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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

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Chapter 19

Verse 1
Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.


Better
22; 12:26; 15:16; 16:8; 28:6; Psalms 37:26; Matthew 16:26; James 2:5,6
perverse
1 Samuel 25:17,25; Isaiah 59:3; Matthew 12:31-34

Verse 2
Also, that the soul be without knowledge, it is not good; and he that hasteth with his feet sinneth.
that the
10:21; Ecclesiastes 12:9; Isaiah 27:11; Hosea 4:6; John 16:3; Romans 10:2; Philippians 1:9
and
1:16; 14:29; 21:5; 25:8; 28:22; Job 31:5; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Isaiah 28:16

Verse 3
The foolishness of man perverteth his way: and his heart fretteth against the LORD.
foolishness
Genesis 3:6-12; 4:5-14; Numbers 16:19-41; 17:12,13; 1 Samuel 13:13; 15:23; 1 Samuel 22:13-23; 1 Kings 20:42,43; 2 Kings 3:9,10; 6:33; 2 Chronicles 16:9,10; Acts 13:45,46
fretteth
Psalms 37:1,7; Isaiah 8:21,22; Revelation 16:9-11

Verse 4
Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour.
maketh
6,7; 14:20; Luke 15:13-15
the poor
10:15; Job 6:15-23; 19:13-17

Verse 5
A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall not escape.
false
9; 6:19; 21:28; Exodus 23:1; Deuteronomy 19:16-21; Psalms 120:3,4; Daniel 6:24
unpunished
Heb. held innocent.
Deuteronomy 5:11; 1 Kings 2:9

Verse 6
Many will intreat the favour of the prince: and every man is a friend to him that giveth gifts.
will
12; 16:15; 29:26; Genesis 42:6; 2 Samuel 19:19-39; Job 29:24,25; Psalms 45:12; Matthew 2:11
and
17:8; 18:16; 21:14; Genesis 32:20; 43:15; Romans 6:23
him that giveth gifts
Heb. a man of gifts.

Verse 7
All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him.
the brethren
4; 14:20; Psalms 38:11; 88:8,18; Ecclesiastes 9:15,16; James 2:6
he
21:13; Luke 18:38-40
yet
18:23; James 2:15,16; 1 John 3:17,18

Verse 8
He that getteth wisdom loveth his own soul: he that keepeth understanding shall find good.
wisdom
Heb. an heart.
17:16; Ezekiel 36:26
loveth
8:35,36; John 12:25; 1 Peter 3:10
he that keepeth
2:1-9; 3:18,21; 4:4,6,21; 16:20; 22:18; Psalms 19:11; John 14:21

Verse 9
A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall perish.
false
and
Isaiah 9:15-17; Jeremiah 23:25-32; 28:15-17; 29:31,32; Ezekiel 13:22; 2 Thessalonians 2:8-10; 1 Timothy 4:1,2; 2 Peter 2:1-3; Revelation 19:20; 21:8; 22:15

Verse 10
Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.
Delight
30:21,22; 1 Samuel 25:36; Esther 3:15; Isaiah 5:11,12; 22:12-14; Hosea 7:3-5; 9:1; Amos 6:3-6; Luke 16:19,23; James 4:9
much
2 Samuel 3:24,25,39; Ecclesiastes 10:5-7; Isaiah 3:5

Verse 11
The discretion of a man deferreth his anger; and it is his glory to pass over a transgression.
discretion
or, prudence. deferreth.
12:16; 14:29; 15:18; 16:32; 17:14; Colossians 3:12,13; James 1:19
and
16:32; 20:3; 25:21; Genesis 50:15-21; Matthew 5:44,45; 18:21,22; Romans 12:18-21; Ephesians 4:32; 5:1

Verse 12
The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.
king's
16:14,15; 20:2; 28:15; Esther 7:8; Ecclesiastes 8:4; Daniel 2:12,13; 3:19-23; 5:19; Daniel 6:24; Luke 12:4,5
his
2 Samuel 23:4; Psalms 72:6; Hosea 14:5

Verse 13
A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping.
foolish
10:1; 15:20; 17:21,25; 2 Samuel 13:1-18; Ecclesiastes 2:18,19
the contentions
21:9,19; 25:24; 27:15; Job 14:19

Verse 14
House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent wife is from the LORD.
the inheritance
13:22; Deuteronomy 21:16; Joshua 11:23; 2 Corinthians 12:14
and a
3:6; 18:22; 31:10-31; Genesis 24:7; 28:1-4; James 1:17

Verse 15
Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.
casteth
24; 6:9,10; 20:13; 23:21; 24:33; Isaiah 56:10; Romans 13:11,12; Ephesians 5:14
and
10:4,5; 20:13; 23:21; 2 Thessalonians 3:10

Verse 16
He that keepeth the commandment keepeth his own soul; but he that despiseth his ways shall die.
keepeth the
3:1; 29:18; Psalms 103:18; Ecclesiastes 8:5; 12:13; Jeremiah 7:23; Luke 10:28; 11:28; John 14:15,21-23; 15:10-14; 1 Corinthians 7:19; 1 John 2:3,4; 3:22; 5:3; Revelation 22:14
keepeth his
16:17; 21:23; 22:5; Ezekiel 33:5; Matthew 16:26
he that despiseth
13:13; 15:32

Verse 17
He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.
that hath
14:21; 28:8,27; 2 Samuel 12:6; Ecclesiastes 11:1
lendeth
11:24,25; 28:27; Deuteronomy 15:7-14; Isaiah 58:7-11; Matthew 10:41,42; 25:40; 2 Corinthians 9:6-8; Philippians 4:17; Hebrews 6:10
that which he hath given
or, his deed.

Verse 18
Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying.
Chasten
13:24; 22:15; 23:13,14; 29:15,17; Hebrews 12:7-10
for his crying
or, to his destruction, or, to cause him to die.

Verse 19
A man of great wrath shall suffer punishment: for if thou deliver him, yet thou must do it again.
man
22:24,25; 25:28; 29:22; 1 Samuel 20:30,31; 22:7-23; 24:17-22; 26:21-25; 2 Samuel 16:5,6
do it again
Heb. add.

Verse 20
Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest be wise in thy latter end.
receive
1:8; 2:1-9; 8:34,35
be
Numbers 23:10; Deuteronomy 8:16; 32:29; Psalms 37:37; 90:12,14; Luke 16:19-23

Verse 21
There are many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.
many
12:2; Genesis 37:19,20; Esther 9:25; Psalms 21:11; 33:10,11; 83:4; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Isaiah 7:6,7; Daniel 11:24,25; Matthew 26:4,5; 27:63,64
nevertheless
16:1,9; 21:1,30; Genesis 45:4-8; 50:20; Job 23:13; Isaiah 14:24,26,27; Isaiah 46:10; Daniel 4:35; Acts 4:27,28; 5:38,39; Ephesians 1:11; Hebrews 6:17,18; 1 Peter 2:8; Jude 1:4

Verse 22
The desire of a man is his kindness: and a poor man is better than a liar.
desire
1 Chronicles 29:2,3,17; 2 Chronicles 6:8; Mark 12:41-44; 14:6-8; 2 Corinthians 8:2,3,12
and
1; Job 6:15; 17:5; Psalms 62:9; Titus 1:2

Verse 23
The fear of the LORD tendeth to life: and he that hath it shall abide satisfied; he shall not be visited with evil.
fear
10:27; 14:26,27; Psalms 19:9; 33:18,19; 34:9-11; 85:9; 103:17; 145:18-20; Malachi 3:16,17; 4:2; Acts 9:31
shall abide
Psalms 90:14; 91:16; Isaiah 58:10,11; Matthew 5:6; Philippians 4:11,12; 1 Timothy 4:8; 6:6-9; Hebrews 13:5,6
he shall
12:21; Romans 8:28; 2 Timothy 4:18

Verse 24
A slothful man hideth his hand in his bosom, and will not so much as bring it to his mouth again.
15; 6:9,10; 12:27; 15:19; 24:30-34; 26:13-16; Psalms 74:11

Verse 25
Smite a scorner, and the simple will beware: and reprove one that hath understanding, and he will understand knowledge.
Smite
21:11; Deuteronomy 13:11; 21:21
beware
Heb. be cunning. reprove.
9:9,10; 15:5; 17:10; Revelation 3:19

Verse 26
He that wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach.
wasteth
10:1; 17:25; 23:22-25; 28:14; 30:11,17; Deuteronomy 21:18-21; Luke 15:12-16,30
a son
10:5; 17:2; 28:7

Verse 27
Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that causeth to err from the words of knowledge.
14:7; Deuteronomy 13:1-4; 1 Kings 22:22-28; Matthew 7:15; 16:6,12; Mark 4:24; 7:6-14; John 10:5; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Ephesians 4:14; 1 Timothy 4:7; 6:3-5; 2 Peter 2:1,2; 1 John 4:1; 2 John 1:10; Revelation 2:2

Verse 28
An ungodly witness scorneth judgment: and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity.
An ungodly witness
Heb. a witness of Belial.
1 Kings 21:10,13; Acts 6:11-13
scorneth
Psalms 10:5,11; Isaiah 28:14-18; Luke 18:2-4
the
15:14; Job 15:16; 20:12,13; 34:7; Hosea 4:8

Verse 29
Judgments are prepared for scorners, and stripes for the back of fools.
Judgments
3:34; 9:12; Isaiah 28:22; 29:20; Acts 13:40,41; 2 Peter 3:3-7
and
7:22; 10:13; 17:10; 26:3; Hebrews 12:6


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=pr&chapter=019>.  

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