Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Sunday, June 16, 2019

Join Now!  |  Login
  Our Sponsors

• Bible software for Believing Study: SwordSearcher

• Biblical Hebrew study & learning software: BMSoftware.com

• Help change the hearts of people one book at a time! Click to find out how!

• Looking for that lost cantata? Let US find it!

 
  Study Resources

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

 
  SL Forums

• Apologetic Forum

• Christian Living

• Ministry Forum

• Evangelism Forum

• Passage Forum

• Help Forum

 
  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL

 

 

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible

Search This Resource
 
 
 
Navigator
PreviousNext
 Chapter 3
Chapter 5
 
 
 
  Printer friendly version
 
Additional Resources
 
 • Adam Clark Commentary
 • Burton Coffman
 • Gill's Exposition
 • Geneva Study Bible
 • Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
 • Matthew Henry Complete
 • Matthew Henry Concise
 • Treasury of Scripture
 
Chapter 4

Chapter Overview

An invitation to true repentance, by promises, verse 1-4.
And judgments coming on them by the Babylonians, contrary to the predictions of their false prophets, for their sins, verse 5-18.
A grievous lamentation for the miseries of Judah, verse 19-31.

Verse 1
If - If thou wilt return, return; make no longer delay. Remove - Thou shalt not go out of thine own land into exile.

Verse 2
Swear - This is put here for the whole worship of God, acknowledging an& owning God as the only God; which is strongly exprest by this act. In truth - That the matter and substance of it be true. In judgment - Deliberately, advisedly, and reverently. In righteousness - That none be injured by it, that the things we engage be both lawful and possible, and that we look to the performance. The nations - This shall be a means to work upon the Heathen nations, to come into the same way of worship. They shall think themselves happy to be incorporated with thee, that it may be with them according to that promise, Genesis 12:3. Glory - Whereas before they gloried in their idols, they shall glory in God alone.

Verse 3
For - The Lord turns now his speech from Israel to Judah. Break up - Prepare your hearts by making them soft, tender, and pliable, fit to embrace my word. A metaphor taken from plow-men. Thorns - Rid your hearts and hands of what may hinder you of embracing my word.

Verse 4
Circumcise - Put away your corruptions. Heart - Let it be inward, not outward in the flesh only.

Verse 5
The trumpet - The Lord being now about to bring enemies upon them, speaks in martial language, warning them of the nature of their approaching judgment.

Verse 6
Retire - Make haste away.

Verse 7
The lion - Nebuchadnezzar, so called from his fierceness and strength.

Verse 9
The heart - They shall have no heart to do any thing, they shall not be able to help their people, either by their counsel or arms. Prophets - False prophets that had nothing but visions of peace for them.

Verse 10
Deceived - Hast suffered them to be deceived by their false prophets. Whereas - To persuade them it should be well with them, when the sword is at the door, not only ready to take away the comforts of life, but even life itself.

Verse 11
At that time - There shall be tidings brought both to the country and city. A dry wind - A drying wind, such as shall blast and scorch where it comes, without any rain or moisture. It points at the stormy and furious irruption of the Babylonian army. In the plain - Where there is no stop in the way to break its fury. Toward - Directly, and designedly, coming in the way leading to my people. Not - Not such a gentle wind, as is made choice of to separate the chaff from the wheat; but so boisterous and violent, that it shall sweep away, and lay waste, all together.

Verse 12
Full - Heb. Fuller than they. A wind too strong for them. Shall come - It shall presently come to me, to receive my commission, and do my will.

Verse 13
As clouds - Denoting the suddenness of them, when not expected, clouds often rising on a sudden, and overspread the whole face of the heavens; or the great swiftness with which Nebuchadnezzar should march against them. As a whirlwind - Which, besides the swiftness, denotes also the confusion and amazement that they will cause.

Verse 14
Wash - As a means to prevent the judgments that are impending. Vain thoughts - Vain fancies of safety.

Verse 15
From Dan - Dan was the first place the Chaldeans came to, being the utmost boundary of Canaan northward. Ephraim was the innermost border of Israel in the north of Judea, intimating the march of the Babylonians thro' all Israel.

Verse 16
Make mention - These words are a proclamation, summoning the nations by the Chaldeans. Watchers - Chaldean soldiers, who shall so carefully encompass Jerusalem, that none shall escape. Give out - They give a shout, encouraging the soldiers to battle.

Verse 17
As keepers - They will watch that none relieve them, and that none get out to escape.

Verse 18
Bitter - Thy wickedness hath been the cause of bringing such a bitter enemy against thee, which hath reached unto thy very heart.

Verse 19
My bowels - Here begins the complaint of the prophet. My heart - Is disturbed within me. Because - I have heard in the spirit of prophecy; it is as certain, as if I now heard the trumpet sounding.

Verse 20
Destruction - Good Josiah slain, and four of his successors carried away, or slain. My tents - The enemy makes no more of overthrowing my stately cities, than if he were overturning tents made of curtains.

Verse 23
I beheld - I Jeremiah saw this in a vision. It - The land was squalid, and ruined, like the first chaos, for which reason possibly he calls Judah the earth, in allusion to Genesis 1:2. The heavens - He seems to proceed in his metaphor of the chaos. Every thing above and below seemed to be wrapped up in dismal blackness.

Verse 24
Trembled - He proceeds in his figurative expressions. Behold how the very mountains of Judea tremble! Moved - As easily as dust, or feathers in a whirl-wind.

Verse 25
No man - All being either slain, or carried captive, or fled.

Verse 27
Yet - In the midst of judgment he will remember mercy.

Verse 28
Mourn - Expressions to set forth the dreadfulness of the judgment; he makes the elements to personate mourners.

Verse 31
In travail - When the scripture would express any exquisite sorrow, it doth it by a woman in travail. First child - Which is usually the most painful. Spreadeth her hands - According to the use of persons in great anguish, clapping or wringing their hands together.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 4". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/wen/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=004>. 1765.  

  HOME    TOP

Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent to corr@studylight.org
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent to sugg@studylight.org
 

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2019, StudyLight.org