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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Genesis 38
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of GenesisClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    38:1-30 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Judah and Tamar

1 And it came about at that time, that Judah departed F735 from his brothers and visited F736 a certain Adullamite, R1100 whose name was Hirah. 2 Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was Shua; R1101 and he took her and went in to her. 3 So she conceived and bore a son and he named him Er. R1102 4 Then she conceived again and bore a son and named him Onan. R1103 5 She bore still another son and named him Shelah; R1104 and it was at Chezib that F737 she bore him.

6 Now Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. 7 But Er, R1105 Judah's firstborn, was evil in the sight of the LORD, so the LORD took his life. 8 Then Judah said to Onan, "Go R1106 in to your brother's wife, and perform your duty as a brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring F738 for your brother." 9 Onan knew that the offspring R1107 F739 would not be his; so when he went in to his brother's wife, he wasted F740 his seed on the ground in order not to give offspring F739 to his brother. 10 But what he did was displeasing in the sight of the LORD; so He took R1108 his life also. 11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, "Remain R1109 a widow in your father's house until my son Shelah grows up"; for he thought, F741 "I am afraid that he too may die like his brothers." So Tamar went and lived in her father's house.

12 Now after F742 a considerable time Shua's daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and when the F743 time of mourning was ended, Judah went up to his sheepshearers at Timnah, R1110 he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 13 It was told to Tamar, "Behold, F744 your father-in-law is going up to Timnah R1111 to shear his sheep." 14 So she removed F745 her widow's garments and covered R1112 herself with a veil, F746 and wrapped herself, and sat in the gateway of Enaim, F747 which is on the road to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah had grown up, and she R1113 had not been given to him as a wife. 15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, for she had covered her face. 16 So he turned aside to her by the road, and said, "Here F748 now, let me come in to you"; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, "What will you give me, that you may come in to me?" 17 He said, therefore, "I will send you a young F749 goat from the flock." She said, moreover, "Will you give a pledge until you send it?" 18 He said, "What pledge shall I give you?" And she said, "Your R1114 seal and your cord, and your staff that is in your hand." So he gave them to her and went in to her, and she conceived by him. 19 Then she arose and departed, and removed F750 her veil F751 and put on her widow's garments.

20 When Judah sent the young F752 goat by his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman's hand, he did not find her. 21 He asked the men of her place, saying, "Where is the temple prostitute who was by the road at Enaim?" But they said, "There has been no temple prostitute here." 22 So he returned to Judah, and said, "I did not find her; and furthermore, the men of the place said, `There has been no temple prostitute here.' " 23 Then Judah said, "Let her keep F753 them, otherwise we will become a laughingstock. After F754 all, I sent this young goat, but you did not find her."

24 Now it was about three months later that Judah was informed, "Your F755 daughter-in-law Tamar has played the harlot, and behold, she is also with child by harlotry." Then Judah said, "Bring her out and let R1115 her be burned!" 25 It was while she was being brought out that she sent to her father-in-law, saying, "I am with child by the man to whom these things belong." And she said, "Please R1116 examine and see, whose signet ring and cords and staff are these?" 26 Judah recognized them, and said, "She R1117 is more righteous than I, inasmuch as I R1118 did not give her to my son Shelah." And he did not have F756 relations with her again.

27 It came about at the time she was giving birth, that behold, there were twins R1119 in her womb. 28 Moreover, it took place while she was giving birth, one put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, "This one came out first." 29 But it came about as he drew back his hand, that behold, his brother came out. Then she said, "What a breach you have made for yourself!" So he was named Perez. R1120 F757 30 Afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on his hand; and he was named Zerah. R1121 F758


FOOTNOTES:
F735: Lit went down
F736: Lit turned aside to
F737: Lit when
F738: Lit seed
F739: Lit seed
F740: Lit spilled on the ground
F739: Lit seed
F741: Lit said
F742: Lit the days became many and
F743: Lit Judah was comforted, he
F744: Lit saying, Behold
F745: Lit removed from herself
F746: Or shawl
F747: In Josh 15:34, Enam
F748: Or Come, now
F749: Lit kid of goats
F750: Lit removed from herself
F751: Or shawl
F752: Lit kid of goats by the hand of
F753: Lit take for herself
F754: Lit Behold
F755: Lit saying, Your
F756: Lit know her yet again
F757: I.e. a breach
F758: I.e. a dawning or brightness

CROSS REFERENCES:
R1100: Joshua 15:35; 1 Samuel 22:1
R1101: 1 Chronicles 2:3
R1102: Genesis 46:12; Numbers 26:19
R1103: Genesis 46:12
R1104: Numbers 26:20
R1105: Genesis 46:12; Numbers 26:19; 1 Chronicles 2:3
R1106: Deuteronomy 25:5,6; Matthew 22:24
R1107: Deuteronomy 25:6
R1108: Genesis 46:12; Numbers 26:19
R1109: Ruth 1:12,13
R1110: Joshua 15:10,57
R1111: Joshua 15:10,57; Judges 14:1
R1112: Genesis 24:65
R1113: Genesis 38:11,26
R1114: Genesis 38:25; 41:42
R1115: Leviticus 21:9
R1116: Genesis 37:32
R1117: 1 Samuel 24:17
R1118: Genesis 38:14
R1119: Genesis 25:24-26
R1120: Genesis 46:12; Ruth 4:12
R1121: 1 Chronicles 2:4

 
 

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Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.



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