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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Daniel 2
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of DanielClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    2:1-49 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The King's Forgotten Dream

1 Now in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar had R33 F24 dreams; and his spirit was troubled and his sleep R34 left F25 him. 2 Then the king gave F26 orders to call in the magicians, R35 F27 the conjurers, the sorcerers and the Chaldeans F28 to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king. 3 The king said to them, "I had R36 F29 a dream and my spirit is F30 anxious to understand F31 the dream."

4 Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic: R37 F32 "O R38 king, live forever! Tell R39 the dream to your servants, and we will declare the interpretation." 5 The king replied to the Chaldeans, "The F33 command from me is firm: if you do not make known to me the dream and its interpretation, you will be torn R40 F34 limb from limb and your houses will be made a rubbish heap. 6 "But if you declare the dream and its interpretation, you will receive from me gifts R41 and a reward and great honor; therefore declare to me the dream and its interpretation." 7 They answered a second time and said, "Let the king tell R42 the dream to his servants, and we will declare the interpretation." 8 The king replied, "I know for certain that you are bargaining F35 for time, inasmuch as you have seen that the F36 command from me is firm, 9 that if you do not make the dream known to me, there is only one R43 decree F37 for you. For you have agreed together to speak lying and corrupt words F38 before me until the situation F39 is changed; therefore tell me the dream, that I may know R44 that you can declare to me its interpretation." 10 The Chaldeans answered the F40 king and said, "There is not a man on earth who could declare the matter for F41 the king, inasmuch as no great king or ruler has ever asked anything like this of any magician, R45 F42 conjurer or Chaldean. 11 "Moreover, the thing which the king demands is difficult, F43 and there is no one else who could declare it to F44 the king except gods, R46 whose dwelling R47 place is not with mortal flesh."

12 Because of this the king became indignant R48 and very furious and gave orders to destroy all the wise men of Babylon. 13 So the decree F45 went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they looked for Daniel R49 and his friends to kill F46 them.

14 Then Daniel replied with discretion and discernment to Arioch, R50 the captain of the king's bodyguard, F47 who had gone forth to slay the wise men of Babylon; 15 he said to Arioch, the king's commander, "For what reason is the decree F48 from the king so urgent?" F49 Then Arioch informed Daniel about the matter. 16 So Daniel went in and requested of the king that he would give F50 him time, in order that he might declare the interpretation to the king.

17 Then Daniel went to his house and informed his friends, Hananiah, R51 Mishael and Azariah, about the matter, 18 so that they might request R52 compassion from the God of heaven concerning this mystery, so that Daniel and his friends would not be destroyed R53 with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.

The Secret Is Revealed to Daniel

19 Then the mystery was revealed to Daniel in a night vision. R54 Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven; 20 Daniel said, "Let the name of God be blessed R55 forever and ever, For wisdom R56 and power belong to Him.

21 "It is He who changes R57 the times and the epochs;

He removes R58 kings and establishes F51 kings;

He gives wisdom R59 to wise men

And knowledge to men F52 of understanding.

22 "It is He who reveals R60 the profound and hidden things;

He R61 knows what is in the darkness,

And the light R62 dwells with Him.

23 "To You, O God R63 of my fathers, I give thanks and praise,

For You have given me wisdom R64 and power;

Even now You have made known to me what we requested R65 of You,

For You have made known to us the king's matter."

24 Therefore, Daniel went in to Arioch, whom the king had appointed to destroy the wise men of Babylon; he went and spoke to him as follows: "Do R66 not destroy the wise men of Babylon! Take me into F53 the king's presence, and I will declare the interpretation to the king."

25 Then Arioch hurriedly brought R67 Daniel into F54 the king's presence and spoke to him as follows: "I have found a man among the exiles R68 F55 from Judah who can make the interpretation known to the king!" 26 The king said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, R69 "Are you able to make known to me the dream which I have seen and its interpretation?" 27 Daniel answered before the king and said, "As for the mystery about which the king has inquired, neither wise R70 men, conjurers, magicians F56 nor diviners are able to declare it to the king. 28 "However, there is a God R71 in heaven who reveals mysteries, and He has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will take place in the latter R72 F57 days. This was your dream and the visions R73 in F58 your mind while on your bed. 29 "As for you, O king, while on your bed your thoughts turned F59 to what would take place in F60 the future; and He R74 who reveals mysteries has made known to you what will take place. 30 "But as for me, this mystery has not been revealed to me for any wisdom R75 residing F61 in me more than in any other living man, but for the purpose of making the interpretation known to the king, and that you may understand F62 the thoughts R76 of your mind. F63

The King's Dream

31 "You, O king, were looking and behold, there was a single great statue; that statue, which was large and of F64 extraordinary splendor, was standing in front of you, and its appearance was awesome. R77 32 "The head R78 of that statue was made of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze, 33 its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. 34 "You continued F65 looking until a stone R79 was cut out without R80 hands, and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and crushed R81 them. 35 "Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were crushed all F66 at the same time and became like R82 chaff from the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away so that not R83 a trace of them was found. But the stone that struck the statue became a great mountain R84 and filled the whole earth.

The Interpretation--Babylon the First Kingdom

36 "This was the dream; now we will tell its R85 interpretation before the king. 37 "You, O king, are the king R86 of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, F67 the power, R87 the strength and the glory; 38 and wherever the sons of men dwell, or the beasts R88 of the field, or the birds of the sky, He has given them into your hand and has caused you to rule over them all. You are the head of gold.

Medo-Persia and Greece

39 "After you there will arise another kingdom inferior to you, then another third kingdom of bronze, which will rule over all the earth.

Rome

40 "Then there will be a fourth R89 kingdom as strong as iron; inasmuch as iron crushes and shatters all things, so, like iron that breaks in pieces, it will crush and break all these in pieces. 41 "In that you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter's clay and partly of iron, it will be a divided kingdom; but it will have in it the toughness of iron, inasmuch as you saw the iron mixed with common F68 clay. 42 "As the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of pottery, so some of the kingdom will be strong and part of it will be brittle. 43 "And in that you saw the iron mixed with common F69 clay, they will combine with one another in F70 the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, even as iron does not combine with pottery.

The Divine Kingdom

44 "In the days of those kings the God R90 of heaven will set R91 up a kingdom R92 which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left F71 for another people; it will crush R93 and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever. 45 "Inasmuch as you saw that a stone R94 was cut out of the mountain without hands and that it crushed the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold, the great R95 God has made known to the king what will R96 take place in F72 the future; so the dream is true and its interpretation is trustworthy."

Daniel Promoted

46 Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face and did homage R97 to Daniel, and gave orders to present to him an offering and fragrant R98 F73 incense. 47 The king answered Daniel and said, "Surely your R99 God is a God R100 of gods and a Lord of kings and a revealer R101 of mysteries, since you have been able to reveal this mystery." 48 Then the king promoted R102 F74 Daniel and gave him many great gifts, and he made him ruler over the whole province R103 of Babylon and chief prefect F75 over all the wise men of Babylon. 49 And Daniel made request of the king, and he appointed R104 Shadrach, R105 Meshach and Abed-nego over the administration of the province of Babylon, while Daniel was at the king's court. R106 F76


FOOTNOTES:
F24: Lit dreamed dreams
F25: Lit was gone upon him
F26: Lit said to call
F27: Or soothsayer priests
F28: Or master astrologers, and so throughout the ch
F29: Lit dreamed
F30: Lit was troubled
F31: Lit know
F32: The text is in Aramaic from here through 7:28
F33: Another reading is The word has gone from me
F34: Lit made into limbs
F35: Lit buying
F36: V 5, note 1
F37: Or law
F38: Lit word
F39: Lit time
F40: Lit before the
F41: Lit of
F42: Or soothsayer priest
F43: Or rare
F44: Lit before
F45: Or law
F46: Lit be killed
F47: Or executioners
F48: Or law
F49: Or harsh
F50: Or appoint a time for him
F51: Or sets up
F52: Lit knowers
F53: Lit in before the king
F54: Lit in before the king
F55: Lit sons of the exile of
F56: Or soothsayer priests
F57: Lit end of the days
F58: Lit of your head
F59: Lit came up
F60: Lit after this
F61: Lit which is
F62: Lit know
F63: Lit heart
F64: Lit its splendor was surpassing
F65: Lit were
F66: Lit like one
F67: Or sovereignty
F68: Lit clay of mud
F69: Lit clay of mud
F70: Or with
F71: Or passed on to
F72: Lit after this
F73: Lit sweet odors
F74: Lit made great
F75: Lit of the prefects
F76: Lit gate

CROSS REFERENCES:
R33: Genesis 40:5-8; 41:1,8; Job 1:33:15-17; Daniel 2:3; 4:5
R34: Esther 6:1; Daniel 6:18
R35: Genesis 41:8; Exodus 7:11; Isaiah 47:12,13; Daniel 1:20; 2:10,27; 4:6; 5:7
R36: Genesis 40:8; 41:15; Daniel 4:5
R37: Ezra 4:7; Isaiah 36:11
R38: Daniel 3:9; 5:10
R39: Daniel 2:7
R40: Ezra 6:11; Daniel 2:12; 3:29
R41: Daniel 2:48; 5:7,16,29
R42: Daniel 2:4
R43: Esther 4:11; Daniel 3:15
R44: Isaiah 41:23
R45: Daniel 2:2,27
R46: Genesis 41:39; Daniel 5:11
R47: Exodus 29:45; Isaiah 57:15
R48: Psalms 76:10; Daniel 2:5; 3:13,19
R49: Daniel 1:19,20
R50: Daniel 2:24
R51: Daniel 1:6
R52: Esther 4:15,16; Isaiah 37:4; Jeremiah 33:3; Ezekiel 36:37; Daniel 2:23
R53: Genesis 18:28; Malachi 3:18
R54: Numbers 12:6; Job 1:33:15,16; Daniel 1:17; 7:2,7,13
R55: Psalms 103:1,2; 113:1,2; 115:18; 145:1,2,21
R56: 1 Chronicles 29:11,12; Job 1:12:13,16-22; Daniel 2:21-23
R57: Psalms 31:15; Daniel 2:9; 7:25
R58: Job 1:12:18; Psalms 75:6,7; Daniel 4:17,32
R59: 1 Kings 3:9,10; 4:29; James 1:5
R60: Job 1:12:22; Psalms 25:14; Daniel 2:19,28
R61: Job 1:26:6; Psalms 139:12; Isaiah 45:7; Jeremiah 23:24; Hebrews 4:13
R62: Psalms 36:9; Daniel 5:11,14; James 1:17; 1 John 1:5
R63: Genesis 31:42; Exodus 3:15
R64: Daniel 1:17; 2:21
R65: Psalms 21:2,4; Daniel 2:18,29,30
R66: Daniel 2:12,13; Acts 27:24
R67: Genesis 41:14
R68: Daniel 1:6; 5:13; 6:13
R69: Daniel 1:7; 4:8; 5:12
R70: Daniel 2:2,10,11; 5:7,8
R71: Genesis 40:8; 41:16; Daniel 2:22,45
R72: Genesis 49:1; Isaiah 2:2; Daniel 10:14; Micah 4:1
R73: Daniel 4:5
R74: Daniel 2:23,47
R75: Genesis 41:16; Daniel 1:17
R76: Psalms 139:2; Amos 4:13
R77: Habakkuk 1:7
R78: Daniel 2:38
R79: Daniel 2:45
R80: Daniel 8:25; Zechariah 4:6
R81: Psalms 2:9; Isaiah 60:12
R82: Psalms 1:4; Isaiah 17:13; 41:15,16; Hosea 13:3
R83: Psalms 37:10,36
R84: Isaiah 2:2; Micah 4:1
R85: Daniel 2:24
R86: Isaiah 47:5; Jeremiah 27:6,7; Ezekiel 26:7
R87: Psalms 62:11
R88: Psalms 50:10,11; Daniel 4:21,22
R89: Daniel 7:23
R90: Daniel 2:28,37
R91: Isaiah 9:6,7
R92: Psalms 145:13; Ezekiel 37:25; Daniel 4:3,34; 6:26; 7:14,27; Micah 4:7; Luke 1:32,33
R93: Psalms 2:9; Isaiah 60:12; Daniel 2:34,35
R94: Daniel 2:34
R95: Deuteronomy 10:17; 2 Samuel 7:22; Psalms 48:1; Jeremiah 32:18,19; Daniel 2:29; Malachi 1:11
R96: Genesis 41:28,32
R97: Daniel 3:5,7; Acts 10:25; 14:13; Revelation 19:10; 22:8
R98: Leviticus 26:31; Ezra 6:10
R99: Daniel 3:15; 4:25
R100: Deuteronomy 10:17; Psalms 136:2,3; Daniel 11:36
R101: Daniel 2:22,30; Amos 3:7
R102: Genesis 41:39-43; Daniel 2:6; 5:16,29
R103: Daniel 3:1,12,30
R104: Daniel 3:12
R105: Daniel 1:7
R106: Esther 2:19,21; Amos 5:15

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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