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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Augustus taxes all the Roman empire.
6The nativity of Christ.
8An angel relates it to the shepherds, and many sing praises to God for it.
15The shepherds glorify God.
21Christ is circumcised.
22Mary purified.
25Simeon and Anna prophesy of Christ,
39who increases in wisdom,
41questions in the temple with the doctors,
51and is obedient to his parents.
 
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Chapter 2

Verse 1
And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.


Caesar
3:1; Acts 11:28; 25:11,21; Philippians 4:22
all
Matthew 24:14; Mark 14:9; 16:15; Romans 1:8
taxed
or, enrolled.

Verse 2
(And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)
taxing
Acts 5:37
governor
3:1; Acts 13:7; 18:12; 23:26; 26:30

Verse 4
And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)
Joseph
1:26,27; 3:23
of the city
4:16; Matthew 2:23; John 1:46
unto
Genesis 35:19; 48:7; Ruth 1:19; 2:4; 4:11,17,21,22; 1 Samuel 16:1,4; 17:12,58; 1 Samuel 20:6; Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:1-6; John 7:42
he was
1:27; 3:23-31; Matthew 1:1-17

Verse 5
To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child.
Deuteronomy 22:22-27; Matthew 1:18,19

Verse 6
And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered.
A. M. 4000. B.C. 4. so
Psalms 33:11; Proverbs 19:21; Micah 5:2
the days
1:57; Revelation 12:1-5

Verse 7
And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.
she
Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:25; Galatians 4:4
and wrapped
11,12; Psalms 22:6; Isaiah 53:2,3; Matthew 8:20; 13:55; John 1:14; 2 Corinthians 8:9
the inn
10:34; Genesis 42:27; 43:21; Exodus 4:24

Verse 8
And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.
abiding
Genesis 31:39,40; Exodus 3:1,2; 1 Samuel 17:34,35; Psalms 78:70,71; Ezekiel 34:8; John 10:8-12
watch over their flock by night
or, the night-watches.

Verse 9
And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.
lo
1:11,28; Judges 6:11,12; Matthew 1:20; Acts 27:23; 1 Timothy 3:16
and the
Exodus 16:7,10; 40:34,35; 1 Kings 8:11; Isaiah 6:3; 35:2; 40:5; 60:1; Ezekiel 3:23; John 12:41; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:6; Revelation 18:1
and they
1:12; Isaiah 6:4,5; Acts 22:6-9; 26:13,14; Hebrews 12:21; Revelation 20:11

Verse 10
And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.
Fear not
1:13,30; Daniel 10:11,12,19; Matthew 28:5; Revelation 1:17,18
I bring
1:19; 8:1; Isaiah 40:9; 41:27; 52:7; 61:1; Acts 13:32; Romans 10:15
to
31,32; 24:47; Genesis 12:3; Psalms 67:1,2; 98:2,3; Isaiah 49:6; 52:10; Matthew 28:18; Mark 1:15; 16:15; Romans 15:9-12; Ephesians 3:8; Colossians 1:23

Verse 11
For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
unto
1:69; Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 1:21; Galatians 4:4,5; 2 Timothy 1:9,10; Titus 2:10-14; 3:4-7; 1 John 4:14
in
4; Matthew 1:21
which
26; 1:43; 20:41,42; Genesis 3:15; 49:10; Psalms 2:2; Daniel 9:24-26; Matthew 1:16; 16:16; John 1:41,45; 6:69; 7:25-27,41; 20:31; Acts 2:36; 17:3; 1 John 5:1
the Lord
1:43; 20:42-44; Acts 10:36; 1 Corinthians 15:47; Philippians 2:11; 3:8; Colossians 2:6

Verse 12
And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.
Exodus 3:12; 1 Samuel 10:2-7; Psalms 22:6; Isaiah 53:1,2

Verse 13
And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,
a multitude
Genesis 28:12; 32:1,2; 1 Kings 22:19; Job 38:7; Psalms 68:17; 103:20,21; 148:2; Isaiah 6:2,3; Ezekiel 3:12; Daniel 7:10; Luke 15:10; Ephesians 3:10; Hebrews 1:14; 1 Peter 1:12; Revelation 5:11

Verse 14
Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
Glory
19:38; Psalms 69:34,35; 85:9-12; 96:11-13; Isaiah 44:23; 49:13; John 17:4; Ephesians 1:6; 3:20,21; Philippians 2:11; Revelation 5:13
and
1:79; Isaiah 9:6,7; 57:19; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Micah 5:5; Zechariah 6:12,13; John 14:27; Acts 10:36; Romans 5:1; 2 Corinthians 5:18-20; Ephesians 2:14-18; Colossians 1:20; Hebrews 13:20,21
good
John 3:16; Ephesians 2:4,7; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; Titus 3:4-7; 1 John 4:9,10

Verse 15
And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.
into
24:51; 2 Kings 2:1,11; 1 Peter 3:22
shepherds
Gr. men the shepherds. Let.
Exodus 3:3; Psalms 111:2; Matthew 2:1,2,9-11; 12:42; John 20:1-10

Verse 16
And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger.
with
1:39; Ecclesiastes 9:10
found
7,12; 19:32; 22:13

Verse 17
And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this child.
38; 8:39; Psalms 16:9,10; 66:16; 71:17,18; Malachi 3:16; John 1:41-46; 4:28,29

Verse 18
And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds.
wondered
33,47; 1:65,66; 4:36; 5:9,10; Isaiah 8:18

Verse 19
But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart.
51; 1:66; 9:43,44; Genesis 37:11; 1 Samuel 21:12; Proverbs 4:4; Hosea 14:9

Verse 20
And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them.
18:43; 19:37,38; 1 Chronicles 29:10-12; Psalms 72:17-19; 106:48; 107:8,15,21; Isaiah 29:19; Acts 2:46,47; 11:18

Verse 21
And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called JESUS, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
eight
1:59; Genesis 17:12; Leviticus 12:3; Matthew 3:15; Galatians 4:4,5; Philippians 2:8
his name was
1:31; Matthew 1:21,25

Verse 22
And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord;
Leviticus 12:2-6

Verse 23
(As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;)
Every
Exodus 13:2,12-15; 22:29; 34:19; Numbers 3:13; 8:16,17; 18:15

Verse 24
And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.
A pair
Leviticus 12:2,6-8; 2 Corinthians 8:9

Verse 25
And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.
just
1:6; Genesis 6:9; Job 1:1,8; Daniel 6:22,23; Micah 6:8; Acts 10:2,22; 24:16; Titus 2:11-14
waiting
38; Isaiah 25:9; 40:1; Mark 15:43
Holy Ghost
1:41,67; Numbers 11:25,29; 2 Peter 1:21

Verse 26
And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ.
it
Psalms 25:14; Amos 3:7
see death
[Horao ton thanatos] to see death, is a Hebraism for to die, exactly corresponding to [yir'eh mahvet.]
Psalms 89:49; Luke 9:27; Psalms 89:48; John 8:51; Hebrews 11:5
the Lord's
Psalms 2:2,6; Isaiah 61:1; Daniel 9:24-26; John 1:41; 4:29; 20:31; Acts 2:36; 9:20; Acts 10:38; 17:3; Hebrews 1:8,9

Verse 27
And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law,
by
4:1; Matthew 4:1; Acts 8:29; 10:19; 11:12; 16:7; Revelation 1:10; 17:3
the parents
41,48,51
to

Verse 28
Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said,
took
Mark 9:36; 10:16
and
13,14,20; Luke 1:46,64,68; Psalms 32:11; 33:1; 105:1-3; 135:19,20

Verse 29
Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word:
now
Genesis 15:15; 46:30; Psalms 37:37; Isaiah 57:1,2; Philippians 1:23; Revelation 14:13
according

Verse 30
For mine eyes have seen thy salvation,
10,11; 3:6; Genesis 49:18; 2 Samuel 23:1-5; Isaiah 49:6; Acts 4:10-12

Verse 31
Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people;
Psalms 96:1-3,10-13; 97:6-8; 98:2,3; Isaiah 42:1-4,10-12; 45:21-25; Isaiah 62:1,2

Verse 32
A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
light
Isaiah 9:2; 42:6,7; 49:6; 60:1-3,19; Matthew 4:16; Acts 13:47,48; 28:28; Romans 15:8,9
and
Psalms 85:9; Isaiah 4:2; 45:25; 60:19; Jeremiah 2:11; Zechariah 2:5; 1 Corinthians 1:31; Revelation 21:23

Verse 33
And Joseph and his mother marvelled at those things which were spoken of him.
48; 1:65,66; Isaiah 8:18

Verse 34
And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;
blessed
Genesis 14:19; 47:7; Exodus 39:43; Leviticus 9:22,23; Hebrews 7:1,7
set
Isaiah 8:14,15; Hosea 14:9; Matthew 21:44; John 3:20; 9:29; Romans 9:32; 1 Corinthians 1:23; 2 Corinthians 2:15; 1 Peter 2:7
and rising
Acts 2:36-41; 3:15-19; 6:7; 9:1-20
for a
Psalms 22:6-8; 69:9-12; Isaiah 8:18; Matthew 11:19; 26:65-67; 27:40-45,63; John 5:18; 8:48-52; 9:24-28; Acts 4:26; 13:45; 17:6; 24:5; 28:22; 1 Corinthians 1:23; Hebrews 12:1-3; 1 Peter 4:14

Verse 35
(Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.
a sword
Psalms 42:10; John 19:25
that
16:14,15; Deuteronomy 8:2; Judges 5:15,16; Matthew 12:24-35; John 8:42-47; 15:22-24; Acts 8:21-23; 1 Corinthians 11:19; 1 John 2:19

Verse 36
And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity;
a prophetess
Exodus 15:20; Judges 4:4; 2 Kings 22:14; Acts 2:18; 21:9; 1 Corinthians 12:1
Aser
Genesis 30:13
Asher
Revelation 7:6
she
Job 5:26; Psalms 92:14

Verse 37
And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.
which
Exodus 38:8; 1 Samuel 2:2; Psalms 23:6; 27:4; 84:4,10; 92:13; 135:1,2; Revelation 3:12
but
Psalms 22:2; Acts 26:7; 1 Timothy 5:5; Revelation 7:15

Verse 38
And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.
coming
gave
28-32; 1:46-56,64-66; 2 Corinthians 9:15; Ephesians 1:3
looked
25; 23:51; 24:21; Mark 15:43
Jerusalem
or, Israel.

Verse 39
And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.
performed
21-24; 1:6; Deuteronomy 12:32; Matthew 3:15; Galatians 4:4,5
they returned
4; Matthew 2:22,23
Nazareth
Nazareth, now Nassara, was a small town of Zebulun, in Lower Galilee, according to Eusebius, fifteen miles east of Legio, near mount Tabor, and, according to D'Arvieux, about eight leagues, or according to Maundrell, seven hours, or about twenty miles S. E. of Acre. It is one of the principal towns of the pashalic of Acre, containing a population of about 3,000 souls, of whom 500 are Turks, the remainder being Christians. It is delightfully situated on elevated ground, in a valley, encompassed by mountains.

Verse 40
And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.
the child
52; Judges 13:24; 1 Samuel 2:18,26; 3:19; Psalms 22:9; Isaiah 53:1,2
strong
1:80; Ephesians 6:10; 2 Timothy 2:1
filled
47,52; Isaiah 11:1-5; Colossians 2:2,3
the grace
Psalms 45:2; John 1:14; Acts 4:33

Verse 41
Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover.
A. M. 4012. A.D. 8. went
Exodus 23:14-17; 34:23; Deuteronomy 12:5-7,11,18; 16:1-8,16; 1 Samuel 1:3,21
the
Exodus 12:14; Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 28:16; John 2:13; 6:4; 11:55; 13:1

Verse 43
And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it.
2 Chronicles 30:21-23; 25:17

Verse 44
But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance.
in
Psalms 42:4; 122:1-4; Isaiah 2:3

Verse 46
And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.
after
44,45; 1 Kings 12:5,12; Matthew 12:40; 16:21; 27:63,64
the doctors
5:17; Acts 5:34
both
Isaiah 49:1,2; 50:4

Verse 47
And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.
4:22,32; Psalms 119:99; Matthew 7:28; Mark 1:22; John 7:15,46

Verse 49
And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business?
my
48; Psalms 40:8; Malachi 3:1; Matthew 21:12; John 2:16,17; 4:34; 5:17; 6:38; 8:29; John 9:4

Verse 50
And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them.
9:45; 18:34

Verse 51
And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.
came
and was
Matthew 3:15; Mark 6:3; Ephesians 5:21; 6:1,2; 1 Peter 2:21
kept
19; Genesis 37:11; Daniel 7:28

Verse 52
And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.
Jesus
40; 1:80; 1 Samuel 2:26
stature
or, age. and in.
Proverbs 3:3,4; Acts 7:9,10; Romans 14:18


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=002>.  

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