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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Ezra 10
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of EzraClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    10:1-44 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Reconciliation with God

1 Now while R220 Ezra was praying and making confession, weeping and prostrating himself before R221 the house of God, a very large assembly, men, women and children, gathered to him from Israel; for the people wept bitterly. 2 Shecaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, said to Ezra, "We R222 have been unfaithful to our God and have married F111 foreign women from the peoples of the land; yet now there is hope for Israel in spite of this. 3 "So now let R223 us make a covenant with our God to put away all the wives and their R224 F112 children, according to the counsel of my F113 lord and of those R225 who tremble at the commandment of our God; and let it be done according R226 to the law. 4 "Arise! For this matter is your F114 responsibility, but we will be with you; be R227 courageous and act."

5 Then Ezra rose and made R228 the leading priests, the Levites and all Israel, take oath that they would do according to this proposal; F115 so they took the oath. 6 Then Ezra rose R229 from before the house of God and went into the chamber of Jehohanan the son of Eliashib. Although he went there, he R230 did not eat bread nor drink water, for he was mourning over the unfaithfulness of the exiles. 7 They made a proclamation throughout Judah and Jerusalem to all the exiles, that they should assemble at Jerusalem, 8 and that whoever would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the leaders and the elders, all his possessions should be forfeited and he himself excluded from the assembly of the exiles.

9 So all the men of Judah and Benjamin assembled at Jerusalem within the three days. It was the ninth month on the twentieth of the month, and all the people sat in the open square before the house of God, trembling R231 because of this matter and the heavy rain. 10 Then Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, "You have been unfaithful and have married foreign wives adding to the guilt of Israel. 11 "Now therefore, make R232 confession to the LORD God of your fathers and do R233 His will; and separate R234 yourselves from the peoples of the land and from the foreign wives." 12 Then all the assembly replied with a loud voice, "That's right! As you have said, so it is our F116 duty to do. 13 "But there are many people; it is the rainy season and we are not able to stand in the open. Nor can the task be done in one or two days, for we have transgressed greatly in this matter. 14 "Let our leaders represent F117 the whole assembly and let all those in our cities who have married foreign wives come at appointed times, together with the elders and judges of each city, until the fierce R235 anger of our God on account of this matter is turned away from us." 15 Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahzeiah the son of Tikvah opposed F118 this, with Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite supporting them.

16 But the exiles did so. And Ezra F119 the priest selected men who were heads of fathers' households for each of their father's households, all of them by name. So they convened F120 on the first day of the tenth month to investigate the matter. 17 They finished investigating all the men who had married foreign wives by the first day of the first month.

List of Offenders

18 Among the sons of the priests who had married foreign wives were found of the sons of Jeshua R236 the son of Jozadak, and his brothers: Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib and Gedaliah. 19 They pledged F121 to put away their wives, and being guilty, they R237 offered a ram of the flock for their offense. 20 Of the sons of Immer there were Hanani and Zebadiah; 21 and of the sons of Harim: Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel and Uzziah; 22 and of the sons of Pashhur: Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad and Elasah.

23 Of Levites there were Jozabad, Shimei, Kelaiah (that is, Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah and Eliezer.

24 Of the singers there was Eliashib; and of the gatekeepers: Shallum, Telem and Uri.

25 Of Israel, of the sons of Parosh R238 there were Ramiah, Izziah, Malchijah, Mijamin, Eleazar, Malchijah and Benaiah; 26 and of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, Jehiel, Abdi, Jeremoth and Elijah; 27 and of the sons of Zattu: R239 Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad and Aziza; 28 and of the sons of Bebai: Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai and Athlai; 29 and of the sons of Bani: Meshullam, Malluch and Adaiah, Jashub, Sheal and Jeremoth; 30 and of the sons of Pahath-moab: Adna, Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezalel, Binnui and Manasseh; 31 and of the sons of Harim: Eliezer, Isshijah, Malchijah, R240 Shemaiah, Shimeon, 32 Benjamin, Malluch and Shemariah; 33 of the sons of Hashum: Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh and Shimei; 34 of the sons of Bani: Maadai, Amram, Uel, 35 Benaiah, Bedeiah, Cheluhi, 36 Vaniah, Meremoth, Eliashib, 37 Mattaniah, Mattenai, Jaasu, 38 Bani, Binnui, Shimei, 39 Shelemiah, Nathan, Adaiah, 40 Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai, 41 Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah, 42 Shallum, Amariah and Joseph. 43 Of the sons of Nebo R241 there were Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, Jaddai, Joel and Benaiah. 44 All these had married foreign R242 wives, and some of them had wives by whom they had children.

F111: Lit given dwelling to
F112: Lit that which is born of them
F113: Or the Lord
F114: Lit upon you
F115: Lit word, thing
F116: Lit upon us
F117: Lit stand for
F118: Lit stood against
F119: Hebrew reads there were set apart Ezra the priest, men...
F120: Lit sat
F121: Lit gave their hand

R220: Daniel 9:4,20
R221: 2 Chronicles 20:9
R222: Ezra 9:2; Nehemiah 13:27
R223: 2 Chronicles 34:31
R224: Ezra 10:44
R225: Ezra 9:4
R226: Deuteronomy 7:2,3
R227: 1 Chronicles 28:10
R228: Nehemiah 5:12; 13:25
R229: Ezra 10:1
R230: Deuteronomy 9:18
R231: 1 Samuel 12:18; Ezra 9:4; 10:3
R232: Leviticus 26:40; Proverbs 28:13
R233: Romans 12:2
R234: Ezra 10:3
R235: 2 Kings 23:26; 2 Chronicles 28:11-13; 29:10; 30:8
R236: Ezra 5:2; Haggai 1:1,12; 2:4; Zechariah 3:1; 6:11
R237: Leviticus 5:15; 6:6
R238: Ezra 2:3; 8:3; Nehemiah 7:8
R239: Ezra 2:8; Nehemiah 7:13
R240: Nehemiah 3:11
R241: Numbers 32:38; Ezra 2:29
R242: 1 Kings 11:1-3; Ezra 10:3


Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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