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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ, fasting forty days, is tempted of the devil and ministered unto by angels.
12He dwells in Capernaum;
17begins to preach;
18calls Peter and Andrew,
21James and John;
23teaches and heals all the diseased.
 
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Chapter 4

Verse 1
Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.


was
Mark 1:12,13-15; Luke 4:1-13; Romans 8:14
of the spirit
1 Kings 18:12; 2 Kings 2:16; Ezekiel 3:12,14; 8:3; 11:1,24; 40:2; 43:5; Acts 8:39
to
Genesis 3:15; John 14:30; Hebrews 2:18; 4:15,16

Verse 2
And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.
fasted
Exodus 24:18; 34:28; Deuteronomy 9:9,18,25; 18:18; 1 Kings 19:8; Luke 4:2
he was
21:18; Mark 11:12; John 4:6; Hebrews 2:14-17

Verse 3
And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.
the tempter
Job 1:9-12; 2:4-7; Luke 22:31,32; 1 Thessalonians 3:5; Revelation 2:10; 12:9-11
if
3:17; Luke 4:3,9
command
Genesis 3:1-5; 25:29-34; Exodus 16:3; Numbers 11:4-6; Psalms 78:17-20; Hebrews 12:16

Verse 4
But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.
It is
7,10; Luke 4:4,8,12; Romans 15:4; Ephesians 6:17
Man
Deuteronomy 8:3; Luke 4:4
but
14:16-21; Exodus 16:8,15,35; 23:15; 1 Kings 17:12-16; 2 Kings 4:42-44; 7:1,2; Haggai 2:16-19; Malachi 3:9-11; Mark 6:38-44; 8:4-9; John 6:5-15; 31-59,63
but
That is, as Dr. Campbell renders, "by every thing which God is pleased to appoint;" for [rhema (rh=ma)] which generally signifies a word, is, by a Hebraism, here taken for a thing, like davar, in Hebrew.

Verse 5
Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,
taketh
Luke 4:9; John 19:11
the holy
27:53; Nehemiah 11:1; Isaiah 48:2; 52:1; Daniel 9:16; Revelation 11:2
on
2 Chronicles 3:4

Verse 6
And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.
for
4; 2 Corinthians 11:14
He shall
Psalms 91:11,12; Luke 4:9-12; Hebrews 1:14
test
Job 1:10; 5:23; Psalms 34:7,20

Verse 7
Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
It
4,10; 21:16,42; 22:31,32; Isaiah 8:20
Thou
Exodus 17:2,7; Numbers 14:22; Deuteronomy 6:16; Psalms 78:18,41,56; 95:9; 106:14; Malachi 3:15; Acts 5:9; 1 Corinthians 10:9; Hebrews 3:9

Verse 8
Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;
the devil
5; Luke 4:5-7
and sheweth
16:26; Esther 1:4; 5:11; Psalms 49:16,17; Daniel 4:30; Hebrews 11:24-26; 1 Peter 1:24; 1 John 2:15,16; Revelation 11:15

Verse 9
And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.
All
26:15; John 13:3
I give
1 Samuel 2:7,8; Psalms 72:11; 113:7,8; Proverbs 8:15; Jeremiah 27:5,6; Daniel 2:37,38; 4:32; Daniel 5:18,19,26-28; John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; Revelation 19:16
if
1 Corinthians 10:20,21; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 1 Timothy 3:6; Revelation 19:10; 22:8,9

Verse 10
Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
Get
16:23; James 4:7; 1 Peter 5:9
Satan
1 Chronicles 21:1; Job 1:6,12; 2:1; Psalms 109:6; Zechariah 3:1,2
Thou shalt
Deuteronomy 6:13,14; 10:20; Joshua 24:14; 1 Samuel 7:3; Luke 4:8

Verse 11
Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
the devil
Luke 4:13; 22:53; John 14:30
behold
6; 26:53; 28:2-5; Mark 1:13; Luke 22:43; 1 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 1:6,14; Revelation 5:11,12

Verse 12
Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee;
when
Mark 1:14; 6:17; Luke 3:20; 4:14,31; John 4:43,54
cast
or, delivered up.

Verse 13
And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:
leaving
Luke 4:30,31
Capernaum
11:23; 17:24; Mark 1:21; John 4:46; 6:17,24,59
Zabulon
Joshua 19:10-16
Zebulun
Nephthalim.
Joshua 19:32-39
Naphtali

Verse 14
That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,
it
1:22; 2:15,23; 8:17; 12:17-21; 26:54,56; Luke 22:37; 24:44; John 15:25; John 19:28,36,37
saying
Isaiah 9:1,2

Verse 15
The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles;
Galilee
Joshua 20:7; 21:32; 1 Kings 9:11; 2 Kings 15:29

Verse 16
The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.
which sat in darkness
Psalms 107:10-14; Isaiah 42:6,7; 60:1-3; Micah 7:8; Luke 1:78,79; 2:32
shadow
Job 3:5; 10:22; 34:22; Psalms 44:19; Jeremiah 13:16; Amos 5:8

Verse 17
From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
that
Mark 1:14
Repent
3:2; 9:13; 10:7; Mark 1:15; Luke 5:32; 9:2; 10:11-14; 15:7,10; 24:47; Acts 2:38; 3:19; 11:18; 17:30; 20:21; 26:20; 2 Timothy 2:25,26; Hebrews 6:1
kingdom
11:12; 13:9,11,24,47; 25:1

Verse 18
And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.
walking
1:16-18; Luke 5:2
sea
15:29; Numbers 34:11; Deuteronomy 3:17
Chinnereth
Luke 5:1
lake of Gennesaret
John 6:1; 21:1
sea of Tiberias
two.
10:2; Luke 6:14; John 1:40-42; 6:8
for
Exodus 3:1,10; Judges 6:11,12; 1 Kings 19:19-21; Psalms 78:70-72; Amos 7:14,15; 1 Corinthians 1:27-29

Verse 19
And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.
Follow
8:22; 9:9; 16:24; 19:21; Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27; 9:59; John 1:43; 12:26; John 21:22
I will
Ezekiel 47:9,10; Mark 1:17,18; Luke 5:10,11; 1 Corinthians 9:20-22; 2 Corinthians 12:16

Verse 20
And they straightway left their nets, and followed him.
10:37; 19:27; 1 Kings 19:21; Psalms 119:60; Mark 10:28-31; Luke 18:28-30; Galatians 1:16

Verse 21
And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them.
other
10:2; 17:1; 20:20,21; 26:37; Mark 1:19,20; 3:17; 5:37; Luke 5:10,11; John 21:2; Acts 12:2

Verse 22
And they immediately left the ship and their father, and followed him.
10:37; Deuteronomy 33:9,10; Mark 1:20; Luke 9:59,60; 14:26,33; 2 Corinthians 5:16

Verse 23
And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people.
Jesus
9:35; Mark 6:6; John 7:1; Acts 10:38
teaching
12:9; 13:54; Psalms 74:8; Mark 1:21,39; 6:2; Luke 4:15,16,44; 13:10; Acts 9:20,13,14-43; 18:4
the gospel
13:19; 24:14; Mark 1:14; Luke 4:17,18; 8:1; 20:1; Romans 10:15
healing
8:16,17; 10:7,8; 11:5; 15:30,31; Psalms 103:3; Mark 1:32-34; 3:10; Luke 4:40,41; 5:17; 6:17; 7:22; 9:11; 10:9; Acts 5:15,16

Verse 24
And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.
his fame
9:26,31; 14:1; Joshua 6:27; 1 Kings 4:31; 10:1; 1 Chronicles 14:17; Mark 1:28; Luke 4:14; 5:15
Syria
2 Samuel 8:6; Luke 2:2; Acts 15:23,41
all sick
23; 8:14,15; 9:35; Exodus 15:26
possessed
9:32; 12:22; 15:22; 17:18; Mark 5:2-18; Luke 4:33-35; 8:27-37; Acts 10:38
lunatic
17:15
those that
8:6,13; 9:2-8

Verse 25
And there followed him great multitudes of people from Galilee, and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and from Judaea, and from beyond Jordan.
followed
5:1; 8:1; 12:15; 19:2; Mark 3:7; 6:2; Luke 6:17,19
Decapolis
Mark 5:20; 7:31


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=004>.  

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