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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Deuteronomy 31
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of DeuteronomyClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    31:1-30 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Moses' Last Counsel

1 So Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel. 2 And he said to them, "I am a R941 hundred and twenty years old today; I R942 am no longer able to come and go, and the LORD has said to me, `You R943 shall not cross this Jordan.' 3 "It R944 is the LORD your God who will cross ahead of you; He will destroy these nations before you, and you shall dispossess them. Joshua R945 is the one who will cross ahead of you, just as the LORD has spoken. 4 "The LORD will do to them just as He did to Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites, and to their land, when He destroyed them. 5 "The R946 LORD will deliver them up before you, and you shall do to them according to all the commandments which I have commanded you. 6 "Be R947 strong and courageous, do R948 not be afraid or tremble at them, for the R949 LORD your God is the one who goes with you. He R950 will not fail you or forsake you."

7 Then Moses called to Joshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel, "Be R951 strong and courageous, for you shall go with this people into the land which the LORD has sworn to their fathers to give them, and you shall give it to them as an inheritance. 8 "The R952 LORD is the one who goes ahead of you; He will be with you. He R953 will not fail you or forsake you. Do not fear or be dismayed."

9 So Moses wrote this law and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi who R954 carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and to all the elders of Israel. 10 Then Moses commanded them, saying, "At the end of every seven years, at the time of the R955 year of remission of debts, at the Feast R956 of Booths, 11 when all Israel comes to R957 appear before the LORD your God at the R958 place which He will choose, you R959 shall read this law in front of all Israel in their hearing. 12 "Assemble the people, the men and the women and children and the F499 alien who is in your town, F500 so that they may hear and learn R960 and fear the LORD your God, and be careful to observe all the words of this law. 13 "Their children, who have not known, will hear and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long as you live on the land which F501 you are about to cross the Jordan to possess." F502

Israel Will Fall Away

14 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Behold, the R961 F503 time for you to die is near; call Joshua, and present yourselves at the tent of meeting, that I may commission him." So R962 Moses and Joshua went and presented themselves at the tent of meeting. 15 The R963 LORD appeared in the tent in a pillar of cloud, and the pillar of cloud stood at the doorway of the tent. 16 The LORD said to Moses, "Behold, you R964 are about to lie down with your fathers; and this R965 people will arise and play the harlot with the strange gods of the land, into the midst of which they are going, and will R966 forsake Me and break My covenant which I have made with them. 17 "Then R967 My anger will be kindled against them in that day, and I R968 will forsake them and hide R969 My face from them, and they will be consumed, and many evils and troubles will come upon them; so that they will say in that day, `Is R970 it not because our God is not among us that these evils have come upon us?' 18 "But I will surely hide My face in that day because of all the evil which they will do, for they will turn to other gods.

19 "Now therefore, write R971 this song for yourselves, and teach it to the sons of Israel; put it on F504 their lips, so that this song may be a witness for Me against the sons of Israel. 20 "For R972 when I bring them into the land flowing with milk and honey, which I swore to their fathers, and they have eaten and are satisfied and become R973 prosperous, F505 then they will turn to other gods and serve them, and spurn Me and break My covenant. 21 "Then it shall come about, when R974 many evils and troubles have come upon them, that this song will testify before them as a witness (for it shall not be forgotten from the lips F506 of their descendants); for I R975 know their intent which they are developing F507 today, before I have brought them into the land which I swore." 22 So R976 Moses wrote this song the same day, and taught it to the sons of Israel.

Joshua Is Commissioned

23 Then R977 He commissioned Joshua the son of Nun, and said, "Be R978 strong and courageous, for you shall bring the sons of Israel into the land which I swore to them, and I R979 will be with you."

24 It came about, when Moses finished writing the words of this law in a book until they were complete, 25 that Moses commanded the Levites who R980 carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying, 26 "Take this book of the law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, that it may remain F508 there as a witness against you. 27 "For I know your R981 rebellion and your R982 stubbornness; F509 behold, while I am still alive with you today, you have been rebellious against the LORD; how much more, then, after my death? 28 "Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officers, that I may speak these words in their hearing and call R983 the heavens and the earth to witness against them. 29 "For I know that after my death you will act R984 corruptly and turn from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days, for you will do that which is evil in the sight of the LORD, provoking Him to anger with the work of your hands."

30 Then Moses spoke in the hearing of all the assembly of Israel the words of this song, until they were complete:

F499: Lit your alien
F500: Lit gates
F501: Lit where
F502: Lit possess it
F503: Lit your days to die are
F504: Lit in their mouths
F505: Lit fat
F506: Lit mouth of its seed
F507: Lit making
F508: Lit be
F509: Lit stiff neck

R941: Deuteronomy 34:7
R942: Numbers 27:17; 1 Kings 3:7
R943: Deuteronomy 1:37; 3:27
R944: Deuteronomy 9:3
R945: Numbers 27:18
R946: Deuteronomy 7:2
R947: Joshua 10:25; 1 Chronicles 22:13
R948: Deuteronomy 1:29; 7:18; 20:1
R949: Deuteronomy 20:4
R950: Joshua 1:5; Hebrews 13:5
R951: Deuteronomy 1:38; 3:28
R952: Exodus 13:21; 33:14
R953: Deuteronomy 31:6; Joshua 1:5; Hebrews 13:5
R954: Numbers 4:5,6,15; Deuteronomy 10:8; 31:25,26; Joshua 3:3
R955: Deuteronomy 15:1,2
R956: Leviticus 23:34; Deuteronomy 16:13
R957: Deuteronomy 16:16
R958: Deuteronomy 12:5
R959: Joshua 8:34; 2 Kings 23:2
R960: Deuteronomy 4:10
R961: Numbers 27:12,13; Deuteronomy 4:22; 32:50
R962: Exodus 33:9-11
R963: Exodus 33:9
R964: Genesis 15:15
R965: Exodus 34:15; Deuteronomy 4:25-28; Judges 2:11,12,17
R966: Judges 10:6; 1 Kings 18:18; 19:10; Jeremiah 2:13
R967: Judges 2:14; 6:13
R968: 2 Chronicles 15:2; 24:20
R969: Psalms 104:29; Isaiah 8:17
R970: Numbers 14:42
R971: Deuteronomy 31:22
R972: Deuteronomy 6:10-12; 8:10,19; 11:16,17
R973: Deuteronomy 32:15-17
R974: Leviticus 26:41; Deuteronomy 4:30
R975: 1 Chronicles 28:9; John 2:24,25
R976: Deuteronomy 31:19
R977: Numbers 27:23; Deuteronomy 31:7
R978: Joshua 1:6
R979: Exodus 3:12
R980: Deuteronomy 31:9
R981: Deuteronomy 9:7,24
R982: Exodus 32:9; Deuteronomy 9:6,13
R983: Deuteronomy 4:26; 30:19; 32:1
R984: Judges 2:19


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