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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ reproves the Scribes and Pharisees for transgressing God's commandments through their own traditions;
10teaches how that which goes into the mouth does not defile a man.
21He heals the daughter of the woman of Canaan,
29and other great multitudes;
32and with seven loaves and a few little fishes feeds four thousand men, beside women and children.
 
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Chapter 15

Verse 1
Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying,


came
Mark 7:1-13
scribes
5:20; 23:2,15-28; Luke 5:30; Acts 23:9
which
Luke 5:17,21

Verse 2
Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.
transgress
Mark 7:2,5; Genesis 1:14; Colossians 2:8,20-23; 1 Peter 1:18
tradition
Tradition, in Latin traditio, from trado, I deliver, hand down, exactly agreeing with the original [paradosis (para/dosiv)] from [paradidomi (paradiğdwmi)] I deliver, transmit. Among the Jews it signifies what is called oral law, which they say has been successively handed down from Moses, through every generation, to Judah the Holy, who compiled and digested it into the Mishneh, to explain which the two Gemaras, or Talmuds, called the Jerusalem and Babylonish, were composed. Of the estimation in which these were held by the Jews, the following may serve as an example: "The words of the Scribes are lovely beyond the words of the law, for the words of the law are weighty and light, but the words of the Scribes are all weighty."

Verse 3
But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
Why
7:3-5; Mark 7:6-8,13; Colossians 2:8,23; Titus 1:14

Verse 4
For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
God
4:10; 5:17-19; Isaiah 8:20; Romans 3:31
Honour
19:19; Exodus 20:12; Leviticus 19:3; Deuteronomy 5:16; Proverbs 23:22; Ephesians 6:1
He
Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9; Deuteronomy 21:18-21; 27:16; Proverbs 20:20; 30:17

Verse 5
But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
ye say
23:16-18; Amos 7:15-17; Mark 7:10-13; Acts 4:19; 5:29
It is
Leviticus 27:9-34; Proverbs 20:25; Mark 7:11,12

Verse 6
And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
honour
1 Timothy 5:3,4,8,16
Thus
Psalms 119:126,139; Jeremiah 8:8; Hosea 4:6; Malachi 2:7-9; Mark 7:13; Romans 3:31

Verse 7
Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
hypocrites
7:5; 23:23-29
well
Mark 7:6; Acts 28:25-27

Verse 8
This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
draweth
Isaiah 29:13; Ezekiel 33:31; John 1:47; 1 Peter 3:10
but
Proverbs 23:26; Jeremiah 12:2; Acts 8:21; Hebrews 3:12

Verse 9
But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
in
Exodus 20:7; Leviticus 26:16,20; 1 Samuel 25:21; Psalms 39:6; 73:13; Ecclesiastes 5:2-7; Isaiah 1:13-15; 58:1-3; Malachi 3:14; Mark 7:7; 1 Corinthians 15:2; James 2:20
teaching
Deuteronomy 12:32; Proverbs 30:5,6; Isaiah 29:13; Colossians 2:18-22; 1 Timothy 1:4; 4:1-3,6,7; Titus 1:14; Hebrews 13:9; Revelation 22:18

Verse 10
And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand:
he
1 Kings 22:28; Mark 7:14,16; Luke 20:45-47
Hear
13:19; 24:15; Isaiah 6:9; 55:3; Luke 24:45; Ephesians 1:17; Colossians 1:9; James 1:5

Verse 11
Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man.
that which goeth
Mark 7:15; Luke 11:38-41; Acts 10:14,15; 11:8,9; Romans 14:14,17,20; 1 Timothy 4:4,5; Titus 1:15; Hebrews 13:9
but
18-20; 12:34-37; Psalms 10:7; 12:2; 52:2-4; 58:3,4; Isaiah 37:23; Isaiah 59:3-5,13-15; Jeremiah 9:3-6; Romans 3:13,14; James 3:5-8; 2 Peter 2:18

Verse 12
Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying?
Knowest
17:27; 1 Kings 22:13,14; 1 Corinthians 10:32,33; 2 Corinthians 6:3; Galatians 2:5; James 3:17

Verse 13
But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.
Every
13:40,41; Psalms 92:13; Isaiah 60:21; John 15:2,6; 1 Corinthians 3:12-15

Verse 14
Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
Let
Hosea 4:17; 1 Timothy 6:5
they
23:16-24; Isaiah 9:16; 42:19; 56:10; Malachi 2:8; Luke 6:39
And if
Jeremiah 5:31; 6:15; 8:12; Ezekiel 14:9,10; Micah 3:6,7; 2 Peter 2:1,17; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 22:15

Verse 15
Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable.
Declare
13:36; Mark 4:34; 7:17; John 16:29

Verse 16
And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without understanding?
10; 13:51; 16:9,11; Isaiah 28:9,10; Mark 6:52; 7:18; 8:17,18; 9:32; Luke 9:45; Luke 18:34; 24:45; Hebrews 5:12

Verse 17
Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught?
that
7:19,20; Luke 6:45; 1 Corinthians 6:13; Colossians 2:21,22; James 3:6
and is
2 Kings 10:27

Verse 18
But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man.
11; 12:34; 1 Samuel 24:13; Psalms 36:3; Proverbs 6:12; 10:32; 15:2,28; Luke 19:22; James 3:6-10; Revelation 13:5,6

Verse 19
For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
out
Genesis 6:5; 8:21; Proverbs 4:23; 6:14; 22:15; 24:9; Jeremiah 17:9; Mark 7:21-23; Romans 3:10-19; 7:18; 8:7,8; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 2:1-3; Titus 3:2-6
evil
9:4; Psalms 119:113; Isaiah 55:7; 59:7; Jeremiah 4:14; Acts 8:22; James 1:13-15

Verse 20
These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.
which
1 Corinthians 3:16,17; 6:9-11,18-20; Ephesians 5:3-6; Revelation 21:8,27
but
2; 23:25,26; Mark 7:3,4; Luke 11:38-40

Verse 21
Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.
and departed
Mark 7:24
Tyre
10:5,6; 11:21-23; Genesis 49:13; Joshua 11:8; 13:6; 19:28,29; Judges 1:31

Verse 22
And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.
a woman
3:8,9; Psalms 45:12; Ezekiel 3:6; Mark 7:26
Have
9:27; 17:15; Psalms 4:1; 6:2; Luke 17:13; 18:13
son
1:1; 20:30,31; 22:42-45; Luke 18:38,39; John 7:41,42
my
17:15; Mark 7:25; 9:17-22

Verse 23
But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us.
Genesis 42:7; Deuteronomy 8:2; Psalms 28:1; Lamentations 3:8
Send
14:15; Mark 10:47,48

Verse 24
But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
I am not
9:36; 10:5,6; Isaiah 53:6; Jeremiah 50:6,7; Ezekiel 34:5,6,16,23; Luke 15:4-6; Acts 3:25,26; 13:46; Romans 15:8

Verse 25
Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.
came
20:31; Genesis 32:26; Hosea 12:4; Luke 11:8-10; 18:1-8
worshipped
14:33
Lord
Mark 9:22,24

Verse 26
But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs.
It is not
7:6; Mark 7:27,28; Acts 22:21,22; Romans 9:4; Galatians 2:15; Ephesians 2:12; Philippians 3:2; Revelation 22:15
dogs
[kunarion (kuna/rion)] "to the little dogs," lap dogs, etc., the diminutive of [kuon (ku/wn)] a dog. The Jews, while they boasted of being the children of God, gave the name of dogs to the heathen, for their idolatry, etc.

Verse 27
And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table.
Truth
8:8; Genesis 32:10; Job 40:4,5; 42:2-6; Psalms 51:4,5; Ezekiel 16:63; Daniel 9:18; Luke 7:6,7; 15:18,19; 18:13; 23:40-42; Romans 3:4,19; 1 Corinthians 15:8,9; 1 Timothy 1:13-15
yet
5:45; Luke 16:21; Romans 3:29; 10:12; Ephesians 3:8,19

Verse 28
Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.
Jesus
Job 13:15; 23:10; Lamentations 3:32
O woman
Our Lord's purpose being now answered, he openly commended her faith, and assured her that her daughter was healed.
great
8:10; 14:31; 1 Samuel 2:30; Luke 17:5; Romans 4:19,20; 2 Thessalonians 1:3
be it
8:13; 9:29,30; Psalms 145:19; Mark 5:34; 7:29,30; 9:23,24; Luke 7:9,50; Luke 18:42,43; John 4:50-53

Verse 29
And Jesus departed from thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there.
and came
Mark 7:31
unto
4:18; Joshua 12:3
Chinneroth
Isaiah 9:1; Mark 1:16; Luke 5:1
lake of Gennesaret
John 6:1,23; 21:1
Tiberias
went
5:1; 13:2

Verse 30
And great multitudes came unto him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed them:
great
4:23,24; 11:4,5; 14:35,36; Psalms 103:3; Isaiah 35:5,6; Mark 1:32-34; Mark 6:54-56; Luke 6:17-19; 7:21,22; Acts 2:22; 5:15,16; 19:11,12

Verse 31
Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel.
the dumb
9:33; Mark 7:37
the maimed
18:8; Mark 9:43; Luke 14:13,21
the lame
21:14; Acts 3:2-11; 14:8-10
and they
9:8; Psalms 50:15,23; Mark 2:12; Luke 7:16; 17:15-18; 18:43; John 9:24
God
Genesis 32:28; 33:20; *marg:; Exodus 24:10

Verse 32
Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.
Jesus
9:36; 14:14; 20:34; Mark 8:1,2; 9:22; Luke 7:13
I have
Hebrews 4:15
three
12:40; 27:63; Acts 27:33
and have
6:32,33; Luke 12:29,30
lest
1 Samuel 14:28-31; 30:11,12; Mark 8:3

Verse 33
And his disciples say unto him, Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude?
Whence
Numbers 11:21,22; 2 Kings 4:42-44; Mark 6:37; 8:4,5; John 6:5-7
to fill
14:15; Luke 9:13; John 6:8,9

Verse 34
And Jesus saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven, and a few little fishes.
How
16:9,10
few
Luke 24:41,42; John 21:9,10

Verse 35
And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground.
to sit
14:19-21; Mark 6:39,40; Luke 9:14-16; John 6:10

Verse 36
And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.
and gave thanks
26:26,27; 1 Samuel 9:13; Luke 22:19; 24:30; John 6:11; Acts 27:35; Romans 14:6; 1 Corinthians 10:31; 1 Timothy 4:3,4

Verse 37
And they did all eat, and were filled: and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets full.
all
33; 14:20,21; Psalms 107:9; Luke 1:53
seven
16:9,10; Mark 8:8,9,19-21

Verse 39
And he sent away the multitude, and took ship, and came into the coasts of Magdala.
he sent
14:22; Mark 8:10


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=015>.  

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