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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Daniel 4
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of DanielClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    4:1-37 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The King Acknowledges God

1 Nebuchadnezzar F103 the king to all the peoples, nations, and men of every language F104 that live in all the earth: "May your peace R150 F105 abound! 2 "It has seemed good to me to declare the signs and wonders which the Most R151 High God has done for me.

3 "How great are His signs R152

And how mighty are His wonders!

His kingdom R153 is an everlasting kingdom

And His dominion is from generation to generation.

The Vision of a Great Tree

4 "I, F106 Nebuchadnezzar, was at ease in my house and flourishing R154 in my palace. 5 "I saw a dream R155 and it made me fearful; and these fantasies as I lay on my bed and the visions R156 in F107 my mind kept alarming me. 6 "So I gave orders to bring R157 into my presence all the wise men of Babylon, that they might make known to me the interpretation of the dream. 7 "Then the magicians, R158 F108 the conjurers, the Chaldeans F109 and the diviners came in and I related the dream to F110 them, but they could not make its interpretation R159 known to me. 8 "But finally Daniel came in before me, whose name is Belteshazzar R160 according to the name of my god, and in whom is a R161 F111 spirit of the holy gods; and I related the dream to F112 him, saying, 9 `O Belteshazzar, chief R162 of the magicians, since I know that a R163 spirit of the holy gods is in you and no R164 mystery baffles you, tell R165 me the visions of my dream which I have seen, along with its interpretation.

10 `Now these were the visions R166 in F113 my mind as I lay on my bed: I was looking, and behold, there was a tree R167 in the midst of the earth F114 and its height was great.

11 `The tree grew large and became strong

And its height reached R168 to the sky,

And it was visible to the end of the whole earth.

12 `Its foliage was beautiful R169 and its fruit abundant,

And in it was food for all.

The beasts R170 of the field found shade R171 under it,

And the birds R172 of the sky dwelt in its branches,

And all living F115 creatures fed themselves from it.

13 `I was looking in the visions R173 in F116 my mind as I lay on my bed, and behold, an R174 angelic watcher, a holy R175 one, descended from heaven.

14 `He shouted out and spoke as follows:

"Chop R176 down the tree and cut off its branches,

Strip off its foliage and scatter its fruit;

Let the beasts R177 flee from under it

And the birds from its branches.

15 "Yet leave R178 the stump with F117 its roots in the ground,

But with a band of iron and bronze around it

In the new grass of the field;

And let him be drenched with the dew of heaven,

And let him F118 share with the beasts in the grass of the earth.

16 "Let his mind F119 be changed from that of a man

And let a beast's mind F119 be given to him,

And let seven R179 periods F120 of time pass over him.

17 "This sentence is by the decree of the angelic watchers

And the decision is a command of the holy ones,

In order that the living may know R180

That the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind,

And bestows R181 it on whom He wishes

And sets over it the lowliest R182 of men."

18 `This is the dream which I, King Nebuchadnezzar, have seen. Now you, Belteshazzar, tell me its interpretation, inasmuch as none of the wise R183 men of my kingdom is able to make known to me the interpretation; but you are able, for a spirit R184 of the holy gods is in you.'

Daniel Interprets the Vision

19 "Then Daniel, whose name is Belteshazzar, was appalled for a while as his thoughts R185 alarmed him. The king responded and said, `Belteshazzar, do not let R186 the dream or its interpretation alarm you.' Belteshazzar replied, `My R187 lord, if only the dream applied to those who hate you and its interpretation to your R188 adversaries! 20 `The tree R189 that you saw, which became large and grew strong, whose height reached to the sky and was visible to all the earth 21 and whose foliage was beautiful and its fruit abundant, and in which was food for all, under which the beasts of the field dwelt and in whose branches the birds of the sky lodged-- 22 it is you, R190 O king; for you have become great and grown strong, and your majesty F121 has become great and reached to the sky and your dominion R191 to the end of the earth. 23 `In that the king saw an angelic watcher, a holy one, descending from heaven and saying, "Chop R192 down the tree and destroy it; yet leave the stump with F122 its roots in the ground, but with a band of iron and bronze around it in the new grass of the field, and let him be drenched with the dew of heaven, and let him F123 share with the beasts of the field until seven R193 periods F124 of time pass over him," 24 this is the interpretation, O king, and this is the decree of the Most High, which has come R194 upon my lord the king: 25 that you be driven R195 away from mankind and your dwelling place be with the beasts of the field, and you be given grass to eat like cattle and be drenched with the dew of heaven; and seven periods F125 of time will pass over you, until you recognize that the Most R196 High is ruler over the realm of mankind and bestows R197 it on whomever He wishes. 26 `And in that it was commanded to leave R198 the stump with F126 the roots of the tree, your kingdom will be assured F127 to you after you recognize that it is Heaven R199 that rules. 27 `Therefore, O king, may my advice R200 be pleasing to you: break R201 F128 away now from your sins by doing righteousness and from your iniquities by showing R202 mercy to the poor, in case there may be a prolonging R203 of your prosperity.'

The Vision Fulfilled

28 "All this happened R204 to Nebuchadnezzar the king. 29 "Twelve R205 months later he was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon. 30 "The king reflected F129 and said, `Is this not Babylon the great, R206 which I myself have built as a royal residence F130 by the might of my power and for the glory of my majesty?' 31 "While the word was in the king's mouth, a voice came F131 from heaven, saying, `King Nebuchadnezzar, to you it is declared: sovereignty F132 has been removed from you, 32 and you R207 will be driven away from mankind, and your dwelling place will be with the beasts of the field. You will be given grass to eat like cattle, and seven R208 periods F133 of time will pass over you until you recognize that the Most R209 High is ruler over the realm of mankind and bestows it on whomever He wishes.' 33 "Immediately the word concerning Nebuchadnezzar was fulfilled; and he was driven R210 away from mankind and began eating grass like cattle, and his body was drenched with the dew of heaven until his hair had grown like eagles' feathers and his nails like birds' claws.

34 "But at the end of that F134 period, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven and my reason F135 returned to me, and I blessed the Most R211 High and praised and honored Him R212 who lives forever; For His dominion is an everlasting R213 dominion, And His kingdom endures from generation to generation.

35 "All R214 the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing,

But He R215 does according to His will in the host of heaven

And among the inhabitants of earth;

And no R216 one can ward F136 off His hand

Or say to Him, `What R217 have You done?'

36 "At that time my reason R218 F137 returned to me. And my majesty and splendor R219 were restored F138 to me for the glory of my kingdom, and my counselors and my nobles began seeking me out; so I was reestablished in my sovereignty, F139 and surpassing greatness R220 was added to me. 37 "Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise, exalt and honor the King of heaven, R221 for all R222 His works are true F140 and His ways just, F141 and He is able to humble those who walk R223 in pride."
FOOTNOTES:
F103: Ch 3:31 in Aram
F104: Lit tongue
F105: Or welfare or prosperity
F106: Ch 4:1 in Aram
F107: Lit of my head
F108: Or soothsayer priests, and so throughout the ch
F109: Or master astrologers
F110: Lit before
F111: Or possibly the Spirit of the holy God, and so throughout the ch
F112: Lit before
F113: Lit of my head
F114: Or land, and so throughout the ch
F115: Lit flesh
F116: Lit of my head
F117: Lit of
F118: Lit his portion be with
F119: Lit heart
F119: Lit heart
F120: I.e. years
F121: Lit greatness
F122: Lit of
F123: Lit his portion be with
F124: I.e. years
F125: I.e. years
F126: Lit of
F127: Lit enduring
F128: Or redeem now your sins
F129: Lit answered
F130: Lit house
F131: Lit fell
F132: Or kingdom
F133: I.e. years
F134: Lit the days
F135: Lit knowledge
F136: Lit strike against
F137: Lit knowledge
F138: Lit returning
F139: Or kingdom
F140: Lit truth
F141: Lit justice

CROSS REFERENCES:
R150: Ezra 4:17; Daniel 6:25
R151: Daniel 3:26; 4:17,24,25,32,34
R152: Psalms 77:19; 105:27; Isaiah 25:1; Daniel 6:27
R153: Daniel 2:44; 4:34; 6:26
R154: Psalms 30:6; Isaiah 47:7,8
R155: Daniel 2:3
R156: Daniel 2:1,28; 4:10,13
R157: Genesis 41:8; Daniel 2:2
R158: Genesis 41:8; Daniel 2:10,27; 5:7
R159: Isaiah 44:25; Jeremiah 27:9,10; Daniel 2:7
R160: Daniel 1:7; 2:26; 5:12
R161: Daniel 4:9,18; 5:11,14
R162: Daniel 1:20; 2:48; 5:11
R163: Genesis 41:38; Daniel 4:8
R164: Ezekiel 28:3; Daniel 2:47
R165: Genesis 41:15; Daniel 2:4,5
R166: Daniel 4:5
R167: Ezekiel 31:3,6
R168: Deuteronomy 9:1; Daniel 4:21,22
R169: Ezekiel 31:7
R170: Jeremiah 27:6; Ezekiel 31:6
R171: Lamentations 4:20
R172: Ezekiel 17:23; Matthew 13:32; Luke 13:19
R173: Daniel 7:1
R174: Daniel 4:17,23
R175: Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 89:7; Daniel 8:13
R176: Ezekiel 31:10-14; Daniel 4:23; Matthew 3:10; 7:19; Luke 13:7-9
R177: Ezekiel 31:12,13; Daniel 4:12
R178: Job 1:14:7-9
R179: Daniel 4:23,25,32
R180: Psalms 9:16; 83:18; Daniel 2:21; 5:21
R181: Jeremiah 27:5-7; Daniel 4:25; 5:18,19
R182: 1 Samuel 2:8; Daniel 11:21
R183: Genesis 41:8,15; Daniel 4:7; 5:8,15
R184: Daniel 4:8,9
R185: Jeremiah 4:19; Daniel 7:15,28; 8:27; 10:16,17
R186: 1 Samuel 3:17; Daniel 4:4,5
R187: 2 Samuel 18:31; Daniel 4:24; 10:16
R188: 2 Samuel 18:32
R189: Daniel 4:10-12
R190: 2 Samuel 12:7; Daniel 2:37,38
R191: Jeremiah 27:6,7
R192: Daniel 4:14,15
R193: Daniel 4:16
R194: Job 1:40:11,12; Psalms 107:40
R195: Daniel 4:33; 5:21
R196: Psalms 83:18; Jeremiah 27:5; Daniel 4:2,17
R197: Daniel 2:37; 4:17; 5:21
R198: Daniel 4:15,23
R199: Daniel 2:18,19,28,37,44; 4:31
R200: Genesis 41:33-37
R201: Proverbs 28:13; Isaiah 55:6,7; Ezekiel 18:7,21,22; Acts 8:22
R202: Psalms 41:1-3; Isaiah 58:6,7,10
R203: 1 Kings 21:29; Jonah 3:9
R204: Numbers 23:19; Zechariah 1:6
R205: 2 Peter 3:9
R206: Habakkuk 2:4
R207: Daniel 4:25
R208: Daniel 4:16
R209: Daniel 4:17
R210: Daniel 4:25; 5:21
R211: Daniel 4:2; 5:18,21
R212: Psalms 102:24-27; Daniel 6:26; 12:7; Revelation 4:10
R213: Psalms 145:13; Jeremiah 10:10; Daniel 4:3; Micah 4:7; Luke 1:33
R214: Psalms 39:5; Isaiah 40:15,17
R215: Psalms 33:11; 115:3; 135:6; Daniel 6:27
R216: Job 1:42:2; Isaiah 43:13
R217: Job 1:9:12; Isaiah 45:9; Romans 9:20
R218: 2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Daniel 4:34
R219: Daniel 2:31
R220: Proverbs 22:4; Daniel 4:22
R221: Daniel 4:26; 5:23
R222: Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 33:4,5; Isaiah 5:16
R223: Exodus 18:11; Job 1:40:11,12; Daniel 5:20

 
 

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