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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Paul commends his calling to the Romans;
9and his desire to come to them.
16What his gospel is.
18God is angry with sin.
21What were the sins of the gentiles.
 
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Chapter 1

Verse 1
Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,


Paul
Acts 13:9; 21:40; 22:7,13; 26:1,14
a servant
9; 15:16; 16:18; John 12:26; 13:14-16; 15:15,20; Acts 27:23; 2 Corinthians 4:5; Galatians 1:10; Philippians 1:1; 2:11; 3:6,7; Titus 1:1; James 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1; Jude 1:1; Revelation 1:1; 22:6,9
called
5; 11:13; Acts 9:15; 22:14,15,21; 26:16-18; 1 Corinthians 1:1; 9:1,16-18; 15:8-10; 2 Corinthians 1:1; 11:5; 12:11; Galatians 1:1,11-17; Ephesians 1:1; 3:5-7; 4:11; Colossians 1:1,25; 1 Timothy 1:1,11,12; 2:7; 2 Timothy 1:11; Titus 1:1; Hebrews 5:4
separated
Leviticus 20:24-26; Numbers 16:9,10; Deuteronomy 10:8; 1 Chronicles 23:13; Isaiah 49:1; Jeremiah 1:5; Acts 13:2-4; Galatians 1:15; 1 Timothy 1:15,16; Hebrews 7:26
the gospel
9,16; 15:16,29; 16:25; Mark 16:15,16; Luke 2:10,11; Acts 20:24; Ephesians 1:13; 1 Thessalonians 2:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; 1 Timothy 1:11

Verse 2
(Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)
Which
Luke 24:26,27; Acts 10:43; 26:6; Titus 1:2
by
3:21
the holy
3:2

Verse 3
Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;
his Son
9; 8:2,3,29-32; Psalms 2:7; Matthew 3:17; 26:63; 27:43; Luke 1:35; John 1:34,49; John 3:16-18,35,36; 5:25; 10:30,36; 20:28,31; Acts 3:13; 8:37; 9:20; 1 Corinthians 1:9; Galatians 4:4; Colossians 1:13-15; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 1 John 1:3; 3:8,23; 4:9,10,15; 1 John 5:1,5,10-13,20; Revelation 2:18
which
2 Samuel 7:12-16; Psalms 89:36,37; Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; 33:15-17,26; Amos 9:11; Matthew 1:1,6,16,20-23; 9:27; 12:23; 15:22; 22:42-45; Luke 1:31-33,69; 2:4-6; John 7:42; Acts 2:30; 13:22,23; 2 Timothy 2:8
according
8:3; 9:5; Genesis 3:15; John 1:14; Galatians 4:4; 1 Timothy 3:16; 1 John 4:2,3; 2 John 1:7

Verse 4
And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:
declared
Gr. determined. the Son.
3; John 2:18-21; Acts 2:24,32; 3:15; 4:10-12; 5:30-32; 13:33-35; 17:31; 2 Corinthians 13:4; Ephesians 1:19-23; Hebrews 5:5,6; Revelation 1:18
according
Luke 18:31-33; 24:26,27; Hebrews 9:14; 1 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 1:21; Revelation 19:10

Verse 5
By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:
we have
12:3; 15:15,16; John 1:16; 1 Corinthians 15:10; 2 Corinthians 3:5,6; Galatians 1:15,16; Ephesians 3:2-9; 1 Timothy 1:11,12
apostleship
Acts 1:25; 1 Corinthians 9:2; Galatians 2:8,9
for obedience to the faith
or, to the obedience of faith.
15:18,19; 16:26; Acts 6:7; 2 Corinthians 10:4-6; Hebrews 5:9
among
3:29
for his name
Malachi 1:11,14; Acts 15:14; Ephesians 1:6,12; 1 Peter 2:9,10

Verse 6
Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ:
are ye also
Ephesians 1:11; Colossians 1:6,21
the called
8:28-30; 9:24; 1 Corinthians 1:9; Galatians 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:12; 2 Thessalonians 2:14; 2 Timothy 1:9; Hebrews 3:1; 1 Peter 2:9,21; 2 Peter 1:10; Revelation 17:14

Verse 7
To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
To all
Acts 15:23; 1 Corinthians 1:2; 2 Corinthians 1:1; Philippians 1:1; Colossians 1:2; James 1:1; 1 Peter 1:1,2; Jude 1:1; Revelation 2:1,8,12,18,29; 3:1,7,14,22
beloved
9:25; Deuteronomy 33:12; Psalms 60:5; Song of Solomon 5:1; Colossians 3:12; 1 Timothy 6:2
called
6; 1 Corinthians 1:2; Colossians 3:15; 1 Thessalonians 4:7; 1 Peter 1:15; 2 Peter 1:3
Grace
1 Corinthians 1:3-9; 2 Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:3; Ephesians 1:2; Philippians 1:2; Colossians 1:2; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:2; 1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:2; Titus 1:4; Philemon 1:3; 1 Peter 1:2; 2 Peter 1:2; 2 John 1:3; Jude 1:2; Revelation 1:4,5
peace
5:1
God
Matthew 5:16; 6:8,9; John 20:17; Galatians 1:4; Philippians 4:20; 1 Thessalonians 1:3; 2 Thessalonians 1:1; 1 John 3:1
and the Lord
Acts 7:59,60; 1 Corinthians 16:23; 2 Corinthians 12:8-10; 13:14; Galatians 6:18; Ephesians 6:23,24; Philippians 4:13,23; 1 Thessalonians 3:11-13; 5:28; 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17; 3:16,18; 2 Timothy 4:22; Philemon 1:25; Revelation 22:21

Verse 8
First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.
I thank
6:17
through
Ephesians 3:21; 5:20; Philippians 1:11; Hebrews 13:15; 1 Peter 2:5; 4:11
that your
16:19; 1 Thessalonians 1:8,9
the whole
Matthew 24:14; Luke 2:1; Acts 11:28

Verse 9
For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;
God
9:1; Job 16:19; 2 Corinthians 1:23; 11:10,11,31; Galatians 1:20; Philippians 1:8; 1 Thessalonians 2:5-10; 1 Timothy 2:7
whom
Acts 27:23; Philippians 2:22; Colossians 1:28,29; 2 Timothy 1:3
with
or, in.
John 4:23,24; Acts 19:21; 1 Corinthians 14:14,15; Philippians 3:3
the
Mark 1:1; Acts 3:26; 1 John 5:9-12
that
1 Samuel 12:23; Luke 18:1; Acts 12:5; Ephesians 6:18; 1 Thessalonians 3:10; 5:17; 2 Timothy 1:3
I make
Ephesians 1:16-19; 3:14-21; Philippians 1:4,9-11; Colossians 1:9-13; 1 Thessalonians 1:2; Philemon 1:4

Verse 10
Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you.
request
15:22-24,30-32; Philippians 4:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:18; 3:10,11; Philemon 1:22; Hebrews 13:19
a prosperous
Acts 19:21; 27:1-28
by the will
Acts 18:21; 21:14; 1 Corinthians 4:19; James 4:15

Verse 11
For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established;
I long
15:23,32; Genesis 31:30; 2 Samuel 13:39; 23:15; 2 Corinthians 9:14; Philippians 1:8; 2:26; 4:1
that
15:29; Acts 8:15-19; 19:6; 1 Corinthians 12:1-11; 2 Corinthians 11:4; Galatians 3:2-5; Ephesians 4:8-12
to the
16:25; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Acts 16:5; 2 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Thessalonians 3:2,13; 2 Thessalonians 2:17; 3:3; Hebrews 13:9; 1 Peter 5:10,12; 2 Peter 1:12; 3:17,18

Verse 12
That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me.
that I may
15:24,32; Acts 11:23; 2 Corinthians 2:1-3; 7:4-7,13; 1 Thessalonians 2:17-20; 3:7-10; 2 Timothy 1:4; 2 John 1:4; 3 John 1:3,4
with you
or, in you. by the mutual.
Ephesians 4:5; Titus 1:4; 2 Peter 1:1; Jude 1:3

Verse 13
Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles.
None
11:25; 1 Corinthians 10:1; 12:1; 2 Corinthians 1:8; 1 Thessalonians 4:13
that oftentimes
15:23-28; Acts 19:21; 2 Corinthians 1:15,16
but
15:22; Acts 16:6,7; 1 Thessalonians 1:8; 2:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:7
that I
Isaiah 27:6; John 4:36; 12:24; 15:16; Colossians 1:6; Philippians 4:17
among
or, in. even.
15:18-20; Acts 14:27; 15:12; 21:19; 1 Corinthians 9:2; 2 Corinthians 2:14; 10:13-16; 1 Thessalonians 1:9,10; 2:13,14; 2 Timothy 4:17

Verse 14
I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise.
debtor
8:12; 13:8; *Gr:; Acts 9:15; 13:2-4; 22:21; 26:17,18; 1 Corinthians 9:16-23; 2 Timothy 2:10
Greeks
Acts 28:4; 1 Corinthians 14:11; Colossians 3:11
both to
22; 11:25; 12:16; 16:19; Matthew 11:25; Luke 10:21; 1 Corinthians 1:19-22; 2:13; 3:18; 1 Corinthians 9:16; 2 Corinthians 10:12; 11:19; Ephesians 5:15-17; James 3:17,18
to the unwise
Proverbs 1:22; 8:5; Isaiah 35:8; 1 Corinthians 14:16,23,24; Titus 3:3

Verse 15
So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also.
so
12:18; 1 Kings 8:18; Mark 14:8; 2 Corinthians 8:12
I
Isaiah 6:8; Matthew 9:38; John 4:34; Acts 21:13; 1 Corinthians 9:17; 2 Corinthians 10:15,16

Verse 16
For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
I am
Psalms 40:9,10; 71:15,16; 119:46; Mark 8:38; Luke 9:26; 1 Corinthians 2:2; 2 Timothy 1:8,12,16; 1 Peter 4:16
the gospel
15:19,29; Luke 2:10,11; 1 Corinthians 9:12,18; 2 Corinthians 2:12; 4:4; *Gr:; 2 Corinthians 9:13; Galatians 1:7; 1 Timothy 1:11
for it is
10:17; Psalms 110:2; Isaiah 53:1; Jeremiah 23:29; 1 Corinthians 1:18-24; 2:4; 14:24,25; 1 Corinthians 15:2; 2 Corinthians 2:14-16; 10:4,5; Colossians 1:5,6; 1 Thessalonians 1:5,6; 2:13; Hebrews 4:12
to every
4:11
to the Jew
2:9

Verse 17
For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
For therein
3:21
from faith
3:3
The just
Habakkuk 2:4; John 3:36; Galatians 3:11; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 10:38; 11:6,7

Verse 18
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
the wrath
4:15
ungodliness
5:6
unrighteousness
6:13
who hold
19,28,32; 2:3,15-23; Luke 12:46,47; John 3:19-21; Acts 24:24,25; 2 Thessalonians 2:10; 1 Timothy 4:1,2

Verse 19
Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.
that which
20; Psalms 19:1-6; Isaiah 40:26; Jeremiah 10:10-13; Acts 14:16; 17:23-30
in them
or, to them. for God.
John 1:9

Verse 20
For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
For the
John 1:18; Colossians 1:15; 1 Timothy 1:17; 6:16; Hebrews 11:27
from the
19; Deuteronomy 4:19; Job 31:26-28; Psalms 8:3; 33:6-9; 104:5,31; 119:90; 139:13; Psalms 148:8-12; Matthew 5:45
even his
16:26; Genesis 21:33; Deuteronomy 33:27; Psalms 90:2; Isaiah 9:6; 26:4; 40:26; 1 Timothy 1:17; Hebrews 9:14
Godhead
Acts 17:29; Colossians 2:9
so that they are
or, that they may be.
2:1,15; John 15:22
without
Acts 22:1; *Gr:

Verse 21
Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
when
19,28; John 3:19
they glorified
15:9; Psalms 50:23; 86:9; Hosea 2:8; Habakkuk 1:15,16; Luke 17:15-18; 2 Timothy 3:2; Revelation 14:7; 15:4
but became
Genesis 6:5; 8:21; 2 Kings 17:15; Psalms 81:12; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Isaiah 44:9-20; Jeremiah 2:5; Jeremiah 10:3-8,14,15; 16:19; Ephesians 4:17,18; 1 Peter 1:18
their foolish
11:10; Deuteronomy 28:29; Isaiah 60:2; Acts 26:18; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 22
Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
11:25; Proverbs 25:14; 26:12; Isaiah 47:10; Jeremiah 8:8,9; 10:14; Matthew 6:23; 1 Corinthians 1:19-21; 3:18,19

Verse 23
And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.
changed
25; Psalms 106:20; Jeremiah 2:11
an image
Deuteronomy 4:15-18; 5:8; Psalms 115:5-8; 135:15-18; Isaiah 40:18,26; 44:13; Ezekiel 8:10; Acts 17:29; 1 Corinthians 12:2; 1 Peter 4:3; Revelation 9:20

Verse 24
Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:
God
Psalms 81:11,12; Hosea 4:17,18; Matthew 15:14; Acts 7:42; 14:16; 17:29,30; Ephesians 4:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12
through the lusts
6:12
to dishonour
1 Corinthians 6:13,18; 1 Thessalonians 4:4; 2 Timothy 2:20-22
between
27; Leviticus 18:22

Verse 25
Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
changed
the truth
18; 1 Thessalonians 1:9; 1 John 5:20
into a lie
Isaiah 44:20; Jeremiah 10:14,15; 13:25; 16:19; Amos 2:4; John 2:8; Habakkuk 2:18
the creature
23; Matthew 6:24; 10:37; 2 Timothy 3:4; 1 John 2:15,16
more
or, rather. who is.
9:5; Psalms 72:19; 145:1,2; 2 Corinthians 11:31; Ephesians 3:21; 1 Timothy 1:11,17

Verse 26
For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:
gave them
vile
Genesis 19:5; Leviticus 18:22-28; Deuteronomy 23:17,18; Judges 19:22; 1 Corinthians 6:9; Ephesians 4:19; Ephesians 5:12; 1 Timothy 1:10; Jude 1:7,10

Verse 27
And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.
that recompense
23,24

Verse 28
And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
as they did
18,21; Job 21:14,15; Proverbs 1:7,22,29; 5:12,13; 17:16; Jeremiah 4:22; 9:6; Hosea 4:6; Acts 17:23,32; Romans 8:7,8; 1 Corinthians 15:34; 2 Corinthians 4:4-6; 10:5; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; 2:10-12; 2 Peter 3:5
retain
or, acknowledge. a reprobate mind. or, a mind void of judgment.
Jeremiah 6:30; 2 Corinthians 13:5-7; 2 Timothy 3:8; Titus 1:16
not convenient
Ephesians 5:4; Philemon 1:8

Verse 29
Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
filled
3:10
whisperers
Psalms 41:7; Proverbs 16:28; 26:20; 2 Corinthians 12:20

Verse 30
Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
Backbiters
Proverbs 25:23
haters
8:7,8; Numbers 10:35; Deuteronomy 7:10; 2 Chronicles 19:2; Psalms 81:15; Proverbs 8:36; John 7:7; John 15:23,24; Titus 3:3
boasters
2:17,23; 3:27; 1 Kings 20:11; 2 Chronicles 25:19; Psalms 10:3; 49:6; 52:1; 94:4; 97:7; Acts 5:36; 2 Corinthians 10:15; 2 Thessalonians 2:4; James 3:5; 4:16; 2 Peter 2:18; Jude 1:16
inventors
Psalms 99:8; 106:39; Ecclesiastes 7:29
disobedient
Deuteronomy 21:18-21; 27:16; Proverbs 30:17; Ezekiel 22:7; Matthew 16:21; 15:4; Luke 21:16; 2 Timothy 3:2

Verse 31
Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:
Without understanding
20,21; 3:11; Proverbs 18:2; Isaiah 27:11; Jeremiah 4:22; Matthew 15:16
covenant-breakers
2 Kings 18:14-37; Isaiah 33:8; 2 Timothy 3:3
without natural affection
or, unsociable.

Verse 32
Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
knowing
18,21; 2:1-5,21-23
worthy
6:21
have pleasure in them
or, consent with them.
Psalms 50:18; Hosea 7:3; Mark 14:10,11


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 1". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=ro&chapter=001>.  

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