John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible
- David here begins with prayer and complaint, tho' not as without hope, verse 1-6.
- He concludes with joy and praise, verse 7-11.
- To the chief musician Al-taschith, Michtam of David, when he fled from Saul in the cave.
Title of the psalm. Al-taschith-The word signifies, destroy not. Which some think to be a preface, containing the sum of the psalm. The cave-Either 1. That of Adullam, 1 Samuel 22:1, or 2. That of Engedi, 1 Samuel 24:1.
Send forth - Will discover them, by affording his gracious help in pursuance of his promises.
Lions - Fierce and bloody men. I lie - I have my abode. On fire - From hell. Who are mere fire-brands, breathing out wrath and threatenings, and incensing Saul against me.
Excited - Glorify thy power, and goodness, and justice, and faithfulness, by my deliverance. Above, &c. - To the highest degree possible.
Fixed - In a stedfast belief of thy promises.
My glory - My tongue, the instrument of singing. Awake - I will employ all the powers of my soul and body.
The people - Among the Israelites, and among the Heathens, as I shall have occasion.