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John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible

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Verse 1
Came to Joel - Probably in the latter end of Jeroboam the second's reign over Israel and in the days of Uzziah, over Judah.

Verse 2
Old men - The oldest among you, who can remember things done many years ago.

Verse 4
Palmer-worm - Four sorts of insects, are here mentioned, which succeeded each other, and devoured all that might be a support to the Jews, whence ensued a grievous famine.

Verse 5
Is cut off - Suddenly cut off even when you are ready to drink it, and totally cut off by these devouring vermin.

Verse 6
A nation - An innumerable multitude of locusts and caterpillars, called a nation here, as Solomon calls the conies and the ant, Proverbs 30:25,26, and perhaps a prognostick of a very numerous and mighty nation, that ere long will invade Judah. Strong - Mighty in power, and undaunted in courage, if you refer it to the Assyrian or Babylonians; if to those vermin, they are, though each weak by itself, yet in those multitudes, strong and irresistible. A great lion - Such waste as lions make, these the locusts do, and the Assyrians will make.

Verse 8
The husband of her youth - Espoused to her, but snatched away by an untimely death.

Verse 9
The drink-offering - By the destruction of the vines, all wine (out of which they ought to offer the drink-offering) failed.

Verse 10
The corn - The wheat and barley, is eaten up in its greenness. Dried up - The drought was so great, that the vines were withered, and all their hopes of new wine cut off. The oil - The olive-trees. Languisheth - This is a plain account of the reason why the priests were called to mourn, and why the meal-offering and drink-offering were cut off.

Verse 11
Be ye ashamed - This is a just cause why you should lament and enquire why God is so displeased with you.

Verse 14
Sanctify ye - Ye priests, set apart a day wherein to afflict yourselves, confess your sins, and sue out your pardon. Into the house - The courts of the temple, where the people were wont to pray.

Verse 15
The day of the Lord - A day of greater trouble than yet they felt, troubles which God will heap upon them. Shall it come - Unless fasting, prayers and amendment prevent.

Verse 16
Cut off - Devoured by locusts, or withered with drought.

Verse 17
Laid desolate - Run to ruin because the owners discouraged with the barrenness of the seasons, would not repair them.

Verse 19
The fire - The immoderate heats. The wilderness - The world, only means places not ploughed, and less inhabited than others.

Verse 20
Cry - They utter their complaints, their sad tones, they have a voice to cry, as well as an eye to look to God.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joel 1". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/wen/view.cgi?book=joe&chapter=001>. 1765.  

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