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John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible

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Chapter 2

Chapter Overview

An exhortation to repentance, verse 1-3.
A denunciation of the judgments of God against the Philistines, verse 4-7.
The Moabites and Ammonites, verse 8-11.
The Arabians and Assyrians, verse 12-15.

Verse 1
Gather yourselves - Call a solemn assembly, proclaim a fast. Not desired - Or, not desirous. Unwilling to return, and unworthy to be received on your return.

Verse 2
The decree - Before God's decree is put in execution. The day - Before the day of your calamities. As the chaff - Carry you away as the wind carries chaff away.

Verse 3
Seek - Fear, worship, depend on him alone. Ye meek - Ye humble ones. Wrought his judgment - Obeyed his precepts. Seek righteousness - Continue therein. Seek meekness - Patiently wait on the just and merciful God. Hid - Under the wing of Divine Providence.

Verse 4
For - It is time to seek God; for your neighbours, as well as you, shall be destroyed. Gaza - A chief city of the Philistines. They - The Babylonians. Shall drive - Into captivity. At the noon day - It shall be taken by force at noon.

Verse 5
The inhabitants - All the Philistines. Cherethites - Or destroyers, men that were stout, fierce, and terrible to their neighbours. O Canaan - That part that the Philistines kept by force from the Jews.

Verse 6
For shepherds - Instead of cities full of rich citizens, there shall be only cottages for shepherds.

Verse 7
The coast - The sea-coast, the land of the Philistines. The remnant - That survive the captivity. Shall feed - Their flocks. In the houses - In places where these formerly stood. They - Both shepherds and flocks. Shall visit - In mercy.

Verse 8
I - God. Magnified themselves - Invading their frontiers.

Verse 9
Of nettles - Not cultivated, but over-run with nettles. Salt-pits - A dry, barren earth, fit only to dig salt out of. The residue - That return out of Babylon. Possess them - Settle upon those parts of their lands, that are fit for habitation.

Verse 11
Famish - Take away all their sacrifices and drink-offerings. The gods - Idols of those lands. From his place - Not only at Jerusalem, but every where.

Verse 12
By my sword - The Chaldeans are called God's sword; because God employed them.

Verse 13
He - God. The north - Assyria, which lay northward of Judea, and due north from Babylon.

Verse 14
All the beasts - All sorts of beasts which are found in those countries. The bittern - A bird that delights in desolate places.

Verse 15
This - So the prophet triumphs over her. There is none - None like me, or that can contend with me.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Zephaniah 2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/wen/view.cgi?book=zep&chapter=002>. 1765.  

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