John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible
- This chapter and the two next make one entire vision and prophecy, given Daniel about two years after the former. This chapter is introductory: the next has the prophecy itself, and the twelfth chapter, the conclusion of it. In this we have Daniel's solemn humiliation, verse 1-3.
- A glorious appearance of the Son of God, verse 4-9.
- The encouragement given him to expect a full discovery of future events, verse 10-25.
Was mourning - Because he foresaw the many calamities that would befall the Jews for their sins, especially for destroying the Messiah, and rejecting his gospel.
The first month - Nisan, which is March. Hiddekel - Or Tigris.
A certain man - Very probably Christ, who appeared to Daniel in royal and priestly robes, and in so great brightness and majesty.
He - Not Christ, but Gabriel.
Withstood me - God suffered the wicked counsels of Cambyses to take place awhile; but Daniel by his prayers, and the angel by his power, overcame him at last: and this very thing laid a foundation of the ruin of the Persian monarchies. Michael - Michael here is commonly supposed to mean Christ. I remained - To counter-work their designs against the people of God.
I set my face - I prostrated myself upon the earth. And I became dumb - Thro' astonishment.
One like the sons of men - This likewise seems to have been Gabriel. I have retained no strength - Tho' he appeared to him, and spake to him as a man, yet Daniel could not bear his presence, without some dread.
To fight - To oppose his mischievous designs.
Michael - Christ alone is the protector of his church, when all the princes of the earth desert or oppose it.