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John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible

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Chapter 23

Chapter Overview

The apostacy of Israel and Samaria from God, verse 1-8.
Their ruin, verse 9, 10.
The apostacy of Judah and Jerusalem from God, verse 11-21.
Their ruin, verse 22-35.
The joint wickedness of them both, verse 36-44.
And their joint ruin, verse 45-49.

Verse 2
Two women - Judah, and Israel, two kingdoms.

Verse 3
Whoredoms - Idolatry.

Verse 4
Aholah - That is, his own tabernacle; for Israel falling off from the house of David, fell off from the tabernacle, or temple of God; so that all the temple they had was of their own making. The elder - Greater for number of tribes, and for power, wealth, and for multitudes of people. Aholibah - That is, my tabernacle in her: the two tribes had the temple of God with them. Mine - By solemn marriage-covenant. Bare sons - Were fruitful and brought forth children to me; they increased in numbers of people; and among these, some there were that were children of God by faith, love, and obedience.

Verse 5
Played the harlot - United in idolatry, with the Assyrians. Mine - When under my government, and protection.

Verse 6
Horsemen - Skillful in riding, and well furnished with choice horses.

Verse 7
With all - Other nations, with whom she had commerce.

Verse 10
Discovered - Stript her naked, and exposed her to shame. Took her sons - Captives. Slew her - The kingdom of Israel, under Hoshea, was by Salmanesar utterly destroyed. They - The Assyrians, had executed God's just displeasure upon her.

Verse 15
Girded - With soldiers belts, which includes the rest of the habit of soldiers. In dyed attire - Both rich, comely, large, and of divers colours. Princes - Of princely aspect and majesty.

Verse 17
Alienated - She grew weary of the Chaldeans.

Verse 18
Discovered - Made it appear to all, far and near.

Verse 19
By - Remembering her idolatries in Egypt, her alliance with it in days past, which she now resolved to act over again.

Verse 20
Paramours - The nations, that were confederate with the Egyptians.

Verse 23
Pekod - Pekod is the province between Tigris, and Lycus; in this was old Nineveh. Shoa - Either Sia in Armenia, or the Sohia, among which were the Adiabeni, and this contained the middle part of the kingdom of Babylon. Koa - This bordered upon Media, the inhabitants were called Kohai, and dwelt about Arbela. And all - All subjects of the Assyrian monarchy.

Verse 24
And wheels - Lest in their march the carriage wheels should break, a store of these were provided. An assembly - A mighty confluence of people. I will set - Give them a power in right of conquest over their rebels, as well as mine, and I will give them a spirit of judgment to discern the greatness of this people's sins. Judge - Condemn, and execute sentence upon thee. According - To their will, power, wrath, and custom, against rebels; for these are their rules of judgment.

Verse 25
I will set my jealousy - As a jealous provoked husband, I will be as much against thee as they are. Thy residue - Either the people, who hid themselves in vaults and cellars, or what the Chaldeans cannot carry away, all this shall be devoured by fire.

Verse 29
Take away - Deprive thee of the comfortable use of all thy labour, which they will exact of thee in captivity.

Verse 32
It - Is large, and contains what will last many years, even 'till the seventy years be expired.

Verse 34
Thou - Shalt stagger with sorrows, that shall intoxicate, and astonish. Suck it out - The dregs shalt thou drink, and multiply thine own sorrows. Break the sheards - To suck out what remains. And pluck - Revenging thyself upon thyself.

Verse 35
Bear thou - The guilt, I will impute it, the punishment, I will not pardon it.

Verse 38
In the same day - When they had newly polluted themselves with idolatry and murder, they thrust into the temple.

Verse 39
My house - Nay, these things have been in my house.

Verse 40
Wash thyself - After the manner of harlots.

Verse 41
Sattest - Prepared to feast them. A stately bed - A magnificent bed, on which women sat to feast, when men leaned on their sides. Incense - Offered to their idols.

Verse 42
A voice - A shout for joy, that there was a treaty of peace between the Jews, and the Chaldeans.

Verse 45
Righteous men - Men that keep the law of their God.

Verse 46
Upon them - Against the Jews, the children of this Aholibah.

Verse 47
The company - The Babylonian army.

Verse 48
Lewdness - Idolatry. And indeed we do not read of any after their return out of this captivity.

Verse 49
They - The Babylonians. The sins - The guilt of worshipping idols; and you shall bear the punishment of idolaters.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 23". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/wen/view.cgi?book=eze&chapter=023>. 1765.  

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