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 Ezekiel 31
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of EzekielClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    31:1-18 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Pharaoh Warned of Assyria's Fate

1 In the eleventh R1073 year, in the third month, on the first of the month, the word of the LORD came to me saying, 2 "Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes, R1074 `Whom are you like in your greatness?

3 `Behold, Assyria was a cedar R1075 in Lebanon

With beautiful branches and forest shade,

And very R1076 F439 high,

And its top was among the clouds. F440

4 `The waters R1077 made it grow, the deep F441 made it high.

With its rivers it continually extended F442 all around its planting place,

And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.

5 `Therefore its R1078 height was loftier than all the trees of the field

And its boughs became many and its branches long

Because of many R1079 waters as F443 it spread them out.

6 `All the birds R1080 of the heavens nested in its boughs,

And under its branches all the beasts of the field gave birth,

And all great nations lived under its shade.

7 `So it was beautiful in its greatness, in the length of its branches;

For its roots F444 extended to many waters.

8 `The cedars R1081 in God's R1082 garden could F445 not match it;

The cypresses F446 could F445 not compare with its boughs,

And the plane trees could F447 not match its branches.

No tree in God's R1082 garden could F445 compare with it in its beauty.

9 `I made it beautiful with the multitude of its branches,

And all the trees of Eden, R1083 which were in the garden R1083 of God, were jealous of it.

10 `Therefore thus says the Lord GOD F448 , "Because it F449 is high in stature and has set its top among the clouds, F450 and its heart R1084 is haughty in its loftiness, 11 therefore I will give it into the hand of a despot R1085 F451 of the nations; he will thoroughly deal with it. According to its wickedness I have driven R1086 it away. 12 "Alien R1087 tyrants R1088 of the nations have cut it down and left it; on the mountains R1089 and in all the valleys its branches have fallen and its boughs have been broken in all the ravines of the land. And all the peoples of the earth have gone R1090 down from its shade and left it. 13 "On its ruin all the birds R1091 of the heavens will dwell, and all the beasts of the field will be on its fallen branches 14 so that all the trees by the waters may not be exalted in their stature, nor set their top among the clouds, F452 nor their well-watered F453 mighty ones stand erect in their height. For they have all been given over to death, to the earth R1092 beneath, among the sons of men, with those who go down to the pit."

15 `Thus says the Lord GOD, "On the day when it went down to Sheol I caused R1093 lamentations; I closed the deep F454 over it and held back its rivers. And its many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon mourn F455 for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it. 16 "I made the nations quake R1094 at the sound of its fall when I made it go R1095 down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit; and all the well-watered F456 trees of Eden, the choicest and best of Lebanon, R1096 were comforted R1097 in the earth beneath. 17 "They also went R1098 down with it to Sheol to those who were slain R1099 by the sword; and those who were its strength F457 lived under R1100 its shade among the nations.

18 "To which among the trees of Eden are you thus equal F458 in glory and greatness? Yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the earth beneath; you will lie in the midst of the uncircumcised, R1101 with those who were slain by the sword. So R1102 is Pharaoh and all his hordes!"' declares the Lord GOD."

F439: Lit high of stature
F440: So Gr; M.T. thick boughs
F441: I.e. subterranean waters
F442: Lit was going
F443: Lit in its sending forth
F444: Lit root was
F445: Lit did
F446: Or Phoenician junipers
F445: Lit did
F447: Lit were not like
F445: Lit did
F448: Hebrew YHWH, usually rendered L\ORD/, and so throughout the ch
F449: Lit you are
F450: Or thick boughs
F451: Or mighty one
F452: Or thick boughs
F453: Lit drinkers of water
F454: I.e. subterranean waters
F455: Lit be darkened
F456: Lit drinkers of water
F457: Lit arm
F458: Lit like

R1073: Jeremiah 52:5,6; Ezekiel 30:20; 32:1
R1074: Ezekiel 29:19; 30:10; Nahum 3:9
R1075: Isaiah 10:33,34; Ezekiel 17:3,4,22; 31:16; Daniel 4:10,20-23
R1076: Isaiah 10:33; Ezekiel 31:5,10
R1077: Ezekiel 17:5,8; Revelation 17:1,15
R1078: Daniel 4:11
R1079: Psalms 1:3; Ezekiel 17:5
R1080: Ezekiel 17:23; 31:13; Daniel 4:12,21; Matthew 13:32
R1081: Psalms 80:10; Ezekiel 31:3
R1082: Genesis 2:8,9; 13:10; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 28:13; 31:16,18
R1082: Genesis 2:8,9; 13:10; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 28:13; 31:16,18
R1083: Genesis 2:8,9; 13:10; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 28:13; 31:16,18
R1083: Genesis 2:8,9; 13:10; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 28:13; 31:16,18
R1084: 2 Chronicles 32:25; Isaiah 10:12; 14:13,14; Ezekiel 28:17; Daniel 5:20
R1085: Ezekiel 30:10,11; 32:11,12; Daniel 5:18,19
R1086: Deuteronomy 18:12; Nahum 3:18
R1087: Ezekiel 7:21; 28:7; 30:12; Habakkuk 1:6
R1088: Ezekiel 28:7; 30:11; 32:12
R1089: Ezekiel 32:5; 35:8
R1090: Ezekiel 31:17; Daniel 4:14; Nahum 3:17,18
R1091: Isaiah 18:6; Ezekiel 29:5; 31:6; 32:4
R1092: Numbers 16:30,33; Psalms 63:9; Ezekiel 26:20; 31:18; 32:24; Amos 9:2; Jonah 2:2,6; Ephesians 4:9
R1093: Ezekiel 32:7; Nahum 2:10
R1094: Ezekiel 26:15; 27:28; Haggai 2:7
R1095: Isaiah 14:15; Ezekiel 32:18
R1096: Isaiah 14:8; Habakkuk 2:17
R1097: Ezekiel 14:22,23; 32:31
R1098: Psalms 9:17
R1099: Ezekiel 32:20f
R1100: Ezekiel 31:3,6; Daniel 4:12
R1101: Jeremiah 9:25,26; Ezekiel 28:10; 32:19,21
R1102: Psalms 52:7; Matthew 13:19


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