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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ is delivered bound to Pilate.
3Judas hangs himself.
19Pilate, admonished of his wife,
20and being urged by the multitude, washes his hands, and looses Barabbas.
27Christ is mocked and crowned with thorns;
33crucified;
39reviled;
50dies, and is buried;
62his sepulchre is sealed and watched.
 
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Chapter 27

Verse 1
When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:


the morning
Judges 16:2; 1 Samuel 19:11; Proverbs 4:16-18; Micah 2:1; Luke 22:66; Acts 5:21
all
23:13; 26:3,4; Psalms 2:2; Mark 15:1; Luke 23:1,2; John 18:28; Acts 4:24-28

Verse 2
And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
bound
Genesis 22:9; John 18:12,24; Acts 9:2; 12:6; 21:33; 22:25,29; 24:27; 28:20; 2 Timothy 2:9; Hebrews 13:3
delivered
20:19; Luke 18:32,33; 20:20; Acts 3:13
Pontius Pilate
Pontius Pilate governed Judea ten years under the emperor Tiberius, from his 13th to his 23rd year A.D. 26 to 36; but, having exercised great cruelties against the Samaritans, they complained to Vitellius, governor of Syria, who sent Marcellus, one of his friends, to superintend Judea, and ordered Pilate to Rome, to give an account of his conduct to Tiberius. The emperor was dead before he arrived; but it is an ancient tradition, that he was banished to Vienne in Dauphiny, where he was reduced to such extremity that he killed himself with his own sword two years after.

Verse 3
Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,
Judas
26:14-16,47-50; Mark 14:10,11,43-46; Luke 22:2-6,47,48; John 13:2,27; John 18:3
repented
Job 20:5,15-29; 2 Corinthians 7:10

Verse 4
Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that.
I have sinned
Genesis 42:21,22; Exodus 9:27; 10:16,17; 12:31; 1 Samuel 15:24,30; 1 Kings 21:27; Romans 3:19
the innocent
19,23,24,54; 2 Kings 24:4; Jeremiah 26:15; Jonah 1:14; Luke 23:22,41,47; John 19:7; Acts 13:28; Hebrews 7:26; 1 Peter 1:19
What
25; Acts 18:15-17; 1 Timothy 4:2; Titus 1:16; 1 John 3:12; Revelation 11:10
see
1 Samuel 28:16-20; Job 13:4; 16:2; Luke 16:25,26

Verse 5
And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
and departed
Judges 9:54; 1 Samuel 31:4,5; 2 Samuel 17:23; 1 Kings 16:18; Job 2:9; 7:15; Psalms 55:23; Acts 1:18,19

Verse 6
And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood.
It is not
23:24; Luke 6:7-9; John 18:28
to put
Deuteronomy 23:18; Isaiah 61:8
because
The Jews considered it was strictly forbidden by the Divine law to bring any filthy or iniquitous gain into the temple. For this reason they now refused to allow this money to be placed in the chest in the temple, amongst the former contributions for its repairs. In this, they were right enough, but by the very act of refusing this money, they proved themselves to be gross perverters of the spirit of God's requirements: they saw not that it was much less lawful for them, who had hired Judas to this sordid action, to be employed in the service of the temple. Those that "bear the vessels of the Lord," ought to be holy. Thus our Lord's words, "Ye blind guides! ye strain at a gnat and swallow a camel."

Verse 8
Wherefore that field was called, The field of blood, unto this day.
that
Acts 1:19
unto
28:15; Deuteronomy 34:6; Joshua 4:9; Judges 1:26; 2 Chronicles 5:9

Verse 9
Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;
Jeremy
The words here quoted are not found in Jeremiah, but in Zechariah; and a variety of conjectures have been formed, in order to reconcile this discrepancy. The most probable opinion seems to be, that the name of the prophet was originally omitted by the Evangelist, and that the name of Jeremiah was added by some subsequent copyist. It is omitted in two MSS. of the twelfth century, in the Syriac, later Persic, two of the Itala, and in some other Latin copies; and what renders it highly probable that the original reading was [dia tou
And they
Zechariah 11:12,13
thirty
26:15; Exodus 21:32; Leviticus 27:2-7
of the children of Israel did value
or, bought of the children of Israel.

Verse 11
And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
Jesus stood
10:18,25; Mark 15:2; Luke 23:3; John 18:33-36
Thou sayest
26:25,64; Mark 14:62; John 18:37; 1 Timothy 6:13

Verse 12
And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.
14; 26:63; Psalms 38:13,14; Isaiah 53:7; Mark 15:3-5; John 19:9-11; Acts 8:32; 1 Peter 2:23

Verse 13
Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee?
Hearest
26:62; John 18:35; Acts 22:24

Verse 14
And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.
marvelled
Psalms 71:7; Isaiah 8:18; Zechariah 3:8; 1 Corinthians 4:9

Verse 15
Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would.
26:5; Mark 15:6,8; Luke 23:16,17; John 18:38,39; Acts 24:27; 25:9

Verse 16
And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.
a
Mark 15:7; Luke 23:18,19,25; John 18:40; Acts 3:14; Romans 1:32

Verse 17
Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?
Whom
21; Joshua 24:15; 1 Kings 18:21
or
22; Mark 15:9-12; John 19:15

Verse 18
For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.
he
Genesis 37:11; 1 Samuel 18:7-11; Psalms 106:16; Proverbs 27:4; Ecclesiastes 4:4; Isaiah 26:11; Mark 15:10; Acts 5:17; 7:9; 13:45; James 4:5
envy
Or, malice [phthonos (fqo/nov)] probably from [phthino] to decay, wither, pine away, according to that of Solomon.
Proverbs 27:4

Verse 19
When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.
his
Genesis 20:3-6; 31:24,29; Job 33:14-17; Proverbs 29:1
that just
4,24; Isaiah 53:11; Zechariah 9:9; Luke 23:41,47; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 John 2:1

Verse 20
But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
persuaded
Mark 15:11; Acts 14:18,19; 19:23-29
should
Luke 23:18-20; John 18:40; 19:15,16; Acts 3:14,15

Verse 22
Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified.
What
17; Job 31:31; Psalms 22:8,9; Isaiah 49:7; 53:2,3; Zechariah 11:8; Mark 14:55; Mark 15:12-14; Luke 23:20-24; John 19:14,15; Acts 13:38

Verse 23
And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.
Why
Genesis 37:18,19; 1 Samuel 19:3-15; 20:31-33; 22:14-19
But
21:38,39; Acts 7:57; 17:5-7; 21:28-31; 22:22,23; 23:10,12-15

Verse 24
When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.
and washed
Deuteronomy 21:6,7; Job 9:30,31; Psalms 26:6; Jeremiah 2:27,35
just
4,9,54; John 19:4; Acts 3:14; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 3:18

Verse 25
Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.
His
21:44; 23:30-37; Numbers 35:33; Deuteronomy 19:10,13; Joshua 2:19; 2 Samuel 1:16; 3:28,29; 1 Kings 2:32; 2 Kings 24:3,4; Psalms 109:12-19; Ezekiel 22:2-4; 24:7-9; Acts 5:28; Acts 7:52; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Hebrews 10:28-30
and
Exodus 20:5; Ezekiel 18:14-32

Verse 26
Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.
released
Mark 15:15; Luke 23:25
scourged
This of itself was a severe punishment, the flesh being generally cut by the whips used for this purpose.
20:19; Isaiah 50:6; 53:5; Mark 10:34; Luke 18:32,33; 23:16,24,25; John 19:1,16; 1 Peter 2:24

Verse 27
Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.
common hall
or, governor's house.
Mark 15:16; John 18:28,33; 19:8,9; Acts 23:35
Gr
band.
John 18:3; Acts 10:1; 27:1

Verse 28
And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.
stripped
Mark 15:17; Luke 23:11; John 19:2-5
a scarlet robe
Mark calls it a purple robe; but by [ ()] is denoted whatever is of a dazzling red; and the words [kokkinos (ko/kkinov)] scarlet, and [porphura (porfu/ra)] purple, are not infrequently interchanged.

Verse 29
And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!
platted
20:19; Psalms 35:15,16; 69:7,19,20; Isaiah 49:7; 53:3; Jeremiah 20:7; Hebrews 12:2,3
Hail
37; 26:49; Mark 15:18; Luke 23:36,37; John 19:3

Verse 30
And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.
26:67; Job 30:8-10; Isaiah 49:7; 50:6; 52:14; 53:3,7; Micah 5:1; Mark 15:19; Luke 18:32,33

Verse 31
And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.
and led
20:19; 21:39; Numbers 15:35; 1 Kings 21:10,13; Isaiah 53:7; John 19:16,27; Acts 7:58; Hebrews 13:12

Verse 32
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.
as
Leviticus 4:3,12,21; Numbers 15:35,36; 1 Kings 21:10,13; Acts 7:58; Hebrews 13:11,12
they found
16:24; Mark 15:21; Luke 23:26
Cyrene
Acts 2:10; 6:9; 11:20; 13:1

Verse 33
And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,
Golgotha
Mark 15:22; Luke 23:27-33; John 19:17

Verse 34
They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.
gave
48; Psalms 69:21; Mark 15:23; John 19:28-30
vinegar
Mark says wine mingled with myrrh; but as the sour wine used by the Roman soldiers and common people was termed [ ()] wine, and [ ()] vinegar, [vin aigre, French] is sour wine; and as [ ()] gall, is applied to bitters of any kind, it is not difficult to reconcile the two accounts.

Verse 35
And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
they crucified
Psalms 22:16; John 20:20,25,27; Acts 4:10
parted
Mark 15:24-32; Luke 23:34; John 19:23,24
that it
Psalms 22:18

Verse 36
And sitting down they watched him there;
54; Mark 15:39,44

Verse 37
And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
his accusation
Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38; John 19:19-22

Verse 38
Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.
44; Isaiah 53:12; Mark 15:27,28; Luke 22:37; 23:32,33,39-43; John 19:18; John 19:31-35

Verse 39
And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,
reviled
Psalms 22:6,7,17; 31:11-13; 35:15-21; 69:7-12,20; 109:2,25; Lamentations 1:12; Lamentations 2:15-17; Mark 15:29,30; Luke 23:35-39; 1 Peter 2:22-24

Verse 40
And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.
saying
Genesis 37:19,20; Revelation 11:10
that destroyest
26:61; Luke 14:29,30; John 2:19-22
If
54; 4:3,6; 26:63,64
come
16:4; Luke 16:31

Verse 41
Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said,
Job 13:9; Psalms 22:12,13; 35:26; Isaiah 28:22; 49:7; Zechariah 11:8; Mark 15:31,32; Luke 18:32; 22:52; 23:35

Verse 42
He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.
saved
John 9:24; 12:47; Acts 4:14
the King
37; 2:2; Luke 19:38; John 1:49

Verse 43
He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.
trusted
Psalms 3:2; 14:6; 22:8; 42:10; 71:11; Isaiah 36:15,18; 37:10
I am
40; John 3:16,17; 5:17-25; 10:30,36; 19:7

Verse 44
The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
38; Job 30:7-9; Psalms 35:15; Mark 15:32; Luke 23:39,40

Verse 45
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
from
Mark 15:25,33,34; Luke 23:44,45
darkness
That this general darkness was wholly preternatural is evident from this, that it happened at the passover, which was celebrated only at the full moon, a time in which it was impossible for the sun to be eclipsed, natural eclipses happening only at the time of the new moon. (See Introduction to the Comprehensive Bible, p. 59.)
Isaiah 50:3; Amos 8:9; Revelation 8:12; 9:2

Verse 46
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias.
Jesus
Mark 15:34; Luke 23:46; John 19:28-30; Hebrews 5:7
Eli
Psalms 22:1; 71:11; Isaiah 53:10; Lamentations 1:12

Verse 47
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias.
This
11:14; Malachi 4:5; Mark 15:35,36

Verse 48
And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.
and filled
34; Psalms 69:21; Luke 23:36; John 19:29,30

Verse 49
The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him.
let us

Verse 50
Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
when
Mark 15:37; Luke 23:46; John 19:30
yielded
20:28; Psalms 22:14,15; Isaiah 53:9-12; Daniel 9:26; John 10:11,15; Hebrews 2:14; Hebrews 9:14

Verse 51
And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
the veil
Exodus 26:31-37; 40:21; Leviticus 16:2,12-15; 21:23; 2 Chronicles 3:14; Isaiah 25:7; Mark 15:38; Luke 23:45; Ephesians 2:13-18; Hebrews 6:19; 10:19-22
the earth
28:2; Psalms 18:7,15; Micah 1:3,4; Nahum 1:3-5; Habakkuk 3:10,13; Hebrews 12:25-27; Revelation 11:13,19

Verse 52
And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
many
Isaiah 25:8; 26:19; Hosea 13:14; John 5:25-29; 1 Corinthians 15:20
slept
Daniel 12:2; 1 Corinthians 11:30; 15:51; 1 Thessalonians 4:14; 5:10

Verse 53
And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.
holy
4:5; Nehemiah 11:1; Isaiah 48:2; Daniel 9:24; Revelation 11:2; 21:2; 22:19

Verse 54
Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.
the centurion
36; 8:5; Acts 10:1; 21:32; 23:17,23; 27:1,43
saw
Mark 15:39; Luke 23:47-49
feared
2 Kings 1:13,14; Acts 2:37; 16:29,30; Revelation 11:13
Truly
40,43; 26:63; Luke 22:70; John 19:7; Romans 1:4

Verse 55
And many women were there beholding afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him:
many
Luke 23:27,28,48,49; John 19:25-27
ministering
Luke 8:2,3

Verse 56
Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children.
Mary Magdalene
61; 28:1; Mark 15:40,41; 16:1,9; Luke 24:10; John 20:1,18
Mary the
Mark 15:47; 16:1; John 19:25
James
13:55; Mark 15:40; 16:1
the mother
20:20,21

Verse 57
When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple:
there
Mark 15:42,43; Luke 23:50,51; John 19:38-42
Arimathea
1 Samuel 1:1; 7:17

Verse 58
He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
Mark 15:44-46; Luke 23:52,53

Verse 60
And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.
in his
Isaiah 53:9
a great
66; 28:2; Mark 16:3,4; Luke 24:2; John 20:1

Verse 61
And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre.
Mary Magdalene

Verse 62
Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
the day
26:17; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54-56; John 19:14,42
the chief priests
1,2; Psalms 2:1-6; Acts 4:27,28

Verse 63
Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.
that deceiver
Luke 23:2; John 7:12,47; 2 Corinthians 6:8
After
16:21; 17:23; 20:19; 26:61; Mark 8:31; 10:34; Luke 9:22; 18:33; 24:6,7; John 2:19

Verse 64
Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
and steal
28:13
so
12:45

Verse 65
Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can.
make
28:11-15; Psalms 76:10; Proverbs 21:30

Verse 66
So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.
and made
Every thing was here done which human policy and prudence could, to prevent a resurrection, which these very precautions had the most direct tendency to authenticate and establish.
sealing
Daniel 6:17; 2 Timothy 2:19


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=027>.  

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