- The calamity of the Jews, both dead and alive, verse 1-3.
- Their brutish impenitency, verse 4-7.
- Their vain boast of wisdom: their covetousness, security, impudence, verse 8-12.
- Their grievous judgments, verse 13-17.
- Bewailed by the prophet, verse 18-22.
The bones - This denotes the utter desolation of the city, not only rasing the walls, but turning up the very sepulchres which were accounted sacred, and not to be violated.
Not arise - Will they never think of rising again? Not return - Will he wander for ever?
Deceit - Their false prophets, encouraging themselves in their wickedness, and pleasing themselves, that their miseries should not come upon them.
I - God.
Appointed time - The seasons of her going and coming. The judgment - God's vengeance, hovering over Jerusalem, and Judea.
How - These things considered where is your wisdom? He speaks to the whole body of the people. The Lord - This may have a more special eye to the priests. In vain - For any use they made of it; neither need it ever have been copied out by the scribe. A scribe was a teacher, one well versed in the scripture, or esteemed to be so.
Pass away - Shall be taken away by their enemies.
Why - The people at length seem to bethink themselves, and thus to bespeak each other. Silent - Keep close within our walls.
The snorting - The fury of the Chaldeans march is described by the snorting of their horses, which is a noise they make through their nostrils. Heard - Even to Jerusalem. Have devoured - It is spoken in a prophetical style, who use to express the certainty of what shall be, as if it actually were already.
Shall bite - There will be no appeasing their fury by any method.
Sorrow - The prophet now seems to speak, how greatly the calamity of this people affected him.
Why - As if God should seem to reply; let them not think it strange, seeing they have turned their backs upon me, and trusted to idols.
Am I hurt - The prophet here shews how deeply he is affected with the peoples misery. Black - I am as those that are clad in deep mourning.