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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 2 Samuel 2
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 2 SamuelClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    2:1-32 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

David Made King over Judah

1 Then it came about afterwards that David R36 inquired of the LORD, saying, "Shall I go up to one of the cities of Judah?" And the LORD said to him, "Go up." So David said, "Where shall I go up?" And He said, "To R37 Hebron." 2 So David went up there, and his R38 two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the widow F7 of Nabal the Carmelite. 3 And David R39 brought up his men who were with him, each with his household; and they lived in the cities of Hebron. 4 Then the men of Judah came and there anointed R40 David king over the house of Judah.

And they told David, saying, "It was the R41 men of Jabesh-gilead who buried Saul." 5 David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh-gilead, and said to them, "May R42 you be blessed of the LORD because you have shown F8 this kindness to Saul your lord, and have buried him. 6 "Now may R43 the LORD show F9 lovingkindness and truth to you; and I also will show F9 this goodness to you, because you have done this thing. 7 "Now therefore, let your hands be strong and be valiant; F10 for Saul your lord is dead, and also the house of Judah has anointed me king over them."

Ish-bosheth Made King over Israel

8 But Abner R44 the son of Ner, commander of Saul's army, had taken Ish-bosheth F11 the son of Saul and brought him over to Mahanaim. R45 9 He made him king over Gilead, R46 over the Ashurites, R47 over Jezreel, R48 over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, even over all Israel. 10 Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, was forty years old when he became king over Israel, and he was king for two years. The house of Judah, however, followed David. 11 The R49 time F12 that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

Civil War

12 Now Abner the son of Ner, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon R50 with the servants of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul. 13 And Joab R51 the son of Zeruiah and the servants of David went out and met them F13 by the pool of Gibeon; and they sat down, one F14 on the one side of the pool and the F14 other on the other side of the pool. 14 Then Abner said to Joab, "Now let the young men arise and hold R52 F15 a contest before us." And Joab said, "Let them arise." 15 So they arose and went over by count, twelve for Benjamin and Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David. 16 Each one of them seized his opponent F16 by the head and thrust his sword in his opponent's F17 side; so they fell down together. Therefore that place was called Helkath-hazzurim, F18 which is in Gibeon. 17 That day the battle was very severe, and Abner R53 and the men of Israel were beaten before the servants of David.

18 Now the R54 three sons of Zeruiah were there, Joab and Abishai and Asahel; and Asahel was as R55 swift-footed F19 as one of the gazelles which is in the field. 19 Asahel pursued Abner and did not turn F20 to the right or to the left from following Abner. 20 Then Abner looked behind him and said, "Is that you, Asahel?" And he answered, "It is I." 21 So Abner said to him, "Turn F21 to your right or to your left, and take hold of one of the young men for yourself, and take for yourself his spoil." But Asahel was not willing to turn aside from following him. 22 Abner repeated again to Asahel, "Turn aside F22 from following me. Why should I strike you to the ground? How R56 then could I lift up my face to your brother Joab?" 23 However, he refused to turn aside; therefore Abner struck him in the belly with the butt end of the spear, so that the spear came out at his back. And he fell there and died on the spot. And it came about that all who came to the place where Asahel R57 had fallen and died, stood still.

24 But Joab and Abishai pursued Abner, and when the sun was going down, they came to the hill of Ammah, which is in front of Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon. 25 The sons of Benjamin gathered together behind Abner and became one band, and they stood on the top of a certain hill. 26 Then Abner called to Joab and said, "Shall the sword devour forever? Do you not know that it will be bitter in the end? How long will you refrain F23 from telling the people to turn back from following their brothers?" 27 Joab said, "As God lives, if you had not spoken, surely then the people would have gone away in the morning, each from following his brother." 28 So Joab blew the trumpet; and all the people halted and pursued Israel no longer, nor R58 did they continue to fight anymore. 29 Abner and his men then went through the Arabah all that night; so they crossed the Jordan, walked all morning, and came to Mahanaim. R59

30 Then Joab returned from following Abner; when he had gathered all the people together, nineteen F24 of David's servants besides Asahel were missing. 31 But the servants of David had struck down many of Benjamin and Abner's men, so that three hundred and sixty men died. 32 And they took up Asahel and buried him in R60 his father's tomb which was in Bethlehem. Then Joab and his men went all night until the day dawned F25 at Hebron.


FOOTNOTES:
F7: Lit wife
F8: Lit done
F9: Lit do
F9: Lit do
F10: Lit sons of valor
F11: I.e. man of shame; cf 1+@Chr 8:33, Eshbaal
F12: Lit number of days
F13: Lit them together
F14: Lit these
F14: Lit these
F15: Lit make sport
F16: Lit fellow
F17: Lit fellow's
F18: I.e. the field of sword-edges
F19: Lit light in his feet
F20: Lit turn to go to
F21: Lit Turn for yourself
F22: Lit aside for yourself
F23: Lit not tell the people
F24: Lit nineteen men
F25: Lit lighted on them

CROSS REFERENCES:
R36: 1 Samuel 23:2,4,9-12
R37: Joshua 14:13; 1 Samuel 30:31
R38: 1 Samuel 25:42,43
R39: 1 Samuel 30:9; 1 Chronicles 12:1
R40: 1 Samuel 16:13; 2 Samuel 5:3,5
R41: 1 Samuel 31:11-13
R42: 1 Samuel 23:21; Psalms 115:15
R43: Exodus 34:6; 2 Timothy 1:16
R44: 1 Samuel 14:50
R45: Genesis 32:2; 2 Samuel 17:24
R46: Joshua 22:9
R47: Judges 1:32
R48: 1 Samuel 29:1
R49: 2 Samuel 5:5
R50: Joshua 10:12; 18:25
R51: 2 Samuel 8:16; 1 Chronicles 2:16; 11:6
R52: 2 Samuel 2:16,17
R53: 2 Samuel 3:1
R54: 1 Chronicles 2:16
R55: 1 Chronicles 12:8; Habakkuk 3:19
R56: 2 Samuel 3:27
R57: 2 Samuel 20:12
R58: 2 Samuel 3:1
R59: 2 Samuel 2:8
R60: Genesis 47:29,30; Judges 8:32

 
 

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Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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