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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Judges 6 - 8
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JudgesClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
6:1-40 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Then the sons of Israel did R125 what was evil in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD gave them into the hands of Midian R126 seven years. 2 The power F76 of Midian prevailed against Israel. Because of Midian the sons of Israel made for themselves the R127 dens which were in the mountains and the caves and the strongholds. 3 For it was when Israel had sown, that the Midianites would come up with the Amalekites and the sons of the east and go F77 against them. 4 So they would camp against them and destroy R128 the produce of the earth as F78 far as Gaza, and leave R129 no sustenance in Israel as well as no sheep, ox, or donkey. 5 For they would come up with their livestock and their tents, they would come in like R130 locusts for number, both they and their camels were innumerable; and they came into the land to devastate it. 6 So Israel was brought very R131 low because of Midian, and the sons of Israel cried to the LORD.

7 Now it came about when the sons of Israel cried to the LORD on account of Midian, 8 that the LORD sent a prophet to the sons of Israel, and he R132 said to them, "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, `It was I who brought you up from Egypt and brought you out from the house of slavery. F79 9 `I delivered you from the hands of the Egyptians and from the hands of all your oppressors, and dispossessed them before you and gave you their land, 10 and I said to you, "I am the LORD your God; you shall R133 not fear the gods of the Amorites in whose land you live. But you have not obeyed F80 Me.""'

11 Then the R134 angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak F81 that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite R135 as his son Gideon R136 was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to save it from the Midianites. 12 The angel of the LORD appeared to him and said to him, "The LORD is with you, O valiant warrior." 13 Then Gideon said to him, "O my lord, if the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying, `Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?' But now R137 the LORD has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Midian." 14 The LORD looked F82 at him and said, "Go R138 in this your strength and deliver Israel from the hand of Midian. Have I not sent you?" 15 He R139 said to Him, "O Lord, how F83 shall I deliver Israel? Behold, my family is the least in Manasseh, R140 and I am the youngest in my father's house." 16 But R141 the LORD said to him, "Surely I will be with you, and you shall defeat F84 Midian as one man." 17 So Gideon F85 said to Him, "If now I have found favor in Your sight, then show me a R142 sign that it is You who speak with me. 18 "Please do not depart from here, until I come back to You, and bring out my offering and lay it before You." And He said, "I will remain until you return." 19 Then Gideon went in and prepared R143 a young goat and unleavened bread from an ephah F86 of flour; he put the meat in a basket and F87 the broth in a pot, and brought them out to him under the oak F88 and presented them. 20 The angel of God said to him, "Take the meat and the unleavened bread and lay them on this rock, and pour out the broth." And he did so. 21 Then the angel of the LORD put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened bread; and fire R144 sprang up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. Then the angel of the LORD vanished F89 from his sight. 22 When R145 Gideon saw that he was the angel of the LORD, he F90 said, "Alas, O Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face." 23 The LORD said to him, "Peace to you, do not fear; you shall not die." 24 Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD and named it The F92 LORD is Peace. To this day it is still in R146 Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

25 Now on the same night the LORD said to him, "Take your father's bull and F93 a second bull seven years old, and pull down the altar of Baal which belongs to your father, and cut down the Asherah R147 F94 that is beside it; 26 and build an altar to the LORD your God on the top of this stronghold in an orderly manner, and take a second bull and offer a burnt offering with the wood of the Asherah which you shall cut down." 27 Then Gideon took ten men of his servants and did as the LORD had spoken to him; and because he was too afraid of his father's household and the men of the city to do it by day, he did it by night. 28 When the men of the city arose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was torn down, and the Asherah which was beside it was cut down, and the second bull was offered on the altar which had been built. 29 They said to one another, "Who did this thing?" And when they searched about and inquired, they said, "Gideon the son of Joash did this thing." 30 Then the men of the city said to Joash, "Bring out your son, that he may die, for he has torn down the altar of Baal, and indeed, he has cut down the Asherah which was beside it." 31 But Joash said to all who stood against him, "Will you contend for Baal, or will you deliver him? Whoever will plead F95 for him shall be put to death by morning. If he is a god, let him contend for himself, because someone has torn down his altar." 32 Therefore on that day he named him Jerubbaal, R148 that is to say, "Let Baal contend against him," because he had torn down his altar.

33 Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the sons of the east assembled themselves; and they crossed over and camped in the R149 valley of Jezreel. 34 So the R150 Spirit of the LORD came F96 upon Gideon; and he blew R151 a trumpet, and the Abiezrites were called together to follow him. 35 He sent messengers throughout Manasseh, and they also were called together to follow him; and he sent messengers to Asher, Zebulun, R152 and Naphtali, and they R153 came up to meet them. 36 Then Gideon said to God, "If R154 You will deliver Israel through F97 me, as You have spoken, 37 behold, I will put a fleece of wool on the threshing floor. If there is dew on the fleece only, and it is dry on all the ground, then I will know that You will deliver Israel through F98 me, as You have spoken." 38 And it was so. When he arose early the next morning and squeezed the fleece, he drained the dew from the fleece, a bowl full of water. 39 Then Gideon said to God, "Do R155 not let Your anger burn against me that I may speak once more; please let me make a test once more with the fleece, let it now be dry only on the fleece, and let there be dew on all the ground." 40 God did so that night; for it was dry only on the fleece, and dew was on all the ground.

7:1-25 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Then Jerubbaal R156 (that is, Gideon) and all the people who were with him, rose early and camped beside the F99 spring of Harod; and the camp of Midian was on the north side of them F100 by the hill of Moreh R157 in the valley. 2 The LORD said to Gideon, "The people who are with you are too many for Me to give Midian into their hands, for R158 Israel would F101 become boastful, saying, `My own power F102 has delivered me.' 3 "Now therefore come, F103 proclaim in the hearing of the people, saying, `Whoever R159 is afraid and trembling, let him return and depart from Mount Gilead.' " So 22,000 people returned, but 10,000 remained. 4 Then R160 the LORD said to Gideon, "The people are still too many; bring them down to the water and I will test them for you there. Therefore it shall be that he of whom I say to you, `This one shall go with you,' he shall go with you; but everyone of whom I say to you, `This one shall not go with you,' he shall not go." 5 So he brought the people down to the water. And the LORD said to Gideon, "You shall separate everyone who laps the water with his tongue as a dog laps, as well as everyone who kneels to drink." 6 Now the number of those who lapped, putting their hand to their mouth, was 300 men; but all the rest of the people kneeled to drink water. 7 The LORD said to Gideon, "I will deliver you with R161 the 300 men who lapped and will give the Midianites into your hands; so let all the other people go, each man to his home." F104 8 So the F105 300 men took the people's provisions and their trumpets into their hands. And Gideon F106 sent all the other men of Israel, each to his tent, but retained the 300 men; and the camp of Midian was below him in the valley.

9 Now the same night it came about that the LORD said to him, "Arise, go down against the camp, for R162 I have given it into your hands. 10 "But if you are afraid to go down, go with Purah your servant down to the camp, 11 and you will hear what they say; and afterward R163 your hands will be strengthened that you may go down against the camp." So he went with Purah his servant down to the outposts F107 of the army that was in the camp. 12 Now the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the sons of the east were lying in the valley as R164 numerous as locusts; and their camels were without number, as R165 numerous as the sand on the seashore. 13 When Gideon came, behold, a man was relating a dream to his friend. And he said, "Behold, I had F108 a dream; a F109 loaf of barley bread was tumbling into the camp of Midian, and it came to the tent and struck it so that it fell, and turned it upside F110 down so that the tent lay flat." 14 His friend replied, "This is nothing less than the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel; God has given Midian and all the camp into R166 his hand." 15 When Gideon heard the account of the dream and its interpretation, he bowed in worship. He returned to the camp of Israel and said, "Arise, for the LORD has given the camp of Midian into your hands."

16 He divided the 300 men into three companies, F111 and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers. 17 He said to them, "Look at me and do likewise. And behold, when I come to the outskirts of the camp, do F112 as I do. 18 "When I and all who are with me blow the trumpet, then you also blow the trumpets all around the camp and say, `For the LORD and for Gideon.' " 19 So Gideon and the hundred men who were with him came to the outskirts of the camp at the beginning of the middle watch, when they had just posted the watch; and they blew the trumpets and smashed the pitchers that were in their hands. 20 When the three companies F113 blew the trumpets and broke the pitchers, they held the torches in their left hands and the trumpets in their right hands for blowing, and cried, "A sword for the LORD and for Gideon!" 21 Each stood in his place around the camp; and all R167 the army F114 ran, crying out as they fled. 22 When they blew 300 trumpets, the LORD set the sword of one against another even throughout the whole army; F115 and the army F115 fled as far as Beth-shittah toward Zererah, as far as the edge of Abel-meholah, R169 by Tabbath.

23 The men of Israel were summoned from Naphtali R170 and Asher and all Manasseh, and they pursued Midian. 24 Gideon sent messengers throughout all the hill country of Ephraim, saying, "Come down against F116 Midian and take R171 the waters before them, as far as Beth-barah and the Jordan." So all the men of Ephraim were summoned and they took the waters as far as Beth-barah and the Jordan. 25 They captured the two leaders of Midian, Oreb R172 and Zeeb, and they killed Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and they killed Zeeb at the wine press of Zeeb, while they pursued Midian; and they brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon from R173 across the Jordan.

8:1-35 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Then the men of Ephraim said to him, "What R174 is this thing you have done to us, not calling us when you went to fight against Midian?" And they contended with him vigorously. 2 But he said to them, "What have I done now in comparison with you? Is not the gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer? 3 "God has given the leaders of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb into your hands; and what was I able to do in comparison with you?" Then their anger F117 toward him subsided when he said that. F118

4 Then Gideon and the 300 men who were with him came to R175 the Jordan and crossed over, weary yet pursuing. 5 He said to the men of Succoth, R176 "Please give loaves of bread to the people who are following me, for they are weary, and I am pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna, the kings of Midian." 6 The leaders of Succoth said, "Are R177 F119 the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hands, that we should give bread to your army?" 7 Gideon said, "All F120 right, when R178 the LORD has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, then I will thrash F121 your bodies F122 with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers." 8 He went up from there to Penuel R179 F123 and spoke similarly to them; and the men of Penuel answered him just as the men of Succoth had answered. 9 So he spoke also to the men of Penuel, saying, "When I return safely, I R180 will tear down this tower." 10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their armies F124 with them, about 15,000 men, all who were left of the entire army F125 of the sons of the east; for R181 the fallen were 120,000 swordsmen. F126 11 Gideon went up by the way of those who lived in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and attacked F127 the camp when the camp was unsuspecting. F128 12 When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the whole army. F129 13 Then Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle by F130 the ascent of Heres. 14 And he captured a youth from F131 Succoth and questioned him. Then the youth wrote down for him the princes of Succoth and its elders, seventy-seven men. 15 He came to the men of Succoth and said, "Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, concerning whom you taunted me, saying, `Are R182 F132 the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hand, that we should give bread to your men who are weary?' " 16 He took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and he disciplined F133 the men of Succoth with them. 17 He R183 tore down the tower of Penuel and killed the men of the city.

18 Then he said to Zebah and Zalmunna, "What kind of men were they whom you killed at Tabor?" And they said, "They were like you, each one resembling F134 the son of a king." 19 He said, "They were my brothers, the sons of my mother. As the LORD lives, if only you had let them live, I would not kill you." 20 So he said to Jether his firstborn, "Rise, kill them." But the youth did not draw his sword, for he was afraid, because he was still a youth. 21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, "Rise up yourself, and fall on us; for as the man, so is his strength." So R184 Gideon arose and killed Zebah and Zalmunna, and took R185 the crescent ornaments which were on their camels' necks.

22 Then the men of Israel said to Gideon, "Rule over us, both you and your son, also your son's son, for you have delivered us from the hand of Midian." 23 But Gideon said to them, "I will not rule over you, nor shall my son rule over you; the R186 LORD shall rule over you." 24 Yet Gideon said to them, "I would request F135 of you, that each of you give me an F136 earring from his spoil." (For they had gold earrings, because they were Ishmaelites.) R187 25 They said, "We will surely give them." So they spread out a garment, and every one of them threw an earring there from his spoil. 26 The weight of the gold earrings that he requested was 1,700 shekels of gold, besides the crescent ornaments and the pendants and the purple robes which were on the kings of Midian, and besides the neck bands that were on their camels' necks. 27 Gideon made it into an R188 ephod, and placed it in his city, Ophrah, and all Israel played the harlot with it there, so that it became a snare to Gideon and his household. 28 So Midian was subdued before the sons of Israel, and they did not lift up their heads anymore. And the land was undisturbed for forty years in the days of Gideon.

29 Then Jerubbaal R189 the son of Joash went and lived in his own house. 30 Now Gideon had seventy R190 sons who were F137 his direct descendants, for he had many wives. 31 His concubine who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and he named F138 him Abimelech. 32 And Gideon the son of Joash died at a ripe old age and was buried in the tomb of his father Joash, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites. 33 Then it came about, as soon as Gideon was dead, that R191 the sons of Israel again played the harlot with the Baals, and made Baal-berith R192 their god. 34 Thus the sons of Israel did R193 not remember the LORD their God, who had delivered them from the hands of all their enemies on every side; 35 nor R194 did they show kindness to the household of Jerubbaal (that is, Gideon) in accord with all the good that he had done to Israel.


FOOTNOTES:
F76 Lit hand
F77 Lit go up
F78 Lit until your coming to
F79 Lit slaves
F80 Lit listened to My voice
F81 Or terebinth
F82 Or turned toward
F83 Lit with what
F84 Lit smite
F85 Lit he
F86 I.e. Approx one bu
F87 Lit and he put
F88 Or terebinth
F89 Or departed
F90 Lit Gideon
F91 Heb YHWH, usually rendered LORD
F92 Heb Yahweh-shalom
F93 Or even
F94 I.e. wooden symbol of a female deity, also vv 26, 28, 30
F95 Or contend
F96 Lit clothed
F97 Lit by my hand
F98 Lit by my hand
F99 Or En-Harod
F100 Lit him
F101 Lit glorify itself against me
F102 Lit hand
F103 Or please
F104 Lit place
F105 Lit they
F106 Lit he
F107 Lit extremity of the battle array
F108 Lit dreamed
F109 Lit and behold, a loaf
F110 Lit upwards
F111 Lit heads
F112 Lit it shall come about that just as I do, so you shall do
F113 Lit heads
F114 Or camp
F115 Or camp
F116 Lit to meet
F117 Lit spirit
F118 Lit this thing
F119 Lit Is the palm
F120 Lit For thus
F121 Or trample
F122 Lit flesh
F123 In Gen 32:30, Peniel
F124 Or camps
F125 Or camp
F126 Lit men who drew sword
F127 Lit smote
F128 Or secure
F129 Or camp
F130 Or from
F131 Lit of the men of
F132 Lit Is the palm
F133 Lit made the men...to know
F134 Lit like the form of the sons
F135 Lit request a request
F136 Or a nose ring
F137 Lit came from his loins
F138 Lit appointed his name

 

CROSS REFERENCES:
R125 Judges 2:11
R126 Numbers 22:4; 25:15-18; 31:1-3
R127 1 Samuel 13:6; Hebrews 11:38
R128 Leviticus 26:16
R129 Deuteronomy 28:31
R130 Judges 7:12; 8:10
R131 Deuteronomy 28:43
R132 Judges 2:1,2
R133 2 Kings 17:35; Jeremiah 10:2
R134 Judges 2:1; 6:14;
R135 Joshua 17:2; Judges 6:15
R136 Hebrews 11:32
R137 Judges 6:1; Psalms 44:9
R138 Hebrews 11:32-34
R139 Exodus 3:11
R140 Judges 6:11
R141 Exodus 3:12; Joshua 1:5
R142 Judges 6:37; Isaiah 38:7,8
R143 Genesis 18:6-8
R144 Leviticus 9:24
R145 Genesis 32:30; Exodus 33:20; Judges 13:21,22
R146 Judges 8:32
R147 Exodus 34:13
R148 Judges 7:1
R149 Joshua 17:16
R150 Judges 3:10
R151 Judges 3:27
R152 Judges 4:6,10;
R153 Judges 7:3
R154 Judges 6:14,16,17
R155 Genesis 18:32
R156 Judges 6:32
R157 Genesis 12:6; Deuteronomy 11:30
R158 Deuteronomy 8:17,18
R159 Deuteronomy 20:8
R160 1 Samuel 14:6
R161 1 Samuel 14:6
R162 Joshua 2:24; 10:8; 11:6
R163 Judges 7:15; 1 Samuel 14:9,10
R164 Judges 6:5;
R165 Joshua 11:4
R166 Joshua 2:9
R167 2 Kings 7:7
R168 1 Samuel 14:20
R169 1 Kings 4:12; 19:16
R170 Judges 6:35
R171 Judges 3:28
R172 Psalms 83:11; Isaiah 10:26
R173 Judges 8:4
R174 Judges 12:1
R175 Judges 7:25
R176 Genesis 33:17
R177 Judges 8:15
R178 Judges 7:15
R179 Genesis 32:31
R180 Judges 8:17
R181 Judges 6:5; 7:12; Isaiah 9:4
R182 Judges 8:6
R183 Judges 8:9
R184 Psalms 83:11
R185 Judges 8:26
R186 1 Samuel 8:7; 10:19; 12:12; Psalms 10:16
R187 Genesis 25:13-16
R188 Exodus 28:6-35; Judges 17:5; 18:14-20
R189 Judges 7:1
R190 Judges 9:2,5
R191 Judges 2:11,12
R192 Judges 9:4,27,46
R193 Deuteronomy 4:9; Judges 3:7
R194 Judges 9:16-18

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.


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