- A vision signifying the prosperous state of Jerusalem, verse 1-5.
- An exhortation to the Jews, to hasten into their own land, verse 6-9.
- Encouragement to them that were returned, and advice to wait patiently for God, verse 10-13.
With a line - Ready and prepared to lay out the platform of Jerusalem.
To measure - To take the exact dimensions of it, that it may answer God's promise, and be capable to receive its inhabitants. Jerusalem - The city which was to be built hereafter.
The angel - Christ, who had so long talked with Zechariah. Went forth - From the midst of the myrtle-trees.
And he said - Christ to that angel who came to meet him. Run - Hasten and tell Zechariah. As towns - The suburbs of it shall be as towns unwalled, for extent and for safety.
The glory - My presence and favour shall make her glorious.
Ho, ho - Ye sleepy Jews. Come forth - Come out from your prisons. Flee - Make all the haste you can. From the land - Babylon, which lay north of Canaan. For I have spread you abroad - As I executed my threats in scattering you, so I will perform my promise, and gather you.
Deliver thyself - Accept of thy deliverance.
After the glory - After that he is become your glory, I am to avenge you of your enemies.
Upon them - Against the nation that doth violence to my people. Unto their servants - Unto the Jews, who were first spoiled by, and then made servants to them. Hath sent me - To inform them of my father's will.
I come - To execute judgments on thine adversaries, and to compleat thy deliverance and salvation. I will dwell - This was fulfilled in part to the Jews, but more fully to the gospel church.
Shall be joined - Shall worship the God of Israel. In that day - When Christ shall come in the flesh, and take down the partition wall. Sent me - The Messiah.
Shall inherit - Claim, recover, possess, and delight in, as a man doth in his paternal inheritance.
Be silent - Reverence and adore God, and expect the accomplishment of his word. All flesh - Both Jew and Gentile. He is raised up - God is on this work already, and he will not sit down again, 'till he has accomplished his whole work.