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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 1 Chronicles 12
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 1 ChroniclesClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    12:1-40 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

David's Supporters in Ziklag

1 Now R151 these are the ones who came to David at Ziklag, while he was still restricted because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men who helped him in war. 2 They were equipped with bows, using R152 both the right hand and the left to sling stones and to shoot arrows from the bow; they R153 were Saul's kinsmen from Benjamin. 3 The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth, and Beracah and Jehu the Anathothite, 4 and Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty. Then F165 Jeremiah, Jahaziel, Johanan, Jozabad the Gederathite, 5 Eluzai, F166 Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, Shephatiah the Haruphite, 6 Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, Jashobeam, the Korahites, 7 and Joelah and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.

8 From the Gadites there came F167 over to David in the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for war, who could handle shield and spear, and whose faces were like the faces of lions, and they R154 were as swift as the gazelles on the mountains. 9 Ezer was the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, 10 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 11 Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12 Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 13 Jeremiah the tenth, Machbannai the eleventh. 14 These of the sons of Gad were captains F168 of the army; he R155 who was least was equal to a hundred and the greatest to a thousand. 15 These R156 are the ones who crossed the Jordan in the first month when it was overflowing all its banks and they put to flight all those in the valleys, both to the east and to the west.

16 Then some of the sons of Benjamin and Judah came to the stronghold to David. 17 David went out to meet them, and said to them, "If you come peacefully to me to help me, my heart shall be united with you; but if to betray me to my adversaries, since there is no wrong F169 in my hands, may the God of our fathers look on it and decide." 18 Then the R157 Spirit came F170 upon Amasai, R158 who was the chief of the thirty, and he said, "We are yours, O David, And with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, R159 peace to you, And peace to him who helps you; Indeed, your God helps you!" Then David received them and made them captains F171 of the band.

19 From R160 Manasseh also some defected to David when he was about to go to battle with the Philistines against Saul. But they did not help them, for the lords of the Philistines after consultation sent him away, saying, "At the cost of our heads he may defect to his master Saul." 20 As he went to Ziklag there defected to him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, captains F172 of thousands who belonged to Manasseh. 21 They helped David against the R161 band of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor, and were captains in the army. 22 For day by day men came to David to help him, until there was a great army like R162 the army of God.

Supporters Gathered at Hebron

23 Now these are the numbers of the divisions F173 equipped for war, who R163 came to David at Hebron, to R164 turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according R165 to the word F174 of the LORD. 24 The sons of Judah who bore shield and spear were 6,800, equipped for war. 25 Of the sons of Simeon, mighty men of valor for war, 7,100. 26 Of the sons of Levi 4,600. 27 Now Jehoiada was the leader of the house of Aaron, and with him were 3,700, 28 also Zadok, R166 a young man mighty of valor, and of his father's house twenty-two captains. 29 Of the sons of Benjamin, Saul's R167 kinsmen, 3,000; for until now the R168 greatest part of them had kept their allegiance to the house of Saul. 30 Of the sons of Ephraim 20,800, mighty men of valor, famous men in their fathers' households. 31 Of the half-tribe of Manasseh 18,000, who were designated by name to come and make David king. 32 Of the sons of Issachar, men R169 who understood the times, with knowledge of what Israel should do, their chiefs were two hundred; and all their kinsmen were at their command. 33 Of Zebulun, there were 50,000 who went out in the army, who could draw up in battle formation with all kinds of weapons of war and helped David with F175 an R170 undivided heart. 34 Of Naphtali there were 1,000 captains, and with them 37,000 with shield and spear. 35 Of the Danites who could draw up in battle formation, there were 28,600. 36 Of Asher there were 40,000 who went out in the army to draw up in battle formation. 37 From the other side of the Jordan, of the Reubenites and the Gadites and of the half-tribe of Manasseh, there were 120,000 with all kinds of weapons of war for the battle.

38 All these, being men of war who could draw up in battle formation, came to Hebron with a R171 perfect heart to make David king over all Israel; and all the rest also of Israel were of one mind to make David king. 39 They were there with David three days, eating and drinking, for their kinsmen had prepared for them. 40 Moreover those who were near to them, even as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought R172 food on donkeys, camels, mules and on oxen, great quantities of flour cakes, fig cakes and bunches of raisins, wine, oil, oxen and sheep. There was joy indeed in Israel.


FOOTNOTES:
F165: In Hebrew the beginning of v 5, making 41 vv in ch
F166: V 6 in Heb
F167: Lit separated themselves
F168: Or chiefs
F169: Lit violence
F170: Lit clothed
F171: Or chiefs
F172: Or chiefs
F173: Lit heads
F174: Lit mouth
F175: Lit not of double heart

CROSS REFERENCES:
R151: 1 Samuel 27:2-6
R152: Judges 3:15; 20:16
R153: 1 Chronicles 12:29
R154: 2 Samuel 2:18
R155: Deuteronomy 32:30
R156: Joshua 3:15; 4:18
R157: Judges 3:10; 6:34
R158: 1 Chronicles 2:17
R159: 1 Samuel 25:5,6
R160: 1 Samuel 29:2-9
R161: 1 Samuel 30:1
R162: Genesis 32:2; Joshua 5:13-15
R163: 2 Samuel 2:3,4
R164: 1 Chronicles 10:14
R165: 1 Chronicles 11:10
R166: 2 Samuel 8:17; 1 Chronicles 6:8,53
R167: 1 Chronicles 12:2
R168: 2 Samuel 2:8,9
R169: Esther 1:13
R170: Psalms 12:2
R171: 2 Samuel 5:1-3; 1 Chronicles 12:33
R172: 1 Samuel 25:18

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.


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