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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 2 Samuel 13
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 2 SamuelClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    13:1-39 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Amnon and Tamar

1 Now it was after this that Absalom R347 the son of David had a beautiful sister whose name was Tamar, R348 and Amnon R349 the son of David loved her. 2 Amnon was so frustrated because of his sister Tamar that he made himself ill, for she was a virgin, and it seemed hard F136 to Amnon to do anything to her. 3 But Amnon had a friend whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, R350 F137 David's brother; and Jonadab was a very shrewd man. 4 He said to him, "O son of the king, why are you so depressed morning after morning? Will you not tell me?" Then Amnon said to him, "I am in love with Tamar, the sister of my brother Absalom." 5 Jonadab then said to him, "Lie down on your bed and pretend to be ill; when your father comes to see you, say to him, `Please let my sister Tamar come and give me some food to eat, and let her prepare the food in my sight, that I may see it and eat from her hand.' " 6 So Amnon lay down and pretended to be ill; when the king came to see him, Amnon said to the king, "Please let my sister Tamar come and make R351 me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat from her hand."

7 Then David sent to the house for Tamar, saying, "Go now to your brother Amnon's house, and prepare food for him." 8 So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house, and he was lying down. And she took dough, kneaded it, made cakes in his sight, and baked the cakes. 9 She took the pan and dished F138 them out before him, but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, "Have R352 everyone go out from me." So everyone went out from him. 10 Then Amnon said to Tamar, "Bring the food into the bedroom, F139 that I may eat from your hand." So Tamar took the cakes which she had made and brought them into the bedroom to her brother Amnon. 11 When she brought them to him to eat, he took R353 hold of her and said to her, "Come, lie with me, my sister." 12 But she answered him, "No, my brother, do not violate me, for such R354 a thing is not done in Israel; do not do this disgraceful R355 thing! 13 "As for me, where could I get F140 rid of my reproach? And as for you, you will be like one of the fools F141 in Israel. Now therefore, please speak to the king, for he R356 will not withhold me from you." 14 However, he would not listen to her; F142 since he was stronger than she, he violated R357 her and lay with her.

15 Then Amnon hated her with a very great hatred; for the hatred with which he hated her was greater than the love with which he had loved her. And Amnon said to her, "Get up, go away!" 16 But she said to him, "No, because this wrong in sending me away is greater than the other that you have done to me!" Yet he would not listen to her. 17 Then he called his young man who attended him and said, "Now throw this woman out of my presence, and lock the door behind her." 18 Now she had on a R358 long-sleeved F143 garment; for in this manner the virgin daughters of the king dressed themselves in robes. Then his attendant took her out and locked the door behind her. 19 Tamar R359 put ashes F144 on her head and tore R360 her long-sleeved F145 garment which was on her; and she R361 put her hand on her head and went away, crying aloud as she went.

20 Then Absalom her brother said to her, "Has Amnon your brother been with you? But now keep silent, my sister, he is your brother; do not take this matter to heart." So Tamar remained and was desolate in her brother Absalom's house. 21 Now when King David heard of all these matters, he was very angry. 22 But Absalom did not speak to Amnon either R362 good or bad; for Absalom R363 hated Amnon because he had violated his sister Tamar.

23 Now it came about after two full years that Absalom had R364 sheepshearers in Baal-hazor, which is near Ephraim, and Absalom invited all the king's sons.

Absalom Avenges Tamar

24 Absalom came to the king and said, "Behold now, your servant has sheepshearers; please let the king and his servants go with your servant." 25 But the king said to Absalom, "No, my son, we should not all go, for we will be burdensome to you." Although he urged F146 him, he would not go, but blessed him. 26 Then Absalom R365 said, "If not, please let my brother Amnon go with us." And the king said to him, "Why should he go with you?" 27 But when Absalom urged F147 him, he let Amnon and all the king's sons go with him.

28 Absalom commanded his servants, saying, "See now, when R366 Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say to you, `Strike Amnon,' then put him to death. Do not fear; have not I myself commanded you? Be courageous and be valiant." F148 29 The servants of Absalom did to Amnon just as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose and each mounted his R367 mule and fled.

30 Now it was while they were on the way that the report came to David, saying, "Absalom has struck down all the king's sons, and not one of them is left." 31 Then the king arose, tore R368 his clothes and lay R369 on the ground; and all his servants were standing by with clothes torn. 32 Jonadab, R370 the son of Shimeah, David's brother, responded, F149 "Do not let my lord suppose F150 they have put to death all the young men, the king's sons, for Amnon alone is dead; because by the intent F151 of Absalom this has been determined since the day that he violated his sister Tamar. 33 "Now therefore, do not let my lord the king take R371 the report to heart, F152 namely, `all the king's sons are dead,' for only Amnon is dead."

34 Now Absalom R372 had fled. And the R373 young man who was the watchman raised his eyes and looked, and behold, many people were coming from the road behind him by the side of the mountain. 35 Jonadab said to the king, "Behold, the king's sons have come; according to your servant's word, so it happened." 36 As soon as he had finished speaking, behold, the king's sons came and lifted their voices and wept; and also the king and all his servants wept very F153 bitterly.

37 Now Absalom R374 fled and went to Talmai R375 the son of Ammihud, the king of Geshur. R376 And David mourned for his son every day. 38 So R377 Absalom had fled and gone to Geshur, and was there three years. 39 The heart of King David longed to go out to Absalom; for he R378 was comforted concerning Amnon, since he was dead.

F136: Lit hard in Amnon's eyes
F137: In 1+@Sam 16:9, Shammah; in 1+@Chr 2:13, Shimea
F138: Lit poured
F139: Or inner room
F140: Lit cause to go
F141: Or disgraceful ones
F142: Lit her voice
F143: Lit a varicolored tunic
F144: Or dust
F145: Lit varicolored tunic
F146: Lit broke through
F147: Lit broke through
F148: Lit sons of valor
F149: Lit answered and said
F150: Lit say
F151: Lit mouth
F152: Lit his heart
F153: Lit with a very great weeping

R347: 2 Samuel 3:2,3; 1 Chronicles 3:2
R348: 1 Chronicles 3:9
R349: 2 Samuel 3:2
R350: 1 Samuel 16:9
R351: Genesis 18:6
R352: Genesis 45:1
R353: Genesis 39:12
R354: Leviticus 20:17
R355: Judges 19:23; 20:6
R356: Genesis 20:12
R357: Leviticus 18:9; Deuteronomy 22:25; 27:22; 2 Samuel 12:11
R358: Genesis 37:3,23
R359: 1 Samuel 4:12; Esther 4:1
R360: Genesis 37:29; 2 Samuel 1:11
R361: Jeremiah 2:37
R362: Genesis 31:24
R363: Leviticus 19:17; 1 John 2:9,11; 3:10,12,15
R364: 1 Samuel 25:7
R365: 2 Samuel 3:27; 11:13-15
R366: Judges 19:6,9,22; 1 Samuel 25:36-38
R367: 2 Samuel 18:9; 1 Kings 1:33,38
R368: 2 Samuel 1:11
R369: 2 Samuel 12:16
R370: 2 Samuel 13:3-5
R371: 2 Samuel 19:19
R372: 2 Samuel 13:37,38
R373: 2 Samuel 18:24
R374: 2 Samuel 13:34
R375: 2 Samuel 3:3
R376: 2 Samuel 14:23,32
R377: 2 Samuel 13:34
R378: 2 Samuel 12:19-23


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