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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 2 Kings 17
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 2 KingsClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    17:1-41 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Hoshea Reigns over Israel

1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, Hoshea R461 the son of Elah became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned nine years. 2 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, only not as the kings of Israel who were before him. 3 Shalmaneser R462 king of Assyria came up against R463 him, and Hoshea became his servant and paid him tribute. 4 But the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea, who had sent messengers to So king of Egypt and had offered no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year; so the king of Assyria shut him up and bound him in prison.

5 Then the king of Assyria invaded the whole land and went up to Samaria R464 and besieged it three years.

Israel Captive

6 In the ninth year of Hoshea, the R465 king of Assyria captured Samaria and carried R466 Israel away into exile to Assyria, and settled R467 them in Halah and Habor, on the river of Gozan, R468 and in R469 the cities of the Medes.

Why Israel Fell

7 Now this R470 came about because the sons of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, who R471 had brought them up from the land of Egypt from under the hand of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and R472 they had feared F217 other gods 8 and walked R473 in the customs F218 of the nations whom the LORD had driven out before the sons of Israel, and in the customs of R474 the kings of Israel which they had introduced. F219 9 The sons of Israel did F220 things secretly which were not right against the LORD their God. Moreover, they built for themselves high places in all their towns, from watchtower R475 to fortified city. 10 They R476 set for themselves sacred pillars and Asherim R477 F221 on every high hill and under every green tree, 11 and there they burned incense on all the high places as the nations did which the LORD had carried away to exile before them; and they did evil things provoking the LORD. 12 They served idols, concerning R478 which the LORD had said to them, "You shall not do this thing." 13 Yet the LORD R479 warned Israel and Judah through R480 all His prophets and every R481 seer, saying, "Turn R482 from your evil ways and keep My commandments, My statutes according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you through My servants the prophets." 14 However, they did not listen, but stiffened R483 their neck like F222 their fathers, who did not believe in the LORD their God. 15 They R484 rejected His statutes and His R485 covenant which He made with their fathers and His warnings with which He warned them. And they R486 followed vanity and became R487 vain, and went after the nations which surrounded them, concerning which the LORD R488 had commanded them not to do like them. 16 They forsook all the commandments of the LORD their God and made for themselves molten images, even two R489 calves, and made R490 an Asherah F223 and worshiped R491 all the host of heaven and served R492 Baal. 17 Then they R493 made their sons and their daughters pass through the fire, and practiced R494 divination and enchantments, and sold R495 themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, provoking Him. 18 So the LORD was very angry with Israel and removed R496 them from His sight; F224 none R497 was left except the tribe of Judah.

19 Also Judah R498 did not keep the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked R499 in the customs F225 which F226 Israel had introduced. F227 20 The LORD rejected all the descendants F228 of Israel and afflicted them and gave R500 them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them out F229 of His sight.

21 When He R501 had torn Israel from the house of David, they R502 made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then Jeroboam R503 drove Israel away from following the LORD and made them commit F230 a great sin. 22 The sons of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they did not depart from them 23 until R504 the LORD removed Israel from His sight, as R505 He spoke through all His servants the prophets. So R504 Israel was carried away into exile from their own land to Assyria until this day.

Cities of Israel Filled with Strangers

24 The R506 king of Assyria brought men from Babylon and from Cuthah and from Avva R507 F231 and from Hamath R508 and Sephar-vaim, and settled them in the cities of Samaria in place of the sons of Israel. So they possessed Samaria and lived in its cities. 25 At the beginning of their living there, they did R509 not fear the LORD; therefore the LORD sent lions among them which killed some of them. 26 So they spoke to the king of Assyria, saying, "The nations whom you have carried away into exile in the cities of Samaria do not know the custom of the god of the land; so he has sent lions among them, and behold, they kill them because they do not know the custom of the god of the land."

27 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, "Take there one of the priests whom you carried away into exile F232 and let him F233 go and live there; and let him teach them the custom of the god of the land." 28 So one of the priests whom they had carried away into exile from Samaria came and lived at Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD.

29 But every nation still made gods of its own and put them in R510 the houses of the high places which the people of Samaria had made, every nation in their cities in which they lived. 30 The R511 men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, the men of Cuth made Nergal, the men of Hamath made Ashima, 31 and the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the R512 Sepharvites burned their children in the fire to Adrammelech R513 and Anammelech the gods of Sepharvaim. R514 32 They R515 also feared the LORD and appointed R516 F234 from among themselves priests of the high places, who acted for them in the houses of the high places. 33 They feared the LORD and served their own gods according to the custom of the nations from among whom they had been carried away into exile.

34 To this day they do according to the earlier customs: they do not fear the LORD, nor do they follow F235 their statutes or their ordinances or the law, or the commandments which the LORD commanded the sons of Jacob, whom R517 He named Israel; 35 with whom the LORD made a covenant and commanded them, saying, "You R518 shall not fear other gods, nor bow R519 down yourselves to them nor serve R520 them nor sacrifice to them. 36 "But the LORD, who R521 brought you up from the land of Egypt with great power and with an R522 outstretched arm, Him R523 you shall fear, and to Him you shall bow yourselves down, and to Him you shall sacrifice. 37 "The statutes and the ordinances and the law and the commandment which He wrote for you, you R524 shall observe to do forever; and you shall not fear other gods. 38 "The covenant that I have made with you, you R525 shall not forget, nor shall you fear other gods. 39 "But the LORD your God you shall fear; and He will deliver you from the hand of all your enemies." 40 However, they did not listen, but they did according to their earlier custom. 41 So R526 while these nations feared the LORD, they also served their idols; F236 their children likewise and their grandchildren, as their fathers did, so they do to this day.

F217: Lit revered, and so throughout the ch
F218: Lit statutes
F219: Lit made
F220: Or uttered words which
F221: I.e. wooden symbols of a female deity
F222: Lit like the neck of
F223: I.e. a wooden symbol of a female deity
F224: Lit face
F225: Lit statutes
F226: Lit of Israel which they
F227: Lit made
F228: Lit seed
F229: Lit from His face
F230: Lit sin
F231: In 2+@Kin 18:34, Ivvah
F232: Lit exile from there
F233: Lit them
F234: Lit made for themselves from among
F235: Lit do according to
F236: Or graven images

R461: 2 Kings 15:30
R462: Hosea 10:14
R463: 2 Kings 18:9-12
R464: Hosea 13:16
R465: Hosea 13:16
R466: Deuteronomy 28:64; 29:27,28
R467: 2 Kings 18:11; 1 Chronicles 5:26
R468: Isaiah 37:12
R469: Isaiah 13:17; 21:2
R470: Joshua 23:16
R471: Exodus 14:15-30
R472: Judges 6:10
R473: Leviticus 18:3; Deuteronomy 18:9
R474: 2 Kings 16:3; 17:19
R475: 2 Kings 18:8
R476: Exodus 34:12-14
R477: 1 Kings 14:23; Micah 5:14
R478: Exodus 20:4
R479: Nehemiah 9:29,30
R480: 2 Kings 17:23
R481: 1 Samuel 9:9
R482: Jeremiah 7:3-7; 18:11; Ezekiel 18:31
R483: Exodus 32:9; 33:3; Acts 7:51
R484: Jeremiah 8:9
R485: Exodus 24:6-8; Deuteronomy 29:25
R486: Deuteronomy 32:21
R487: Jeremiah 2:5; Romans 1:21-23
R488: Deuteronomy 12:30,31
R489: 1 Kings 12:28
R490: 1 Kings 14:15,23
R491: Deuteronomy 4:19; 2 Kings 21:3
R492: 1 Kings 16:31
R493: 2 Kings 16:3
R494: Leviticus 19:26; Deuteronomy 18:10-12
R495: 1 Kings 21:20
R496: 2 Kings 17:6
R497: 1 Kings 11:13,32,36
R498: 1 Kings 14:22,23
R499: 2 Kings 16:3
R500: 2 Kings 15:29
R501: 1 Kings 11:11,31
R502: 1 Kings 12:20
R503: 1 Kings 12:28-33
R504: 2 Kings 17:6
R505: 2 Kings 17:13
R504: 2 Kings 17:6
R506: Ezra 4:2,10
R507: 2 Kings 18:34
R508: 1 Kings 8:65
R509: 2 Kings 17:32-41
R510: 1 Kings 12:31; 13:32
R511: 2 Kings 17:24
R512: 2 Kings 17:17
R513: 2 Kings 19:37
R514: 2 Kings 17:24
R515: Zephaniah 1:5
R516: 1 Kings 12:31
R517: Genesis 32:28; 35:10
R518: Judges 6:10
R519: Exodus 20:5
R520: Deuteronomy 5:9
R521: Exodus 14:15-30
R522: Exodus 6:6; 9:15
R523: Leviticus 19:32; Deuteronomy 6:13
R524: Deuteronomy 5:32
R525: Deuteronomy 4:23; 6:12
R526: Zephaniah 1:5; Matthew 6:24


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