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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Acts 23
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of ActsClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    23:1-35 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Paul before the Council

1 Paul, looking intently at the R1394 Council, F517 said, "Brethren, R1395 I R1396 have lived F518 my life with a perfectly good conscience before God up to this day." 2 The high priest Ananias R1397 commanded those standing beside him to R1398 strike him on the mouth. 3 Then Paul said to him, "God is going to strike you, you R1399 whitewashed wall! Do you sit R1400 to try me according to the Law, and in violation of the Law order me to be struck?" 4 But the bystanders said, "Do you revile God's high priest?" 5 And Paul said, "I was not aware, brethren, that he was high priest; for it is written, `YOU R1401 SHALL NOT SPEAK EVIL OF A RULER OF YOUR PEOPLE.' "

6 But perceiving that one group were Sadducees R1402 and the other Pharisees, Paul began crying out in the R1403 Council, F519 "Brethren, R1404 I R1405 am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for the R1406 hope and resurrection of the dead!" 7 As he said this, there occurred a dissension between the Pharisees and Sadducees, and the assembly was divided. 8 For the R1407 Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, nor an angel, nor a spirit, but the Pharisees acknowledge them all. 9 And there occurred a great uproar; and some of the R1408 scribes of the Pharisaic party stood up and began to argue heatedly, saying, "We R1409 find nothing wrong with this man; suppose R1410 a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?" 10 And as a great dissension was developing, the commander F520 was afraid Paul would be torn to pieces by them and ordered the troops to go down and take him away from them by force, and bring him into the R1411 barracks.

11 But on the R1412 night immediately following, the Lord stood at his side and said, "Take R1413 courage; for as R1414 you have solemnly R1415 witnessed to My cause at Jerusalem, so you must witness at Rome also."

A Conspiracy to Kill Paul

12 When it was day, the R1416 Jews formed a conspiracy F521 and bound R1417 themselves under an oath, saying that they would neither eat nor drink until they had killed Paul. 13 There were more than forty who formed this plot. 14 They came to the chief priests and the elders and said, "We have bound R1418 ourselves under a solemn oath to taste nothing until we have killed Paul. 15 "Now therefore, you and F522 the R1419 Council F523 notify the commander F524 to bring him down to you, as though you were going to determine his case by a more thorough investigation; and we for our part are ready to slay him before he comes near the place."

16 But the son of Paul's sister heard of their ambush, and F525 he came and entered the R1420 barracks and told Paul. 17 Paul called one of the centurions to him and said, "Lead this young man to the commander, F526 for he has something to report to him." 18 So he took him and led him to the commander F527 and said, "Paul the R1421 prisoner called me to him and asked me to lead this young man to you since he has something to tell you." 19 The commander F528 took him by the hand and stepping aside, began to inquire of him privately, "What is it that you have to report to me?" 20 And he said, "The R1422 Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down tomorrow to the R1423 Council, F529 as though they were going to inquire somewhat more thoroughly about him. 21 "So do not listen F530 to them, for more than forty of them are lying R1424 in wait for him who have bound R1425 themselves under a curse not to eat or drink until they slay him; and now they are ready and waiting for the promise from you." 22 So the commander F531 let the young man go, instructing him, "Tell no one that you have notified me of these things."

Paul Moved to Caesarea

23 And he called to him two of the centurions and said, "Get two hundred soldiers ready by the F532 third hour of the night to proceed to Caesarea, R1426 with F533 seventy horsemen and two hundred spearmen." F534 24 They were also to provide mounts to put Paul on and bring him safely to Felix R1427 the governor. 25 And he wrote a letter having this form:

26"Claudius Lysias, to the most R1428 excellent governor Felix, greetings. R1429

27"When this man was arrested by the Jews and was about to be slain by them, I R1430 came up to them with the troops and rescued him, having R1431 learned that he was a Roman. 28"And wanting R1432 to ascertain the charge for which they were accusing him, I brought R1433 him down to their Council; R1434 F535 29and I found him to be accused over questions R1435 about their Law, but under F536 no R1436 accusation deserving death or imprisonment. F537

30"When I was informed R1437 that there would be a R1438 plot against the man, I sent him to you at once, also instructing his R1439 accusers to bring F538 charges against him before you."

31 So the soldiers, in accordance with their orders, took Paul and brought him by night to Antipatris. 32 But the next day, leaving the R1440 horsemen to go on with him, they returned to the R1441 barracks. 33 When these had come to Caesarea R1442 and delivered the letter to the R1443 governor, they also presented Paul to him. 34 When he had read it, he asked from what province R1444 he was, and when he learned that he R1445 was from Cilicia, 35 he said, "I will give you a hearing after your accusers R1446 arrive also," giving orders for him to be kept R1447 in Herod's Praetorium. F539


FOOTNOTES:
F517: Or Sanhedrin
F518: Or conducted myself as a citizen
F519: Or Sanhedrin
F520: I.e. chiliarch, in command of one thousand troops
F521: Or mob
F522: Lit with
F523: Or Sanhedrin
F524: V 10, note 1
F525: Or having been present with them, and he entered
F526: V 10, note+@1
F527: V 10, note 1
F528: V 10, note 1
F529: Or Sanhedrin
F530: Lit be persuaded by them
F531: V 10, note+@1
F532: I.e. 9 p.m.
F533: Lit and
F534: Or slingers or bowmen
F535: Or Sanhedrin
F536: Lit having
F537: Lit bonds
F538: Lit speak against him
F539: I.e. governor's official residence

CROSS REFERENCES:
R1394: Acts 22:30; 23:6,15,20,28
R1395: Acts 22:5
R1396: Acts 24:16; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 2 Timothy 1:3
R1397: Acts 24:1
R1398: John 18:22
R1399: Matthew 23:27
R1400: Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 25:2; John 7:51
R1401: Exodus 22:28
R1402: Matthew 3:7; 22:23
R1403: Acts 22:30; 23:1,15,20,28
R1404: Acts 22:5
R1405: Acts 26:5; Philippians 3:5
R1406: Acts 24:15,21; 26:8
R1407: Matthew 22:23; Mark 12:18; Luke 20:27
R1408: Mark 2:16; Luke 5:30
R1409: Acts 23:29
R1410: John 12:29; Acts 22:6ff
R1411: Acts 21:34; 23:16,32
R1412: Acts 18:9
R1413: Matthew 9:2
R1414: Acts 19:21
R1415: Luke 16:28; Acts 28:23
R1416: Acts 9:23; 23:30; 1 Thessalonians 2:16
R1417: Acts 23:14,21
R1418: Acts 23:12,21
R1419: Acts 22:30; 23:1,6,20,28
R1420: Acts 21:34; 23:10,32
R1421: Ephesians 3:1
R1422: Acts 23:14f
R1423: Acts 22:30; 23:1,6,15,28
R1424: Acts 23:12,14
R1425: Luke 11:54
R1426: Acts 8:40; 23:33
R1427: Acts 23:26,33; 24:1,3,10; 25:14
R1428: Luke 1:3; Acts 24:3; 26:25
R1429: Acts 15:23
R1430: Acts 21:32f
R1431: Acts 22:25-29
R1432: Acts 22:30
R1433: Acts 23:10
R1434: Acts 23:1
R1435: Acts 18:15; 25:19
R1436: Acts 23:9; 25:25; 26:31; 28:18
R1437: Acts 23:20f
R1438: Acts 9:24; 23:12
R1439: Acts 23:35; 24:19; 25:16
R1440: Acts 23:23
R1441: Acts 23:10
R1442: Acts 8:40; 23:23
R1443: Acts 23:24,26; 24:1,3,10; 25:14
R1444: Acts 25:1
R1445: Acts 6:9; 21:39
R1446: Acts 23:30; 24:19; 25:16
R1447: Acts 24:27

 
 

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