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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ heals the dropsy on the sabbath;
7teaches humility;
12to feast the poor;
15under the parable of the great supper, shows how worldly minded men, who contemn the word of God, shall be shut out of heaven.
25Those who will be his disciples, to bear their cross must make their accounts beforehand, lest with shame they revolt from him afterward;
34and become altogether unprofitable, like salt that has lost its savour.
 
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Chapter 14

Verse 1
And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.


as
7:34-36; 11:37; 1 Corinthians 9:19-22
chief
John 3:1; Acts 5:34
they
6:7; 11:53,54; 20:20; Psalms 37:32; 41:6; 62:4; 64:5,6; Proverbs 23:7; Isaiah 29:20; Isaiah 29:21; Jeremiah 20:10,11; Mark 3:2

Verse 3
And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?
the lawyers
11:44,45
Is
6:9; 13:14-16; Matthew 12:10; Mark 3:4; John 7:23

Verse 4
And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go;
Matthew 21:25-27; 22:46

Verse 5
And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day?
Which
13:15; Exodus 23:4,5; Daniel 4:24; Matthew 12:11,12

Verse 6
And they could not answer him again to these things.
13:17; 20:26,40; 21:15; Acts 6:10

Verse 7
And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them,
put
Judges 14:12; Proverbs 8:1; Ezekiel 17:2; Matthew 13:34
they
11:43; 20:46; Matthew 23:6; Mark 12:38,39; Acts 8:18,19; Philippians 2:3; 3 John 1:9

Verse 8
When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;
When
That there were among the Jews of these times many disputes about seats at banquets, we learn both from Josephus and the Rabbis; nor were these matters unattended to by the Greeks and Romans. Similar admonitions to this of our Lord, also occur in the Rabbinical writers. Rabbi Akiba said, Go two or three seats lower than the place that belongs to thee, and sit there till they say unto to thee, Go up higher; but do not take the uppermost seat, lest they say unto thee, Come down: for it is better they should say unto thee, Go up, go up than they should say, Go down, go down.
Proverbs 25:6,7

Verse 9
And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room.
and thou
Esther 6:6-12; Proverbs 3:35; 11:2; 16:18; Ezekiel 28:2-10; Daniel 4:30-34

Verse 10
But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee.
go
1 Samuel 15:17; Proverbs 15:33; 25:6,7
then
Isaiah 60:14; Revelation 3:9

Verse 11
For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
whosoever
1:51; 18:14; 1 Samuel 15:17; Job 22:29; 40:10-12; Psalms 18:27; 138:6; Proverbs 15:33; 18:12; 29:23; Isaiah 2:11,17; 57:15; Matthew 23:12; James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5

Verse 12
Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee.
when
1:53; Proverbs 14:20; 22:16; James 2:1-6
and a
6:32-36; Zechariah 7:5-7; Matthew 5:46; 6:1-4,16-18

Verse 13
But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:
call
21; 11:41; Deuteronomy 14:29; 16:11,14; 26:12,13; 2 Samuel 6:19; 2 Chronicles 30:24; Nehemiah 8:10,12; Job 29:13,15,16; 31:16-20; Proverbs 3:9,10; 14:31; 31:6,7; Isaiah 58:7,10; Matthew 14:14-21; 15:32-39; 22:10; Acts 2:44,45; 4:34,35; 9:39; Romans 12:13-16; 1 Timothy 3:2; 5:10; Titus 1:8; Philemon 1:7; Hebrews 13:2

Verse 14
And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
for thou
Proverbs 19:17; Matthew 6:4; 10:41,42; 25:34-40; Philippians 4:18,19
the resurrection
20:35,36; Daniel 12:2,3; John 5:29; Acts 24:15

Verse 15
And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
Blessed
12:37; 13:29; 22:30; Matthew 8:11; 25:10; John 6:27-59; Revelation 19:9

Verse 16
Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, and bade many:
A certain
Proverbs 9:1,2; Isaiah 25:6,7; Jeremiah 31:12-14; Zechariah 10:7; Matthew 22:2-14
bade
Song of Solomon 5:1; Isaiah 55:1-7; Mark 16:15,16; Revelation 3:20; 22:17

Verse 17
And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready.
his
3:4-6; 9:1-5; 10:1-12; Proverbs 9:1-5; Matthew 3:1-12; 10:1-4; Acts 2:38,39; Acts 3:24-26; 13:26,38,39
Come
Matthew 11:27-29; 22:3,4; John 7:37; 2 Corinthians 5:18-21; 6:1

Verse 18
And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused.
all
20:4,5; Isaiah 28:12,13; 29:11,12; Jeremiah 5:4,5; 6:10,16,17; Matthew 22:5,6; John 1:11; 5:40; Acts 13:45,46; 18:5,6; 28:25-27
I have
8:14; 17:26-31; 18:24; Matthew 24:38,39; 1 Timothy 6:9,10; 2 Timothy 4:4,10; Hebrews 12:16; 1 John 2:15,16

Verse 20
And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
26-28; 18:29,30; 1 Corinthians 7:29-31,33

Verse 21
So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.
and shewed
9:10; 1 Samuel 25:12; Matthew 15:12; 18:31; Hebrews 13:17
being
24; Psalms 2:12; Matthew 22:7,8; Hebrews 2:3; 12:25,26; Revelation 15:1-8; 19:15
Go
24:47; Proverbs 1:20-25; 8:2-4; 9:3-4; Jeremiah 5:1; Zechariah 11:7,11; Matthew 21:28-31; John 4:39-42; 7:47-49; 9:39; Acts 8:4-7; James 2:5; Revelation 22:17
the poor
13; 7:22,23; 1 Samuel 2:8; Psalms 113:7,8; Matthew 11:5,28
the halt
Psalms 38:7; Isaiah 33:23; 35:6

Verse 22
And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
it is
Acts 1:1-9
and yet
Psalms 103:6; 130:7; John 14:2; Ephesians 3:8; Colossians 2:9; 1 Timothy 2:5,6; 1 John 2:2; Revelation 7:4-9

Verse 23
And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
Go
Psalms 98:3; Isaiah 11:10; 19:24,25; 27:13; 49:5,6; 66:19,20; Zechariah 14:8,9; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 21:43; 22:9,10; 28:19,20; Acts 9:15; 10:44-48; 11:18-21; Acts 13:47,48; 18:6; 22:21,22; 26:18-20; 28:28; Romans 10:18; 15:9-12; Ephesians 2:11-22; Colossians 1:23
compel
24:29; Genesis 19:2,3; Psalms 110:3; Acts 16:15; Romans 11:13,14; 1 Corinthians 9:19-23; 2 Corinthians 5:11,20; 6:1; Colossians 1:28; 2 Timothy 4:2

Verse 24
For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.
Proverbs 1:24-32; Matthew 21:43; 22:8; 23:38,39; John 3:19,36; 8:21,24; Acts 13:46; Hebrews 12:25,26

Verse 25
And there went great multitudes with him: and he turned, and said unto them,
12:1; John 6:24-27

Verse 26
If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.
any
Deuteronomy 13:6-8; 33:9; Psalms 73:25,26; Matthew 10:37; Philippians 3:8
hate
Genesis 29:30,31; Deuteronomy 21:15; Job 7:15,16; Ecclesiastes 2:17-19; Malachi 1:2,3; John 12:25; Romans 9:13
yea
Acts 20:24; Revelation 12:11

Verse 27
And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
doth
9:23-25; Matthew 10:38; 16:24-26; Mark 8:34-37; 10:21; 15:21; John 19:17; 2 Timothy 3:12
cannot
Matthew 13:21; Acts 14:22; 2 Timothy 1:12

Verse 28
For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it?
intending
Genesis 11:4-9; Proverbs 24:27
counteth
33; Joshua 24:19-24; Matthew 8:20; 10:22; 20:22,23; Acts 21:13; 1 Thessalonians 3:4,5; 2 Peter 1:13,14

Verse 30
Saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish.
Matthew 7:27; 27:3-8; Acts 1:18,19; 1 Corinthians 3:11-14; Hebrews 6:4-8,11; 10:38; 2 Peter 2:19-22; 2 John 1:8

Verse 31
Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?
1 Kings 20:11; 2 Kings 18:20-22; Proverbs 20:18; 25:8

Verse 32
Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace.
and desireth
12:58; 1 Kings 20:31-34; 2 Kings 10:4,5; Job 40:9; Matthew 5:25; Acts 12:20; James 4:6-10

Verse 33
So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.
26; 5:11,28; 18:22,23,28-30; Acts 5:1-5; 8:19-22; Philippians 3:7,8; 2 Timothy 4:10; 1 John 2:15,16

Verse 34
Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned?
Salt
Common salt, or muriate of soda, consists of soda in combination with muriatic acid, and is for the most part an artificial preparation from sea water, though found in some countries in a solid and massive state. See particularly Le 2:13.
but
Matthew 5:13; Mark 9:49,50; Colossians 4:6; Hebrews 2:4-8

Verse 35
It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
but
John 15:6
He
8:8; 9:44; Matthew 11:15; 13:9; Revelation 2:7,11,17,29


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=014>.  

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