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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 1 Samuel 17
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 1 SamuelClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    17:1-58 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Goliath's Challenge

1 Now the R554 Philistines gathered their armies for battle; and they were gathered at Socoh which belongs to Judah, and they camped between Socoh R555 and Azekah, R556 in Ephes-dammim. R557 2 Saul and the men of Israel were gathered and camped in the R558 valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array to encounter the Philistines. 3 The Philistines stood on the mountain on one side while Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with the valley between them. 4 Then a champion came out from the armies of the Philistines named Goliath, R559 from Gath, R560 whose height was six cubits F156 and a span. 5 He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was clothed with scale-armor which F157 weighed five thousand shekels of bronze. 6 He also had bronze greaves F158 on his legs and a bronze R561 javelin slung between his shoulders. 7 The R562 shaft of his spear was like a weaver's beam, and the head of his spear weighed six hundred shekels of iron; his R563 shield-carrier also walked before him. 8 He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel and said to them, "Why do you come out to draw up in battle array? Am I not the Philistine and you servants R564 of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves and let him come down to me. 9 "If R565 he is able to fight with me and kill F159 me, then we will become your servants; but if I prevail against him and kill F159 him, then you shall become our servants and serve us." 10 Again the Philistine said, "I R566 defy the ranks of Israel this day; give me a man that we may fight together." 11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.

12 Now David was the R567 son of the F160 Ephrathite R568 of Bethlehem in Judah, whose name was Jesse, and he R569 had eight sons. And Jesse F161 was old in the days of Saul, advanced in years among men. 13 The three older sons of Jesse had gone F162 after Saul to the battle. And the R570 names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. 14 David R571 was the youngest. Now the three oldest followed Saul, 15 but R572 David went back and forth from Saul to R573 tend his father's flock at Bethlehem. 16 The Philistine came forward F163 morning and evening for forty days and took his stand.

17 Then Jesse said to David his son, "Take R574 now for your brothers an ephah of this roasted grain and these ten loaves and run to the camp to your brothers. 18 "Bring R575 also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand, and R576 look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back news F164 of them. 19 "For Saul and they and all the men of Israel are in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines."

David Accepts the Challenge

20 So David arose early in the morning and left the flock with a keeper and took the supplies and went as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the circle R577 of the camp while the army was going out in battle array shouting the war cry. 21 Israel and the Philistines drew up in battle array, army against army. 22 Then David left his baggage R578 in the care F165 of the baggage keeper, and ran to the battle line and entered in order to greet his brothers. 23 As he was talking with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine from Gath named Goliath, was coming up from the army of the Philistines, and he spoke these R579 same words; and David heard them.

24 When all the men of Israel saw the man, they fled from him and were greatly afraid. 25 The men of Israel said, "Have you seen this man who is coming up? Surely he is coming up to defy Israel. And it will be that the king will enrich the man who kills him with great riches and will R580 give him his daughter and make his father's house free F166 in Israel."

26 Then David spoke to the men who were standing by him, saying, "What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the R581 reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised R582 Philistine, that he should taunt R583 the armies of the R584 living God?" 27 The people answered F167 him in accord with this word, saying, "Thus R585 it will be done for the man who kills him."

28 Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's R586 anger burned against David and he said, "Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart; for you have come down in order to see the battle." 29 But David said, "What have I done now? Was it not just a question?" F168 30 Then he turned away F169 from him to another and said R587 the same thing; and the people answered the same thing as before. F170

David Kills Goliath

31 When the words which David spoke were heard, they told them to F171 Saul, and he sent for him. 32 David said to Saul, "Let R588 no man's heart fail on account of him; your R589 servant will go and fight with this Philistine." 33 Then Saul said to David, "You R590 are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth while he has been a warrior from his youth." 34 But David said to Saul, "Your servant was tending his father's sheep. When a lion or a bear came and took a lamb from the flock, 35 I went out after him and attacked F172 him, and rescued R591 it from his mouth; and when he rose up against me, I seized him by his beard and struck F172 him and killed him. 36 "Your servant has killed F173 both the lion and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, since he has taunted the armies of the living God." 37 And David said, "The R592 LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine." And Saul said to David, "Go, R593 and may the LORD be with you." 38 Then Saul clothed David with his garments and put a bronze helmet on his head, and he clothed him with armor. 39 David girded his sword over his armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested them. So David said to Saul, "I cannot go with these, for I have not tested them." And David took them off. F174 40 He took his stick in his hand and chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his pouch, and his R594 sling was in his hand; and he approached the Philistine.

41 Then the Philistine came on and approached David, with the shield-bearer in front of him. 42 When the Philistine looked and saw David, he R595 disdained him; for he was but a youth, and ruddy, R596 with a handsome appearance. 43 The Philistine said to David, "Am R597 I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?" And the R598 Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44 The Philistine also said to David, "Come to me, and I will give your flesh to R599 the birds of the sky and the beasts of the field." 45 Then David said to the Philistine, "You come to me with a sword, a spear, and a javelin, but R600 I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have taunted. 46 "This day the LORD will deliver you up into my hands, and I will strike you down and remove your head from you. And I will give the dead R601 bodies of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the sky and the wild beasts of the earth, that R602 all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel, 47 and that all this assembly may know that the R603 LORD does not deliver by sword or by spear; for R604 the battle is the LORD'S and He will give you into our hands."

48 Then it happened when the Philistine rose and came and drew near to meet David, that David R605 ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine. 49 And David put his hand into his bag and took from it a stone and slung it, and struck the Philistine on his forehead. And the stone sank into his forehead, so that he fell on his face to the ground.

50 Thus David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and he struck the Philistine and killed him; but there was no sword in David's hand. 51 Then David ran and stood over the Philistine and took R606 his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. When R607 the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. 52 The men of Israel and Judah arose and shouted and pursued the Philistines as F175 far as the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. R608 And the slain Philistines lay F176 along the way to Shaaraim, R609 even to Gath and Ekron. 53 The sons of Israel returned from chasing the Philistines and plundered their camps. 54 Then David took the Philistine's head and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his weapons in his tent.

55 Now when Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner the commander of the army, "Abner, whose son is this R610 young man?" And Abner said, "By your life, O king, I do not know." 56 The king said, "You inquire whose son the youth is." 57 So when David returned from killing the Philistine, Abner took him and brought R611 him before Saul with the Philistine's head in his hand. 58 Saul said to him, "Whose son are you, young man?" And David answered, "I R612 am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite."


FOOTNOTES:
F156: I.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in.
F157: Lit and the weight of the armor was
F158: Or shin guards
F159: Lit smite
F159: Lit smite
F160: Lit this
F161: Lit the man
F162: Lit gone; they went
F163: Lit near
F164: Lit their pledge
F165: Lit hand
F166: I.e. free from taxes and public service
F167: Lit said to
F168: Lit word
F169: Lit from beside him
F170: Lit the former word
F171: Lit before
F172: Lit smote
F172: Lit smote
F173: Lit smitten
F174: Lit off from himself
F175: Lit until your coming to
F176: Lit fell

CROSS REFERENCES:
R554: 1 Samuel 13:5
R555: Joshua 15:35; 2 Chronicles 28:18
R556: Joshua 10:10
R557: 1 Chronicles 11:13
R558: 1 Samuel 21:9
R559: 2 Samuel 21:19
R560: Joshua 11:22
R561: 1 Samuel 17:45
R562: 2 Samuel 21:19; 1 Chronicles 11:23
R563: 1 Samuel 17:41
R564: 1 Samuel 8:17
R565: 2 Samuel 2:12-16
R566: 1 Samuel 17:26,36,45; 2 Samuel 21:21
R567: Ruth 4:22; 1 Samuel 16:18
R568: Genesis 35:19
R569: 1 Samuel 16:10,11; 1 Chronicles 2:13-15
R570: 1 Samuel 16:6,8,9
R571: 1 Samuel 16:11
R572: 1 Samuel 16:21-23
R573: 1 Samuel 16:11,19
R574: 1 Samuel 25:18
R575: 1 Samuel 16:20
R576: Genesis 37:13,14
R577: 1 Samuel 26:5,7
R578: Judges 18:21; Isaiah 10:28
R579: 1 Samuel 17:8-10
R580: Joshua 15:16
R581: 1 Samuel 11:2
R582: 1 Samuel 14:6; 17:36; Jeremiah 9:25,26
R583: 1 Samuel 17:10
R584: Deuteronomy 5:26; 2 Kings 19:4; Jeremiah 10:10
R585: 1 Samuel 17:25
R586: Genesis 37:4,8-36; Proverbs 18:19; Matthew 10:36
R587: 1 Samuel 17:26,27
R588: Deuteronomy 20:1-4
R589: 1 Samuel 16:18
R590: Numbers 13:31
R591: Amos 3:12
R592: 2 Corinthians 1:10; 2 Timothy 4:17,18
R593: 1 Samuel 20:13; 1 Chronicles 22:11,16
R594: Judges 20:16
R595: Psalms 123:4; Proverbs 16:18
R596: 1 Samuel 16:12
R597: 1 Samuel 24:14; 2 Samuel 3:8; 2 Kings 8:13
R598: 1 Kings 20:10
R599: 1 Samuel 17:46
R600: 2 Samuel 22:35; 2 Chronicles 32:8; Psalms 124:8; Hebrews 11:32-34
R601: Deuteronomy 28:26
R602: Joshua 4:24; 1 Kings 8:43; 18:36; 2 Kings 19:19; Isaiah 37:20
R603: 1 Samuel 14:6; 2 Chronicles 14:11; 20:15; Psalms 44:6; Hosea 1:7; Zechariah 4:6
R604: 2 Chronicles 20:15
R605: Psalms 27:3
R606: 1 Samuel 21:9; 2 Samuel 23:21
R607: Hebrews 11:34
R608: Joshua 15:11
R609: Joshua 15:36
R610: 1 Samuel 16:12,21,22
R611: 1 Samuel 17:54
R612: 1 Samuel 17:12

 
 

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