- The psalmist here observes God's providential care of the children of men in general, and shews how he helps those that are in any distress, in answer to their prayers. He instances in banishment and dispersion, verse 1-9.
- Captivity and imprisonment, verse 10-16.
- Sickness, verse 17-22.
- Distress at sea, verse 23-32.
- The disposal of families and nations, verse 33-13
Gathered - Into their own land.
No city - Or rather, no town inhabited, where they might refresh themselves.
The Lord - Heb. Unto Jehovah, to the true God. For the Heathens had, many of them, some knowledge of the true God.
Forth - Out of the wilderness.
Darkness - In dark prisons or dungeons.
Heart - The pride and obstinacy of their hearts. Fell - They fell into hopeless miseries.
Afflicted - With sickness.
Word - His command, or blessing.
Exalt him - In public assemblies, and before all persons, as they have opportunity. Elders - The magistrates or rulers; let them not be ashamed nor afraid to speak of God's wonderful works, before the greatest of men.
Rivers - Those grounds which are well watered, and therefore fruitful. And so the water-springs, here, and the standing water, verse 35 are taken. Into - Into a dry ground, which is like a parched and barren wilderness.
For - He doth not inflict these judgments without cause, but for the punishment of sin in some, and the prevention of it in others.
Water - Into a well-watered and fruitful land.
Hungry - Poor people who could not provide for themselves.
They - These men, who when they are exalted by God, grow insolent and secure. Low - By God's just judgment.
Contempt - Renders them despicable. Wander - Banishes them from their own courts and kingdoms, and forces them to flee into desolate wildernesses for shelter.