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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 1 Samuel 23
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 1 SamuelClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    23:1-29 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

David Delivers Keilah

1 Then they told David, saying, "Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah R756 and are plundering the threshing floors." 2 So David inquired R757 of the LORD, saying, "Shall I go and attack F243 these Philistines?" And the LORD said to David, "Go and attack F243 the Philistines and deliver Keilah." 3 But David's men said to him, "Behold, we are afraid here in Judah. How much more then if we go to Keilah against the ranks of the Philistines?" 4 Then David inquired of the LORD once more. And the LORD answered him and said, "Arise, go down to Keilah, for I R758 will give the Philistines into your hand." 5 So David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines; and he led away their livestock and struck them with a great slaughter. Thus David delivered the inhabitants of Keilah.

6 Now it came about, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled R759 to David at Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand. 7 When it was told Saul that David had come to Keilah, Saul said, "God has delivered F244 him into my hand, for he shut himself in by entering a city with double gates and bars." 8 So Saul summoned all the people for war, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men. 9 Now David knew that Saul was plotting evil against him; so he said to Abiathar R760 the priest, "Bring R761 the ephod here." 10 Then David said, "O LORD God of Israel, Your servant has heard for certain that Saul is seeking to come to Keilah to destroy the city on my account. 11 "Will the men of Keilah surrender me into his hand? Will Saul come down just as Your servant has heard? O LORD God of Israel, I pray, tell Your servant." And the LORD said, "He will come down." 12 Then David said, "Will the men of Keilah surrender me and my men into the hand of Saul?" And the LORD said, "They R762 will surrender you." 13 Then David and his men, about R763 six hundred, arose and departed from Keilah, and they went wherever R764 they could go. When it was told Saul that David had escaped from Keilah, he gave F245 up the pursuit. 14 David stayed in the wilderness in the strongholds, and remained in the hill country in the wilderness of Ziph. R765 And Saul sought him every day, but God R766 did not deliver him into his hand.

Saul Pursues David

15 Now David became F246 aware that Saul had come out to seek his life while David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh. 16 And Jonathan, Saul's son, arose and went to David at Horesh, and encouraged R767 F247 him in God. 17 Thus he said to him, "Do R768 not be afraid, because the hand of Saul my father will not find you, and you will be king over Israel and I will be next to you; and Saul R769 my father knows that also." 18 So the R770 two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed at Horesh while Jonathan went to his house.

19 Then Ziphites R771 came up to Saul at Gibeah, saying, "Is David not hiding with us in the strongholds at Horesh, on the R772 hill of Hachilah, which is on the south F248 of Jeshimon? F249 20 "Now then, O king, come down according to all the desire of your soul to do F250 so; and our R773 part shall be to surrender him into the king's hand." 21 Saul said, "May you be blessed of the LORD, for R774 you have had compassion on me. 22 "Go now, make more sure, and investigate and see his place where his haunt F251 is, and who has seen him there; for I am told that he is very cunning. 23 "So look, and learn about all the hiding places where he hides himself and return to me with certainty, and I will go with you; and if he is in the land, I will search him out among all the thousands of Judah."

24 Then they arose and went to Ziph before Saul. Now David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, R775 in the Arabah to the south F252 of Jeshimon. F253 25 When Saul and his men went to seek him, they told David, and he came down to the rock and stayed in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard it, he pursued David in the wilderness of Maon. 26 Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain; and David was hurrying to get away from Saul, for Saul and his men were R776 surrounding David and his men to seize them. 27 But a messenger came to Saul, saying, "Hurry and come, for the Philistines have made a raid on the land." 28 So Saul returned from pursuing David and went to meet the Philistines; therefore they called that place the F254 Rock of Escape. 29 David F255 went up from there and stayed in the strongholds of Engedi. R777


FOOTNOTES:
F243: Lit smite
F243: Lit smite
F244: Lit alienated
F245: Lit ceased going out
F246: Lit saw
F247: Lit strengthened his hand
F248: Lit right side
F249: Or the desert
F250: Lit come down
F251: Lit foot
F252: Lit right side
F253: Or the desert
F254: Hebrew Sela-hammahlekoth
F255: Ch 24:1 in Heb

CROSS REFERENCES:
R756: Joshua 15:44; Nehemiah 3:17,18
R757: 1 Samuel 23:4,6,9-12; 2 Samuel 5:19,23
R758: Joshua 8:7; Judges 7:7
R759: 1 Samuel 22:20
R760: 1 Samuel 22:20
R761: 1 Samuel 23:6; 30:7
R762: Judges 15:10-13; 1 Samuel 23:20
R763: 1 Samuel 22:2; 25:13
R764: 2 Samuel 15:20
R765: Joshua 15:55; 2 Chronicles 11:8
R766: Psalms 32:7
R767: 1 Samuel 30:6; Nehemiah 2:18
R768: Psalms 27:1,3; 118:6; Isaiah 54:17; Hebrews 13:6
R769: 1 Samuel 20:31; 24:20
R770: 1 Samuel 18:3; 20:12-17,42; 2 Samuel 9:1; 21:7
R771: 1 Samuel 26:1; Psalms 54:1 (title)
R772: 1 Samuel 26:3
R773: 1 Samuel 23:12
R774: 1 Samuel 22:8
R775: Joshua 15:55; 1 Samuel 25:2
R776: Psalms 17:9
R777: Joshua 15:62; 2 Chronicles 20:2

 
 

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Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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