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Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Romans 4
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of RomansClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    4:1-25 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Justification by Faith Evidenced in Old Testament

1 What then shall we say that Abraham, our F69 forefather according R158 to the flesh, has found? 2 For if Abraham was justified by F70 works, he has something to boast about, but not R159 before F71 God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? "ABRAHAM R160 BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS." 4 Now to the one who works, R161 his wage is not credited as a favor, but as what is due. 5 But to the one who does not work, but believes R162 in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness, 6 just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:




9 Is this blessing then on the R166 F72 circumcised, or on the F73 uncircumcised also? For we R167 say, "FAITH R168 WAS CREDITED TO ABRAHAM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS." 10 How then was it credited? While he was circumcised, F74 or uncircumcised? F75 Not while circumcised, F74 but while uncircumcised; F75 11 and he received R169 the sign of circumcision, a R170 seal of the righteousness of the faith which he F76 had while uncircumcised, so that he might be the R171 father of all R172 who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham which he F77 had while uncircumcised.

13 For the R173 promise to Abraham or to his descendants F78 that R174 he would be heir of the world was not through F79 the Law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if R175 those who are of F80 the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified; 15 for the R176 Law brings about wrath, but where R177 there is no law, there also is no violation.

16 For this reason it is by F81 faith, in order that it may be in accordance with grace, R178 so that the promise will be guaranteed to all R179 the descendants, F82 not only to those F83 who are of the Law, but also to those R180 F83 who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the R181 father of us all, 17 (as it is written, "A R182 FATHER OF MANY NATIONS HAVE I MADE YOU") in the presence of Him whom he believed, even God, who R183 gives life to the dead and calls R184 F84 into being that R185 which does not exist. 18 In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become a R186 father of many nations according to that which had been spoken, "SO R187 SHALL YOUR DESCENDANTS F85 BE." 19 Without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body, now as R188 good as dead since he R189 was about a hundred years old, and the R190 deadness of Sarah's womb; 20 yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, giving R191 glory to God, 21 and being R192 fully assured that what R193 God had promised, He was able also to perform. 22 Therefore IT R194 WAS ALSO CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS. 23 Now not R195 for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him, 24 but for our sake also, to whom it will be credited, as those who R196 believe in Him who raised R197 Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 He who was delivered R198 over because of our transgressions, and was raised R199 because of our justification.

F69: Or our forefather, has found according to the flesh
F70: Lit out of
F71: Lit toward
F72: Lit circumcision
F73: Lit uncircumcision
F74: Lit in circumcision
F75: Lit in uncircumcision
F74: Lit in circumcision
F75: Lit in uncircumcision
F76: Lit was in uncircumcision
F77: Lit was in uncircumcision
F78: Lit seed
F79: Or through law
F80: Or of law
F81: Or out of
F82: Lit seed
F83: Lit that which is
F83: Lit that which is
F84: Lit calls the things which do not exist as existing
F85: Lit seed

R158: Romans 1:3
R159: 1 Corinthians 1:31
R160: Genesis 15:6; Romans 4:9,22; Galatians 3:6; James 2:23
R161: Romans 11:6
R162: John 6:29; Romans 3:22
R163: Psalms 32:1
R164: Psalms 32:2
R165: 2 Corinthians 5:19
R166: Romans 3:30
R167: Romans 4:3
R168: Genesis 15:6
R169: Genesis 17:10f
R170: John 3:33
R171: Luke 19:9; Romans 4:16f
R172: Romans 3:22; 4:16
R173: Romans 9:8; Galatians 3:16,29
R174: Genesis 17:4-6; 22:17f
R175: Galatians 3:18
R176: Romans 7:7,10-25; 1 Corinthians 15:56; Galatians 3:10
R177: Romans 3:20
R178: Romans 3:24
R179: Romans 4:11; 9:8; 15:8
R180: Galatians 3:7
R181: Luke 19:9; Romans 4:11
R182: Genesis 17:5
R183: John 5:21
R184: Isaiah 48:13; 51:2
R185: 1 Corinthians 1:28
R186: Romans 4:17
R187: Genesis 15:5
R188: Hebrews 11:12
R189: Genesis 17:17
R190: Genesis 18:11
R191: Matthew 9:8
R192: Romans 14:5
R193: Genesis 18:14; Hebrews 11:19
R194: Genesis 15:6; Romans 4:3
R195: Romans 15:4; 1 Corinthians 9:9f; 10:11; 2 Timothy 3:16f
R196: Romans 10:9; 1 Peter 1:21
R197: Acts 2:24
R198: Isaiah 53:4,5; Romans 5:6,8; 8:32; Galatians 2:20; Ephesians 5:2
R199: Romans 5:18; 1 Corinthians 15:17; 2 Corinthians 5:15


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