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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 2 Samuel 12
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 2 SamuelClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    12:1-31 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Nathan Rebukes David

1 Then the LORD sent Nathan R315 to David. And he R316 came to him and said, F122 "There were two men in one city, the one rich and the other poor.

2 "The rich man had a great many flocks and herds.

3 "But the poor man had nothing except one R317 little ewe lamb

Which he bought and nourished;

And it grew up together with him and his children.

It would eat of his bread F123 and drink of his cup and lie in his bosom,

And was like a daughter to him.

4 "Now a traveler came to the rich man,

And he was F124 unwilling to take from his own flock or his own herd,

To prepare for the wayfarer who had come to him;

Rather he took the poor man's ewe lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him."

5 Then David's anger burned greatly against the man, and he said to Nathan, "As the LORD lives, surely the man who has done this deserves R318 F125 to die. 6 "He must make restitution for the lamb fourfold, R319 because he did this thing and had no compassion."

7 Nathan then said to David, "You R320 are the man! Thus says the LORD God of Israel, `It R321 is I who anointed you king over Israel and it is I who delivered you from the hand of Saul. 8 `I also gave you your R322 master's house and your master's wives into your care, F126 and I gave you the house of Israel and Judah; and if that had been too little, I would have added to you many more things like these! 9 `Why have R323 you despised the word of the LORD by doing evil in His sight? You R324 have struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword, have R325 taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the sons of Ammon. 10 `Now therefore, the R326 sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.' 11 "Thus says the LORD, `Behold, I will raise up evil against you from your own household; I R327 will even take your wives before your eyes and give them to your companion, and he will lie with your wives in broad F127 daylight. 12 `Indeed you R328 did it secretly, but I R329 will do this thing before all Israel, and under F128 the sun.' " 13 Then David said to Nathan, "I R330 have sinned against the LORD." And Nathan said to David, "The LORD also has taken R331 F129 away your sin; you shall not die. 14 "However, because by this deed you have given R332 occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born to you shall surely die." 15 So Nathan went to his house.

Loss of a Child

Then the LORD struck the child that Uriah's widow F130 bore to David, so that he was very sick.

16 David therefore inquired of God for the child; and David fasted R333 and went and lay R334 all night on the ground. 17 The R335 elders of his household stood beside him in order to raise him up from the ground, but he was unwilling and would not eat food with them. 18 Then it happened on the seventh day that the child died. And the servants of David were afraid to tell him that the child was dead, for they said, "Behold, while the child was still alive, we spoke to him and he did not listen to our voice. How then can we tell him that the child is dead, since he might do himself harm!" 19 But when David saw that his servants were whispering together, David perceived that the child was dead; so David said to his servants, "Is the child dead?" And they said, "He is dead." 20 So David arose from the ground, washed, R336 anointed himself, and changed his clothes; and he came into the house of the LORD and worshiped. R337 Then he came to his own house, and when he requested, they set food before him and he ate.

21 Then his servants said to him, "What is this thing that you have done? While F131 the child was alive, you fasted and wept; but when the child died, you arose and ate food." 22 He said, "While the child was still alive, I R338 fasted and wept; for I said, `Who R339 knows, the LORD may be gracious to me, that the child may live.' 23 "But now he has died; why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I R340 will go to him, but he R341 will not return to me."

Solomon Born

24 Then David comforted his wife Bathsheba, and went in to her and lay with her; and she gave birth to a son, and he R342 F132 named him Solomon. Now the LORD loved him 25 and sent word through Nathan the prophet, and he named him Jedidiah F133 for the LORD'S sake.

War Again

26 Now R343 Joab fought against Rabbah R344 of the sons of Ammon and captured the royal city. 27 Joab sent messengers to David and said, "I have fought against Rabbah, I have even captured the city of waters. 28 "Now therefore, gather the rest of the people together and camp against the city and capture it, or I will capture the city myself and it will be named after me." 29 So David gathered all the people and went to Rabbah, fought against it and captured it. 30 Then he R345 took the crown of their F134 king from his head; and its weight was a talent of gold, and in it was F135 a precious stone; and it was placed on David's head. And he brought out the spoil of the city in great amounts. 31 He also brought out the people who were in it, and set R346 them under saws, sharp iron instruments, and iron axes, and made them pass through the brickkiln. And thus he did to all the cities of the sons of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.


FOOTNOTES:
F122: Lit said to him
F123: Lit morsel
F124: Lit spared
F125: Lit is a son of death
F126: Lit bosom
F127: Lit the sight of this sun
F128: Lit before
F129: Lit caused your sin to pass away
F130: Lit wife
F131: Lit On account of
F132: Some mss read she
F133: I.e. beloved of the L\ORD/
F134: Or Malcam; cf Zeph 1:5
F135: Or were precious stones

CROSS REFERENCES:
R315: 2 Samuel 7:2,4,17
R316: Psalms 51:1 (title)
R317: 2 Samuel 11:3
R318: 1 Samuel 26:16
R319: Exodus 22:1; Luke 19:8
R320: 1 Kings 20:42
R321: 1 Samuel 16:13
R322: 2 Samuel 9:7
R323: 1 Samuel 15:23,26
R324: 2 Samuel 11:14-17
R325: 2 Samuel 11:27
R326: 2 Samuel 13:28; 18:14; 1 Kings 2:25
R327: Deuteronomy 28:30; 2 Samuel 16:21,22
R328: 2 Samuel 11:4-15
R329: 2 Samuel 16:22
R330: 1 Samuel 15:24,30; 2 Samuel 24:10; Luke 18:13
R331: Leviticus 20:10; 24:17; Proverbs 28:13; Micah 7:18
R332: Isaiah 52:5; Romans 2:24
R333: Nehemiah 1:4
R334: 2 Samuel 13:31
R335: Genesis 24:2
R336: Ruth 3:3; Matthew 6:17
R337: Psalms 95:6-8; 103:1,8-17; Proverbs 3:7
R338: Isaiah 38:1-3
R339: Jonah 3:9
R340: Genesis 37:35
R341: Job 1:7:8-10
R342: 1 Chronicles 22:9; Matthew 1:6
R343: 1 Chronicles 20:1-3
R344: Deuteronomy 3:11
R345: 1 Chronicles 20:2
R346: 1 Chronicles 20:3; Hebrews 11:37

 
 

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