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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Exodus 1
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of ExodusClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    1:1-22 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Israel Multiplies in Egypt

1 Now these are the names R1 of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob; they came each one with F1 his household: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; 3 Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 All the persons F2 who came from the loins of Jacob were seventy R2 in F3 number, but Joseph was already in Egypt. 6 Joseph R3 died, and all his brothers and all that generation. 7 But the sons of Israel were R4 fruitful and increased F4 greatly, and multiplied, and became exceedingly mighty, F5 so that the land was filled with them.

8 Now a new king R5 arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. 9 He R6 said to his people, "Behold, the people of the sons of Israel are more F6 and mightier than we. 10 "Come, let us deal R7 wisely with them, or else they will multiply and in F7 the event of war, they will also join themselves to those who hate us, and fight against us and depart F8 from the land." 11 So they appointed taskmasters R8 over them to afflict them with hard R9 F9 labor. And they built for Pharaoh storage R10 cities, Pithom and Raamses. R11 12 But the more they afflicted them, the R12 more they multiplied and the more they spread F10 out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel. 13 The Egyptians compelled the sons of Israel to R13 labor rigorously; 14 and they made their R14 lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously imposed F11 on them.

15 Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was F12 named Shiphrah and the other was F12 named Puah; 16 and he said, "When you are helping the Hebrew women to give birth and see them upon the birthstool, if R15 it is a son, then you shall put him to death; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live." 17 But the midwives feared R16 F13 God, and did R17 not do as the king of Egypt had commanded F14 them, but let the boys live. 18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, "Why have you done this thing, and let the boys live?" 19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, "Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife can F15 get to them." 20 So God R18 was good to the midwives, and the R19 people multiplied, and became very mighty. F16 21 Because the midwives feared R20 F17 God, He established R21 F18 households F19 for them. 22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, "Every R22 son who is born you F20 are to cast into the R23 Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive."

F1: Lit and
F2: Lit souls
F3: Lit as to souls
F4: Lit swarmed
F5: Or numerous
F6: Or too many and too mighty for us
F7: Lit it came about when war befalls that
F8: Lit go up from
F9: Lit their burdens
F10: Lit broke forth
F11: Lit worked through them
F12: Lit the name was
F12: Lit the name was
F13: Or revered
F14: Lit spoken to
F15: Lit comes to
F16: Or numerous
F17: Or revered
F18: Lit made
F19: Or families
F20: Some versions insert to the Hebrews

R1: Genesis 46:8-27
R2: Genesis 46:26,27; Deuteronomy 10:22
R3: Genesis 50:26
R4: Genesis 12:2; 28:3; 35:11; 46:3; 47:27; 48:4; Deuteronomy 26:5; Psalms 105:24; Acts 7:17
R5: Acts 7:18,19
R6: Psalms 105:24,25
R7: Acts 7:19
R8: Genesis 15:13; Exodus 3:7; 5:6
R9: Exodus 1:14; 2:11; 5:4-9; 6:6f
R10: 1 Kings 9:19; 2 Chronicles 8:4
R11: Genesis 47:11
R12: Exodus 1:7
R13: Genesis 15:13; Deuteronomy 4:20
R14: Exodus 2:23; 6:9; Numbers 20:15; Acts 7:19
R15: Acts 7:19
R16: Exodus 1:21; Proverbs 16:6
R17: Acts 4:18-20; 5:29
R18: Proverbs 11:18; Ecclesiastes 8:12; Hebrews 6:10
R19: Exodus 1:12; Isaiah 3:10
R20: Exodus 1:17
R21: 1 Samuel 2:35; 2 Samuel 7:11,27; 1 Kings 2:24; 11:38
R22: Acts 7:19
R23: Genesis 41:1


Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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