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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 2 Kings 18
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 2 KingsClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    18:1-37 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Hezekiah Reigns over Judah

1 Now it came about in R527 the third year of Hoshea, the son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah R528 the son of Ahaz king of Judah became king. 2 He was twenty-five R529 years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Abi the daughter of Zechariah. 3 He R530 did right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father David had done. 4 He R531 removed the high places and broke down the sacred pillars and cut down the Asherah. F237 He also broke in pieces the R532 bronze serpent that Moses had made, for until those days the sons of Israel burned incense to it; and it was called Nehushtan. F238 5 He R533 trusted in the LORD, the God of Israel; so R534 that after him there was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor among those who were before him. 6 For he clung R535 to the LORD; he did not depart from following Him, but kept His commandments, which the LORD had commanded Moses.

Hezekiah Victorious

7 And R536 the LORD was with him; wherever he went he prospered. And he R537 rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him. 8 He R538 defeated F239 the Philistines as far as Gaza and its territory, from watchtower R539 to fortified city.

9 Now in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, Shalmaneser R540 king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it. 10 At the end of three years they captured it; in the sixth year of Hezekiah, which was the R541 ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was captured. 11 Then the king of Assyria carried Israel away into exile to Assyria, and put them in Halah R542 and on the Habor, the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes, 12 because they did R543 not obey the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed His covenant, even all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded; they would neither listen nor do it.

Invasion of Judah

13 Now R544 in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and seized them. 14 Then Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria at Lachish, saying, "I R545 have done wrong. Withdraw F240 from me; whatever you impose F241 on me I will bear." So the king of Assyria required F242 of Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. 15 Hezekiah R546 gave him all the silver which was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasuries of the king's house. 16 At that time Hezekiah cut off the gold from the doors of the temple of the LORD, and from the doorposts which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria.

17 Then the king of Assyria sent Tartan R547 and Rab-saris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to King Hezekiah with a large army to Jerusalem. So they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they went up, they came and stood by the conduit R548 of the upper pool, which is on the highway of the fuller's F243 field. 18 When they called to the king, Eliakim R549 the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebnah R550 the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, came out to them.

19 Then Rabshakeh said to them, "Say now to Hezekiah, `Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria, "What R551 is this confidence that you have? F244 20 "You say (but they are only F245 empty words), `I have counsel and strength for the war.' Now on whom do you rely, that R552 you have rebelled against me? 21 "Now behold, you rely R553 F246 on the staff of this crushed reed, even on Egypt; on which if a man leans, it will go into his hand F247 and pierce it. So is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who rely on him. 22 "But if you say to me, `We trust in the LORD our God,' is it not He whose high places and whose R554 altars Hezekiah has taken away, and has said to Judah and to Jerusalem, `You shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem'? 23 "Now therefore, come, F248 make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to set riders on them. 24 "How then can you repulse F249 one official F250 of the least of my master's servants, and rely F251 on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 25 "Have I now come up without F252 the LORD'S approval against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, `Go up against this land and destroy it.' ""'

26 Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebnah and Joah, said to Rabshakeh, "Speak now to your servants in Aramaic, for we understand F253 it; and do not speak with us in Judean R555 F254 in the hearing of the people who are on the wall." 27 But Rabshakeh said to them, "Has my master sent me only to your master and to you to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall, doomed to eat their own dung and drink their own urine with you?"

28 Then Rabshakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in Judean, saying, F255 "Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria. 29 "Thus says the king, `Do R556 not let Hezekiah deceive you, for he will not be able to deliver you from my F256 hand; 30 nor let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, "The LORD will surely deliver us, and this city will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria." 31 `Do not listen to Hezekiah, for thus says the king of Assyria, "Make F257 your peace with me and come out to me, and eat each R557 of his vine and each of his fig tree and drink each of the waters of his own cistern, 32 until I come and take you away to R558 a land like your own land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive trees and honey, that you may live and not die." But do not listen to Hezekiah when he misleads you, saying, "The LORD will deliver us." 33 `Has R559 any one of the gods of the nations delivered his land from the hand of the king of Assyria? 34 `Where R560 are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? R561 Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena and Ivvah? R562 F258 Have they delivered Samaria from my hand? 35 `Who among all the gods of the lands have F259 delivered their land from my hand, that R563 the LORD should deliver Jerusalem from my hand?' "

36 But the people were silent and answered him not a word, for the king's commandment was, "Do not answer him." 37 Then Eliakim R564 the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with R565 their clothes torn and told him the words of Rabshakeh.

F237: I.e. a wooden symbol of a female deity
F238: I.e. a piece of bronze
F239: Lit smote
F240: Lit Return
F241: Lit give
F242: Lit put on
F243: I.e. launderer's
F244: Lit trust
F245: Lit a word of the lips
F246: Lit rely for yourself
F247: Lit palm
F248: Lit please exchange pledges
F249: Lit turn away the face of
F250: Or governor
F251: Lit rely for yourself
F252: Lit without the L\ORD/
F253: Lit hear
F254: I.e. Hebrew
F255: Lit and spoke, saying,
F256: Hebrew his
F257: Lit Make with me a blessing
F258: In 2+@Kin 17:24, Avva
F259: Lit who have

R527: 2 Kings 16:2; 17:1
R528: 2 Chronicles 28:27
R529: 2 Chronicles 29:1,2
R530: 2 Kings 20:3; 2 Chronicles 31:20
R531: 2 Kings 18:22; 2 Chronicles 31:1
R532: Numbers 21:8,9
R533: 2 Kings 19:10
R534: 2 Kings 23:25
R535: Deuteronomy 10:20; Joshua 23:8
R536: Genesis 39:2,3; 1 Samuel 18:14
R537: 2 Kings 16:7
R538: 2 Chronicles 28:18; Isaiah 14:29
R539: 2 Kings 17:9
R540: 2 Kings 17:3-7
R541: 2 Kings 17:6
R542: 1 Chronicles 5:26
R543: 1 Kings 9:6; Daniel 9:6,10
R544: 2 Chronicles 32:1; Isaiah 36:1-39:8
R545: 2 Kings 18:7
R546: 1 Kings 15:18,19; 2 Kings 12:18; 16:8
R547: Isaiah 20:1
R548: 2 Kings 20:20; Isaiah 7:3
R549: 2 Kings 19:2; Isaiah 22:20
R550: Isaiah 22:15
R551: 2 Chronicles 32:10
R552: 2 Kings 18:7
R553: Isaiah 30:2,3,7; Ezekiel 29:6,7
R554: 2 Kings 18:4; 2 Chronicles 31:1
R555: Ezra 4:7; Daniel 2:4
R556: 2 Chronicles 32:15
R557: 1 Kings 4:20,25
R558: Deuteronomy 8:7-9; 11:12
R559: 2 Kings 19:12; Isaiah 10:10,11
R560: 2 Kings 19:13
R561: Isaiah 10:9
R562: 2 Kings 17:24
R563: Psalms 2:1-3; 59:7
R564: 2 Kings 18:26
R565: 2 Kings 6:30


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