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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Exodus 28
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of ExodusClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    28:1-43 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Garments of the Priests

1 "Then bring R893 near to yourself Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the sons of Israel, to minister as priest to Me--Aaron, Nadab R894 and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons. 2 "You shall make holy R895 garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. 3 "You shall speak to all the skillful R896 F598 persons whom R897 I have endowed with the F599 spirit of wisdom, that they make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister as priest to Me. 4 "These are the garments which they shall make: a breastpiece R898 F600 and an ephod and a robe and a tunic of checkered work, a turban and a sash, and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister as priest to Me. 5 "They shall take the R899 gold and the blue F601 and the purple and the scarlet material and the fine linen.

6 "They shall also make the R900 ephod of gold, of blue F602 and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work of the skillful workman. 7 "It shall have two shoulder pieces joined to its two ends, that it may be joined. 8 "The skillfully woven band, which is on it, shall be like its workmanship, of F603 the same material: of gold, of blue F604 and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen. 9 "You shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel, 10 six of their names on the one stone and the names of the remaining six on the other F605 stone, according to their birth. 11 "As F606 a jeweler engraves a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel; you shall set F607 them in filigree settings of gold. 12 "You shall put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall bear R901 their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for R902 a memorial. 13 "You R903 shall make filigree settings of gold, 14 and two chains of pure gold; you shall make them of twisted cordage work, and you shall put the corded chains on the filigree settings.

15 "You R904 shall make a breastpiece F608 of judgment, the work of a skillful workman; like the work of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, of blue F609 and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen you shall make it. 16 "It shall be square and folded double, a span in F610 length and a span in F610 width. 17 "You shall mount F611 on it four rows of stones; the first row shall be a row of ruby, topaz and emerald; 18 and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and a diamond; 19 and the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst; 20 and the fourth row a beryl and an onyx and a jasper; they shall be set F612 in gold filigree. 21 "The stones shall be according to the names of the sons of Israel: twelve, according to their names; they shall be like the engravings of a seal, each according R905 to his name for the twelve tribes. 22 "You shall make on the breastpiece F613 chains of twisted cordage work in pure gold. 23 "You shall make on the breastpiece two rings of gold, and shall put the two rings on the two ends of the breastpiece. 24 "You shall put the two cords of gold on the two rings at the ends of the breastpiece. 25 "You shall put the other two ends of the two cords on the two filigree settings, and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, at the front of it. 26 "You shall make two rings of gold and shall place them on the two ends of the breastpiece, on the edge of it, which is toward the inner side of the ephod. 27 "You shall make two rings of gold and put them on the bottom of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, on the front of it close to the place where it is joined, above the skillfully woven band of the ephod. 28 "They shall bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a blue F614 cord, so that it will be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastpiece will not come loose from the ephod. 29 "Aaron shall carry the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment over his heart when he enters the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually. 30 "You R906 shall put in the breastpiece of judgment the Urim R907 F615 and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron's heart when he goes in before the LORD; and Aaron shall carry the judgment of the sons of Israel over his heart before the LORD continually.

31 "You R908 shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue. F616 32 "There shall be an opening at F617 its top in the middle of it; around its opening there shall be a binding of woven work, like the opening of a coat of mail, so that it will not be torn. 33 "You shall make on its hem pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet material, all around on its hem, and bells of gold between them all around: 34 a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, all around on the hem of the robe. 35 "It shall be on Aaron when F618 he ministers; and its F619 tinkling shall be heard when he enters and leaves F620 the holy place before the LORD, so that he will not die.

36 "You shall also make a R909 plate of pure gold and shall engrave on it, like the engravings of a seal, `Holy R910 to the LORD.' 37 "You shall fasten F621 it on a blue F622 cord, and it shall be on the turban; it shall be at the front of the turban. 38 "It shall be on Aaron's forehead, and Aaron shall take R911 F623 away the iniquity of the holy things which the sons of Israel consecrate, with regard to all their holy gifts; and it shall always be on his forehead, that they R912 may be accepted before the LORD.

39 "You shall weave the R913 tunic of checkered work of fine linen, and shall make a turban of fine linen, and you shall make a sash, the work of a weaver. F624

40 "For Aaron's sons you shall make tunics; R914 you shall also make sashes for them, and you shall make caps R915 F625 for them, for glory and for beauty. 41 "You shall put them on Aaron your brother and on his sons with him; and you shall anoint R916 them and ordain F626 them and consecrate them, that they may serve Me as priests. 42 "You shall make for them linen R917 breeches to cover their bare flesh; they shall reach F627 from the loins even to the thighs. 43 "They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they enter the tent of meeting, or when R918 they approach the altar to minister in the holy place, so that they do not incur guilt F628 and die. It R919 shall be a statute forever to him and to his descendants F629 after him.


FOOTNOTES:
F598: Lit wise of heart
F599: I.e. artistic skill
F600: Or pouch
F601: Or violet
F602: Or violet
F603: Lit from it
F604: Or violet
F605: Lit second
F606: Lit A work of a lapidary, engravings of a seal
F607: Lit make them to be surrounded
F608: Or pouch
F609: Or violet
F610: Lit its
F610: Lit its
F611: Lit fill in a setting of stones, four rows of stones
F612: Lit interwoven with gold in their settings
F613: Or pouch, and so through v 30
F614: Or violet
F615: I.e. lights and perfections
F616: Or violet
F617: Or for his head
F618: Lit for ministering
F619: Lit its sound
F620: Lit comes out from
F621: Lit place
F622: Or violet
F623: Or bear
F624: Lit variegator; i.e. a weaver in colors
F625: Lit headgear
F626: Lit fill their hand
F627: Lit be
F628: Or iniquity
F629: Lit seed

CROSS REFERENCES:
R893: Numbers 18:7; Psalms 99:6; Hebrews 5:1,4
R894: Exodus 24:1,9
R895: Exodus 29:5,29; 31:10; 39:1-31; Leviticus 8:7-9,30
R896: Exodus 31:6; 35:25,31-35; 36:1
R897: Exodus 31:3; Isaiah 11:2; 1 Corinthians 12:7-11; Ephesians 1:17
R898: Exodus 28:15-43
R899: Exodus 25:3
R900: Exodus 39:2-7; Leviticus 8:7
R901: Exodus 28:29; 39:6f
R902: Exodus 39:7; Leviticus 24:7; Numbers 31:54; Joshua 4:7; 1 Corinthians 11:24f
R903: Exodus 39:16-18
R904: Exodus 39:8-21
R905: Revelation 7:4-8; 21:12
R906: Leviticus 8:8
R907: Numbers 27:21; Deuteronomy 33:8; Ezra 2:63; Nehemiah 7:65
R908: Exodus 39:22-26
R909: Exodus 39:30,31; Leviticus 8:9
R910: Zechariah 14:20
R911: Leviticus 10:17; 22:16; Numbers 18:1
R912: Leviticus 1:4; 22:27; 23:11; Isaiah 56:7
R913: Exodus 39:27-29
R914: Exodus 28:4; 39:27,41
R915: Exodus 29:9; 39:28; Leviticus 8:13; Ezekiel 44:18
R916: Exodus 29:7,9; 30:30; 40:15; Leviticus 8:1-36; 10:7
R917: Exodus 39:28; Leviticus 6:10; 16:4; Ezekiel 44:18
R918: Exodus 20:26
R919: Exodus 27:21

 
 

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