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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Of Zacchaeus a publican.
11The ten pieces of money.
28Christ rides into Jerusalem with triumph;
41weeps over it;
45drives the buyers and sellers out of the temple;
47teaching daily in it. The rulers seek to destroy him, but fear the people.
 
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Chapter 19

Verse 1
And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.


Jericho
Joshua 2:1; 6:1-25,26,27; 1 Kings 16:34; 2 Kings 2:18-22

Verse 2
And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
the chief
[architelones (arxitelwnhv)] rather, "a chief publican," or tax gatherer. Probably Zacchaeus, who appears from his name to have been a Jew, farmed the revenue of the district around Jericho, having others under him, who either rented of him smaller portions, or were employed as servants to collect the taxes.
and he
18:24-27; 2 Chronicles 17:5,6

Verse 3
And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the press, because he was little of stature.
he sought
9:7-9; 23:8; John 12:21
because
12:25

Verse 4
And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.
climbed
5:19
a sycamore
1 Kings 10:27; 1 Chronicles 27:28; Isaiah 9:10; Amos 7:14

Verse 5
And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day I must abide at thy house.
he looked
Psalms 139:1-3; Ezekiel 16:6; John 1:48; 4:7-10
Zacchaeus
Ecclesiastes 9:10; 2 Corinthians 6:1
for
10; Genesis 18:3-5; 19:1-3; Psalms 101:2,3; John 14:23; Ephesians 3:17; Hebrews 13:2; Revelation 3:20

Verse 6
And he made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully.
he
2:16; Genesis 18:6,7; Psalms 119:59,60; Galatians 1:15,16
joyfully
5:29; Isaiah 64:5; Acts 2:41; 16:15,34

Verse 7
And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.
they all
5:30; 7:34,39; 15:2; 18:9-14; Matthew 9:11; 21:28-31

Verse 8
And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.
Behold
3:8-13; 11:41; 12:33; 16:9; 18:22,23; Psalms 41:1; Acts 2:44-46; 4:34,35; 2 Corinthians 8:7,8; 1 Timothy 6:17,18; James 1:10,11
by false
3:14; Exodus 20:16
I restore
Exodus 22:1-4; Leviticus 6:1-6; 1 Samuel 12:3; 2 Samuel 12:6; Proverbs 6:31

Verse 9
And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.
unto him
Rather, as Elsner renders [pros autou
This day
2:30; 13:30; John 4:38-42; Acts 16:30-32; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Peter 2:10
forsomuch
13:16; Romans 4:11,12,16; Galatians 3:7,14,29

Verse 10
For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
5:31,32; 15:4-7,32; Ezekiel 34:16; Matthew 1:21; 9:12,13; 10:6; 15:24; 18:11; Romans 5:6; 1 Timothy 1:13-16; Hebrews 7:25; 1 John 4:9-14

Verse 11
And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear.
they thought
17:20; Acts 1:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3

Verse 12
He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
A certain
Matthew 25:14-30; Mark 13:34-37
a far
20:9; 24:51; Matthew 21:38; Mark 12:1; 16:19; Acts 1:9,10
to
Matthew 28:18; John 18:37; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Ephesians 1:20-23; Philippians 2:9-11; 1 Peter 3:22
and
Acts 1:11; 17:31; Hebrews 9:28; Revelation 1:7

Verse 13
And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.
his
Matthew 25:14; John 12:26; Galatians 1:10; James 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1
delivered
Matthew 25:15; Romans 12:6-8; 1 Corinthians 12:7-11,28,29; 1 Peter 4:9-11
pounds
"Mina, here translated a pound, is 12 oz., which, according to 5s. the ounce, is 3. 2s. 6d."

Verse 14
But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.
27; 1 Samuel 8:7; Psalms 2:1-3; Isaiah 49:7; Zechariah 11:8; John 1:11; 15:18,23,24; Acts 3:14,15; 4:27,28; 7:51,52

Verse 15
And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
having
Psalms 2:4-6
money
Gr. silver, and so.
that he
12:48; 16:2-13; Matthew 18:23-35; 25:19; Romans 14:10-12; 1 Corinthians 4:1-5

Verse 16
Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds.
Lord
1 Chronicles 29:14-16; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Colossians 1:28,29; 2 Timothy 4:7,8; James 2:18-26

Verse 17
And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.
Well
Genesis 39:4; 1 Samuel 2:30; Matthew 25:21; Romans 2:29; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Timothy 2:10; 1 Peter 1:7; 5:4
been
16:10; 22:30; Matthew 25:21; Revelation 2:26-29

Verse 18
And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds.
thy
Matthew 13:23; Mark 4:20; 2 Corinthians 8:12

Verse 19
And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.
Be
Isaiah 3:10; 1 Corinthians 3:8; 15:41,42,58; 2 Corinthians 9:6; 2 John 1:8

Verse 20
And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:
Lord
13; 3:9; 6:46; Proverbs 26:13-16; Matthew 25:24; James 4:17

Verse 21
For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst not sow.
I feared
Exodus 20:19,20; 1 Samuel 12:20; Matthew 25:24,25; Romans 8:15; 2 Timothy 1:7; James 2:10; 1 John 4:18
because
1 Samuel 6:19-21; 2 Samuel 6:9-11; Job 21:14,15; Ezekiel 18:25-29; Malachi 3:14,15; Romans 8:7; Jude 1:15

Verse 22
And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:
Out
2 Samuel 1:16; Job 15:5,6; Matthew 12:37; 22:12; Romans 3:19
Thou knewest
Matthew 25:26,27

Verse 23
Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury?
Wherefore
Romans 2:4,5
usury
Exodus 22:25-27; Deuteronomy 23:19,20

Verse 24
And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him the pound, and give it to him that hath ten pounds.
Take
12:20; 16:2

Verse 25
(And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.)
Lord
16:2; 2 Samuel 7:19; Isaiah 55:8,9

Verse 26
For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken away from him.
That unto
8:18; Matthew 13:12; 25:28,29; Mark 4:25; John 5:1-3
and from
That is, the poor man, who possesses but little.
16:3; 1 Samuel 2:30; 15:28; 2 Samuel 7:15; Psalms 109:8; Ezekiel 44:12-16; Matthew 21:43; Acts 1:20; 2 John 1:8; Revelation 2:3; 3:11

Verse 27
But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me.
14,42-44; 21:22,24; Numbers 14:36,37; 16:30-35; Psalms 2:3-5,9; 21:8,9; Psalms 69:22-28; Isaiah 66:6,14; Nahum 1:2,8; Matthew 21:37-41; 22:7; 23:34-36; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Hebrews 10:13

Verse 28
And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to Jerusalem.
he went
9:51; 12:50; 18:31; Psalms 40:6-8; Mark 10:32-34; John 18:11; Hebrews 12:2; 1 Peter 4:1

Verse 29
And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples,
when
Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; John 12:12-16
Bethany
37; 21:37; 22:39; 24:50; Zechariah 14:4; Acts 1:12

Verse 30
Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither.
32; 22:8-13; 1 Samuel 10:2-9; John 14:29

Verse 31
And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.
the Lord
Psalms 24:1; 50:10-12; Matthew 21:2,3; Mark 11:3-6; Acts 10:36

Verse 34
And they said, The Lord hath need of him.
Zechariah 9:9; John 10:35; 12:16; 2 Corinthians 8:9

Verse 35
And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.
they cast
2 Kings 9:13; Matthew 21:7; Mark 11:7,8; John 12:14; Galatians 4:15,16

Verse 36
And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.
Matthew 21:8

Verse 37
And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen;
at
20; Mark 13:3; 14:26
the whole
7:16; Exodus 15:1-18; Judges 5:1-31; 2 Samuel 6:2-6; 1 Kings 8:55,56; 1 Chronicles 15:28; 1 Chronicles 16:4-7; 2 Chronicles 29:28-30,36; Ezra 3:10-13; Psalms 106:12,13; John 12:12,13

Verse 38
Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
Blessed
13:35; Psalms 72:17-19; 118:22-26; Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:9; Mark 11:9,10
peace
2:10-14; Romans 5:1; Ephesians 2:14-18; Colossians 1:20
glory
Ephesians 1:6,12; 3:10,21; 1 Timothy 1:17; 1 Peter 1:12; Revelation 5:9-14; 19:1-6

Verse 39
And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.
rebuke
Isaiah 26:11; Matthew 23:13; John 11:47,48; 12:10,19; Acts 4:1,2,16-18; James 4:5

Verse 40
And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
Psalms 96:11; 98:7-9; 114:1-8; Isaiah 55:12; Habakkuk 2:11; Matthew 3:9; 21:15,16; Matthew 27:45,51-54; 2 Peter 2:6

Verse 41
And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
and wept
Psalms 119:53,136,158; Jeremiah 9:1; 13:17; 17:16; Hosea 11:8; John 11:35; Romans 9:2,3

Verse 42
Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
If
Deuteronomy 5:29; 32:29; Psalms 81:13; Isaiah 48:18; Ezekiel 18:31,32; 33:11
in this
44; Psalms 32:6; 95:7,8; Isaiah 55:6; John 12:35,36; 2 Corinthians 6:1,2
the things
1:77-79; 2:10-14; 10:5,6; Acts 10:36; 13:46; Hebrews 3:7,13,15; 10:26-29; Hebrews 12:24-26
but
Isaiah 6:9,10; 29:10-14; 44:18; Matthew 13:14,15; John 12:38-41; Acts 28:25-27; Romans 11:7-10; 2 Corinthians 3:14-16; 4:3,4; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12

Verse 43
For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
the days
21:20-24; Deuteronomy 28:49-58; Psalms 37:12,13; Daniel 9:26,27; Matthew 22:7; 23:37-39; Mark 13:14-20; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16
cast
Or, "cast a bank" or rampart [ ()] This was literally fulfilled when Jerusalem was besieged by Titus; who surrounded it with a wall of circumvallation in three days, though not less than 39 furlongs in circumference; and when this was effected, the Jews were so enclosed on every side, that no person could escape from the city, and no provision could be brought in.
Isaiah 29:1-4; Jeremiah 6:3-6

Verse 44
And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
lay
1 Kings 9:7,8; Micah 3:12
thy children
13:34,35; Matthew 23:37,38
leave
21:6; Matthew 24:2; Mark 13:2
because
42; 1:68,78; Lamentations 1:8; Daniel 9:24; John 3:18-21; 1 Peter 2:12

Verse 45
And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold therein, and them that bought;
went
Matthew 21:12,13; Mark 11:15-17; John 2:13-17
sold
Deuteronomy 14:25,26

Verse 46
Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.
Psalms 93:5; Isaiah 56:7; Jeremiah 7:11; Ezekiel 43:12; Hosea 12:7; Matthew 23:14

Verse 47
And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him,
taught
21:37,38; Matthew 21:23; Mark 11:27-33; John 18:20
the chief priests
Matthew 26:3,4; Mark 11:18; 12:12; 14:1; John 7:19,44; 8:37-40; 10:39; John 11:53-57

Verse 48
And could not find what they might do: for all the people were very attentive to hear him.
could
20:19,20; 22:2-4; Matthew 22:15,16
were very attentive to hear him
or, hanged on him. [Kremannumi autou
Nehemiah 8:3; John 7:46-49; Acts 16:14


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=019>.  

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