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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ preaches to his apostles to avoid hypocrisy, and fearfulness in publishing his doctrine;
13warns the people to beware of covetousness, by the parable of the rich man who set up greater barns.
22We must not be over careful of earthly things,
31but seek the kingdom of God;
33give alms;
35be ready at a knock to open to our Lord whensoever he comes.
41Christ's ministers are to see to their charges,
49and look for persecution.
54The people must take this time of grace;
57because it is a fearful thing to die without reconciliation.
 
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Chapter 12

Verse 1
In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.


an
5:1,15; 6:17; Acts 21:20; *Gr:
trode
2 Kings 7:17
first
1 Corinthians 15:3; James 3:17
Beware
Matthew 16:6-12; Mark 8:15-21; 1 Corinthians 5:7,8
which
56; 11:44; Job 20:5; 27:8; 36:13; Isaiah 33:14; James 3:17; 1 Peter 2:1

Verse 2
For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.
8:17; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 10:26; Mark 4:22; Romans 2:16; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Revelation 20:11,12

Verse 3
Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops.
whatsoever
Job 24:14,15; Ecclesiastes 10:12,13,20; Matthew 12:36; Jude 1:14,15
proclaimed
The houses in Judea being flat-roofed, with a balustrade round about, were used for the purpose of taking the air, sleeping, and prayer, and, it seems, for announcing things in the most public manner. So among the Turks, a crier announces the hours of public worship from the minaret or tower of the mosque.
housetops
Matthew 10:27

Verse 4
And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do.
my
Song of Solomon 5:1,16; Isaiah 41:8; John 15:14; James 2:23
Be
Isaiah 51:7-13; Jeremiah 1:8,17; 26:14,15; Ezekiel 2:6; Daniel 3:16,17; Matthew 10:28; Acts 4:13; 20:24; Philippians 1:28; 1 Peter 3:14; Revelation 2:10

Verse 5
But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
forewarn
Mark 13:23; 1 Thessalonians 4:6
Fear
Proverbs 14:26; Jeremiah 5:22; 10:7; Revelation 14:7; 15:4
power
Psalms 9:17; Matthew 10:28; 25:41,46; 2 Peter 2:4; Revelation 20:14

Verse 6
Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, and not one of them is forgotten before God?
five
See
Matthew 10:29
and
24,27; Psalms 50:10,11; 113:5,6; 145:15,16; 147:9

Verse 7
But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of more value than many sparrows.
even
21:18; 1 Samuel 14:45; 2 Samuel 14:11; Matthew 10:30; Acts 27:34
ye are
Job 35:11; Psalms 8:6; Isaiah 43:3,4; Matthew 6:26; 10:31

Verse 8
Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God:
Whosoever
1 Samuel 2:30; Psalms 119:46; Matthew 10:32,33; Romans 10:9,10; 2 Timothy 2:12; 1 John 2:23; Revelation 2:10,13; 3:4,5
confess
Matthew 25:31-34; Jude 1:24,25

Verse 9
But he that denieth me before men shall be denied before the angels of God.
he
9:26; Matthew 10:33; Mark 8:38; Acts 3:13,14; 2 Timothy 2:12; Revelation 3:8
shall
13:26,27; Matthew 7:23; 25:12,31,41; 1 John 2:23,28

Verse 10
And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but unto him that blasphemeth against the Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven.
23:34; Matthew 12:31,32; Mark 3:28,29; 1 Timothy 1:13; Hebrews 6:4-8; 10:26-31; 1 John 5:16

Verse 11
And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say:
21:12-14; Matthew 10:17-20; 23:34; Mark 13:9-11; Acts 4:5-7; 5:27-32; 6:9-15

Verse 12
For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say.
21:15; Exodus 4:11; Acts 4:8; 6:10; 7:2-53,55; 26:1-32

Verse 13
And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me.
Master
6:45; Psalms 17:14; Ezekiel 33:31; Acts 8:18,19; 1 Timothy 6:5

Verse 14
And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?
Man
5:20; 22:58; Romans 2:1,3; 9:20
who
Exodus 2:14; John 6:15; 8:11; 18:35,36

Verse 15
And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.
Take
8:14; 16:14; 21:34; Joshua 7:21; Job 31:24,25; Psalms 10:3; 62:10; 119:36,37; Proverbs 23:4,5; 28:16; Jeremiah 6:13; 22:17,18; Micah 2:2; Habakkuk 2:9; Mark 7:22; 1 Corinthians 5:10,11; 6:10; Ephesians 5:3-5; Colossians 3:5; 1 Timothy 6:7-10; 2 Timothy 3:2; Hebrews 13:5; 2 Peter 2:3,14
for
Job 2:4; Psalms 37:16; Proverbs 15:16; 16:16; Ecclesiastes 4:6-8; 5:10-16; Matthew 6:25,26; 1 Timothy 6:6-8

Verse 16
And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully:
The ground
Genesis 26:12-14; 41:47-49; Job 12:6; Psalms 73:3,12; Hosea 2:8; Matthew 5:45; Acts 14:17

Verse 17
And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits?
What
22,29; 10:25; 16:3; Acts 2:37; 16:30
shall
33; 3:11; 11:41; 14:13,14; 16:9; 18:22; 19:17; Ecclesiastes 11:2; Isaiah 58:7; Matthew 5:42; Romans 12:13; 2 Corinthians 9:6-15; 1 Timothy 6:17; 1 John 3:16

Verse 18
And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods.
21; 18:4,6; Psalms 17:14; James 3:15; 4:15

Verse 19
And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.
Soul
Deuteronomy 6:11,12; 8:12-14; Job 31:24,25; Psalms 49:5-13,18; 52:5-7; 62:10; Proverbs 18:11; 23:5; Isaiah 5:8; Hosea 12:8; Habakkuk 1:16; Matthew 6:19-21; 1 Timothy 6:17; James 5:1-3
for
Job 14:1; Proverbs 27:1; James 4:13-15
take
16:19; 21:34; Job 21:11-13; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Isaiah 5:11; 22:13; Amos 6:3-6; 1 Corinthians 15:32; Philippians 3:19; 1 Timothy 5:6; 2 Timothy 3:4; James 5:5; 1 Peter 4:3; Revelation 18:7

Verse 20
But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
God
16:22,23; Exodus 16:9,10; 1 Samuel 25:36-38; 2 Samuel 13:28,29; 1 Kings 16:9,10; Job 20:20-23; 27:8; Psalms 73:19; 78:30; Daniel 5:1-6,25-30; Nahum 1:10; Matthew 24:48-51; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
Thou fool
11:40; Jeremiah 17:11; James 4:14
thy soul shall be required of thee
or, do they require thy soul. then.
Esther 5:11; 8:1,2; Job 27:16,17; Psalms 39:6; 49:17-19; 52:5-7; Proverbs 11:4; Proverbs 28:8; Ecclesiastes 2:18-22; 5:14-16; Jeremiah 17:11; Daniel 5:28; 1 Timothy 6:7

Verse 21
So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
he
33; 6:24; Hosea 10:1; Habakkuk 2:9; Matthew 6:19,20; Romans 2:5; 1 Timothy 6:19; James 5:1-3
rich
16:11; 2 Corinthians 6:10; 1 Timothy 6:18,19; James 2:5; Revelation 2:9

Verse 22
And he said unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall put on.
Take
29; Matthew 6:25-34; 1 Corinthians 7:32; Philippians 4:6; Hebrews 13:5

Verse 23
The life is more than meat, and the body is more than raiment.
Genesis 19:17; Job 1:12; 2:4,6; Proverbs 13:8; Acts 27:18,19,38

Verse 24
Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feedeth them: how much more are ye better than the fowls?
the ravens
The raven is a species of the corvus, or crow tribe, of the order Picae, known by its large size, its plumage being of a bluish black, and tail roundish at the end. It was probably selected by our Lord as being unclean.
1 Kings 17:1-6; Job 38:41; Psalms 145:15,16; 147:9; Mark 6:26
how
7,30-32; Job 35:11; Matthew 10:31

Verse 25
And which of you with taking thought can add to his stature one cubit?
19:3; Matthew 5:36; 6:27

Verse 26
If ye then be not able to do that thing which is least, why take ye thought for the rest?
why
29; Psalms 39:6; Ecclesiastes 7:13; 1 Peter 5:7

Verse 27
Consider the lilies how they grow: they toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.
the lilies
24; Matthew 6:28-30; James 1:10,11
that
1 Kings 10:1-13; 2 Chronicles 9:1-12

Verse 28
If then God so clothe the grass, which is to day in the field, and to morrow is cast into the oven; how much more will he clothe you, O ye of little faith?
which
Isaiah 40:6; 1 Peter 1:24
O ye
8:25; Matthew 8:26; 14:31; 16:8; 17:17,20

Verse 29
And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind.
seek
22; 10:7,8; 22:35; Matthew 6:31
neither, etc
or, live not in careful suspense.

Verse 30
For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.
all
Matthew 5:47; 6:32; Ephesians 4:17; 1 Thessalonians 4:5; 1 Peter 4:2-4
your
32; Matthew 6:1,8,32; 10:20; 18:14; John 20:17

Verse 31
But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.
10:42; 1 Kings 3:11-13; Psalms 34:9; 37:3,19,25; 84:11; Isaiah 33:16; Matthew 6:33; John 6:27; Romans 8:31; 1 Timothy 4:8; Hebrews 13:5

Verse 32
Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.
little
Song of Solomon 1:7,8; Isaiah 40:11; 41:14; *marg:; Isaiah 53:6; Matthew 7:15; 18:12-14; 20:16; John 10:26-30
it is
10:21; Matthew 11:25-27; Ephesians 1:5-9; Philippians 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 1:11
the kingdom
Jeremiah 3:19; Matthew 25:34; John 18:36; Romans 6:23; 8:28-32; 2 Thessalonians 1:5; Hebrews 12:28; James 2:5; 1 Peter 1:3-5; 2 Peter 1:11; Revelation 1:6; 22:5

Verse 33
Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth.
Sell
18:22; Matthew 19:21; Acts 2:45; 4:34,35; 2 Corinthians 8:2
provide
16:9; Haggai 1:6; Matthew 6:19-21; John 12:6; 1 Timothy 6:17-19; James 5:1-3

Verse 34
For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
where
Matthew 6:21; Philippians 3:20; Colossians 3:1-3

Verse 35
Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning;
your loins
1 Kings 18:46; Proverbs 31:17; Isaiah 5:27; 11:5; Ephesians 6:14; 1 Peter 1:13
your lights
Matthew 5:16; 25:1,4-10; Philippians 2:15

Verse 36
And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately.
men
2:25-30; Genesis 49:18; Isaiah 64:4; Lamentations 3:25,26; Matthew 24:42-44; Mark 13:34-37; James 5:7,8; 2 Peter 1:13-15; Jude 1:20,21
return
Matthew 22:1-14; 25:1-13
when
Song of Solomon 5:5,6; Revelation 3:20

Verse 37
Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them.
Blessed
43; 21:36; Matthew 24:45-47; 25:20-23; Philippians 1:21,23; 2 Timothy 4:7,8; 1 Peter 5:1-4; 2 Peter 1:11; 3:14; Revelation 14:13
that
Isaiah 62:5; Jeremiah 32:41; Zephaniah 3:17; John 12:26; 13:4,5; 1 Corinthians 2:9; Revelation 3:21; Revelation 7:17; 14:3,4

Verse 38
And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find them so, blessed are those servants.
Matthew 25:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:4,5

Verse 39
And this know, that if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through.
Matthew 24:43,44; 1 Thessalonians 5:2,3; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 3:3; 16:15

Verse 40
Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not.
21:34-36; Matthew 24:42,44; 25:13; Mark 13:33-36; Romans 13:11,14; 1 Thessalonians 5:6; 2 Peter 3:12-14; Revelation 19:7

Verse 41
Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?
Lord
Mark 13:37; 14:37; 1 Peter 4:7; 5:8

Verse 42
And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season?
Who
19:15-19; Matthew 24:45,46; 25:20-23; 1 Corinthians 4:1,2; Titus 1:7
steward
16:1-12; Matthew 20:8; 1 Peter 4:10
ruler
1 Timothy 3:15; 5:17; Hebrews 3:5; 13:7,17
to give
Jeremiah 23:4; Ezekiel 34:3; Matthew 13:52; John 21:15-17; Acts 20:28; 1 Peter 5:1-4
in due
Proverbs 15:23; Isaiah 50:4; 2 Timothy 4:2

Verse 43
Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
whom

Verse 44
Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath.
that he will
19:17-19; 22:29,30; Daniel 12:2,3; Matthew 24:47; Revelation 3:18

Verse 45
But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;
and if
Ezekiel 12:22,27,28; Matthew 24:48-50; 2 Peter 2:3,4
to beat
Isaiah 65:6; Jeremiah 20:2; Ezekiel 34:3,4; Matthew 22:6; 2 Corinthians 11:20; 3 John 1:9,10; Revelation 13:7-10,15-17; 16:6; 17:5,6; 18:24
to eat
Isaiah 56:10-12; Ezekiel 34:8; Romans 16:18; Philippians 3:18,19; 2 Peter 2:13,19; Jude 1:12,13; Revelation 18:7,8

Verse 46
The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.
lord
19,20,40; Revelation 16:15
cut him in sunder
or, cut him off.
Psalms 37:9; 94:14
and will appoint
Job 20:29; Psalms 11:5; Matthew 7:22,23; 13:41,42,49,50
the unbelievers
Matthew 24:51

Verse 47
And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.
knew
10:12-15; Numbers 15:30,31; Matthew 11:22-24; John 9:41; 12:48; 15:22-24; 19:11; Acts 17:30; 2 Corinthians 2:15,16; James 4:17
shall
Deuteronomy 25:2,3

Verse 48
But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
knew
Leviticus 5:17; Acts 17:30; Romans 2:12-16; 1 Timothy 1:13
For
16:2,10-12; Genesis 39:8-23; Matthew 25:14-29; John 15:22; 1 Corinthians 9:17,18; 1 Timothy 1:11,13; 6:20; Titus 1:3; James 3:1; *Gr:

Verse 49
I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?
come
51,52; Isaiah 11:4; Joel 2:30,31; Malachi 3:2,3; 4:1; Matthew 3:10-12
and
11:53,54; 13:31-33; 19:39,40; John 9:4; 11:8-10; 12:17-19

Verse 50
But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!
I have
Matthew 20:17-22; Mark 10:32-38
and
Psalms 40:8; John 4:34; 7:6-8,10; 10:39-41; 12:27,28; 18:11; 19:30; Acts 20:22
straitened
or, pained.

Verse 51
Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, Nay; but rather division:
49; Zechariah 11:7,8,10,11,14; Matthew 10:34-36; 24:7-10

Verse 52
For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three.
Psalms 41:9; Micah 7:5,6; John 7:41-43; 9:16; 10:19-21; 15:18-21; 16:2; Acts 13:43-46; 14:1-4; 28:24

Verse 53
The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
Micah 7:6; Zechariah 13:2-6; Matthew 10:21,22; 24:10

Verse 54
And he said also to the people, When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; and so it is.
When
1 Kings 18:44,45; Matthew 16:2-4

Verse 55
And when ye see the south wind blow, ye say, There will be heat; and it cometh to pass.
Job 37:17

Verse 56
Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; but how is it that ye do not discern this time?
ye can
1 Chronicles 12:32; Matthew 11:25; 16:3; 24:32,33
that
19:42-44; Daniel 9:24-26; Haggai 2:7; Malachi 3:1; 4:2; Acts 3:24-26; Galatians 4:4

Verse 57
Yea, and why even of yourselves judge ye not what is right?
Deuteronomy 32:29; Matthew 15:10-14; 21:21,32; Acts 2:40; 13:26-38; 1 Corinthians 11:14

Verse 58
When thou goest with thine adversary to the magistrate, as thou art in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.
thou goest
Proverbs 25:8,9; Matthew 5:23-26
give
14:31,32; Genesis 32:3-28; 1 Samuel 25:18-35; Job 22:21; 23:7; Psalms 32:6; Proverbs 6:1-5; Isaiah 55:6; 2 Corinthians 6:2; Hebrews 3:7-13
the judge
13:24-28; Job 36:17,18; Psalms 50:22
into
Matthew 18:30; 1 Peter 3:19; Revelation 20:7

Verse 59
I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thence, till thou hast paid the very last mite.
thou shalt
16:26; Matthew 18:34; 25:41,46; 2 Thessalonians 1:3
mite
Mark 12:42; *marg:


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=012>.  

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