Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Friday, March 22, 2019

Join Now!  |  Login
  Our Sponsors

• Learn Greek, Aramaic, Biblical or Modern Hebrew online

• Try SwordSearcher Bible Software Today

• Hunting for choral music have you frustrated?

• Join a different kind of "Christian Book Club!" Click to find out how!

 
  Study Resources

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

 
  SL Forums

• Apologetic Forum

• Christian Living

• Ministry Forum

• Evangelism Forum

• Passage Forum

• Help Forum

 
  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL

 

 

The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ, by the similitude of the labourers in the vineyard, shows that God is debtor unto no man;
17foretells his passion;
20by answering the mother of Zebedee's children, teaches his disciples to be lowly;
29and gives two blind men their sight.
 
Navigator
PreviousNext
 Chapter 19
Chapter 21
 
 
 
  Printer friendly version
 
Additional Resources
 
 • Adam Clark Commentary
 • Burton Coffman
 • Barnes' New Testament
 • Darby's Synopsis
 • Gill's Exposition
 • Geneva Study Bible
 • Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
 • Matthew Henry Complete
 • Matthew Henry Concise
 • People's New Testament
 • Robertson's Word Pictures
 • The Fourfold Gospel
 • Wesley's Explanatory Notes
Buy This Resource
 
Hardcover$20.98
 Show me more …
Chapter 20

Verse 1
For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.


the kingdom
This parable was intended to illustrate the equity of God's dealings, even when "the first are placed last, and the last first."
3:2; 13:24,31,33,44,45,47; 22:2; 25:1,14
a man
9:37,38; 21:33-43; Song of Solomon 8:11,12; Isaiah 5:1,2; John 15:1
early
23:37; Song of Solomon 8:11,12; Jeremiah 25:3,4
labourers
Mark 13:34; 1 Corinthians 15:58; Hebrews 13:21; 2 Peter 1:5-10

Verse 2
And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
he had
13; Exodus 19:5,6; Deuteronomy 5:27-30
a penny
"The Roman penny is the eighth part of an ounce, which after five shillings the ounce is sevenpence halfpenny."
18:28; 22:19; *margins; Luke 10:35; Revelation 6:6
he sent
1 Samuel 2:18,26; 3:1,21; 16:11,12; 1 Kings 3:6-11; 18:12; 2 Chronicles 34:3; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Luke 1:15; 2 Timothy 3:15

Verse 3
And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
the third
Mark 15:25; Acts 2:15
standing
6,7; 11:16,17; Proverbs 19:15; Ezekiel 16:49; Acts 17:17-21; 1 Timothy 5:13; Hebrews 6:12

Verse 4
And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.
Go
9:9; 21:23-31; Luke 19:7-10; Romans 6:16-22; 1 Corinthians 6:11; 1 Timothy 1:12,13; Titus 3:8; 1 Peter 1:13; 4:2,3
and whatsoever
Colossians 4:1

Verse 5
Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.
sixth
27:45; Mark 15:33,34; Luke 23:44-46; John 1:39; 4:6; 11:9; Acts 3:1; 10:3,9
and did
Genesis 12:1-4; Joshua 24:2,3; 2 Chronicles 33:12-19; Hebrews 11:24-26

Verse 6
And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
the eleventh
Ecclesiastes 9:10; Luke 23:40-43; John 9:4
Why
Proverbs 19:15; Ezekiel 16:49; Acts 17:21; Hebrews 6:12

Verse 7
They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.
Because
Acts 4:16; 17:30,31; Romans 10:14-17; 16:25; Ephesians 2:11,12; 3:5,6; Colossians 1:26
Go
22:9,10; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Luke 14:21-23; John 9:4
and
Ephesians 6:8; Hebrews 6:10

Verse 8
So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.
when
13:39,40; 25:19,31; Romans 2:6-10; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Hebrews 9:28; Revelation 20:11,12
unto
Genesis 15:2; 39:4-6; 43:19; Luke 10:7; 12:42; 16:1,2; 1 Corinthians 4:1,2; Titus 1:7; 1 Peter 4:10

Verse 9
And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.
they received
2,6,7; Luke 23:40-43; Romans 4:3-6; 5:20,21; Ephesians 1:6-8; 2:8-10; 1 Timothy 1:14-16

Verse 11
And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house, 12 Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
they murmured
Luke 5:30; 15:2,28-30; 19:7; Acts 11:2,3; 13:45; 22:21,22; 1 Thessalonians 2:16; Jude 1:16

Verse 12
And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house, 12 Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
wrought but one hour
or, continued one hour only. equal.
Luke 14:10,11; Romans 3:22-24,30; Ephesians 3:6
borne
Isaiah 58:2,3; Zechariah 7:3-5; Malachi 1:13; 3:14; Luke 15:29,30; 18:11,12; Romans 3:27; 9:30-32; 10:1-3; 11:5,6; 1 Corinthians 4:11; 2 Corinthians 11:23-28

Verse 13
But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?
Friend
22:12; 26:50
I do
Genesis 18:25; Job 34:8-12,17,18; 35:2; 40:8; Romans 9:14,15,20

Verse 14
Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.
thine
6:2,6,16; 2 Kings 10:16,30,31; Ezekiel 29:18-20; Luke 15:31; 16:25; Romans 3:4,19
I will
John 17:2

Verse 15
Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
it
11:25; Exodus 33:19; Deuteronomy 7:6-8; 1 Chronicles 28:4,5; Jeremiah 27:5-7; John 17:2; Romans 9:15-24; 11:5,6; 1 Corinthians 4:7; Ephesians 1:11; 2:1,5; James 1:18
Is thine
6:23; Deuteronomy 15:9; 28:54; Proverbs 23:6; 28:22; Mark 7:22; James 5:9
because
Jonah 4:1-4; Acts 13:45

Verse 16
So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
the last
8:11,12; 19:30; 21:31; Mark 10:31; Luke 7:47; 13:28-30; 15:7; 17:17,18; John 12:19-22; Romans 5:20; 9:30
for
7:13; 22:14; Luke 14:24; Romans 8:30; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; James 1:23-25

Verse 17
And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them,
Jesus
Mark 10:32-34; Luke 18:31-34; John 12:12
took
13:11; 16:13; Genesis 18:17; John 15:15; Acts 10:41

Verse 18
Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,
and the
16:21; 17:22,23; 26:2; Psalms 2:1-3; 22:1-31; 69:1-36; Isaiah 53:1-12; Daniel 9:24-27; Acts 2:23; 4:27,28
they
26:66; 27:1; Mark 14:64,65; Luke 22:71

Verse 19
And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
shall deliver
27:2-10; Mark 15:1,16-20; Luke 23:1-5; John 18:28-38; Acts 3:13-16; 1 Corinthians 15:3-7
to mock
26:67,68; 27:27-31; Psalms 22:7,8; 35:16; Isaiah 53:3; Mark 14:65; Mark 15:16-20,29-31; Luke 23:11; John 19:1-4
the third
12:40; 16:21; Isaiah 26:19; Hosea 6:2; Luke 24:46; 1 Corinthians 15:4

Verse 20
Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons, worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.
came
Mark 10:35
the mother
4:21; 27:56; Mark 15:40
Salome
worshipping.
2:11; 8:2; 14:33; 15:25; 28:17

Verse 21
And he said unto her, What wilt thou? She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom.
What
32; 1 Kings 3:5; Esther 5:3; Mark 6:22; 10:36,51; Luke 18:41; John 15:7
Grant
18:1; 19:28; Jeremiah 45:5; Mark 10:37; Luke 22:24; Romans 12:10; Philemon 1:2,3
the one
1 Kings 2:19; Psalms 45:9; 110:1; Mark 16:19; Romans 8:34; Colossians 3:1
in thy
Luke 17:20,21; 19:11; Acts 1:6

Verse 22
But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able.
Ye know not
Mark 10:38; Romans 8:26; James 4:3
the cup
26:39,42; Psalms 75:3; Jeremiah 25:15-38; Mark 14:36; Luke 22:42; John 18:11
baptized with the
Mark 10:39; Luke 12:50
We
26:35,56; Proverbs 16:18

Verse 23
And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.
Ye
Acts 12:2; Romans 8:17; 2 Corinthians 1:7; Colossians 1:24; 2 Timothy 2:11,12; Revelation 1:9
to sit
Rather, "to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, except to them for whom it is prepared of my Father."
for
25:34; Mark 10:40; 1 Corinthians 2:9; Hebrews 11:16

Verse 24
And when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren.
they
Proverbs 13:10; Mark 10:41; Luke 22:23-25; 1 Corinthians 13:4; Philippians 2:3; James 3:14-18; James 4:1,5,6; 1 Peter 5:5

Verse 25
But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.
called
11:29; 18:3,4; John 13:12-17
the princes
Mark 10:42; Luke 22:25-27
exercise dominion
Daniel 2:12,13,37-45; 3:2-7,15,19-22; 5:19

Verse 26
But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
it
23:8-12; Mark 9:35; 10:43,45; Luke 14:7-11; 18:14; John 18:36; 2 Corinthians 1:24; 2 Corinthians 10:4-10; 1 Peter 5:3; 3 John 1:9,10; Revelation 13:11-17; 17:6
minister
25:44; 27:55; Ezekiel 24:13; Acts 13:5; 2 Timothy 1:18; Philemon 1:13; Hebrews 1:14; 1 Peter 4:11

Verse 27
And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant:
whosoever
18:4; Mark 9:33-35; Luke 22:26; Acts 20:34,35; Romans 1:14; 1 Corinthians 9:19-23; 2 Corinthians 4:5; 11:5,23-27; 12:15

Verse 28
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
came
Luke 22:27; John 13:4-17; Philippians 2:4-8; Hebrews 5:8
and to
Job 33:24; Psalms 49:7; Isaiah 53:5,8,10,11; Daniel 9:24-26; John 10:15; John 11:50-52; Romans 3:24-26; Galatians 3:13; Ephesians 1:7; 5:2; 1 Timothy 2:6; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 9:28; 1 Peter 1:18,19; 2:24; 3:18; Revelation 1:5; 5:8,9
for
26:28; Mark 14:24; Romans 5:15-19; Hebrews 9:28; 1 John 2:2

Verse 29
And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed him.
Mark 10:46-52; Luke 18:35-43

Verse 30
And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David.
two
9:27-31; 12:22; 21:14; Psalms 146:8; Isaiah 29:18; 35:5,6; 42:16,18; Isaiah 59:10; 61:1,2; Mark 10:46; Luke 4:18; 7:21; John 9:1-12
Have
12:23; 15:22; 21:9; 22:42; Acts 2:30; Romans 1:3,4

Verse 31
And the multitude rebuked them, because they should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David.
rebuked
15:23; 19:13
but they cried
7:7,8; Genesis 32:25-29; Luke 11:8-10; 18:1-8,39; Colossians 4:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:17

Verse 32
And Jesus stood still, and called them, and said, What will ye that I shall do unto you?
What
21; Ezekiel 36:37; Acts 10:29; Philippians 4:6

Verse 33
They say unto him, Lord, that our eyes may be opened.
Lord
Psalms 119:18; Ephesians 1:17-19

Verse 34
So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him.
Jesus
9:36; 14:14; 15:32; Psalms 145:8; Luke 7:13; John 11:33-35; Hebrews 2:17; Hebrews 4:15,16; 1 Peter 3:8
touched
9:29; Mark 7:33; Luke 22:51; John 9:6,7
and they
8:15; Psalms 119:67,71; Luke 18:43; Acts 26:18


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=020>.  

  HOME    TOP

Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent to corr@studylight.org
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent to sugg@studylight.org
 

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2019, StudyLight.org