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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ finds a greater faith in the centurion, a Gentile than in any of the Jews;
10heals his servant, being absent;
11raises from death the widow's son at Nain;
18answers John's messengers with the declaration of his miracles;
24testifies to the people what opinion he held of John;
31inveighs against the Jews, who with neither the manners of John nor of Jesus could be won;
36and suffering his feet to be washed and anointed by a woman who was a sinner, he shows how he is a friend to sinners, to forgive them their sins, upon their repentance.
 
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Chapter 7

Verse 1
Now when he had ended all his sayings in the audience of the people, he entered into Capernaum.


when
Matthew 7:28,29
he entered
Matthew 8:5-13

Verse 2
And a certain centurion's servant, who was dear unto him, was sick, and ready to die.
centurion's
23:47; Matthew 27:54; Acts 10:1; 22:26; 23:17; 27:1,3,43
who
Genesis 24:2-14,27,35-49; 35:8; 39:4-6; 2 Kings 5:2,3; Job 31:5; Proverbs 29:21; Acts 10:7; Colossians 3:22-25; 4:1
was sick
8:42; John 4:46,47; 11:2,3

Verse 3
And when he heard of Jesus, he sent unto him the elders of the Jews, beseeching him that he would come and heal his servant.
8:41; 9:38; Matthew 8:5; John 4:47; Philemon 1:10

Verse 4
And when they came to Jesus, they besought him instantly, saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this:
worthy
6,7; 20:35; Matthew 10:11,13,37,38; Revelation 3:4

Verse 5
For he loveth our nation, and he hath built us a synagogue.
he loveth
1 Kings 5:1; 2 Chronicles 2:11,12; Galatians 5:6; 1 John 3:14; 5:1-3
and
1 Chronicles 29:3-9; Ezra 7:27,28; 1 John 3:18,19

Verse 6
Then Jesus went with them. And when he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying unto him, Lord, trouble not thyself: for I am not worthy that thou shouldest enter under my roof:
Jesus
Matthew 20:28; Mark 5:24; Acts 10:38
trouble
8:49
for
4; 5:8; 15:19-21; Genesis 32:10; Proverbs 29:23; Matthew 3:11; 5:26,27; James 4:6,10

Verse 7
Wherefore neither thought I myself worthy to come unto thee: but say in a word, and my servant shall be healed.
but
4:36; 5:13; Exodus 15:26; Deuteronomy 32:39; 1 Samuel 2:6; Psalms 33:9; 107:20; Mark 1:27

Verse 8
For I also am a man set under authority, having under me soldiers, and I say unto one, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it.
under
Acts 22:25,26; 23:17,23,26; 24:23; 25:26
one
Gr. this man. and he goeth.
Acts 10:7,8; Colossians 3:22; 1 Timothy 6:1,2

Verse 9
When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him, and turned him about, and said unto the people that followed him, I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel.
he marvelled
Matthew 8:10; 15:28
not in
Psalms 147:19,20; Matthew 9:33; Romans 3:1-3; 9:4,5

Verse 10
And they that were sent, returning to the house, found the servant whole that had been sick.
Matthew 8:13; 15:28; Mark 9:23; John 4:50-53

Verse 11
And it came to pass the day after, that he went into a city called Nain; and many of his disciples went with him, and much people.
he went
Acts 10:38

Verse 12
Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people of the city was with her.
the only
8:42; Genesis 22:2,12; 2 Samuel 14:7; 1 Kings 17:9,12,18,23; 2 Kings 4:16,20; Zechariah 12:10
a widow
Job 29:13; Acts 9:39,41; 1 Timothy 5:4,5; James 1:27
and much
8:52; John 11:19

Verse 13
And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not.
he
Judges 10:16; Psalms 86:5,15; 103:13; Isaiah 63:9; Jeremiah 31:20; Lamentations 3:32,33; Mark 8:2; John 11:33-35; Hebrews 2:17; 4:15
Weep not
8:52; Jeremiah 31:15,16; John 20:13,15; 1 Corinthians 7:30; 1 Thessalonians 4:13

Verse 14
And he came and touched the bier: and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise.
bier
or, coffin. Young.
8:54,55; 1 Kings 17:21; Job 14:12,14; Psalms 33:9; Isaiah 26:19; Ezekiel 37:3-10; John 5:21,25,28,29; 11:25,43,44; Acts 9:40,41; Romans 4:17; Ephesians 5:12

Verse 15
And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he delivered him to his mother.
1 Kings 17:23,24; 2 Kings 4:32-37; 13:21

Verse 16
And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people.
a fear
1:65; 5:8,26; 8:37; Jeremiah 33:9; Matthew 28:8; Acts 5:5,11-13
they
2:20; Matthew 9:8; 15:31; Galatians 1:24
a great
39; 9:19; 24:19; John 1:21,25; 4:19; 6:14; 7:40,41; 9:17; Acts 3:22,23; Acts 7:37
God
1:68; 19:44; Exodus 4:31; Psalms 65:9; 106:4,5

Verse 17
And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judaea, and throughout all the region round about.
14; Matthew 4:24; 9:31; Mark 1:28; 6:14

Verse 18
And the disciples of John shewed him of all these things.
Matthew 11:2-6; John 3:26

Verse 19
And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them to Jesus, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another?
John
When we remember the Baptist's solemn testimony to Christ, the sign from heaven, and the miraculous impulse which made him acknowledge Jesus the Messiah, we shall be constrained to think that he sent to Christ, not for his own satisfaction, but for that of his disciples.
two
10:1; Joshua 2:1; Mark 6:7; Acts 10:7,8; Revelation 11:3
Art
Genesis 3:15; 22:18; 49:10; Deuteronomy 18:15-18; Psalms 110:1-4; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6,7; 11:1; Isaiah 40:10,11; 59:20,21; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Daniel 9:24-26; Micah 5:2; Haggai 2:7; Zechariah 9:9; Malachi 3:1-3; 4:2; John 4:25

Verse 21
And in that same hour he cured many of their infirmities and plagues, and of evil spirits; and unto many that were blind he gave sight.
plagues
1 Kings 8:37; Psalms 90:7-9; Mark 3:10; 5:29,34; 1 Corinthians 11:30-32; Hebrews 12:6; James 5:14,15
evil spirits
[ ()eros

Verse 22
Then Jesus answering said unto them, Go your way, and tell John what things ye have seen and heard; how that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor the gospel is preached.
Go
John 1:46
how
21; 18:35-43; Job 29:15; Psalms 146:8; Isaiah 29:18,19; 32:3,4; 35:5,6; Isaiah 42:6,7,16; 61:1-3; Jeremiah 31:8; Matthew 9:28-30; 21:14; John 9:30-33; Acts 26:18
the lame
Matthew 15:30,31; Acts 3:2-8; 8:7; 14:8-10
the lepers
5:12-15; 17:12-19
the deaf
Isaiah 43:8; Mark 7:32-37
the dead
14,15; 8:53-55
to
4:18; Zephaniah 3:12; James 2:5

Verse 23
And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.
2:34; Isaiah 8:14,15; Matthew 11:6; 13:57,58; John 6:60-66; Romans 9:32,33; 1 Corinthians 1:21-28; 2:14; 1 Peter 2:7,8

Verse 24
And when the messengers of John were departed, he began to speak unto the people concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness for to see? A reed shaken with the wind?
What
Matthew 11:7,8
wilderness
1:80; 3:2; Matthew 3:1-5; Mark 1:4,5; John 1:23
A reed
Genesis 49:4; 2 Corinthians 1:17-20; Ephesians 4:14; James 1:6-8; 2 Peter 2:17; 3:17

Verse 25
But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they which are gorgeously apparelled, and live delicately, are in kings' courts.
A man
2 Kings 1:8; Isaiah 59:17; Matthew 3:4; 1 Peter 3:3,4
are in
2 Samuel 19:35; 1 Kings 10:5; Esther 1:3,11; 4:2; 5:1; 8:15; Matthew 6:29

Verse 26
But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and much more than a prophet.
A prophet
1:76; 20:6
and
16:16; Matthew 11:9-14; John 3:26-30; 5:35

Verse 27
This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
Behold
1:15-17,76; Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1; 4:5,6; John 1:23

Verse 28
For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist: but he that is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.
Among
1:14,15; 3:16
but
9:48; 10:23,24; Matthew 11:11; 13:16,17; Ephesians 3:8,9; Colossians 1:25-27; Hebrews 11:39,40; 1 Peter 1:10-12

Verse 29
And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John.
justified
35; Judges 1:7; Psalms 51:4; Romans 3:4-6; 10:3; Revelation 15:3; 16:5
being
3:12; Matthew 3:5,6; 21:31,32

Verse 30
But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him.
rejected
or, frustrated.
13:34; Jeremiah 8:8; Romans 10:21; 2 Corinthians 6:1; Galatians 2:21
the counsel
Acts 20:27; Ephesians 1:11
against
or, within.

Verse 31
And the Lord said, Whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation? and to what are they like?
Whereunto
Lamentations 2:13; Matthew 11:16-19; Mark 4:30

Verse 32
They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and calling one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned to you, and ye have not wept.
are
Proverbs 17:16; Isaiah 28:9-13; 29:11,12; Jeremiah 5:3-5; Matthew 11:16-19
children
Zechariah 8:5

Verse 33
For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a devil.
came
1:15; Jeremiah 16:8-10; Matthew 3:4; Mark 1:6
He
Matthew 10:25; John 8:48,52; 10:20; Acts 2:13

Verse 34
The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say, Behold a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners!
eating
36; 5:29; 11:37; 14:1; John 2:2; 12:2
a friend
15:2; 19:7; Matthew 9:11

Verse 35
But wisdom is justified of all her children.
29; Proverbs 8:32-36; 17:16; Hosea 14:9; Matthew 11:19; 1 Corinthians 2:14,15

Verse 36
And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would eat with him. And he went into the Pharisee's house, and sat down to meat.
one
Matthew 26:6-5; Mark 14:3-9; John 11:2-16
And he
34; 11:37; 14:1

Verse 37
And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at meat in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster box of ointment,
which
34,39; 5:30,32; 18:13; 19:7; Matthew 21:31; John 9:24,31; Romans 5:8; 1 Timothy 1:9,15; 1 Peter 4:18
an
Matthew 26:7; Mark 14:3; John 11:2; 12:2,3

Verse 38
And stood at his feet behind him weeping, and began to wash his feet with tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment.
weeping
6:21; 22:62; Judges 2:4,5; Ezra 10:1; Psalms 6:6-8; 38:18; 51:17; 126:5,6; Isaiah 61:3; Jeremiah 31:9,18-20; Joel 2:12; Zechariah 12:10; Matthew 5:4; 2 Corinthians 7:10,11; James 4:9
wash
44; Genesis 18:4; John 13:4,5
and anointed
45,46; Ecclesiastes 9:8; Song of Solomon 1:3; Isaiah 57:9

Verse 39
Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: for she is a sinner.
he spake
3:8; 12:17; 16:3; 18:4; 2 Kings 5:20; Proverbs 23:7; Mark 2:6,7; 7:21
This man
16; John 7:12,40,41,47-52; 9:24
would
37; 15:2,28-30; 18:9-11; Isaiah 65:5; Matthew 9:12,13; 20:16; 21:28-31

Verse 40
And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on.
answering
5:22,31; 6:8; John 16:19,30
Master
18:18; 20:20,21; Ezekiel 33:31; Malachi 1:6; Matthew 7:22; 26:49; John 3:2; 13:13

Verse 41
There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty.
a certain
11:4; 13:4; *marg:; Isaiah 50:1; Matthew 6:12; 18:23-25
the one
47; Romans 5:20; 1 Timothy 1:15,16
pence
See
Matthew 18:28; *marg:
the other
12:48; Numbers 27:3; Jeremiah 3:11; John 15:22-24; Romans 3:23; 1 John 1:8-10

Verse 42
And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most?
when
Psalms 49:7,8; Matthew 18:25,26,34; Romans 5:6; Galatians 3:10
he
Psalms 32:1-5; 51:1-3; 103:3; Isaiah 43:25; 44:22; Jeremiah 31:33,34; Daniel 9:18,19; Micah 7:18-20; Matthew 6:12; Acts 13:38,39; Romans 3:24; 4:5-8; Ephesians 1:7; 4:32; Colossians 3:13

Verse 43
Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged.
I
47; 1 Corinthians 15:9,10; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15; 1 Timothy 1:13-16
Thou
10:38; Psalms 116:16-18; Mark 12:34

Verse 44
And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head.
Seest
thou
Genesis 19:2; Judges 19:21; 1 Samuel 25:41; 1 Timothy 5:10; James 2:6

Verse 45
Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet.
gavest
Genesis 29:11; 33:4; 2 Samuel 15:5; 19:39; Matthew 26:48; Romans 16:16; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:26
this
Many have supposed that this person was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the sister of Lazarus. But there is no indication in the gospel history, that Mary Magdalene was the sister of Lazarus; but on the contrary, it would appear that they were perfectly distinct persons, the sister of Lazarus residing at Bethany, while Mary Magdalene appears to have resided at Magdala, east of Jordan, a distance of nearly ninety miles. Add to this, that our Saviour seems to have been now in or near Nain, not at Bethany; and the woman appears from the recital to have been previously unknown to him.

Verse 46
My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment.
Ruth 3:3; 2 Samuel 14:2; Psalms 23:5; 104:15; Ecclesiastes 9:8; Daniel 10:3; Amos 6:6; Micah 6:15; Matthew 6:17

Verse 47
Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little.
Her
42; 5:20,21; Exodus 34:6,7
which
Isaiah 1:18; 55:7; Ezekiel 16:63; 36:29-32; Micah 7:19; Acts 5:31; Romans 5:20; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Timothy 1:14; 1 John 1:7
she
43; Matthew 10:37; John 21:15-17; 2 Corinthians 5:14; Galatians 5:6; Ephesians 6:24; Philippians 1:9; 1 John 3:18; 4:19; 5:3

Verse 48
And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.
Thy
Matthew 9:2; Mark 2:5

Verse 49
And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also?
Who
5:20,21; Matthew 9:3; Mark 2:7

Verse 50
And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.
Thy
8:18,42,48; 18:42; Habakkuk 2:4; Matthew 9:22; Mark 5:34; 10:52; Ephesians 2:8-10; James 2:14-26
go
Ecclesiastes 9:7; Romans 5:1,2


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=007>.  

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