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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Judges 19 - 21
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 NAVBAR             of 21

The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JudgesClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
19:1-30 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Now it came about in those days, when there R359 was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite staying F293 in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine for himself from Bethlehem in Judah. 2 But his concubine played the harlot against him, and she went away from him to her father's house in Bethlehem in Judah, and was there for a period of four months. 3 Then her husband arose and went after her to speak R360 tenderly F294 to her in order to bring her back, taking F295 with him his servant and a pair of donkeys. So she brought him into her father's house, and when the girl's father saw him, he was glad to meet him. 4 His father-in-law, the girl's father, detained him; and he remained with him three days. So they ate and drank and lodged there. 5 Now on the fourth day they got up early in the morning, and he prepared F296 to go; and the girl's father said to his son-in-law, "Sustain R361 yourself F297 with a piece of bread, and afterward you may go." 6 So both of them sat down and ate and drank together; and the girl's father said to the man, "Please be willing to spend the night, and let R362 your heart be merry." 7 Then the man arose to go, but his father-in-law urged him so that he spent the night there again. 8 On the fifth day he arose to go early in the morning, and the girl's father said, "Please sustain yourself, F298 and wait until afternoon"; F299 so both of them ate. 9 When the man arose to go along with his concubine and servant, his father-in-law, the girl's father, said to him, "Behold now, the day has drawn to F300 a close; please spend the night. Lo, the day is coming F301 to an end; spend the night here that your heart may be merry. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey so that you may go home." F302 10 But the man was not willing to spend the night, so he arose and departed and came to a place opposite Jebus R363 (that is, Jerusalem). And there were with him a pair of saddled donkeys; his concubine also was with him. 11 When they were near Jebus, the day was almost gone; and the R364 servant said to his master, "Please come, and let us turn aside into this city of the Jebusites and spend the night in it." 12 However, his master said to him, "We will not turn aside into the city of foreigners who are not of the sons of Israel; but we will go on as far as Gibeah." 13 He said to his servant, "Come and let us approach one of these places; and we will spend the night in Gibeah or Ramah." 14 So they passed along and went their way, and the sun set on them near Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin. 15 They turned aside there in order to enter and lodge in Gibeah. When they F303 entered, they F303 sat down in the open square of the city, for no one took them into his house to spend the night.

16 Then behold, an old man was coming out of the field from his work at evening. Now the man was from the R365 hill country of Ephraim, and he was staying F304 in Gibeah, but the men of the place were R366 Benjamites. 17 And he lifted up his eyes and saw the traveler in the open square of the city; and the old man said, "Where are you going, and where do you come from?" 18 He said to him, "We are passing from Bethlehem in Judah to the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, for I am from there, and I went to Bethlehem in Judah. But I am now going to my F305 house, and no man will take me into his house. 19 "Yet there is both straw and fodder for our donkeys, and also bread and wine for me, your F306 maidservant, and the R367 young man who is with your servants; there is no lack of anything." 20 The old man said, "Peace R368 to you. Only let me take care of all your needs; however, do not spend the night in the open square." 21 So R369 he took him into his house and gave the donkeys fodder, and they washed their feet and ate and drank.

22 While they were celebrating, F307 behold, the R370 men of the city, certain worthless R371 F308 fellows, surrounded the house, pounding the door; and they spoke to the owner of the house, the old man, saying, "Bring out the man who came into your house that we may have relations F309 with him." 23 Then the man, the owner of the house, went out to them and said to them, "No, my fellows, please do not act so wickedly; since this man has come into my house, do R372 not commit this act of folly. 24 "Here R373 is my virgin daughter and his concubine. Please let me bring them out that you may ravish them and do to them whatever F310 you wish. But do not commit such an act of folly against this man." 25 But the men would not listen to him. So the man seized his concubine and brought her out to them; and they raped her and abused her all night until morning, then let her go at the approach of dawn. 26 As F311 the day began to dawn, the woman came and fell down at the doorway of the man's house where her master was, until full daylight. 27 When her master arose in the morning and opened the doors of the house and went out to go on his way, then behold, his concubine was lying at the doorway of the house with her hands on the threshold. 28 He said to her, "Get up and let us go," but R374 there was no answer. Then he placed her on the donkey; and the man arose and went to his home. F312 29 When he entered his house, he took a knife and laid hold of his concubine and cut R375 her in twelve pieces, limb by limb, and sent her throughout the territory of Israel. 30 All who saw it said, "Nothing like this has ever happened or been seen from the day when the sons of Israel came up from the land of Egypt to this day. Consider it, take R376 counsel and speak up!"

20:1-48 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Then all the sons of Israel from Dan to Beersheba, including the land of Gilead, came out, and the congregation assembled as one man to the LORD at Mizpah. R377 2 The chiefs F313 of all the people, even of all the tribes of Israel, took their stand in the assembly of the people of God, 400,000 foot soldiers F314 who R378 drew the sword. 3 (Now the sons of Benjamin heard that the sons of Israel had gone up to Mizpah.) And the sons of Israel said, "Tell us, how did this wickedness take place?" 4 So the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered and said, "I came with my concubine to spend the night at Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin. 5 "But the men R379 of Gibeah rose up against me and surrounded the house at night because of me. They intended to kill me; instead, they ravished R380 my concubine so that she died. 6 "And I took R381 hold of my concubine and cut her in pieces and sent her throughout the land of Israel's inheritance; for they R382 have committed a lewd and disgraceful act in Israel. 7 "Behold, all you sons of Israel, give R383 your advice and counsel here." 8 Then all the people arose as one man, saying, "Not one of us will go to his tent, nor will any of us return to his house. 9 "But now this is the thing which we will do to Gibeah; we will go up against it by lot. 10 "And we will take 10 men out of 100 throughout the tribes of Israel, and 100 out of 1,000, and 1,000 out of 10,000 to supply F315 food for the people, that when they come to Gibeah F316 of Benjamin, they may punish F317 them for all the disgraceful acts that they have committed in Israel." 11 Thus all the men of Israel were gathered against the city, united as one man.

12 Then the tribes of Israel sent men through the entire tribe F318 of Benjamin, saying, "What is this wickedness that has taken place among you? 13 "Now then, deliver up the men, the worthless R384 F319 fellows in Gibeah, that we may put them to death and remove R385 this wickedness from Israel." But the sons of Benjamin would not listen to the voice of their brothers, the sons of Israel. 14 The sons of Benjamin gathered from the cities to Gibeah, to go out to battle against the sons of Israel. 15 From the cities on that day the sons R386 of Benjamin were numbered, F320 26,000 men who draw the sword, besides the inhabitants of Gibeah who were numbered, F320 700 choice men. 16 Out of all these people 700 choice R387 men were left-handed; each one could sling a stone at a hair and not miss. 17 Then the men of Israel besides Benjamin were numbered, F321 400,000 men who draw the sword; all these were men of war.

18 Now the sons of Israel arose, went up to Bethel, and inquired R388 of God and said, "Who shall go up first for us to battle against the sons of Benjamin?" Then the LORD said, "Judah shall go up first." 19 So the sons of Israel arose in the morning and camped against Gibeah. 20 The men of Israel went out to battle against Benjamin, and the men of Israel arrayed for battle against them at Gibeah. 21 Then the sons of Benjamin came out of Gibeah and felled R389 F322 to the ground on that day 22,000 men of Israel. 22 But the people, the men of Israel, encouraged themselves and arrayed for battle again in the place where they had arrayed themselves the first day. 23 The R390 sons of Israel went up and wept before the LORD until evening, and inquired R391 of the LORD, saying, "Shall we again draw near for battle against the sons of my brother Benjamin?" And the LORD said, "Go up against him." 24 Then the sons of Israel came F323 against the sons of Benjamin the second day. 25 Benjamin went out against F324 them from Gibeah the second day and felled F325 to the ground again 18,000 men of the sons of Israel; all these drew the sword.

26 Then all R392 the sons of Israel and all the people went up and came to Bethel and wept; thus they remained there before the LORD and fasted that day until evening. And they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD. 27 The sons of Israel inquired R393 of the LORD (for the ark of the covenant of God was there in those days, 28 and Phinehas the son of Eleazar, Aaron's son, stood before it to minister in those days), saying, "Shall I yet again go out to battle against the sons of my brother Benjamin, or shall I cease?" And the LORD said, "Go up, for R394 tomorrow I will deliver them into your hand." 29 So R395 Israel set men in ambush around Gibeah. 30 The sons of Israel went up against the sons of Benjamin on the third day and arrayed themselves against Gibeah as at other times. 31 The R396 sons of Benjamin went out against F326 the people and were drawn away from the city, and they began to strike and F327 kill some of the people as at other times, on the highways, one of which goes up to Bethel and the other to Gibeah, and in the field, about thirty men of Israel. 32 The sons of Benjamin said, "They are struck down before us, as at the first." But the sons of Israel said, "Let us flee that we may draw them away from the city to the highways." 33 Then all the men of Israel arose from their place and arrayed themselves at Baal-tamar; and R397 the men of Israel in ambush broke out of their place, even out of Maareh-geba. 34 When ten thousand choice men from all Israel came against Gibeah, the battle became fierce; F328 but R398 Benjamin F329 did not know that disaster F330 was close F331 to them. 35 And the LORD struck Benjamin before Israel, so that the sons of Israel destroyed 25,100 men of Benjamin that day, all who F332 draw the sword. 36 So the sons of Benjamin saw that they were defeated. F333 When R399 the men of Israel gave ground F334 to Benjamin because they relied on the men in ambush whom they had set against Gibeah, 37 the R400 men in ambush hurried and rushed against Gibeah; the men in ambush also deployed and struck all the city with the edge of the sword. 38 Now the appointed sign between the men of Israel and the men in ambush was that R401 they would make a great cloud of smoke rise from the city. 39 Then the men of Israel turned in the battle, and Benjamin began to strike and F335 kill about thirty men of Israel, for R402 they said, "Surely they are defeated F336 before us, as in the first battle." 40 But when the cloud began to rise from the city in a column of smoke, Benjamin looked behind R403 them; and behold, the whole city was going up in smoke to heaven. 41 Then the men of Israel turned, and the men of Benjamin were terrified; for they saw that disaster R404 F337 was close F338 to them. 42 Therefore, they turned their backs before the men of Israel toward R405 the direction of the wilderness, but the battle overtook them while those who came out of the cities destroyed them in the midst of them. 43 They R406 surrounded Benjamin, pursued them without rest and trod them down opposite Gibeah toward the east. F339 44 Thus 18,000 men of Benjamin fell; all these were valiant warriors. 45 The F340 rest turned and fled toward the wilderness to the rock of Rimmon, R407 but they caught F341 5,000 of them on the highways and overtook them at F342 Gidom and killed F343 2,000 of them. 46 So all of Benjamin who fell that day were 25,000 men who draw the sword; all these were valiant warriors. 47 But 600 men turned and fled toward the wilderness to the rock of Rimmon, and they remained at the rock of Rimmon four months. 48 The men of Israel then turned back against the sons of Benjamin and struck them with the edge of the sword, both the entire city with the cattle and all that they found; they also set on fire all the cities which they found.

21:1-25 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Now the men of Israel had R408 sworn in Mizpah, saying, "None of us shall give his daughter to Benjamin in F344 marriage." 2 So R409 the people came to Bethel and sat there before God until evening, and lifted up their voices and wept bitterly. F345 3 They said, "Why, O LORD, God of Israel, has this come about in Israel, so that one tribe should be missing today in Israel?" 4 It came about the next day that the people arose early and built an R410 altar there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. 5 Then the sons of Israel said, "Who is there among all the tribes of Israel who did not come up in the assembly to the LORD?" For they F346 had taken a great oath concerning him who R411 did not come up to the LORD at Mizpah, saying, "He shall surely be put to death." 6 And the sons of Israel were sorry for their brother Benjamin and said, "One tribe is cut off from Israel today. 7 "What shall we do for wives for those who are left, since we have sworn R412 by the LORD not to give them any of our daughters in marriage?" 8 And they said, "What one is there of the tribes of Israel who did not come up to the LORD at Mizpah?" And behold, no one had come to the camp from Jabesh-gilead to the assembly. 9 For when the people were numbered, F347 behold, not one of the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead was there. 10 And the congregation sent 12,000 of the valiant warriors there, and commanded them, saying, "Go and strike R413 the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead with the edge of the sword, with the women and the little ones. 11 "This is the thing that you shall do: you shall R414 utterly destroy every man and every woman who has lain F348 with a man." 12 And they found among the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead 400 young virgins who had not known a man by lying with him; F349 and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan. 13 Then the whole congregation sent word and spoke to the sons of Benjamin who were at R415 the rock of Rimmon, and proclaimed R416 peace to them. 14 Benjamin returned at that time, and they gave them the women whom they had kept alive from the women of Jabesh-gilead; yet they were F350 not enough for them. 15 And the people were sorry for Benjamin because the LORD had made a breach in the tribes of Israel.

16 Then the elders of the congregation said, "What shall we do for wives for those who are left, since the women are destroyed out of Benjamin?" 17 They said, "There must be an inheritance for the survivors of Benjamin, so that a tribe will not be blotted out from Israel. 18 "But we cannot give them wives of our daughters." For the sons of Israel had R417 sworn, saying, "Cursed is he who gives a wife to Benjamin." 19 So they said, "Behold, there is a feast of the LORD from year to year in Shiloh, R418 which is on the north side of Bethel, on the east side of the highway that goes up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south side of Lebonah." 20 And they commanded the sons of Benjamin, saying, "Go and lie in wait in the vineyards, 21 and watch; and behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to take R419 F351 part in the dances, then you shall come out of the vineyards and each of you shall catch his wife from the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin. 22 "It shall come about, when their fathers or their brothers come to complain to us, that we shall say to them, `Give them to us voluntarily, because we did not take for each man of Benjamin a F352 wife in battle, nor R420 F353 did you give them to them, else you would now be guilty.' " 23 The sons of Benjamin did so, and took wives according to their number from those who danced, whom they carried away. And they went and returned to their inheritance and rebuilt R421 the cities and lived in them. 24 The sons of Israel departed from there at that time, every man to his tribe and family, and each one of them went out from there to his inheritance. 25 In R422 those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

F293 Or sojourning
F294 Lit to her heart
F295 Lit and
F296 Lit arose
F297 Lit your heart
F298 Lit your heart
F299 Lit the day declines
F300 Lit toward evening
F301 Lit declining
F302 Lit to your tent
F303 So with Gr; M.T. he
F304 Or sojourning
F305 Heb the house of the LORD, cf v 29
F306 I.e. my concubine
F307 Lit making their hearts merry
F308 Lit sons of Belial
F309 Lit intercourse
F310 Lit the good in your eyes
F311 Lit At the turning of the morning
F312 Lit place
F313 Lit cornerstones
F314 Lit men
F315 Lit take
F316 Heb Geba
F317 Lit do
F318 Lit tribes
F319 Lit sons of Belial
F320 Or mustered
F321 Or mustered
F322 Lit destroyed
F323 Lit approached
F324 Lit to meet
F325 Lit destroyed
F326 Lit to meet
F327 Lit slain ones
F328 Lit heavy
F329 Lit they
F330 Lit evil
F331 Lit touching
F332 Lit these
F333 Lit smitten
F334 Lit place
F335 Lit slain ones
F336 Lit smitten
F337 Lit evil
F338 Lit touching
F339 Lit sunrise
F340 So with Gr; Heb And they
F341 Lit gleaned
F342 Lit as far as
F343 Lit smote
F344 Lit for a wife
F345 Lit with great weeping
F346 Lit there was a great oath
F347 Or mustered
F348 Lit known lying with
F349 Lit a male
F350 Lit did not find it so
F351 Lit dance
F352 Lit his
F353 Lit because


R359 Judges 18:1
R360 Genesis 34:3; 50:21
R361 Genesis 18:5; Judges 19:8
R362 Judges 16:25; 19:9,22; Ruth 3:7; 1 Kings 21:7; Esther 1:10
R363 1 Chronicles 11:4,5
R364 Judges 19:19
R365 Judges 19:1
R366 Judges 19:14
R367 Judges 19:11
R368 Genesis 43:23; Judges 6:23
R369 Genesis 24:32,33
R370 Genesis 19:4,5; Ezekiel 16:46-48
R371 Deuteronomy 13:13; 1 Samuel 2:12; 1 Kings 21:10; 2 Corinthians 6:15
R372 Genesis 34:7; Deuteronomy 22:21; Judges 20:6; 2 Samuel 13:12
R373 Genesis 19:8
R374 Judges 20:5
R375 1 Samuel 11:7
R376 Judges 20:7; Proverbs 13:10
R377 1 Samuel 7:5
R378 Judges 8:10
R379 Judges 19:22
R380 Judges 19:25f
R381 Judges 19:29
R382 Genesis 34:7; Joshua 7:15
R383 Judges 19:30
R384 2 Corinthians 6:15
R385 Deuteronomy 13:5; 17:12; 1 Corinthians 5:13
R386 Numbers 1:36,37; 2:23; 26:41
R387 Judges 3:15; 1 Chronicles 12:2
R388 Numbers 27:21; Judges 20:23,27
R389 Judges 20:25
R390 Joshua 7:6,7
R391 Judges 20:18
R392 Judges 20:23; 21:2
R393 Judges 20:18
R394 Judges 7:9
R395 Joshua 8:4
R396 Joshua 8:16
R397 Joshua 8:19
R398 Joshua 8:14; Job 21:13
R399 Joshua 8:15
R400 Joshua 8:19
R401 Joshua 8:20
R402 Judges 20:32
R403 Joshua 8:20
R404 Proverbs 5:22; 11:5,6; 29:6
R405 Joshua 8:15,24
R406 Hosea 9:9; 10:9
R407 Judges 21:13
R408 Judges 21:7,18
R409 Judges 20:26
R410 Deuteronomy 12:5; 2 Samuel 24:25
R411 Judges 5:23
R412 Judges 21:1
R413 Numbers 31:17; Judges 5:23; 1 Samuel 11:7
R414 Numbers 31:17
R415 Judges 20:47
R416 Deuteronomy 20:10
R417 Judges 21:1
R418 Joshua 18:1; Judges 18:31; 1 Samuel 1:3
R419 Exodus 15:20; Judges 11:34
R420 Judges 21:1,18
R421 Judges 20:48
R422 Judges 17:6; 18:1; 19:1


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