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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Jesus washes the disciples' feet, and exhorts them to humility and charity.
18He foretells and discovers to John by a token, that Judas should betray him;
31commands them to love one another;
36and forewarns Peter of his denials.
 
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Chapter 13

Verse 1
Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.


the feast
6:4; Matthew 26:2-5; Mark 14:1,2; Luke 22:1,2
knew
7:6,30; 8:20; 11:9,10; 12:23; 17:1,11; 18:4; Matthew 26:45; Luke 9:51; Luke 13:32,33; 22:53
depart
3; 14:28; 16:5-7,28; 17:5,11,13
having
34; 15:9,10,13,14; 17:9,10,14,16,26; Jeremiah 31:3; Romans 8:37; Ephesians 5:25,26; 1 John 4:19; Revelation 1:5
unto
Matthew 28:20; 1 Corinthians 1:8; Hebrews 3:6,14; 6:11; 1 Peter 1:13

Verse 2
And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;
supper
4,26
the devil
27; 6:70; Luke 22:3,31; Acts 5:3; Ephesians 2:3
put
Ezra 7:27; Nehemiah 2:12; 2 Corinthians 8:16; James 1:13-17; Revelation 17:17

Verse 3
Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;
knowing
3:35; 5:22-27; 17:2; Matthew 11:27; 28:18; Luke 10:22; Acts 2:36; 1 Corinthians 15:27; Ephesians 1:21,22; Philippians 2:9-11; Hebrews 1:2; 2:8,9
and that
1; 1:18; 3:13; 7:29,33; 8:42; 16:27,28; 17:5-8,11-13

Verse 4
He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself.
laid aside
That is, his gown, or upper coat, [himatia] with the girdle by which it was girdled close to his tunic, or inner coat; and instead of his girdle, he tied a towel about him, that he might have it in readiness to dry their feet,and that he might appear as a servant. Indeed the whole action was a servile one; and never performed by a superior to an inferior.
Luke 12:37; 17:7; 22:27; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Philippians 2:6-8

Verse 5
After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.
poureth
19:34; 2 Kings 3:11; Ezekiel 36:25; Zechariah 13:1; Ephesians 5:26; 1 John 5:6
to wash
8; Exodus 29:4; Leviticus 14:8; 2 Kings 5:10-13; Psalms 51:2; Isaiah 1:16; Acts 22:16; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Titus 3:3-5; Hebrews 10:22; 1 John 1:7; Revelation 1:5; 7:14
feet
10,12-14; Genesis 18:4; 19:2; 1 Samuel 25:41; Luke 7:38,44; 1 Timothy 5:10

Verse 6
Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet?
Peter
Gr. he. Lord.
1:27; Matthew 3:11-14; Luke 5:8

Verse 7
Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.
What
10-12; 12:16; 14:26; Jeremiah 32:24,25,43; Daniel 12:8,12; Habakkuk 2:1-3; James 5:7-11

Verse 8
Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.
Thou shalt
Genesis 42:38; Matthew 16:22; 21:29; 26:33,35; Colossians 2:18,23
If
6; 3:5; Isaiah 4:4; Ezekiel 16:4-9; 36:25; Zechariah 13:1; Acts 22:16; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 5:26; Titus 3:5; Hebrews 9:22,23; 10:4-10,22; Revelation 1:5; 7:14

Verse 9
Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.
not
Psalms 26:6; 51:2,7; Jeremiah 4:14; Matthew 27:24; Hebrews 10:22; 1 Peter 3:21

Verse 10
Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.
He
Leviticus 16:26,28; 17:15,16; Numbers 19:7,8,12,13,19-21; Hebrews 9:10; *Gr:
needeth
Ecclesiastes 7:20; Matthew 6:12; Romans 7:20-23; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 4:22-24; 5:26,27; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; James 3:2; 1 John 1:7-10
but
Song of Solomon 4:7; Jeremiah 50:20; 2 Corinthians 5:17,21
ye
15:3

Verse 11
For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.
18,21,26; 2:25; 6:64-71; 17:12; Matthew 26:24,25

Verse 12
So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?
Know
7; Ezekiel 24:19,24; Matthew 13:51; Mark 4:13

Verse 13
Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.
call
11:28; Matthew 7:21,22; 23:8-10; Luke 6:46; Romans 14:8,9; 1 Corinthians 8:6; 12:3; Philippians 2:11; 3:8; 2 Peter 1:14-16
and
Jeremiah 1:12; Luke 7:43; 10:28; James 2:19

Verse 14
If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.
I then
Matthew 20:26-28; Mark 10:43-45; Luke 22:26,27; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Philippians 2:5-8; Hebrews 5:8,9; 12:2
ye also
Acts 20:35; Romans 12:10,16; 15:1-3; 1 Corinthians 8:13; 9:19-22; 2 Corinthians 10:1; Galatians 5:13; Galatians 6:1,2; Philippians 2:2-5; 1 Peter 4:1; 5:5

Verse 15
For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.
given
Matthew 11:29; Romans 15:5; *marg:; Ephesians 5:2; 1 Peter 2:21; 3:17,18; 1 John 2:6

Verse 16
Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.
Verily
3:3,5
The servant
15:20; Matthew 10:24,25; Luke 6:40

Verse 17
If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.
happy
15:14; Genesis 6:22; Exodus 40:16; Psalms 19:11; 119:1-5; Ezekiel 36:27; Matthew 7:24,25; Matthew 12:50; 22:38-41; Luke 12:47,48; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15; Galatians 5:6; Hebrews 11:7,8; James 1:25; 2:20-24; 4:17; Revelation 22:14

Verse 18
I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.
I know
11; 17:12; 21:17; 2 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
but
Psalms 41:9; Matthew 10:36; 26:23; Mark 14:20

Verse 19
Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he.
Now
or, From henceforth. I tell.
14:29; 16:4; Isaiah 41:23; 48:5; Matthew 24:25; Luke 21:13
that I
1:15; 8:23,24,58; Isaiah 43:10; Malachi 3:1; Matthew 11:3; Revelation 1:17,18

Verse 20
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.
He
12:44-48; Matthew 10:40-42; 25:40; Mark 9:37; Luke 9:48; 10:16; Galatians 4:14; Colossians 2:6; 1 Thessalonians 4:8

Verse 21
When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
he was
11:33,35,38; 12:27; Matthew 26:38; Mark 3:5; Acts 17:16; Romans 9:2,3; 2 Corinthians 2:12,13
one
2,18; Matthew 26:21; Mark 14:18; Luke 22:21,22; Acts 1:16,17; 1 John 2:19

Verse 22
Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.
looked
Genesis 42:1; Matthew 26:22; Mark 14:19; Luke 22:23

Verse 23
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.
leaning
25; 1:18; 21:20; 2 Samuel 12:3
whom
11:3,5,36; 19:26; 20:2; 21:7,24; Revelation 1:16-18

Verse 24
Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.
beckoned
Luke 1:22; 5:7; Acts 12:17; 13:16; 21:40

Verse 25
He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?
who
Genesis 44:4-12; Esther 7:5

Verse 26
Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
He it is
30; Matthew 26:23; Mark 14:19,20; Luke 22:21
sop
or, morsel. Judas Iscariot.
6:70,71; 12:4-6

Verse 27
And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.
Satan
2; Psalms 109:6; Matthew 12:45; Luke 8:32,33; 22:3; Acts 5:3
That
1 Kings 18:27; Proverbs 1:16; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Jeremiah 2:24,25; Daniel 2:15; Mark 6:25; James 1:13-15

Verse 29
For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.
that
12:5; Acts 20:34,35; Galatians 2:10; Ephesians 4:28

Verse 30
He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.
went
Proverbs 4:16; Isaiah 59:7; Romans 3:15
it
Job 24:13-15

Verse 31
Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him.
Now
7:39; 11:4; 12:23; 16:14; Luke 12:50; Acts 2:36; 3:13; Colossians 2:14,15; Hebrews 5:5-9
and God
12:28; 14:13; 17:1-6; Isaiah 49:3-6; Luke 2:10-14; Romans 15:6-9; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 2 Corinthians 4:4-6; Ephesians 1:5-8,12; 2:7; 3:10; Philippians 2:11; 1 Peter 1:21; 4:11; Revelation 5:9-14

Verse 32
If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.
shall
17:4-6,21-24; Isaiah 53:10-12; Hebrews 1:2,3; 1 Peter 3:22; Revelation 3:21; 21:22,23; Revelation 22:1,3,13
and
12:23

Verse 33
Little children, yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you.
Little
Galatians 4:19; 1 John 2:1; 4:4; 5:21
yet
12:35,36; 14:19; 16:16-22
Ye
7:33; 8:21-24; 14:4-6

Verse 34
A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.
A new
Galatians 6:2; 1 John 2:8-10; 3:14-18,23; 2 John 1:5
That ye love
15:12,13,17; 17:21; Leviticus 19:18,34; Psalms 16:3; 119:63; Romans 12:10; 1 Corinthians 12:26,27; 13:4-7; Galatians 5:6,13,14,22; 6:10; Ephesians 5:2; Philippians 2:1-5; Colossians 1:4; 3:12,13; 1 Thessalonians 3:12; 4:9,10; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; Hebrews 13:1; James 2:8; 1 Peter 1:22; 3:8,9; 2 Peter 1:7; 1 John 4:7-11,21; 5:1

Verse 35
By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
17:21; Genesis 13:7,8; Acts 4:32-35; 5:12-14; 1 John 2:5,10; 3:10-14; 4:20,21

Verse 36
Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.
whither
33; 14:4,5; 16:17; 21:21
thou
21:18,19,22; 2 Peter 1:14

Verse 37
Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.
why
21:15; Matthew 26:31-35; Mark 14:27-31; Luke 22:31-34; Acts 20:24; 21:13

Verse 38
Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.
Wilt
Proverbs 16:18; 28:26; 29:23; 1 Corinthians 10:12
The cock
18:16,17,25-27; Matthew 26:34,69-75; Mark 14:30,66-72; Luke 22:34,56-62


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=013>.  

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