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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Exodus 22
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of ExodusClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    22:1-31 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Property Rights

1 "If F441 a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox and four R723 sheep for the sheep.

2 "If F442 the thief R724 is caught F443 while breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no bloodguiltiness on his account. 3 "But if the sun has risen on him, there will be bloodguiltiness on his account. He shall surely make restitution; if he owns nothing, then he shall be sold R725 for his theft. 4 "If what he stole is actually found alive in his possession, F444 whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he R726 shall pay double.

5 "If a man lets a field or vineyard be grazed bare and lets his animal loose so that it grazes in another man's field, he shall make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard.

6 "If a fire breaks out and spreads to thorn bushes, so that stacked grain or the standing grain or the field itself is consumed, he who started the fire shall surely make restitution.

7 "If R727 a man gives his neighbor money or goods to keep for him and it is stolen from the man's house, if the thief is caught, F445 he shall pay double. 8 "If the thief is not caught, F446 then the owner of the house shall appear F447 before the R728 F448 judges, to determine whether he laid F449 his hands on his neighbor's property. 9 "For every breach F450 of trust, whether it is for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any lost thing about which one says, `This is it,' the case F451 of both parties shall come before the R729 F452 judges; he whom the F452 judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor.

10 "If a man gives his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep for him, and it dies or is hurt or is driven away while no one is looking, 11 an oath R730 before the LORD shall be made by the two of them that F453 he has not laid F454 hands on his neighbor's property; and its owner shall accept it, and he shall not make restitution. 12 "But if it is actually stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner. 13 "If it is all torn to pieces, let him bring it as evidence; he shall not make restitution for what has been torn to pieces.

14 "If a man borrows F455 anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution. 15 "If its owner is with it, he shall not make restitution; if it is hired, it came for its hire.

Sundry Laws

16 "If R731 a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife. 17 "If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall pay F456 money equal to the dowry R732 for virgins.

18 "You shall not allow a sorceress R733 to live.

19 "Whoever R734 lies with an animal shall surely be put to death.

20 "He R735 who sacrifices to any F457 god, other than to the LORD alone, shall be utterly F458 destroyed.

21 "You R736 shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22 "You R737 shall not afflict any widow or orphan. 23 "If you afflict him at all, and if R738 he does cry out to Me, I R739 will surely hear his cry; 24 and My anger will be kindled, and I will kill you with the sword, and R740 your wives shall become widows and your children fatherless.

25 "If R741 you lend money to My people, to the poor among F459 you, you are not to act F460 as a creditor to him; you shall not charge F461 him interest. R742 26 "If you ever take your neighbor's cloak as R743 a pledge, you are to return it to him before the sun sets, 27 for that is his only covering; it is his cloak for his body. F462 What else shall he sleep in? And it shall come about that when R744 he cries out to Me, I will hear him, for I R745 am gracious.

28 "You shall not curse R746 F463 God, nor R747 curse a ruler of your people.

29 "You R748 shall not delay the offering from your F464 harvest and your vintage. The R749 firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me. 30 "You R750 shall do the same with your oxen and with your sheep. It shall be with its mother seven days; on R751 the eighth day you shall give it to Me.

31 "You R752 shall be holy men to Me, therefore you R753 shall not eat any flesh torn to pieces in the field; you shall throw it to the dogs.


FOOTNOTES:
F441: Ch 21:37 in Heb
F442: Ch 22:1 in Heb
F443: Lit found
F444: Lit hand
F445: Lit found
F446: Lit found
F447: Lit approach to
F448: Or God
F449: Lit stretched his hand
F450: Or matter of transgression
F451: Lit matter
F452: Or God
F452: Or God
F453: Lit whether
F454: Lit stretched his hand
F455: Lit asks
F456: Lit weigh out silver
F457: Lit the gods
F458: Lit put under the ban
F459: Lit with
F460: Lit be
F461: Lit lay upon
F462: Lit skin
F463: Or revile
F464: Lit your fullness and your tears

CROSS REFERENCES:
R723: 2 Samuel 12:6; Luke 19:8
R724: Matthew 6:19; 24:43; 1 Peter 4:15
R725: Matthew 18:25
R726: Exodus 22:7
R727: Leviticus 6:1-7
R728: Exodus 22:9; Deuteronomy 17:8,9; 19:17
R729: Exodus 22:8,28; Deuteronomy 25:1
R730: Hebrews 6:16
R731: Deuteronomy 22:28,29
R732: Genesis 34:12; 1 Samuel 18:25
R733: Leviticus 19:31; 20:6,27; Deuteronomy 18:10,11; 1 Samuel 28:3; Jeremiah 27:9,10
R734: Leviticus 18:23; 20:15,16; Deuteronomy 27:21
R735: Exodus 32:8; 34:15; Leviticus 17:7; Numbers 25:2; Deuteronomy 17:2,3,5; 1 Kings 18:40; 2 Kings 10:25
R736: Exodus 23:9; Leviticus 19:33,34; 25:35; Deuteronomy 1:16; 10:19; 27:19; Zechariah 7:10
R737: Deuteronomy 24:17,18; Proverbs 23:10,11; Jeremiah 7:6,7
R738: Deuteronomy 15:9; Job 1:35:9; Luke 18:7
R739: Deuteronomy 10:18; Job 1:34:28; Psalms 10:14,17,18; 18:6; 68:5; James 5:4
R740: Psalms 109:2,9
R741: Leviticus 25:35-37; Deuteronomy 15:7-11
R742: Deuteronomy 23:19,20; Nehemiah 5:7; Psalms 15:5; Ezekiel 18:8
R743: Deuteronomy 24:6,10-13; Job 1:24:3; Proverbs 20:16; Amos 2:8
R744: Exodus 22:23
R745: Exodus 34:6
R746: Leviticus 24:15,16
R747: Ecclesiastes 10:20; Acts 23:5
R748: Exodus 23:16,19; Deuteronomy 26:2-11; Proverbs 3:9
R749: Exodus 13:2,12
R750: Deuteronomy 15:19; Leviticus 22:27
R751: Genesis 17:12; Leviticus 12:3
R752: Exodus 19:6; Leviticus 11:44; 19:2
R753: Leviticus 7:24; 17:15; Ezekiel 4:14

 
 

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