- David exhorts to patience and confidence in God, verse 1-8.
- Shews the different state of the righteous and the wicked, verse 9-40.
- A psalm of David.
Fret not - Because they prosper in their wicked enterprizes.
Commit - All thy cares and business, and necessities, commend to God by fervent prayer.
Judgment - It shall be as visible to men, as the light of the sun, at noon-day.
Rest - Do not repine at his dealings, but quietly submit to his will, and wait for his help.
Fret not - Either against the sinner for his success; or against God. Do evil - If grief arise in thee, take care that it do not transport thee to sin.
The earth - This for the most part was literally fulfilled in that state of the church.
Not be - He shall be dead and gone. Diligently - Industriously seeking him. His place - His place and estate, and glory.
But - Those who patiently bear God's afflicting hand, and meekly pass by injuries. Peace - Partly of outward peace and prosperity, which God in his due time will give them: but principally of inward peace, in the sense of God's favour and the assurance of endless happiness.
His day - The day appointed by God for his punishment or destruction.
Knoweth - Observes with care and affection. The days - All things which befal them, their dangers and fears, and suffering. For ever - To them and their seed for ever: and when they die their inheritance is not lost, but exchanged for one infinitely better.
Fat - Which in an instant melts before the fire.
Established - So that he shall not fall into mischief.
Fall - Into trouble.
Forsaken - These temporal promises, were more express to the Jews in the times of the Old Testament, than to Christians.
Blessed - Not only with spiritual, but with temporal blessings.
Dwell - Thou shalt dwell in the land, and afterwards in heaven.
The mouth - Having shewed, God's singular care over the righteous, he proceeds to give a character of them. Judgment - Of God's judgment, word or law.
Heart - His thoughts, meditations and affections are fixed upon it. Slide - Slide, or swerve, from the rule, from God's law.
Bay-tree - Which is continually green and flourishing even in winter.
Yet - He was gone in an instant. But - There was no monument or remainder of him left.
Peace - Though he may meet with troubles in his way, yet all shall end well.
Together - All without exception.