 10:40; Mark 9:37; 1 Peter 1:21

Verse 45
And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me.
41; 14:9,10; 15:24; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Colossians 1:15; Hebrews 1:3; 1 John 5:20

Verse 46
I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
am
35,36; 1:4,5; 3:19; 8:12; 9:5,39; Psalms 36:9; Isaiah 40:1; Malachi 4:2; Matthew 4:16; Luke 1:76-79; 2:32; Acts 26:18; 1 John 1:1-3; 2:8,9
abide
Isaiah 42:7,15; Ephesians 5:14

Verse 47
And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.
I judge
48; 5:45; 8:15,16,26
for
3:17; Matthew 18:11; 20:28; Luke 9:56; 19:10; 1 Timothy 1:15,16; 2 Peter 3:15; 1 John 4:14

Verse 48
He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.
rejecteth
Deuteronomy 18:19; 1 Samuel 8:7; 10:19; Isaiah 53:3; Matthew 21:42; Mark 8:31; 12:10; Luke 7:30; 9:22,26; 10:16; 17:25; 20:17; Acts 3:23; Hebrews 2:3; 10:29-31; Hebrews 12:25
the word
3:17-20; Mark 16:16; 2 Corinthians 2:15,16; 4:3; 2 Thessalonians 1:8
judge
11:24; Matthew 25:31; Romans 2:16; Hebrews 9:27,28

Verse 49
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.
3:11,32; 5:30; 6:38-40; 8:26,42; 14:10; 15:15; 17:8; Deuteronomy 18:18; Revelation 1:1

Verse 50
And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.
his
6:63,68; 17:3; 20:31; 1 Timothy 1:16; 1 John 2:25; 3:23,24; 5:11-13,20


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=012>.  

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