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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Daniel 8
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of DanielClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    8:1-27 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Vision of the Ram and Goat

1 In the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the king a vision appeared to me, Daniel, F231 subsequent to the one which appeared to me previously. F232 2 I looked R372 in the vision, and while I was looking I was in the citadel of Susa, R373 which is in the province of Elam; R374 and I looked in the vision and I myself was beside the Ulai Canal. F233 3 Then I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, a ram R375 which had two horns was standing in front of the canal. F234 Now the two horns were long, F235 but one was longer F235 than the other, with the longer F235 one coming up last. 4 I saw the ram butting R376 westward, northward, and southward, and no other beasts could stand before him nor was there anyone to rescue from his power, F236 but he R377 did as he pleased and magnified himself.

5 While I was observing, behold, a male goat was coming from the west over the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground; and the goat F237 had a conspicuous R378 horn between his eyes. 6 He came up to the ram that had the two horns, which I had seen standing in front of the canal, F238 and rushed at him in his mighty wrath. 7 I saw him come beside the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck the ram and shattered his two horns, and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he hurled him to the ground and trampled on him, and there was none to rescue the ram from his power. F239 8 Then the male goat magnified himself exceedingly. But as soon as he R379 was mighty, the large R380 horn was broken; and in its place there came up four conspicuous horns toward the four R381 winds of heaven.

The Little Horn

9 Out of one of them came forth a rather small R382 horn which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the Beautiful R383 F240 Land. 10 It grew up to the host of heaven and caused some of the host and some of the stars R384 to fall to the earth, and it trampled R385 them down. 11 It even magnified R386 itself to F241 be equal with the Commander F242 of the host; and it removed the regular R387 sacrifice from Him, and the place of His sanctuary was thrown down. 12 And on account of transgression the host will be given over to the horn along with the regular sacrifice; and it will fling R388 truth to the ground and perform its will and prosper. 13 Then I heard a holy R389 one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, "How R390 long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, while F243 the transgression causes horror, so as to allow both the holy place and the host to F244 be trampled?" R391 14 He said to me, "For 2,300 R392 evenings and mornings; then the holy place will be properly F245 restored."

Interpretation of the Vision

15 When I, R393 Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to F246 understand it; and behold, standing before me was one who F247 looked like a man. R394 16 And I heard the voice of a man between the banks of Ulai, and he called out and said, "Gabriel, R395 give this man an understanding of the vision." 17 So he came near to where I was standing, and when he came I was frightened and fell R396 on my face; but he said to me, "Son of man, understand that the vision pertains to the time R397 of the end."

18 Now while he was talking with me, I sank R398 into a deep sleep with my face to the ground; but he touched R399 me and made me stand upright. F248 19 He said, "Behold, I am going to let R400 you know what will occur at the final period of the indignation, for it pertains to the appointed time of the end.

The Ram's Identity

20 "The ram R401 which you saw with the two horns represents the kings of Media and Persia.

The Goat

21 "The shaggy goat F249 represents the kingdom F250 of Greece, and the large horn that is between his eyes is the first king. 22 "The broken R402 horn and the four horns that arose in its place represent four kingdoms which will arise from his nation, although not with his power.

23 "In the latter period of their rule, F251

When the transgressors have run F252 their course,

A king will arise,

Insolent F253 and skilled in intrigue. F254

24 "His power will be mighty, but not by his own power,

And he will destroy R403 F255 to an extraordinary degree

And prosper and perform his will;

He will destroy F255 mighty men and the F256 holy people.

25 "And through his shrewdness

He will cause deceit to succeed by his influence; F257

And he will magnify himself in his heart,

And he will destroy F258 many while they are at F259 ease.

He will even oppose R404 F260 the Prince of princes,

But he will be broken without R405 human F257 agency.

26 "The vision of the evenings and mornings

Which has been told is true; R406

But keep R407 the vision secret,

For it pertains to many days R408 in the future."

27 Then I, Daniel, was exhausted R409 F261 and sick for days. Then I got up again and carried R410 on the king's business; but I was astounded at the vision, and there was none to explain F262 it.


FOOTNOTES:
F231: Lit I, Daniel
F232: Lit at the beginning
F233: Or river
F234: Or river
F235: Lit high(er)
F235: Lit high(er)
F235: Lit high(er)
F236: Lit hand
F237: Lit buck
F238: Or river
F239: Lit hand
F240: I.e. Palestine
F241: Lit up to the
F242: Or Prince
F243: Or possibly and the transgression that horrifies
F244: Lit as a trampling
F245: Lit vindicated
F246: Lit understanding
F247: Lit like the appearance of a man
F248: Lit on my standing
F249: Lit buck
F250: Lit king
F251: Or kingdom
F252: Lit finished
F253: Lit Strong of face
F254: Or ambiguous speech
F255: Or corrupt
F255: Or corrupt
F256: Lit people of the saints
F257: Lit hand
F258: Or corrupt
F259: Or secure
F260: Lit stand against
F257: Lit hand
F261: Or done in
F262: Lit make me understand

CROSS REFERENCES:
R372: Numbers 12:6; Daniel 7:2,15; 8:3
R373: Nehemiah 1:1; Esther 1:2; 2:8
R374: Genesis 10:22; 14:1; Isaiah 11:11; Jeremiah 25:25; Ezekiel 32:24
R375: Daniel 8:20
R376: Deuteronomy 33:17; 1 Kings 22:11; Ezekiel 34:21
R377: Daniel 11:3
R378: Daniel 8:8,21; 11:3
R379: 2 Chronicles 26:16; Daniel 5:20
R380: Daniel 8:22
R381: Daniel 7:2; Revelation 7:1
R382: Daniel 8:23
R383: Psalms 48:2; Daniel 11:16,41
R384: Isaiah 14:13; Jeremiah 48:26; Revelation 12:4
R385: Daniel 7:7; 8:7
R386: 2 Kings 19:22,23; 2 Chronicles 32:15-17; Isaiah 37:23; Daniel 8:25; 11:36,37
R387: Ezekiel 46:14; Daniel 11:31; 12:11
R388: Isaiah 59:14
R389: Daniel 4:13,23; 1 Peter 1:12
R390: Psalms 74:10; 79:5; Isaiah 6:11; Daniel 12:6,8; Revelation 6:10
R391: Isaiah 63:18; Jeremiah 12:10; Luke 21:24; Hebrews 10:29; Revelation 11:2
R392: Daniel 7:25; 12:7,11; Revelation 11:2,3; 12:14; 13:5
R393: Daniel 8:1
R394: Daniel 7:13; 10:16,18
R395: Daniel 9:21; Luke 1:19,26
R396: Ezekiel 1:28; 44:4; Daniel 2:46; Revelation 1:17
R397: Daniel 8:19; 11:35,40
R398: Daniel 10:9; Luke 9:32
R399: Ezekiel 2:2; Daniel 10:10,16,18
R400: Daniel 8:15-17
R401: Daniel 8:3
R402: Daniel 8:8
R403: Daniel 8:11-13; 11:36; 12:7
R404: Daniel 8:11
R405: Job 1:34:20; Daniel 2:34,45
R406: Daniel 10:1
R407: Ezekiel 12:27; Daniel 12:4,9; Revelation 22:10
R408: Daniel 10:14
R409: Daniel 7:28; 8:17; Habakkuk 3:16
R410: Daniel 2:48

 
 

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