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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Abraham's faith was imputed to him for righteousness;
10before he was circumcised.
13By faith only he and his seed received the promise.
16Abraham is the father of all that believe.
24Our faith also shall be imputed to us for righteousness.
 
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Chapter 4

Verse 1
What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?


what
6:1; 7:7; 8:31
Abraham
Isaiah 51:2; Matthew 3:9; Luke 3:8; 16:24,25,29-31; John 8:33,37-41,53,56; Acts 13:26; 2 Corinthians 11:22
as pertaining
16; Hebrews 12:9

Verse 2
For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.
Abraham
3:20-28; Philippians 3:9
he hath
3:27; 15:17; Ezekiel 8:9; Jeremiah 9:23,24; 1 Corinthians 9:16; 2 Corinthians 5:12; 11:12,30; 2 Corinthians 12:1-9; Galatians 6:13,14; Ephesians 2:9
but
Genesis 12:12,13,18,20; 20:9-13; Joshua 24:2; 1 Corinthians 1:29; 4:7; Galatians 3:22

Verse 3
For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.
what
9:17; 10:11; 11:2; Isaiah 8:20; Mark 12:10; James 4:5; 2 Peter 1:20,21
Abraham
Genesis 15:6; Galatians 3:6-8; James 2:23
counted
5,9,11,22-25; Psalms 106:31

Verse 4
Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.
9:32; 11:6,35; Matthew 20:1-16

Verse 5
But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
But to
24,25; 3:22; 5:1,2; 10:3,9,10; Acts 13:38,39; Galatians 2:16,17; 3:9-14; Philippians 3:9
believeth
24; 3:26-30; 8:30-34; John 5:24; Galatians 3:8
ungodly
1:17,18; 5:6-8; Joshua 24:2; Zechariah 3:3,4; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Timothy 1:13-15; Titus 3:3-7
his faith
3; Habakkuk 2:4

Verse 6
Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,
blessedness
9; Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalms 1:1-3; 112:1; 146:5,6; Matthew 5:3-12; Galatians 3:8,9,14; 4:15; Ephesians 1:3
imputeth
11,24; 1:17; 3:22; 5:18,19; Isaiah 45:24,25; 54:17; Jeremiah 22:6; 33:16; Daniel 9:24; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 3:9; 2 Peter 1:1
without
3:20,21,27; Ephesians 2:8-10; 2 Timothy 1:9

Verse 7
Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
Psalms 32:1,2; 51:8,9; 85:2; 130:3,4; Isaiah 40:1,2; Jeremiah 33:8,9; Micah 7:18-20; Matthew 9:2; Luke 7:47-50

Verse 8
Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.
to whom
Isaiah 53:10-12; 2 Corinthians 5:19-20; Philemon 1:18,19; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18

Verse 9
Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.
Cometh
3:29,30; 9:23,24; 10:12,13; 15:8-19; Isaiah 49:6; Luke 2:32; Galatians 3:14,26-28; Ephesians 2:11-13; 3:8; Colossians 3:11
for we

Verse 10
How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.
not in circumcision
"Faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness," at least 14 years before he was circumcised; the former having taken place some time before Ishmael's birth, at which time he was 86 years old, and the other when Ishmael was 13 years of age, and Abraham 99.
Genesis 15:5,6,16; 16:1-3; 17:1,10,23-27; 1 Corinthians 7:18,19; Galatians 5:6; 6:15

Verse 11
And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
the sign
Genesis 17:10; Exodus 12:13; 31:13,17; Ezekiel 20:12,20
a seal
2:28,29; Deuteronomy 30:6; 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13; 4:30; Revelation 9:4
righteousness
13; 3:22; 9:30; 10:6; Galatians 5:5; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 11:7; 2 Peter 1:1
father
12,16-18; 3:22,26; 9:6,33; 10:4,11; Matthew 8:11; 16:16; Luke 19:9; John 3:15,16,36; 6:35,40,40,47; 7:38,39; 8:33; 11:25,26; Galatians 3:7,22,29; 6:16
that righteousness

Verse 12
And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.
to them
9:6,7; Matthew 3:9; Luke 16:23-31; John 8:39,40; Galatians 4:22-31
in the steps
Job 33:11; Proverbs 2:20; Song of Solomon 1:8; 2 Corinthians 12:18; 1 Peter 2:21

Verse 13
For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
For the
Genesis 12:3; 17:4,5,16; 22:17,18; 28:14; 49:10; Psalms 2:8; 72:11
through the
Galatians 3:16-18,29
but through

Verse 14
For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:
For if
16; Galatians 2:21; 3:18-24; 5:4; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 7:19,28
made
3:31; Numbers 30:12,15; Psalms 119:126; Isaiah 55:11; Jeremiah 19:7

Verse 15
Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.
Because
1:17; 2:5,6; 3:19,20; 5:13,20,21; 7:7-11; Numbers 32:14; Deuteronomy 29:20-28; 2 Kings 22:13; Jeremiah 4:8; Lamentations 2:22; Ezekiel 7:19; Zephaniah 1:18; John 3:36; 15:22; Acts 17:30,31; 1 Corinthians 15:56; 2 Corinthians 3:7-9; Galatians 3:10,19; Ephesians 5:6; Colossians 3:6; 1 John 3:4; Revelation 6:16,17; 19:15
where
2:12,13; 5:13

Verse 16
Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
of faith
3:24-26; 5:1; Galatians 3:7-12,22; Ephesians 2:5,8; Titus 3:7
the promise
Hebrews 6:13-19; 2 Peter 1:10
but to
the father
9:8; Isaiah 51:2

Verse 17
(As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.
I have
Genesis 17:4,5,16,20; 25:1-34; 28:3; Hebrews 11:12
before him
or, like unto him.
3:29
who quickeneth
2; 8:11; Matthew 3:9; John 5:21,25; 6:63; 1 Corinthians 15:45; Ephesians 2:1-5; 1 Timothy 6:13
calleth
8:29,30; 9:26; Isaiah 43:6; 44:7; 49:12; 55:12; Acts 15:18; 1 Corinthians 1:28; Hebrews 11:7; 1 Peter 2:10; 2 Peter 3:8

Verse 18
Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be.
against
19; 5:5; 8:24; Ruth 1:11-13; Proverbs 13:12; Ezekiel 37:11; Mark 5:35,36; Luke 1:18; Acts 27:25
So shall
Genesis 15:5,6

Verse 19
And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb: 20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;
being
20,21; 14:21; Matthew 6:30; 8:26; 14:31; Mark 9:23,24; John 20:27,28
considered
Genesis 17:17; 18:11-14; Hebrews 11:11-19

Verse 20
And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb: 20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;
staggered
Numbers 11:13-23; 2 Kings 7:2,19; 2 Chronicles 20:15-20; Isaiah 7:9; Jeremiah 32:16-27; Luke 1:18,45
but was
Isaiah 35:4; Daniel 10:19; 11:32; Haggai 2:4; Zechariah 8:9,13; 1 Corinthians 16:13; 2 Corinthians 12:10; Ephesians 6:10; 2 Timothy 2:1

Verse 21
And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.
fully
8:38; 2 Timothy 1:12; Hebrews 11:13
he was able
14:4; Genesis 18:14; Psalms 115:3; Jeremiah 32:17,27; Matthew 19:26; Luke 1:37,45; 2 Corinthians 9:8; Hebrews 11:19

Verse 22
And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness.
it was imputed
3,6

Verse 23
Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him;
15:4; 1 Corinthians 9:10; 10:6,11; 2 Timothy 3:16,17

Verse 24
But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;
for us
Acts 2:39
if we
10:9,10; Mark 16:16; John 3:14-16; Acts 2:24; 13:30; Ephesians 1:18-20; Hebrews 13:20,21; 1 Peter 1:21

Verse 25
Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
Who was
3:25; 5:6-8; 8:3,32; Isaiah 53:5,6,10-12; Daniel 9:24,26; Zechariah 13:7; Matthew 20:28; 1 Corinthians 15:3,4; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 1:4; 3:13; Ephesians 5:2; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 9:28; 1 Peter 1:18,19; 2:24; 3:18; 1 John 2:2; 4:9,10; Revelation 1:5; 5:9; 7:14
and was raised
8:33,34; 1 Corinthians 15:17; Hebrews 4:14-16; 10:12-14; 1 Peter 1:21


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=ro&chapter=004>.  

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