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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 1 Samuel 30
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 NAVBAR             of 31

The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 1 SamuelClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    30:1-31 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

David's Victory over the Amalekites

1 Then it happened when David and his men came to Ziklag R950 on the third day, that the R951 Amalekites had made a raid on the Negev F323 and on Ziklag, R952 and had overthrown F324 Ziklag and burned it with fire; 2 and they took captive the women and all who were in it, both small and great, without R953 F325 killing anyone, and carried them off and went their way. 3 When David and his men came to the city, behold, it was burned with fire, and their wives and their sons and their daughters had been taken captive. 4 Then David and the people who were with him lifted R954 their voices and wept until there was no strength in them to weep. 5 Now David's R955 two wives had been taken captive, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the widow F326 of Nabal the Carmelite. 6 Moreover David was greatly distressed because the R956 people spoke of stoning him, for all the people were embittered, F327 each one because of his sons and his daughters. But David R957 strengthened himself in the LORD his God.

7 Then David R958 said to Abiathar R959 the priest, the son of Ahimelech, "Please bring me the ephod." So Abiathar brought the ephod to David. 8 David R960 inquired of the LORD, saying, "Shall R961 I pursue this band? Shall I overtake them?" And He said to him, "Pursue, for you will surely overtake them, and R962 you will surely rescue all." 9 So David went, he R963 and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those left behind remained. 10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men, for two R964 hundred who were too exhausted to cross the brook Besor remained behind.

11 Now they found an Egyptian in the field and brought him to David, and gave him bread and he ate, and they provided him water to drink. 12 They gave him a piece of fig cake and two clusters of raisins, and he ate; then R965 his spirit revived. F328 For he had not eaten bread or drunk water for three days and three nights. 13 David said to him, "To whom do you belong? And where are you from?" And he said, "I am a young man of Egypt, a servant of an Amalekite; and my master left me behind when I fell sick three days ago. 14 "We made a raid on the R966 Negev F329 of the Cherethites, and on that which belongs to Judah, and on the R967 Negev F329 of Caleb, and we R968 burned Ziklag with fire." 15 Then David said to him, "Will you bring me down to this band?" And he said, "Swear to me by God that you will not kill me or deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring you down to this band."

16 When he had brought him down, behold, they were spread F330 over all the land, eating R969 and drinking and dancing F331 because of all R970 the great spoil that they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah. 17 David slaughtered F332 them from R971 the twilight until F333 the evening of the F334 next day; and not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men who rode on camels R972 and fled. 18 So David recovered R973 all that the Amalekites had taken, and rescued F335 his two wives. 19 But nothing of theirs was missing, whether small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything that they had taken for themselves; David R974 brought it all back. 20 So David had captured F336 all the sheep and the cattle which the people drove ahead of the F337 other livestock, and they said, "This R975 is David's spoil."

The Spoils Are Divided

21 When David R976 came to the two hundred men who were too exhausted to follow David, who had also been left at the brook Besor, and they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him, then David approached the people and greeted them. 22 Then all the wicked and worthless men among those who went with David said, "Because they did not go with us, F338 we will not give them any of the spoil that we have recovered, except to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away and depart." 23 Then David said, "You must not do so, my brothers, with what the LORD has given us, who has kept us and delivered into our hand the band that came against us. 24 "And who will listen to you in this matter? For as R977 his share is who goes down to the battle, so shall his share be who stays by the baggage; they shall share alike." 25 So it has been from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day.

26 Now when David came to Ziklag, he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, "Behold, a R978 gift F339 for you from the spoil of the R979 enemies of the LORD: 27 to those who were in Bethel, R980 and to those who were in Ramoth R981 of the Negev, F340 and to those who were in Jattir, R982 28 and to those who were in Aroer, R983 and to those who were in Siphmoth, and to those who were in Eshtemoa, R984 29 and to those who were in Racal, and to those who were in the cities of the R985 Jerahmeelites, and to those who were in the cities of the R986 Kenites, 30 and to those who were in Hormah, R987 and to those who were in Bor-ashan, R988 and to those who were in Athach, 31 and to those who were in Hebron, R989 and to all the places where David himself and his men were accustomed to go." R990


FOOTNOTES:
F323: I.e. South country
F324: Lit smote
F325: Lit they did not kill
F326: Lit wife
F327: Lit bitter in soul
F328: Lit returned to him
F329: I.e. South country
F329: I.e. South country
F330: Lit left
F331: Lit keeping a pilgrim-feast
F332: Lit smote
F333: Lit even until
F334: Lit their
F335: Lit David rescued
F336: Lit taken
F337: Lit those livestock
F338: Lit me
F339: Lit blessing
F340: I.e. South country

CROSS REFERENCES:
R950: 1 Samuel 29:4,11
R951: 1 Samuel 15:7; 27:8-10
R952: 1 Samuel 27:6,8
R953: 1 Samuel 27:11
R954: Numbers 14:1
R955: 1 Samuel 25:42,43; 2 Samuel 2:2
R956: Exodus 17:4; John 8:59
R957: 1 Samuel 23:16; Psalms 18:2; 27:14; 31:24; 71:4,5; Romans 4:20
R958: 1 Samuel 23:6,9
R959: 1 Samuel 22:20-23
R960: 1 Samuel 23:2,4; Psalms 50:15; 91:15
R961: Exodus 15:9
R962: 1 Samuel 30:18
R963: 1 Samuel 27:2
R964: 1 Samuel 30:9,21
R965: Judges 15:19
R966: 1 Samuel 30:1,16; 2 Samuel 8:18; 1 Kings 1:38,44; Ezekiel 25:16; Zephaniah 2:5
R967: Joshua 14:13; 15:13; 21:12
R968: 1 Samuel 30:1
R969: Luke 12:19; 17:27f
R970: 1 Samuel 30:14
R971: 1 Samuel 11:11
R972: Judges 7:12; 1 Samuel 15:3
R973: Genesis 14:16
R974: 1 Samuel 30:8
R975: 1 Samuel 30:26-31
R976: 1 Samuel 30:10
R977: Numbers 31:27; Joshua 22:8
R978: 1 Samuel 25:27
R979: 1 Samuel 18:17; 25:28
R980: Genesis 12:8; Joshua 7:2; 8:9; 16:1
R981: Joshua 19:8
R982: Joshua 15:48; 21:14
R983: Joshua 13:16; 1 Chronicles 11:44
R984: Joshua 15:50
R985: 1 Samuel 27:10
R986: Judges 1:16; 1 Samuel 15:6
R987: Numbers 14:45; 21:3; Joshua 12:14; 15:30; 19:4; Judges 1:17
R988: Joshua 15:42; 19:7
R989: Numbers 13:22; Joshua 14:13-15; 21:11-13; 2 Samuel 2:1
R990: 1 Samuel 23:22

 
 

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