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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1The Pharisees require a sign.
5Jesus warns his disciples of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
13The people's opinion of Christ,
16and Peter's confession of him.
21Jesus foretells his death;
23reproves Peter for dissuading him from it;
24and admonishes those that will follow him, to bear the cross.
 
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Chapter 16

Verse 1
The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven.


Pharisees
5:20; 9:11; 12:14; 15:1; 22:15,34; 23:2; 27:62
Sadducees
6,11; 3:7,8; 22:23; Mark 12:18; Luke 20:27; Acts 4:1; 5:17; 23:6-8
tempting
19:3; 22:18,35; Mark 10:2; 12:15; Luke 10:25; 11:16,53,54; 20:23; John 8:6
a sign
12:38,39; Mark 8:11-13; Luke 11:16,29,30; 12:54-56; John 6:30,31; 1 Corinthians 1:22

Verse 2
He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the sky is red.
When
Luke 12:54-56

Verse 3
And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowring. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?
O ye
7:5; 15:7; 22:18; 23:13; Luke 11:44; 13:15
the signs
4:23; 11:5; 1 Chronicles 12:32

Verse 4
A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.
wicked
12:39,40; Mark 8:12,38; Acts 2:40
but
Jonah 1:17; Luke 11:29,30
And he
15:14; Genesis 6:3; Hosea 4:17; 9:12; Mark 5:17,18; Acts 18:6

Verse 5
And when his disciples were come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread.
15:39; Mark 8:13,14

Verse 6
Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
Take
Luke 12:15
the leaven
12; Exodus 12:15-19; Leviticus 2:11; Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1; 1 Corinthians 5:6-8; Galatians 5:9; 2 Timothy 2:16,17
the Pharisees

Verse 7
And they reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have taken no bread.
they
Mark 8:16-18; 9:10; Luke 9:46
It is
15:16-18; Acts 10:14

Verse 8
Which when Jesus perceived, he said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread?
when
John 2:24,25; 16:30; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
O ye
6:30; 8:26; 14:31; Mark 16:14

Verse 9
Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets ye took up?
ye not
15:16,17; Mark 7:18; Luke 24:25-27; Revelation 3:19
the five loaves
14:17-21; Mark 6:38-44; Luke 9:13-17; John 6:9-13

Verse 10
Neither the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets ye took up?
15:34,38; Mark 8:5-9,17-21

Verse 11
How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?
Mark 4:40; 8:21; Luke 12:56; John 8:43

Verse 12
Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
but
15:4-9; 23:13-28; Acts 23:8

Verse 13
When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?
came
15:21; Acts 10:38
Caesarea Philippi
Cęsarea Philippi was anciently called Paneas, from the mountain of Panium, or Hermon, at the foot of which it was situated, near the springs of Jordan; but Philip the tetrarch, the son of Herod the Great, having rebuilt it, gave it the name of Cęsarea in honour of Tiberius, the reigning emperor, and he added his own name to it, to distinguish it from another Cęsarea on the coast of the Mediterranean. It was afterwards named Neronias by the young Agrippa, in honour of Nero; and in the time of William of Tyre, it was called Belinas. It was, according to Josephus, a day's journey from Sidon, and 120 stadia from the lake of Phiala; and, according to Abulfeda, a journey of a day and a half from Damascus. Many have confounded it with Dan, or Leshem; but Eusebius and Jerome expressly affirm that Dan was four miles from Paneas, on the road to Tyre. It is now called Banias, and is described, by Seetzen, as a hamlet of about twenty miserable huts, inhabited by Mohammedans; but Burckhardt says it contains about 150 houses, inhabited by Turks, Greeks, etc.
Mark 8:27
Whom
Luke 9:18-20
I the
8:20; 9:6; 12:8,32,40; 13:37,41; 25:31; Daniel 7:13; Mark 8:38; 10:45; John 1:51; 3:14; 5:27; 12:34; Acts 7:56; Hebrews 2:14-18

Verse 14
And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.
John
14:2; Mark 8:28
Elias
Malachi 4:5; Mark 6:15; Luke 9:18,19; John 7:12,40,41; 9:17

Verse 15
He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?
But
13:11; Mark 8:29; Luke 9:20

Verse 16
And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
Thou
14:33; 26:63; 27:54; Psalms 2:7; Mark 14:61; John 1:49; 6:69; 11:27; 20:31; Acts 8:37; 9:20; Romans 1:4; Hebrews 1:2-5; 1 John 4:15; 5:5,20
the living
Deuteronomy 5:26; Psalms 42:2; Daniel 6:26; Acts 14:15; 1 Thessalonians 1:9

Verse 17
And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
Blessed
5:3-11; 13:16,17; Luke 10:23,24; 22:32; 1 Peter 1:3-5; 5:1
Simon
John 1:42; 21:15-17
for
Galatians 1:11,12,16
but
11:25-27; Isaiah 54:13; Luke 10:21,22; John 6:45; 17:6-8; 1 Corinthians 2:9-12; Galatians 1:16; Ephesians 1:17,18; 2:8; 3:5,18,19; Colossians 1:26,27; 1 John 4:15; 5:20

Verse 18
And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
thou
10:2; John 1:42; Galatians 2:9
upon
Isaiah 28:16; 1 Corinthians 3:10,11; Ephesians 2:19-22; Revelation 21:14
I will
Zechariah 6:12,13; 1 Corinthians 3:9; Hebrews 3:3,4
my
18:17; Acts 2:47; 8:1; Ephesians 3:10; 5:25-27,32; Colossians 1:18; 1 Timothy 3:5,15
and the
Genesis 22:17; 2 Samuel 18:4; Job 38:17; Psalms 9:13; 69:12; 107:18; 127:5; Proverbs 24:7; Isaiah 28:6; 38:10; 1 Corinthians 15:55; *marg:
shall not
Psalms 125:1,2; Isaiah 54:17; John 10:27-30; Romans 8:33-39; Hebrews 12:28; Revelation 11:15; 21:1-4

Verse 19
And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
give
Acts 2:14-42; 10:34-43; 15:7
the keys
Isaiah 22:22; Revelation 1:18; 3:7; 9:1; 20:1-3
and whatsoever
18:18; John 20:23; 1 Corinthians 5:4,5; 2 Corinthians 2:10; 1 Thessalonians 4:8; Revelation 11:6

Verse 20
Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ.
charged
8:4; 17:9; Mark 8:30; 9:9; Luke 9:21,36
Jesus
John 1:41,45; 20:31; Acts 2:36; 1 John 2:22; 5:1

Verse 21
From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.
began
17:22,23; 20:17-19,28; 26:2; Mark 8:31; 9:31,32; 10:32-34; Luke 9:22,31,44,45; 18:31-34; 24:6,7,26,27,46; 1 Corinthians 15:3,4
chief priests
26:47; 27:12; 1 Chronicles 24:1-19; Nehemiah 12:7
and be
27:63; John 2:19-21; Acts 2:23-32

Verse 22
Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee.
began
16,17; 26:51-53; Mark 8:32; John 13:6-8
Be it far from thee
Gr. Pity thyself.
1 Kings 22:13; Acts 21:11-13

Verse 23
But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.
Get
4:10; Genesis 3:1-6,17; Mark 8:33; Luke 4:8; 2 Corinthians 11:14,15
Satan
2 Samuel 19:22; 1 Chronicles 21:1; Zechariah 3:1,2; John 6:70
thou art
18:7; Isaiah 8:14; Romans 14:13,21
thou savourest
Mark 8:33; Romans 8:5-8; 1 Corinthians 2:14,15; Philippians 3:19; Colossians 3:2

Verse 24
Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
If
10:38; Mark 8:34; 10:21; Luke 9:23-27; 14:27; Acts 14:22; Colossians 1:24; 1 Thessalonians 3:3; 2 Timothy 3:12; Hebrews 11:24-26
and take
27:32; Mark 15:21; Luke 23:26; John 19:17; 1 Peter 4:1,2

Verse 25
For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it.
10:39; Esther 4:14,16; Mark 8:35; Luke 17:33; John 12:25; Acts 20:23,24; Revelation 12:11

Verse 26
For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
what is
5:29; Job 2:4; Mark 8:36; Luke 9:25
gain
4:8,9; Job 27:8; Luke 12:20; 16:25
or
Psalms 49:7,8; Mark 8:37

Verse 27
For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.
the Son
24:30; 25:31; 26:64; Mark 8:38; 14:62; Luke 9:26; 21:27; 22:69
with
13:41,49; Daniel 7:10; Zechariah 14:5; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10; Jude 1:14
and then
10:41,42; Job 34:11; Psalms 62:12; Proverbs 24:12; Isaiah 3:10,11; Jeremiah 17:10; Jeremiah 32:19; Ezekiel 7:27; Romans 2:6; 1 Corinthians 8:8; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Ephesians 6:8; 1 Peter 1:17; Revelation 2:23; 22:12-15

Verse 28
Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom.
There
Mark 9:1; Luke 9:27
taste
Luke 2:26; John 8:52; Hebrews 2:9
see
This appears to refer to the mediatorial kingdom which our Lord was about to set up, by the destruction of the Jewish nation and polity, and the diffusion of the gospel throughout the world.
10:23; 24:3,27-31,42; 26:64; Mark 13:26; Luke 18:8; 21:27,28


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=016>.  

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